• Title/Summary/Keyword: Level of Interaction

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A Study on the Level of Interaction in Extension Services through a Systems Approach - Focused on Extension Services of Experiment Station - (체계적 관점에 따른 기술전파활동의 상호작용 수준 분석 - 지역특화작목시험장의 기술전파활동을 중심으로 -)

  • Hwang, Jeong-Im;Choi, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.99-114
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    • 2006
  • Under awareness of the importance of interaction between local research agencies and farmers in developing local agriculture, this study attempts to analyse the level of interaction in extension services of Experiment Station. The data were collected through the interview with researchers in five Experiment Stations and farmers who have made contact with the researchers. The results of the analysis are as follow: (1) The Experiment Stations are currently providing extension services though they are originally research-oriented agencies. The extension methods of Experiment Stations are similar with those of extension agencies. (2) The more systematic the characteristic of extension service type is, the higher level of interaction is generated with several exceptions which should not be ignored. This study accentuates the efforts to improve the level of interaction as well as to construct a system as a linked set of actors.

Analysis of Effects of Learning Motivation on the Interaction in Online Cooperation Learning (온라인 협력학습에서 학습동기가 상호작용에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.416-424
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of learning motivation on interaction in online collaborative learning. The study subjects are 79 university students who take courses in teaching. Learning motivations measured the intrinsic goal orientation, extrinsic goal orientation, tasks value, control of learning beliefs, test anxiety, self-efficacy, goal orientation by MSLQ. Next, the level of interaction was measured by online collaborative tasks. The group for online cooperation tasks consisted of four to five people and random assignment. The level of interaction was used frequency and score that quantitative Value assess. The collected data were analysed using multiple regression analysis(stepwise). As a result, self-efficacy and extrinsic goal orientation, tasks value, mastery goal orientation were positive effect on frequency and score. next, test anxiety and performance avoid goal orientation were negative effect on frequency and score.

Exploring of Reaction Behavior to Instructor Messages according to Learning Motivation Types in Online Collaborative Learning (온라인 협력학습 환경에서 학습동기 유형에 따라 교수메시지에 대한 반응행동 탐색)

  • Lee, Eun-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.514-524
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate learners' reaction behaviors by the type of learning motive when teaching messages were delivered. The subjects of this study were 82 students from Auniversity and Buniversity in the metropolitan area. Students were online collaborative learning. The instructor delivered six messages. Since then, the researchers have measured the learner 's response time and the frequency and level of interaction. And analyzed using an independent sample t-test. As a result, the frequency and level of interaction increased before the message was delivered. The response time to instructional messages was the fastest among the students with performance avoidance goal orientation. Mastery goal orientation students were most sensitive to scaffolding messages. Performance avoidance goal orientation students responded most sensitively to the reminder message. Finally, Mastery goal orientation students had the most action on new topics. And performance approach goal orientation students had the most to do with accuracy and relevance.

Content Analysis of the Facebook Pages of Selected Academic Libraries in Vietnam

  • Chi, Duong Thi Phuong
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2021
  • This study explores Facebook use in Vietnamese academic libraries by analysing libraries' posts on their Facebook pages and library users' interaction with those posts. A total of 260 posts on four academic libraries' Facebook pages were examined using the content analysis method. The findings reveal that Facebook was mainly used to encourage reading and to transmit announcements. Most of the academic libraries published one post a week. The photo was the most frequent media type of libraries' posts and gained a higher level of interaction than other posts. According to the research results, the user engagement was low, and the user interaction with libraries' posts generally was in the form of reaction. The findings can help better understand Facebook use in Vietnamese academic libraries and may assist libraries in creating a plan for using Facebook more effectively.

Priority-based learning automata in Q-learning random access scheme for cellular M2M communications

  • Shinkafi, Nasir A.;Bello, Lawal M.;Shu'aibu, Dahiru S.;Mitchell, Paul D.
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.787-798
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    • 2021
  • This paper applies learning automata to improve the performance of a Q-learning based random access channel (QL-RACH) scheme in a cellular machine-to-machine (M2M) communication system. A prioritized learning automata QL-RACH (PLA-QL-RACH) access scheme is proposed. The scheme employs a prioritized learning automata technique to improve the throughput performance by minimizing the level of interaction and collision of M2M devices with human-to-human devices sharing the RACH of a cellular system. In addition, this scheme eliminates the excessive punishment suffered by the M2M devices by controlling the administration of a penalty. Simulation results show that the proposed PLA-QL-RACH scheme improves the RACH throughput by approximately 82% and reduces access delay by 79% with faster learning convergence when compared with QL-RACH.

Measuring Students' Interaction in Distance Learning Through the Electronic Platform and its Impact on their Motivation to Learn During Covid-19 Crisis

  • Almaleki, Deyab A.;Alhajaji, Rahma A.;Alharbi, Malak A.
    • International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.98-112
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    • 2021
  • This study aimed at measuring students' interaction in distance education through the electronic platform among intermediate school students, by identifying the level of students' interaction in distance education and differences between them, as well as its impact on their motivation to learn. To achieve the aim of the study, two scales were designed for this purpose and were applied to a sample consisting of (268) individuals. The results showed that the level of students' interaction through the e-learning platform was at a high level. The results also showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the mean scores of males and females in the scale of students' interaction through the e-learning platform. There was no statistically significant difference between them in their motivation for distance learning via the online platform. There were also no statistically significant differences related to the grade variable in the level of interaction through the electronic platform and in the motivation to learn, while there was a positive statistically significant effect of interaction through the electronic platform on students' motivation to learn.

An Analysis of 2nd Grade Students' Interaction in the Classification Activities of LTTS Program (LTTS 분류 활동에서 나타난 초등학교 2학년 학생들의 상호 작용 분석)

  • Kim, Sun-Ja;Shin, Jae-Sop;Park, Jong-Wook
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.395-406
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of 2nd grade students' interaction in the classification activities of LTTS. For the purposes of this study, three heterogeneous groups, chosen by cognitive level, were selected. The students' interactions were audio/video taped and classified as either cognitive or affective interaction. The results of this study are as follows. In the cognitive interactions, the frequency and quality of the functions of 'questions' and 'making suggestions' were higher than those of 'Responses' and 'Receiving opinions'. In the affective interactions, the frequency of 'induction' and 'dissatisfaction' was higher than that of the other types. The frequency and quality of interactions of students in both the early and mid concrete stage were higher than those of students in the transitional stage. Qualitatively higher-level interactions such as 'making suggestions' and positive interactions such as 'induction' to induce students who were passive in activities were made by the students at higher cognitive levels. However, the low-level of interaction in suggesting their opinion to the constituent's suggestion and 'dissatisfaction' with student in transition period who were passive in activity influenced group working negatively.

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Strategies and Directions for Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Korea (지속가능한 농업발전을 위한 전략과 추진과제)

  • Kim, Chang-Gil
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.17-40
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this paper is to formulate strategies and action programs for developing sustainable agriculture in Korea. There is increasing evidence that agriculture has been preoccupied with increasing productivity much to the detriment of environmental degradation. The issue of increasing agricultural productivity so as not to undermine the environment is a difficult task. In reality, there are many definitions of sustainable agriculture and sustainable agricultural development. In this paper, sustainable agriculture is defined by its ability to ensure future supplies of agricultural products at acceptable economic and environmental costs to the society. Sustainable agriculture development refers to the optimal level of interaction among the three dimensions - the environmental, the economic and the social - through dynamic and adaptive processes of trade-off. In order to formulate the strategies for developing sustainable agriculture, three stage approaches such as strategic analysis, strategic choice, and strategic implementation are employed. The basic framework for strategies of sustainable agriculture development consists of five steps such as vision, targets, principles, action plan and policy instruments. The major action plans for activating formulated strategies are suggested as integrating agricultural and environmental policy measures, establishing the system of optimal agri-environmental resources management practices, establishing safe and high quality product system and its effective marketing system, increasing the R&D investment for developing sustainable agro-technology, developing indicators for measuring sustainable agricultural development, and taking a share in related roles for all parties including farmers, consumers, policy makers, researchers and NGOs.

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Exploration of Problem Solving Program including Creative Thinking Skills in the Idea Generation and Verification Stages as Method for Fostering Creativity of Elementary School Student (초등학생의 창의성 계발을 위한 방안으로서 아이디어 생성 및 검토 단계에 창의적 사고 기법을 도입한 문제 해결 프로그램의 가능성 탐색)

  • Kang, Gyeong-Ah;Yoon, Jihyun;Kang, Seong-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2015
  • Studies showed that elementary school students had difficulties in the idea generation for creative problem solving, and they were also not to go through with the verification process for selecting idea. Thus, it may be more effective to provide an actualized idea generation and verification methods. In this study, we developed the creativity problem solving program with the attribute listing and PMI skills in the idea generation and verification stages respectively and applied it to six groups consisting of 5th elementary school students. We analyzed the creativity and the verbal interactions among the students at the level of interaction units. The analyses of the results revealed that the problem solving program with the creative thinking skills had significant effects on the fluency and originality that were sub-elements consisting creativity. In the analyses of interaction unit, the frequencies of the 'making suggestion' at the idea generation stage were high. And at the idea verification stage, the frequencies of the 'making suggestion' and 'receiving opinion' were high. Educational implications of these findings were discussed.

Subjectivity of Female Nursing Student Providing Intimate Care to Patient (여자 간호대학생의 친밀한 신체간호에 대한 인식)

  • PARK, Euna
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.1063-1074
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    • 2015
  • Nursing students are often embarrassed about offering an intimate care to patients in a clinical environment, and experience stress. In particular, nursing students is often a low level of interaction skill and nursing school has no education program for this intimate care. Therefore, these difficulties are increased while the clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the attitude of female nursing students regarding intimate care to patient and the characteristics of the type by applying Q-methodology, and to create the basic data for the development of education programs for nursing student to prevent stress and embarrassed feeling. Data were collected by applying 35 Q statements to 32 female nursing students. Collected data were analyzed with the PC QUANL program. Results indicate that female nursing students' attitudes of intimate care were divided into four types: 'considering situation-professional obligation type' 'gender related risk avoidance type' 'transcendent professional care type' and 'pursuit of the ideal professional type.' The types of female nursing students' attitudes of intimate care to patient were discussed, focusing on the attitude type identified in this study.