• Title, Summary, Keyword: L. plantarum

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Antipathogenic Activity of Lactobacillus plantarum Isolated from Pickled Mulberry Leaf (뽕잎 장아찌로부터 분리된 Lactobacillus plantarum 균주의 유해균 증식 억제 활성)

  • Park, Eun-Hee;Kim, Myoung-Dong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2016
  • Strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from a variety of fermented foods collected in Korea. The strain L2167 showed a strong antipathogenic activity against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. L2167 was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum by sequence analysis of its 16S rRNA gene. Scanning electron microscopy revealed rough and wrinkled morphology of B. cereus, L. monocytogenes, S. Typhimurium, S. aureus, and S. epidermidis cell membranes after treatment with a crude cell extract of L. plantarum L2167, indicating that Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 might destroy the cell membrane of pathogenic bacteria. The optimal temperature and initial medium pH for Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 growth were 35℃ and 5.5, respectively. Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 was more sensitive to NaCl than Lactobacillus plantarum KCTC21004, used as a control strain. Lactobacillus plantarum L2167 is expected to be developed as a prominent starter strain for efficient inhibition of growth of pathogens.

Effect of the Mixed Culture of Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum on the Quality of Cheonggukjang (Bacillus subtilis와 Lactobacillus plantarum의 혼합배양이 청국장의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Ju, Kyung-Eun;Oh, Nam-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.399-404
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    • 2009
  • The goal of this study was to improve the quality of cheonggukjang by the optimization of the inoculation methods of the Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) and Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) strains. In order to optimize the mixed cultivation of B. subtilis and L. plantarum, the B. subtilis strain was inoculated into steamed soybeans after cultivation of L. plantarum. Inoculation size of B. subtilis was changed to the simultaneous inoculation method in order to stimulate the growth of the L. plantarum in cheonggukjang. The viable cell count of L. plantarum increased from $2{\times}10^7$ CFU/g to $2-6{\times}10^8$ CFU/g and B. subtilis grew to $9{\times}10^8$ CFU/g. These results showed that 2 strains were successfully able to grow in the steamed soybean for good quality of cheonggukjang by optimization of the inoculation methods. The sensory evaluation indicated that a favorable aroma and overall acceptance of cheonggukjang by the optimized mixed cultivation of B. subtilis and L. plantarum, which was relatively higher than those of cheonggukjang by single strain inoculation of B. subtilis.

Escherichia coli-Derived Uracil Increases the Antibacterial Activity and Growth Rate of Lactobacillus plantarum

  • Ha, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.975-987
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    • 2016
  • Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) is a representative probiotic. In particular, L. plantarum is the first commensal bacterium to colonize the intestine of infants. For this reason, the initial settlement of L. plantarum can play an important role in determining an infant's health as well as their eventual health status as an adult. In addition, L. plantarum combats pathogenic infections (such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), one of the early pathogenic colonizers in an unhealthy infant gut) by secreting antimicrobial substances. The aim of this research was to determine how L. plantarum combats E. coli infection and why it is a representative probiotic in the intestine. Consequently, this research observed that E. coli releases uracil. L. plantarum specifically recognizes E. coli-derived uracil, which increases the growth rate and production of antimicrobial substance of L. plantarum. In addition, through the inhibitory activity test, this study postulates that the antimicrobial substance is a protein and can be considered a bacteriocin-like substance. Therefore, this research assumes that L. plantarum exerts its antibacterial ability by recognizing E. coli and increasing its growth rate as a result, and this phenomenon could be one of the reasons for L. plantarum settling in the intestine of infants as a beneficial bacterium.

Fortification of γ-aminobutyric acid and bioactive compounds in whey by co-fermentation using Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum (유청을 이용한 Bacillus subtilis와 Lactobacillus plantarum의 혼합발효를 통한 γ-aminobutyric acid와 생리활성물질 강화)

  • Kim, Geun-young;Lim, Jong-soon;Lee, Sam-pin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.572-580
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    • 2018
  • Biologically active substances including gamma-aminobutryric acid (GABA) were added into whey by co fermentation using Bacillus subtilis HA and Lactobacillus plantarum EJ2014. The first fermentation using B. subtilis HA with 5% monosodium glutamate (MSG) and 2% glucose enhanced the production of poly-${\gamma}$-glutamic acid (PGA), resulting in higher consistency of $4.09Pas^n$ as well as whey protein peptides. After the second fermentation using L. plantarum EJ2014, the remaining MSG (3.40%) as a precursor was completely converted to 2.21% GABA. Furthermore, the lactose content in whey decreased from 6.73 to 3.68% after co-fermentation, and the tyrosine content increased from 20.47 to 38.24%. Peptides derived of whey proteins were confirmed by SDS-PAGE. Viable cell counts of B. subtilis and L. plantarum were 5.83 log CFU/mL and 9.20 log CFU/mL, respectively. Thus, co-fermentation of whey could produce the novel food ingredient fortified with biologically active compounds including GABA, ${\gamma}$-PGA, peptides, and probiotics.

Resistance to Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidant Activities of Some Strains of Lactic Acid Bacteria from the Mustard Leaf Kimchi (갓김치에서 분리된 유산균의 활성산소종에 대한 저항성과 항산화 활성)

  • Lim, Sung-Mee
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.375-382
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    • 2010
  • In present study, five strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus GK20, Lactobacillus brevis GK55, Lactobacillus paracasei GK74, Lactobacillus plantarum GK81, and Leuconostoc mesenteroides GK104 isolated from the mustard leaf kimchi were investigated for resistance to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant activity. L. acidophilus GK20, L. brevis GK55, L. paracasei GK74, and L. plantarum GK81 were resistant to hydrogen peroxide (0.5 mM), showing a survival rate of 50% or more. In particular, L. acidophilus GK20 and L. paracasei GK74 were the most superoxide anions-resistant and L. paracasei GK74 and L. plantarum GK81 were most likely survive hydroxyl radicals. Meanwhile, the intracellular cell-free extract (ICFE) from L. plantarum GK81 exhibited significantly higher DPPH radical scavenging values ($96.4{\pm}2.8%$) than the intact cells (IC). The ICFE of L. plantarum GK81 showed the highest superoxide radical scavenging ability and chelating activity for $Fe^{2+}$ ions among the 5 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) tested, and IC and ICFE from L. plantarum GK81 demonstrated excellent reducing activity, which was higher than those of BHA and vitamin C as a positive control.

Enhancement of Ginsenoside Rg1 and Rg5 Contents in an Extract of Wood-cultivated Ginseng by Lactobacillus plantarum (Lactobacillus plantarum을 이용한 산양삼 추출물의 진세노사이드 Rg1 및 Rg5의 함량 증대)

  • Kwon, Hun-Joo;Cho, Yun-Ji;Kim, Myoung-Dong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.305-310
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    • 2017
  • Twelve lactic acid bacteria harboring ${\alpha}$-rhamnosidase (EC 3.2.1.40) activity were isolated from traditional Korean foods. The 6 strains (Weissella confuse [n = 1], Lactobacillus pentosus [n = 1], and Lactobacillus plantarum [n = 4]) with the highest rhamnosidase activity were selected for bioconversion of an extract of wood-cultivated ginseng. The L. plantarum MBE/L2990 strain increased ginsenoside content (0.58 mg for Rg1 and 0.24 mg for Rg5) and showed higher bioconversion activity than the control strain L. plantarum KCTC21004 (56% and 42% increase for Rg1 and Rg5, respectively). L. plantarum MBE/L2990 was deposited at the Korean Collection for Type Cultures as Lactobacillus plantarum KCTC18529P.

Effect of Mixture of Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7527, 7528, and 7529 on Obesity and Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed a High-fat Diet (Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7527, 7528, 7529 혼합물이 고지방식이를 급여한 흰쥐의 비만 및 지질 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dae Hwan;Choi, Mi-Ran;Hong, Ji Eun;Lee, Jae-Yong;Lee, Soon Im;Jung, Su Hwan;Kim, Eun Ji
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.10
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    • pp.1484-1490
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    • 2014
  • In the present study, we examined the effects of a mixture of three strains, Lactobacillus plantarum CECT 7527, 7528, and 7529 (L. plantarum mixture), on body weight and lipid metabolism in Sprague-Dawley rats fed a high-fat diet. Rats were fed a high-fat diet and subjected to oral gavage with vehicle or the L. plantarum mixture ($0.6{\times}10^9$, $1.2{\times}10^9$, $2.4{\times}10^9$ colony-forming units (CFU)/day/rat, respectively) for 8 weeks. In rats fed a high-fat diet, oral administration of $2.4{\times}10^9CFU/day$ of the L. plantarum mixture significantly reduced body weight gain as well as weights of liver and epididymal fat. Leptin levels in sera were significantly reduced by oral administration of $2.4{\times}10^9CFU/day$ of the L. plantarum mixture. The L. plantarum mixture ($1.2{\times}10^9$ or $2.4{\times}10^9CFU/day$) also reduced the concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in sera when it administered orally. Further, the L. plantarum mixture significantly reduced the atherogenic index and cardiac risk factor. In addition, oral administration of $2.4{\times}10^9CFU/day$ of the L. plantarum mixture markedly reduced levels of total lipids, triglycerides, and total cholesterol in the liver. The results of this study indicate that the L. plantarum mixture may exhibit anti-obesity and cholesterol-lowering effects, which suggest that the L. plantarum mixture has the potential to be a probiotic in the management of obesity and hypercholesterolemia.

Isolation of Lactobacillus plantarum from Kimchi and Its Inhibitory Activity on the Adherence and Growth of Helicobacter pylori

  • Lee, Hak-Mee;Lee, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1513-1517
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    • 2006
  • One single lactic acid producing bacterium, isolated from kimchi, inhibited the growth and adherence of Helicobacter pylori to the human gastric epithelial cell line MKN-45. This isolate was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum and termed L. plantarum strain PL9011. The adherence of H pylori, in the presence of live or nonviable L. plantarum strain PL9011 (10-fold CFU), decreased to 14-20%. The spent culture supernatant of L. plantarum strain PL9011 resulted in the eradication of H pylori. This activity remained stable following neutralization and heat treatment, but not following pepsin treatment, thereby suggesting small peptides as the inhibitory factor. L. plantarum strain PL9011 did not produce any harmful metabolites or enzymes. The results obtained in this study suggest that the L. plantarum strain PL9011 may be a potential novel probiotic for the stomach.

Depletion of Nitrite by Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi(I) (김치에서 분리한 유산균에 의한 아질산염 소모(I))

  • 오창경;오명철;현재석;최우정;이신호;김수현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.549-555
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    • 1997
  • Twenty species of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from Kimchi. Six species were identified as Lactobacillus sake, ten species as Leuconostoc mesenteroides and four species as Lactobacillus plantarum. The ability of these isolates to deplete nitrite during growth at 15, 20, 25 and 3$0^{\circ}C$ in MRS broth containing 250$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ of nitrite was examined. Depletion of nitrite was high as the order of L. plantarum, L. sake and L. mesenteroides at all temperature tested, and the depletion activity was increased as the increase of growth temperatures. Especially, almost all of nitrites were utilized by L. plantarum during growth at all temperature ranges tested. L. plantarum and L. sake required induction periods for adapting to nitrite, but L. plantarum was remarkably depleted nitrite after two days of growth at 15$^{\circ}C$ and one day at 2$0^{\circ}C$, L. sake after one day of growth at both temperatures. Whereas, L. mesentero-ides did not require those periods at all temperature ranges tested.

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Effect of Novel Lactobacillus plantarum KCC-10 and KCC-19 on Fermentation Characterization of Alfalfa Silage (신규 Lactobacillus plantarum KCC-10 및 KCC-19이 알팔파 사일리지의 발효 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ki Choon;Ilavenil, Soundarrajan;Arasu, Mariadhas Valan;Park, Hyung-Su;Kim, Won-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.166-170
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the effect of novel Lactobacillus plantarum KCC-10 and KCC-19 on the quality and fermentation characterization of alfalfa silage at the experimental field of National Institute of Animal Science, Cheonan Province, Korea, from 2013 to 2014, and this experiment consisted of the following three treatments: control without lactic acid bacteria; treatment inoculated with L. plantarum KCC-10; and treatment inoculated with L. plantarum KCC-19. The contents of crude protein, acid detergent fiber, neutral detergent fiber, total digestible nutrient and in vitro dry matter digestibility of alfalfa silage were not affected by either L. plantarum KCC-10 or KCC-19. The pH of alfalfa silage in L. plantarum KCC-10 and KCC-19 treatments decreased as compared to control. The level of lactic acid in L. plantarum KCC-10 and KCC-19 treatments increased (p<0.05), whereas the contents of acetic acid and butyric acid decreased(p>0.05). In addition, the numbers of lactic acid bacteria in L. plantarum KCC-10 and KCC-19 treatments increased as compared to control (p<0.05). Therefore, these results suggest that the inoculation of L. plantarum KCC-10 and KCC-19 into alfalfa silage can improve the quality of silage through increased lactic acid content and lactic acid bacteria.