• Title, Summary, Keyword: LTE

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Trends of Railway Communication Services based on LTE-R (LTE-R 기반 철도 통신 서비스 동향)

  • Kim, Young-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.864-867
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    • 2016
  • In high speed railway system, LTE(Long Term Evolution) based LTE-R(LTE-Railray) mobile technology is used to supply various control signal required for safty operation of train. In this paper, railway communication technology be used in railway communication system based on LTE-R is investigated in focused on application services. Standardization trends for LTE-R technology are also considered. Results of this study can be used as basic data for research and development of LTE-R and railway mobile communication.

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On the Feasibility of Dual Mode LTE-FDD/TDD and Dual Mode WiMAX-TDD/LTE-TDD (듀얼모드 LTE-FDD/TDD 및 듀얼모드 WiMAX-TDD/LTE-TDD에 대한 실현가능성 연구)

  • Cho, Bong-Youl;Kim, Jin-Young
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2010
  • While Long Term Evolution-Frequency Division Duplexing (LTE-FDD) is regarded as one of the strong candidates for "4G" wireless broadband access in FDD field, LTE-Time Division Duplexing (TDD) is emerging as one possible migration path for WiMAX-TDD in some cases as well as the migration path for Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access (TD-SCDMA). In this paper, we analyze the feasibility of dual mode with LTE-TDD in two combinations: dual mode LTE-FDD/TDD and dual mode Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)-TDD/LTE-TDD. Thanks to the commonality in numerology, terminology, and frame structure between LTE-FDD and LTE-TDD, dual mode LTE-FDD/TDD looks feasible in a cost-effective manner. Thanks to the commonality in scheduling algorithm, control mechanism, and supported spectrum bands, it is shown that dual mode WiMAX-TDD/LTE-TDD looks feasible as well. It should be also noted that the commonality in numerology and frame structure is critical for building a chip while the commonality in algorithms and control mechanisms is critical to make it work.

Network Evolution Stages and Characteristics of LTE/LTE-Advanced Systems (LTE/LTE-Advanced 네트워크 발전단계 및 특성 - Network and Protocol Architectures)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2012
  • Recently, the huge growth of mobile data traffic has driven the earlier commercialization of LTE network and the evolution of LTE-Adv has been accelerated because of this trend of mobile traffic surges. Thus it has enabled the global connectivity and roaming capability due to continual standardization activities. The 3rd generation mobile communication system has been improved through incorporating technologies of HSDPA, MBMS and HSUPA etc continuously. Also, OFDMA/SC-FDMA-based LTE standardization has been under way. In this paper, the architectures of LTE network and protocol have been introduced and their inherent operation mechanisms have also been explored in order to give some insights about the LTE/LTE-Adv networks while their architectures are considered as most prominent candidate for worldwide standard by ITU-R and mobile operators for international communication networks.

Recent Trend of the Technology Development for Multiuser MIMO based on LTE-Advanced Standard (LTE-Advanced 표준에 바탕을 둔 다중사용자 MIMO의 기술개발 현황)

  • Lee, Byung-Ju;Lim, Chae-Man;Shim, Byong-Hyo
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2012
  • As the demand for smart phone user is rapidly increasing in recent years, the development of new mobile communication system which provides more improved quality compared to existing 3G standard is highly requested. In this point, the long-term evolution (LTE) system, which was being developed in mid of 2000's, has attracted a considerable attention. The LTE has been developed continuously to result a release 10 which is called as LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) in 2010. Among various features in LTE-A, the multiuser MIMO (MU-MIMO) design is expected to give better quality for throughput, spectral efficiency, and latency. In this paper, we first review the development process from LTE to LTE-A. We also provide the overview of design challenges and specific solutions for MU-MIMO systems developed in LTE-Advanced standard.

Standardization Trends of Railway Communication based on LTE-R (LTE-R 기반 철도 통신 표준화 동향)

  • Kim, Young-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.549-552
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    • 2018
  • One of railway communication technology, LTE(Long Term Evolution) based LTE-R(LTE-Railway) is rapidily adopted to supply various control signal and to supply diverse communication service be needed for safety operation of train. In this paper, railway communication technology and service based on LTE-R is studied. And domestic an international standardization trends of related on railway communications are investigated. Results of this study can be used as basic data for research of railway communication based on LTE-R and development of railway communication systems.

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Capacity Analysis of VoIP over LTE Network (LTE 무선 네트워크에서 Voice over IP 용량 분석)

  • Ban, Tae Won;Jung, Bang Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.2405-2410
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    • 2012
  • The 4th generation mobile communication system, LTE, does not support an additional core network to provide voice service, and it is merged into a packet network based on all IP. Although Voice service over LTE can be supported by VoIP, it will be provided by the existing 3G networks because of the discontinuity of LTE coverage. However, it is inevitable to adopt VoIP over LTE to provide high quality voice service. In this paper, we investigate the capacity of VoIP over LTE. Our results indicate that spectral efficiency can be significantly improved as channel bandwidth increases in terms of VoLTE capacity. In addition, we can achieve higher VoLTE capacity without decreasing control channel capacity.

Functional Analysis between LTE-Railway and Public Safety-LTE (LTE 기반 철도통합망(LTE-R)과 재난통신망(PS-LTE)의 기능 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Kyu;Yoon, Yong-Gi;Kim, Ju-Youp;Song, Yong-Soo;Choi, Sang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.20-30
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    • 2017
  • Due to the evolution of wireless communications technology, Long Term Evolution (LTE), which is a $4^{th}$ generation mobile communications system, has been adopted as a railway communications system. This LTE Railway (LTE-R) system is composed of various elemental functions, which are largely categorized into public safety and wireless communications for train control. Research on the public safety functions of railway communications have their roots in TRS based national public safety communication systems, and research on wireless communications functions for train control have their roots GSM-R, which is utilized by the ETCS in Europe. Based on these circumstances, this paper first analyzes the requirements for developing public safety technology in LTE-R, and compares those requirements with the functions of public safety LTE (PS-LTE), which is being deployed for the first time in the world by the South Korean government. Based on an analysis of the common and specific functions of LTE-R and PS-LTE, we conclude that there is little problem in integrating LTE-R and PS-LTE from the perspective of functionality. Second, this paper provides a comparison of the LTE-R requirements for the Quality of Service (QoS) with those of GSM-R utilized by the ETCS. This offers a guideline to allow LTE-R to be applied to a 500km/h train control system.

A Review on the LTE Service Regulatory Issues (LTE 이동통신서비스의 규제이슈 검토)

  • MIn, Dae Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.505-508
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    • 2012
  • LTE 이동통신서비스는 네트워크의 속도와 용량을 증가시킨 4세대 이동통신기술을 향항 3G 이동통신기술의 진화형 서비스로, 유럽주도로 개발된 GSM-WCDMA 기반기술로 발전된 서비스이다. 다만, 현재 국내에서 제공되고 있는 LTE는 3GPP에서 정하고 있는 4G 이동통신기술의 기술규격을 충족시키지 못하기 때문에 본격적인 4세대 이동통신(LTE-Advanced)과의 구별을 위해 3.9G 서비스라고 불리기도 한다. LTE는 VoIP, 비디오 스트리밍, 음악 다운로드, mobile TV 등 다양한 응용서비스의 제공이 가능하다. 국내에서 제공되는 LTE는 음성서비스는 3G 이동통신망을 통해 음성채널을 구성하고, 데이터 서비스만 LTE 이동통신망을 통해 제공하는 방식으로 제공되고 있지만, 향후에는 VoLTE 기술을 통해 음성서비스 제공하면서 LTE가 이동통신서비스의 주요 트랜드가 될 것으로 기대하고 있다. 하지만, 이러한 only LTE 서비스가 제공되는 경우, 현재의 법체계 하에서 몇몇 이슈가 발생할 것으로 예상된다. 첫째, VoLTE 서비스의 역무 및 해당 통신사업자 지위문제이다. 현행 전기통신사업법에서는 VoIP인 인터넷전화에 대해서 PC를 이용하지 않고 서비스가 제공되는 경우에는 기간통신역무로, PC를 통한 소프트폰 형식의 서비스에 대해서는 부가통신역무로 규정하고 있기 때문이다. 둘째, 기존 3G 이동통신 단말기의 가입자인증 모듈(USIM)의 이동성 보장 여부로서, 현재의 법체계는 USIM 잠금장치 해제(USIM unlock)를 3G 이동통신에 대해서 적용하도록 하고 있기 때문에, 이를 LTE서비스에도 적용할 수 있는지에 대한 논란이 일고 있다. 이에 본고에서는 LTE 서비스의 기술적 특징과 다양한 법제도적 이슈에 대해서 살펴보았다.

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Inter-Domain Mobility Management Based on the Proxy Mobile IP in Mobile Networks

  • Gohar, Moneeb;Koh, Seok-Joo
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.196-213
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    • 2016
  • System Architecture Evolution (SAE) with Long Term Evolution (LTE) has been used as the key technology for the next generation mobile networks. To support mobility in the LTE/SAE-based mobile networks, the Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIP), in which the Mobile Access Gateway (MAG) of the PMIP is deployed at the Serving Gateway (S-GW) of LTE/SAE and the Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) of PMIP is employed at the PDN Gateway (P-GW) of LTE/SAE, is being considered. In the meantime, the Host Identity Protocol (HIP) and the Locator Identifier Separation Protocol (LISP) have recently been proposed with the identifier-locator separation principle, and they can be used for mobility management over the global-scale networks. In this paper, we discuss how to provide the inter-domain mobility management over PMIP-based LTE/SAE networks by investigating three possible scenarios: mobile IP with PMIP (denoted by MIP-PMIP-LTE/SAE), HIP with PMIP (denoted by HIP-PMIP-LTE/SAE), and LISP with PMIP (denoted by LISP-PMIP-LTE/SAE). For performance analysis of the candidate inter-domain mobility management schemes, we analyzed the traffic overhead at a central agent and the total transmission delay required for control and data packet delivery. From the numerical results, we can see that HIP-PMIP-LTE/SAE and LISP-PMIP-LTE/SAE are preferred to MIP-PMIP-LTE/SAE in terms of traffic overhead; whereas, LISP-PMIP-LTE/SAE is preferred to HIP-PMIP-LTE/SAE and MIP-PMIP-LTE/SAE in the viewpoint of total transmission delay.

Design of Dual LTE-band MIMO Antenna (이중 LTE 대역의 MIMO 안테나 설계)

  • Choi, Won-Sang;Lee, Hong-Min
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.46-52
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    • 2011
  • In the paper, MIMO antenna for LTE 13 band, LTE 7 band wireless communication service is proposed. The proposed antenna is designed where on the top of FR-4(${\epsilon}_r=4.4$, thickness=-.8mm). In proposed structure, two Planar Inverted F Antennas (PIFAs) using meander and folded structure are symmetrically designed for the miniaturization. The isolation between two antennas was also improved by using two slits on the ground plane. The isolation values of the fabricated antenna exhibits -18 dB, -13dB at LTE 13 and LTE 7 band, respectively. The average gain and efficiency are - 4.1 dBi, 41% on LTE 13 band, -1 dBi, 81% on LTE 7 band, respectively. Thus the proposed antenna can be applied to the LTE system.