• Title, Summary, Keyword: Laparoscopic Subtotal Gastrectomy

Search Result 7, Processing Time 0.027 seconds

Metachronous Liver Metastasis Resulting from Early Gastric Carcinoma after Subtotal Gastrectomy Following Endoscopic Resection: A Case Report

  • Oh, Sung Jin;Suh, Byoung Jo
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.139-142
    • /
    • 2015
  • Hepatic metastasis of early gastric cancer (EGC) following subtotal gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy is rare. We report the case of a 61-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with EGC that was initially treated using endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and subsequently underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy. Histopathological examination of the patient's ESD specimen showed a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma invading the submucosa without lymphatic invasion. The deep margin of the specimen was positive for adenocarcinoma, and he subsequently underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. The patient developed liver metastasis 15 months after the operation and then underwent liver resection. Histology of the resected specimen confirmed the diagnosis of two foci of metastatic adenocarcinoma originating from stomach cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis of the specimen demonstrated overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. The patient was treated with trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy consisting of capecitabine and cisplatin. Twenty-four months after the operation, the patient remained free of recurrence.

Effects of a Standardized Critical Pathway for Laparoscopic Gastrectomy Patients in a General Hospital (일개 종합병원 복강경 위절제술 환자의 표준진료지침 적용효과)

  • Park, Hyo-Jin;Park, Jong;Ryu, So-Yeon;Choi, Seong-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.9
    • /
    • pp.649-657
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study is aim to investigate how applying a critical pathway(CP) to stomach cancer patients affects their recovery and treatment. The subjects were 165 patients over the age of 20 who were diagnosed with stomach cancer at the gastrointestinal clinic of C hospital and who underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy. The case group inclueded 102 patients who underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with applying the CP from October 2008 to September 2009. The control group included 63 patients who underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy without applying the CP from September 2007 to September 2008. Pain at the time of discharge was significantly lower in the CP applicated group than in the non-applicated group (Odds ratio [OR], 0.07; 95% Confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.21). The CP applied group was significantly lower than non-applied group in total hospitalization days (CP applied group: 8.95[1.33], non-applied group: 10.69[4.04], p<0.001) and in postoperative hospitalization days (CP applied group: 7.16[0.94], non-applied group: 8.79[3.90], p<0.001). In conclusion, application of a critical pathway to laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy reduced pain at the time of discharge, total hospitalization days and postoperative hospitalization days.

Laparoscopic Gastrectomy and Transvaginal Specimen Extraction in a Morbidly Obese Patient with Gastric Cancer

  • Sumer, Fatih;Kayaalp, Cuneyt;Karagul, Servet
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-53
    • /
    • 2016
  • Laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer has some significant postoperative benefits over open surgery with similar oncologic outcomes. This procedure is more popular in the Far East countries where obesity is not a serious public health problem. In the Western countries, laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer is not a common procedure, yet obesity is more common. Herein, we aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of laparoscopic gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer in a morbidly obese patient. Additionally, we used natural orifice specimen extraction as an option to decrease wound-related complications, which are more prevalent in morbidly obese patients. In this case, we performed a fully laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy with the specimen extracted through the vagina. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first report of a natural orifice surgery in a morbidly obese patient with gastric cancer.

Beginner Surgeon's Initial Experience with Distal Subtotal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer Using a Minimally Invasive Approach

  • You, Yung Hun;Kim, Yoo Min;Ahn, Dae Ho
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.270-277
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: Minimally invasive gastrectomy (MIG), including laparoscopic distal subtotal gastrectomy (LDG) and robotic distal subtotal gastrectomy (RDG), is performed for gastric cancer, and requires a learning period. However, there are few reports regarding MIG by a beginner surgeon trained in MIG for gastric cancer during surgical residency and fellowship. The aim of this study was to report our initial experience with MIG, LDG, and RDG by a trained beginner surgeon. Materials and Methods: Between January 2014 and February 2015, a total of 36 patients (20 LDGs and 16 RDGs) underwent MIG by a beginner surgeon during the learning period, and 13 underwent open distal subtotal gastrectomy (ODG) by an experienced surgeon in Bundang CHA Medical Center. Demographic characteristics, operative findings, and short-term outcomes were evaluated for the groups. Results: MIG was safely performed without open conversion in all patients and there was no mortality in either group. There was no significant difference between the groups in demographic factors except for body mass index. There were significant differences in extent of lymph node dissection (LND) (D2 LND: ODG 8.3% vs. MIG 55.6%, P=0.004) and mean operative time (ODG 178.8 minutes vs. MIG 254.7 minutes, P<0.001). The serial changes in postoperative hemoglobin level (P=0.464) and white blood cell count (P=0.644) did not show significant differences between the groups. There were no significant differences in morbidity. Conclusions: This study showed that the operative and short-term outcomes of MIG for gastric cancer by a trained beginner surgeon were comparable with those of ODG performed by an experienced surgeon.

Long-Term Outcomes and Feasibility with Laparoscopy-Assisted Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

  • Kim, Ki-Han;Kim, Min-Chan;Jung, Ghap-Joong;Kim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-25
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: Recently, laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) has been widely accepted modality for early gastric cancer in Korea. The indication of LAG may be extended in an experienced institution. In our institution, the first case of laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) for gastric cancer was performed in May 1998. We retrospectively reviewed the long-term oncologic outcomes over 12 years to clarify the feasibility of LAG for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed 753 patients who underwent LAG for gastric cancer, from May 1998 to August 2010. We reviewed clinicopathological features, postoperative outcomes, mortality and morbidity, recurrence, and survival of LAG for gastric cancer. Results: During the time period, 3,039 operations for gastric cancer were performed. Among them, 753 cases were done by LAG (24.8%). There were 69 cases of total gastrectomy, 682 subtotal gastrectomies, and 2 proximal gastrectomies. According to TNM stage, 8 patients were in stage 0, 619 in stage I, 88 in stage II, and 38 in stage III. The operation-related complications occurred in 77 cases (10.2%). Median follow-up period was 56.2 months (range 0.7~165.6 months). Twenty-five patients (3.3%) developed recurrence, during the follow-up period. The overall 5-year and disease free survival rates were 97.1% and 96.3%, respectively. Conclusions: The number of postoperative complications and survival rates of our series were comparable to the results from that of other reports. The authors consider LAG to be a feasible alternative for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, rationale for laparoscopic surgery in advanced gastric cancer has yet to be determined.

IgG4-related Disease in the Stomach which Was Confused with Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST): Two Case Reports and Review of the Literature

  • Seo, Ho Seok;Jung, Yoon Ju;Park, Cho Hyun;Song, Kyo Young;Jung, Eun Sun
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.99-107
    • /
    • 2018
  • Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated fibro-inflammatory disorder characterized by specific pathological findings and elevated serum IgG4 level. IgG4-RD in the stomach is rare, and occasionally diagnosed as gastric subepithelial tumor (SET) by endoscopy or computed tomography scan. Two female patients in the age group of 40-50 years were diagnosed with 4 cm sized gastric SET. One underwent laparoscopic gastric wedge resection. Another one had a history of subtotal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with oral steroids administration. She underwent a completion total gastrectomy with splenectomy for the gastric SET and ITP. The pathology showed storiform fibrosis, and IgG4 was positive in immunohistochemistry (IHC) stain. IgG4-RD is known as a medical disease that could be treated with oral steroids. The difficulty in preoperative diagnosis of the disease occasionally causes unnecessary gastric resection. Thus, preoperative diagnostic methods for IgG4-RD such as deep biopsy with IHC stain or magnetic resonance imaging are needed.