• Title/Summary/Keyword: Life Cycle Impact Assessment

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Life Cycle Impact Assessment to Corn Field Appling Anaerobic and Aerobic Digestates Including Each Swine Waste Treatment System (돈분처리 시스템을 포함한 액비 시용에 따른 옥수수 재배과정에 대한 전과정 환경영향 평가)

  • Shin, Joung-Du;Lee, Sun-Il;Park, Woo-Kyun;Choi, Yong-Su;Na, Young-Eun;Park, Yoo-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2014
  • The application of the Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) methodology to analyze the environmental burden of appling the digestates to corn field including different swine waste treatment systems was investigated. The first part of LCA is an inventory of parameters used to emissions released due to the system under investigation. In the following step, the Life Cycle Impact Assessment, the inventory data were analyzed and aggregated in order to finally get one index representing the each environmental burden. Each corn field applied with the aerobic and anaerobic digestates including different swine waste treatment systems was used as an example for the life cycle impact analysis. With analyzing the agricultural environmental burden, it observed that the effect of corn field applied aerobic digestate including digestion system was 7.6 times higher at eutrophication effects, but global warming potential effect was 0.9 times less than its applied anaerobic digestate.

Environmental Impacts Assessment of the Wheat Flour Production Process Using the Life Cycle Assessment Method (LCA 기법을 이용한 소맥분 생산 공정의 환경 영향 평가)

  • Chu, Duk-Sung;Kwon, Hyuk-Ku;Kim, Jong-Geu;Lee, Jang-Hoon
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 2008
  • The life cycle assessment method for environmental impact assessment was used, in this study, to assess the production process of wheat flour which is the most important material in the food industry. Environmental impact assessments were compared between that of the Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea (method I) with that of the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy (method II). Life cycle inventories (LCI) was performed using internal and external databases and the production statistics database of company S. The procedure of life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) was followed in terms of classification, characterization, normalization and weighting to identify the key issues. The impact categories of method I were divided into 8 categories with consideration of : abiotic resources depletion, global warming, ozone depletion, photochemical oxidant creation, acidification and eutrophication. The impact categories of method II were divided into 10 categories with consideration of: abiotic resources depletion, global warming, ozone depletion, photochemical oxidant creation, acidification, eutrophication, human toxicity, freshwater aquatic ecotoxicity, marine aquatic ecotoxicity and terrestrial ecotoxicity.

Life cycle impact assessment of the environmental infrastructures in operation phase: Case of an industrial waste incineration plant

  • Kim, Hyeong-Woo;Kim, Kyeong-Ho;Park, Hung-Suck
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.266-276
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    • 2017
  • A life cycle impact assessment was applied in an industrial waste incineration plant to evaluate the direct and indirect environmental impacts based on toxicity and non-toxicity categories. The detailed life cycle inventory of material and energy inputs and emission outputs was compiled based on the realistic data collected from a local industrial waste incineration plant, and the Korean life cycle inventory and ecoinvent database. The functional unit was the treatment of 1 tonne of industrial waste by incineration and the system boundary included the incineration plant and landfilling of ash. The result on the variation of the impact by the unit processes showed that the direct impact was decreased by 79.3, 71.6, and 90.1% for the processes in a semi dry reactor, bag filter, and wet scrubber, respectively. Considering the final impact produced from stack, the toxicity categories comprised 91.7% of the total impact. Among the toxicity impact categories, the impact in the eco-toxicity category was most significant. A separate estimation of the impact due to direct and indirect emissions showed that the direct impact was 97.7% of the total impact. The steam recovered from the waste heat of the incineration plant resulted in a negative environmental burden.

Proposed Methodological Framework of Assessing LID (Low Impact Development) Impact on Soil-Groundwater Environmental Quality (저영향개발(Low Impact Development) 기법 적용 지역 토양·지하수 환경 영향 평가 방법론 제안 연구)

  • Kim, Jongmo;Kim, Seonghoon;Lee, Yunkyu;Choi, Hanna;Park, Joonhong
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2014
  • The goal of this work is to develop a framework of methods to entirely evaluate effects of LID (Low Impact Development) on soil-groundwater environmental quality as well as land-scape and ecological factors. For this study, we conducted an extensive literature review. As outcomes, soil-groundwater environmental quality is newly conceptualized as a comprehensive index reflecting (i) groundwater pollution sensitivity (hydrogeological factor), (ii) biochemical contamination, and (iii) biodegradability. The methods of classifying and indexing is shown by combining selection of the items to be measured for soil-groundwater environmental quality and integrating the resulted items comprehensively. In addition, from soil-groundwater environmental quality, land-scape and ecological factors in existing environmental impact assessment a method was developed an overall index which can evaluate effects to environment by using GIS (Geographic Information System) and AHP (Analytic Hierachy Process). For optimizing LID planning, designing and post-evaluation, LCIA (Life Cycle Impact Assessment) was regarded as an appropriate method.

The Development of Korean Life Cycle Impact Assessment Index Based on a Damage Oriented Modeling (한국형 피해산정형 전과정 영향평가 지표 개발)

  • Park, Pil-Ju;Kim, Mann-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.499-508
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    • 2010
  • This study proposed a life cycle impact assessment index that can indicate the environment-related information of the product in monetary value such that the national geographical, environmental, and social features are fully reflected based on a damage-oriented model. First, the estimation process was classified into characterization, damage assessment, and integration stages considering the six biggest impact categories: resource depletion, global warming, ozone depletion, acidification, eutrophication, and photochemical oxidant creation. Moreover, this study came up with the 16 category endpoints related to the 6 impact categories, and the damage function, to the 4 largest safeguard subjects. The integration indices of finally identified impact categories were KRW 21.8/kg Sb, KRW 6.19/kg$CO_2$, KRW 53,000/kg CFC-11, KRW 13,100/kg $SO_2$, KRW 2,310/kg ${PO_4}^{3-}$, and KRW 3,030/kg $C_2H_4$. Using the results of this research, environmental impacts based on the environmental load generated throughout the entire life cycle of a product can serve as a single index in monetary value; thus enhancing understanding and utilization of the results of life cycle impact assessments.

Evaluation of Environmental Impact with Application of the Life Cycle Assessment Method to Swine Waste Treatment Systems (가축분뇨 처리 시스템에 대한 전과정평가 방법을 적용한 환경영향 평가)

  • Shin, Joungdu;Lee, Sun-Ill;Park, Wu-Kyun;Hong, Seung-Gil;Choi, Yong-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.64-73
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    • 2013
  • The application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology to analyze the environmental impact to different swine waste treatment systems was investigated. The first part of LCA is to organize an inventory of parameters and emissions released due to the system under investigation. In the following step of the Life Cycle Impact Assessment, the inventory data were analyzed and aggregated in order to finally get one index representing the total environmental burden. For the Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) the Eco-indicator 95 method has been chosen because this is well documented and regularly applied impact method. Two different swine waste treatment systems such as aerobic and anaerobic digestion systems were chosen as an example for the life cycle impact analysis. For establishing the parameters to be assessed the agricultural environmental effects to above swine waste treatment systems, it has been observed that there was high at T-P emission in anaerobic digestion system and $CO_2$ emission in aerobic digestion system. For Eco-indicator values per environmental effect for swine waste treatment systems related to one tonne of swine waste, it was shown that there was a negative index for global warm potential and soil acidification in aerobic digestion system, but relatively high positive index for eutrophication in anaerobic digestion system.

Environmental Impact Evaluation for the Power Generation System Using the LCA Methodology (LCA 기법을 이용한 발전시스템의 환경성 평가)

  • Ko, Kwang-Hoon;Hwang, Yong-Woo;Park, Kwang-Ho;Jo, Hyun-Jung;Jae, Moo-Sung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.704-711
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    • 2005
  • In this study, life cycle assessment(LCA) for the nuclear power generation system and the thermal power generation system, which make a great distribution of the electric power supply in Korea, has been carried out to compare the environmental impact between two power generation systems. In system boundary of this study, the stage of construction, operation and demolition & disposal were included. For life cycle impact assessment(LCIA), three cases were considered; the single environmental impact for the $CO_2$ emissions, the 8 major global environmental impact, and the major global environmental impact categories including radioactive impact. As the results, it was found that the nuclear power generation system is environmentally superior to the thermal power generation system as 10,000 times in the evaluation for the $CO_2$ emissions, 90 times in the evaluation for the 8 major environmental impact categories, and 40 times in the evaluation for the environmental impact categories including radioactive impact.

An E-score Development Methodology for Life Cycle Impact Assessment

  • Young-Min Park;Jai-Rip Cho
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.24 no.68
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2001
  • This study is to make LCIA(Life Cycle Impact Assessment) easier as a methodology of environmental scores(called E-score) that integrated environmental load of each emission substance based on environmental damage such as in human health, ecosystem and resources category. The concept is to analyzes the LCI(Life Cycle Inventory) and defines the level of environment damages for human health, ecosystem and resources to objective impact assessment standard, and makes the base of marginal damage to calculate the damage factor, which can present the indication that can establish the standard value of environmental impact. First, damages to human health are calculated by fate analysis, effect analysis and damage analysis to get the damage factor of health effect as a DALY(Disability Adjusted Life Years) unit. Second, damages to ecosystem are calculated by fate analysis, effect analysis and damage analysis to get the damage factor of the effect as a PDF(Potentially Disappeared Fraction) unit through linking potentially increased disappeared fraction. Third, damages to resources are carried out by resource analysis and damage analysis for linking the lower fate to surplus energy conception to get damage factor as a MJ(Mega Joule) unit. For the ranking of relative environment load level each other, LCIA can be carried out effectively by applying this E-score methodology to the particular emission substances. A case study has been introduced for the emission substances coming out of a tire manufacturer in Korea. It is to show how to work the methodology. Based on such study result, product-designers or producers now can apply the E-scores presented in this study to the substances of emission list, and then calculate the environment load of the product or process in advance at any time and can see the environment performance comparatively and expected to contribute to the environmental improvement in view of environmental pollution prevention.

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Life Cycle Assessment on the End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment System in Korea (국내 폐자동차 처리시스템에 대한 전과정평가)

  • Hong, Seok-Jin;Jeong, Kee-Mo;Hong, John-Hee;Yun, Ju-Ho;Hur, Tak
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 2005
  • This study aims at evaluating the environmental impacts stemmed from the End-of-Life Vehicle(ELV) treatment systems in Korea, using Life Cycle Assessment(LCA) method. In this study, both environmental burden from the ELV dismantling process & recycling processes and environmental benefit which were derived from the avoided environmental impacts by substituting recycled materials for virgin materials were considered. First of all, the key issues which were defined as the environmental aspects that account for more than $1\%$ out of the total environmental impacts were identified from the Life Cycle Impact Assessment(LCIA). $CO_2$, crude oil, natural gas, coal, etc. were found out to be the key issue parameters. From the LCI Analysis and LCIA studies, it was shown that the significant environmental aspects were related with the recycling process of ferro scrap, the shredding process of compressed car bodies and the dismantling process of end-of-life engines. In particular, the recycling process of ferro scrap has the most significant effects on the environmental impacts of the ELV treatment systems. Based on these results, it is recommended to improve the recycling process of ferro scrap in order to make the ELV treatment systems more environmentally sound.

An Analysis of Potential Environmental Impact Reduction for Combined Sewer Overflow Project using a LCA Methodology (LCA 기법을 활용한 합류식 하수도 월류수 사업의 잠재적 환경영향 저감효과 분석)

  • Jo, Hyun-Jung;Song, Jang-Hwan;Hwang, Yong-Woo;Park, Ji-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.885-892
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    • 2011
  • In this study, LCA(Life Cycle Assessment) on 'Saemangum CSO Project' was carried out to evaluate environmental impact which occurred during the construction and operation periods and the potential environmental impact reduction was analyzed by comparing production and reduction level of pollution loads. LCA was conducted out according to the procedure of ISO14040 which suggested Goal and Scope Definition, Life Cycle Inventory Analysis, Life Cycle Impact Assessment and Interpretation. In the Goal and Scope Definition, the functional unit was 1 m3 of CSO, the system boundary was construction and operation phases, and the operation period was 20 years. For the data collection and inventory analysis, input energies and materials from civil, architecture, mechanical and electric fields are collected from design sheet but the landscape architecture field is excepted. LCIA(Life Cycle Impact Assessment) was performed following the procedure of Eco-Labelling Type III under 6 categories which were resource depletion, eutrophication, global warming, ozone-layer destruction, and photochemical oxide formation. In the result of LCA, 83.4% of environmental impact occurred in the construction phase and 16.6% in the operation phase. Especially 78% of environmental impact occurred in civil works. The Global warming category showed the highest contribution level in the environmental impact categories. For the analysis on potential environmental impact reduction, the reduction and increased of environmental impact which occurred on construction and operation phases were compared. In the case of considering only the operation phase, the result of the comparison showed that 78% of environmental impact is reduced. On the other hand, when considering both the construction and operation phases, 50% of environmental impact is increase. Therefore, this study showed that eco-friendly material and construction method should be used for reduction of environmental impact during life cycle, and it is strongly necessary to develop technology and skills to reduce environmental impact such as renewable energies.