• Title, Summary, Keyword: LTE

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Balanced RF Duplexer with Low Interference Using Hybrid BAW Resonators for LTE Application

  • Shin, Jea-Shik;Song, Insang;Kim, Chul-Soo;Lee, Moon-Chul;Son, Sang Uk;Kim, Duck-Hwan;Park, Ho-Soo;Hwang, Sungwoo;Rieh, Jae-Sung
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.317-320
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    • 2014
  • A balanced RF duplexer with low interference in an extremely narrow bandgap is proposed. The Long-Term Evolution band-7 duplexer should be designed to prevent the co-existence problem with the WiFi band, whose fractional bandgap corresponds to only 0.7%. By implementing a hybrid bulk acoustic wave (BAW) structure, the temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF) value of the duplexer is successfully reduced and the suppressed interference for the narrow bandgap is performed. To achieve an RF duplexer with balanced Rx output topology, we also propose a novel balanced BAW Rx topology and RF circuit block. The novel balanced Rx filter is designed with both lattice- and ladder-type configurations to ensure excellent attenuation. The RF circuit block, which is located between the antenna and the Rx filter, is developed to simultaneously function as a balance-tounbalance transformer and a phase shift network. The size of the fabricated duplexer is as small as $2.0mm{\times}1.6mm$. The maximum insertion loss of the duplexer is as low as 2.4 dB in the Tx band, and the minimum attenuation in the WiFi band is as high as 36.8 dB. The TCF value is considerably lowered to $-16.9ppm/^{\circ}C$.

Research on Per-cell Codebook based Channel Quantization for CoMP Transmission

  • Hu, Zhirui;Feng, Chunyan;Zhang, Tiankui;Gao, Qiubin;Sun, Shaohui
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.1828-1847
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    • 2014
  • Coordinated multi-point (CoMP) transmission has been regarded as a potential technology for LTE-Advanced. In frequency division duplexing systems, channel quantization is applied for reporting channel state information (CSI). Considering the dynamic number of cooperation base stations (BSs), asymmetry feature of CoMP channels and high searching complexity, simply increasing the size of the codebook used in traditional multiple antenna systems to quantize the global CSI of CoMP systems directly is infeasible. Per-cell codebook based channel quantization to quantize local CSI for each BS separately is an effective method. In this paper, the theoretical upper bounds of system throughput are derived for two codeword selection schemes, independent codeword selection (ICS) and joint codeword selection (JCS), respectively. The feedback overhead and selection complexity of these two schemes are analyzed. In the simulation, the system throughput of ICS and JCS is compared. Both analysis and simulation results show that JCS has a better tradeoff between system throughput and feedback overhead. The ICS has obvious advantage in complexity, but it needs additional phase information (PI) feedback for obtaining the approximate system throughput with JCS. Under the same number of feedback bits constraint, allocating the number of bits for channel direction information (CDI) and PI quantization can increase the system throughput, but ICS is still inferior to JCS. Based on theoretical analysis and simulation results, some recommendations are given with regard to the application of each scheme respectively.

Lattice Code of Interference Alignment for Interference Channel with 3 Users in CoMP (세 명의 사용자의 간섭 채널을 위한 협력 다중점 송수신(CoMP)에서의 격자(Lattice) 부호 간섭 정렬)

  • Lee, Moon-Ho;Peng, Bu Shi
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we introduce CoMP in 3GPP LTE-Advanced Release 11 to take care of shadowing effects appearing in cell-edge areas to meet rapidly increasing demand for high speed transmission and multi-media data. In order to mitigate interference, orthogonalizing is ideal but it is slightly difficult to be applied to real systems. Therefore, interference alignment and avoidance are used in practical applications. Interference alignment is a scheme enabling us to consider interference our friend not enemy. We show lattice codes in Gaussian channel achieve Shannon capacity where strong interference exists. In addition, we show the relationship between channel parameter a and DoF(Degree of Freedom) applying lattice codes to interference alignment for interference channel with three users.

와이파이(Wi-Fi)의 효율적 확산전략 연구

  • Na, Seong-Uk;Gang, Gyeong-Hun;Jeong, Jong-Yeol
    • Information and Communications Magazine
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2013
  • 와이파이(Wi-Fi) 기술은 무선 데이터 트래픽 폭증에 따라 사업자에게는 트래픽 우회, 이용자에게는 통신요금 부담 완화의 대안으로 중요성이 부각되고 있다. 이에 우리나라에서는 이동 통신사업자 중심으로 와이파이를 지속적으로 확충하여 세계에서 가장 많은 와이파이 존(zone)을 보유한 국가가 되었다. 그러나, 특정 장소에 와이파이를 중복적으로 구축함에 따라 투자 효율성과 서비스 품질이 저하되고, 서민 소외계층 이용시설에는 구축이 상대적으로 저조하다는 문제점도 상존하는 상황이다. 본 고에서는 우리나라의 와이파이를 효율적으로 확산하고자 3가지 개선방향을 제시하였다. 첫 번째는 경쟁구축 차별화에서 투자효율화 공동이용 전략으로의 전환이며, 두 번째는 수도권 도시 지역 중심에서 서민 소외계층 지역으로 확산시키는 것이다. 마지막으로 Legacy Wi-Fi에서 차세대 Wi-Fi로 전환하는 것을 주요 방향으로 제시하였고, 이러한 개선방향을 바탕으로 4가지 전략을 제시하였다. 첫 번째 전략은 PPP(Public Private Partnership) 방식의 공공와이파이(Public Wi-Fi) 구축으로, 전통시장, 복지시설 등 서민 소외계층이 주로 이용하며 와이파이 구축이 열악한 이용시설에 정부, 지자체, 통신사가 공동으로 투자하여 공공와이파이를 구축함으로써 정보격차를 해소시키는 것이다. 두 번째 전략은 통신사의 와이파이 개방을 통한 공용화로, 통신사가 공공장소에 기 구축한 와이파이의 개방을 유도함으로써 중복투자 및 서비스 품질 저하 방지 등 공용화를 통한 투자효율성을 제고하는 것이다. 세 번째 전략은 차세대 와이파이 선도도입을 통한 글로벌 경쟁력 강화로, LTE 등 이동통신 기술의 급속한 보급에 맞추어 무선랜 서비스의 경쟁력 확보를 위해 광대역화 광역화를 선도하고, 응용서비스 발굴 및 산업활성화를 유도하는 것이다. 마지막은 공공와이파이 인식제고로, 공공와이파이의 이용편의성과 홍보활동을 강화하는 것이다. 이러한 전략의 핵심은 공공와이파이 확산과 차세대 와이파이 선도 도입으로, 이를 통하여 통신복지를 실현하고, 산업활성화를 통한 국민행복을 실현시키는 것에 대하여 간략히 설명한다.

Proposal of Wireless Communication Method and Candidate Frequency Band for Constructing the Integrated Radio Networks for Railroads (철도통합 무선망 구축을 위한 무선통신방식과 후보주파수대역 제안)

  • Park, Duk-Kyu;Lee, Sang-Yun;Yoon, Byungsik;Kim, Yong-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.510-518
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    • 2013
  • These days, interest in radio networks for railways has increased both at home and abroad. In response to this trend, not only the existing radio networks which focus on railway control signals but also the next-generation integrated radio network that can send videos and manage mass storage data are actively being investigated. This paper proposes wireless communication methods to establish integrated radio networks for railways. The paper further suggests a candidate frequency band that could be allocated as the frequency band for railways among the frequency bands currently used in Korea. Based on this paper, we can expect that the domestic railroad will operate more efficiently and that security and convenience of the railroad will reach a superior level. In addition, the Korean integrated radio networks for railways, which cope with the changes in the global technology market, will be established.

Supporting Service Continuity in OFDMA Systems (OFDMA 시스템에서 서비스 연속성 지원 방안)

  • Lee, Jong-Chan;Park, Sang-Joon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.850-857
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this paper is to provide service continuity based on an efficient subchannel allocation in OFDMA systems. The resource management for handover are necessary to maintain the QoS requirements of different multimedia applications because the service continuity may be defected by some delay and information loss. Therefore we propose two subchannel management schemes applied to OFDMA systems. Firstly, a superposition allocation of interference subchannels is achieved by modifying a frequency reuse scheme, using co-subchannel interference principle. Secondly for handover applications, we suggest a novel subchannel reservation scheme to adjust the number of allocated channels, depending on the different characteristics and diverse quality of mobile multimedia applications. Simulation results show that the total throughput for the proposed method is increased up to 20% at average and peak arrivals and the handover failure rate is decreased to about 25%, as compared to the conventional method.

Analysis on Interference Control in Heterogeneous Networks (이기종 네트워크에서의 간섭 제어 분석)

  • Kim, Seong-Eui;Kim, Ki-Su;Hong, Een-Kee
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.3
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    • pp.268-276
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we introduce the technologies to handle the interference in the heterogeneous network and evaluate the performance of enhanced Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (enhanced ICIC, eICIC) techniques that are being introduced in 3GPP Release 10. In the time-domain eICIC scheme, time-domain resources are scheduled to avoid the interference by using Almost Blank Subframe (ABS) and Cell Range Expansion (CRE). To mitigate the cross-tier interference between macro and femtocell, it is important to efficiently combine the ABS and CRE in heterogeneous network. Since it is hard to evaluate the total throughput of heterogeneous network numerically, we evaluate the total throughput by using system level simulation (SLS). As a result of evaluation, the throughputs of many different cases of combination of ABS and CRE are compared.

Shared Relay-Based Interference Management Schemes for Device-to-Device Radio Underlaying Cellular Networks (셀룰러 네트워크상의 D2D 통신을 위한 공유릴레이 기반 간섭 관리 기법)

  • Yang, Mochan;Wu, Shanai;Shin, Oh-Soon;Shin, Yoan
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.4
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    • pp.371-380
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    • 2013
  • D2D (Device-to-Device) communication on an underlying cellular infrastructure which exploits the same spectrum has several advantages such as increased resource utilization and improved cellular coverage. However, D2D communication system needs to cope with ICI (Inter-Cell Interference) and interference between cellular and D2D links. As a result, macro UEs (User Equipments), especially those located near cell edge, will suffer from serious link performance degradation. We propose a novel interference avoidance mechanism assisted by SRN (Shared Relay Node) in this paper. SRN not only performs data re-transmission as a usual Type II relay but also has several features newly defined to avoid interference between cellular and D2D links. In particular, we suggest resource allocation methods based on the SRN for effective interference avoidance, and evaluate their performance through computer simulations.

An Adaptive Differential Equal Gain Transmission Technique using M-PSK Constellations (M-PSK 성운을 이용한 적응형 차분 동 이득 전송 기술)

  • Kim, Young-Ju;Seo, Chang-Won
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2016
  • We propose an adaptive scheme of a differential codebook for temporally correlated channels. And the codeword entries of the propose codebook are selected among the set of M-PSK constellations - the values of M proposed in this paper are 8, 16, or 32. Firstly, we analyze mathematically how the optimal spherical cap radius of the proposed codebook is tracked. Then, we explain the practical implementation of the proposed adaptive method. Practically, some candidate differential codebooks we propose in this paper can be switched according to the temporal correlation coefficients of wireless channels in the proposed scheme. Monte-Carlo simulations demonstrate that the achievable throughput performance employing the proposed codebook is always superior to those of the differential codebooks employing M-PSK constellations and non-adaptive differential codebooks with the same amount of feedback information.

Analysis for Efficiency of Long Range Wireless IoT Network (장거리무선통신 IoT 네트워크 효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Young
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.617-623
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    • 2016
  • Recently, IoT technology has been applied to the control of appliances in the home, and information about temperature, humidity, etc. is collected and the application of the system to control the indoor environment automatically is increasing. Currently, the network configuration of IoT devices is mainly used to connect IoT devices to the Internet through wireless gateways. Since such a method is dependent on a gateway, there are limitations in providing various services. Therefore, this paper proposes an independent method of gateway by using IoT network without using gateway by applying long distance wireless communication technology. IoT devices using the proposed long distance wireless internet technology can connect to a remote server and provide mobility that can not be supported by existing methods, thereby providing more various services. The performance evaluation of the proposed network configuration method is compared with the delay time and the amount of data generated in the existing network method constituted by the gateway and the proposed network configuration method respectively. Experimental results show that the proposed method decreases the delay time and the amount of data generated by the gateway.