• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lighting Energy

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A Study on the Evaluation of Lighting Energy Consumption by Control Strategy of the Electric Lighting (전기조명 제어 전략에 따른 조명에너지 소비량 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Gyeong;Kim, Kang-Soo
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the electric lighting energy consumption carried out by Daysim program. A comparison between the measurement and simulated exterior global horizontal illuminance shows differences about 10% and it is very similar to the measurement. The interior illuminance simulated by Daysim are 18.9% lower than the measurement and simulated lighting energy consumption is 10% lower than the measurement. Corrected annual lighting energy simulation results show that the best case is the combination of occupancy switch-off and dimming system with automatic controlled blinds (E-3). In case of no blinds, it occasionally derives the minimum lighting energy consumption but it causes the glare, so we need to be careful for choosing the control strategy. For the overcast sky, the lighting energy consumption is not changed significantly by control strategy while the lighting energy in the clear sky is changed noticeably. So we must know the right strategy for each case to control the electric lights and blinds.

Predicted Performance of the Integrated Artificial Lighting System in Relation to Daylight Levels (채광시스템과 인공조명설비의 통합기술 및 성능평가연구)

  • Kim, G.;Kim, J.T.
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2002
  • The office is an excellent candidate for implementing daylighting techniques because of the relatively high electric lighting power densities and long daytime use pattern. The quantity of light available for a space can be translated in term of the amount of energy savings through a process of a building energy simulation. To get significant energy savings in general illumination, the electric lighting system must be incorporated with a daylight - activated dimmer control. A prototype configuration of an office interior has been established and the integration between the building envelope and lighting and HVAC systems is evaluated based on computer modeling of a lighting control facility. First of all, an energy-efficient luminaire system is designed for both a totally open-plan office interior and a partitioned office. A lighting design and analysis program, Lumen-Micro 2000 predicts the optimal layout of a conventional fluorescent lighting fixture to meet the designed lighting level and calculates unit power density, which translates the demanded amount of electric lighting energy. A dimming control system integrated with the contribution of daylighting has been applied to the operating of the artificial lighting. Annual cooling load due to lighting and the projecting saving amount of cooling load due to daylighting under overcast diffuse sky are evaluated by a computer software, ENER-Win. In brief, the results from building energy simulation with measured daylight illumination levels and the performance of lighting control system indicate that daylighting can save over 70 percent of the required energy for general illumination in the perimeter zones through the year. A 25 % of electric energy for cooling may be saved by dimming and turning off the luminaires in the perimeter zones.

Energy consumption by Spectral Power Distribution Of LED lighting (LED 조명의 분광 분포에 따른 건물에너지 소비)

  • Jung, Ho-Youn;Kim, Hyo-In;Kim, Gon;Yun, Geun-Young
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2012
  • Lighting energy accounts for approximately 20% of the electrical energy used worldwide. Thus, High efficiency Light emitting diode(LED)lighting is getting more popular as the next generation lighting replaced to traditional lighting fixtures. Also, LED lighting not only has a long lifetime but also can realize a variety visual environments through the wavelengh control. The lighting energy varies depending on the Spectral Power Distribution(SPD) even though the Illuminance level is same. Therefore, This study indicates that the difference of indoor energy consumption under the same illuminance level when Spectral Power Distribution(SPD) is different. As a result, Lighting energy consumption under red-color emphasizing SPD is about 10% lower than under blue-color emphasizing SPDs.

Verification and Development of Lighting Design Data for Office in Korea (Focused on the Evaluation of Lighting Energy and Cooling Load) (사무소를 위한 조명설계 자료의 개발과 검증 (조명에너지와 냉방부하를 중심으로))

  • Kim, Eun-Hee;Suh, Seung-Jik
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • pp.1043-1048
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    • 2006
  • This paper aimed to verify and develop lighting design data for offices in Korea. It focused on a Korean standard office value relative to lighting density and the evaluation of lighting energy and cooling load. When planning indoor lighting design, we generally utilize the lighting density value which is set $14W/m^2$ by the ASHRAE/IES standard office value. However, the value is not appropriate to apply in Korea where higher efficiency lamps are more popular than others. For calculation of a proper lighting density of Korea, we analysed distribution curves of luminous intensity(2-lamp fluorescent lighting fixture with Parabolic) and derived the new lighting density $12.64W/m^2$ as Korea standard office value. In the simulation using this value, it was shown that lighting energy and cooling load could be reduced.

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A Study on the Effect of Envelope Factors on Cooling, Heating and Lighting Energy Consumption in Office Building (사무소 건물의 외피요소가 냉난방 및 조명에너지 소비에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Chang-Hee;Yang, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.8-17
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study is to perform an analysis of the heat(heating and cooling) and lighting energy consumption according to the window area ratio and the application of horizontal louver, which is external shading device installed for the purpose of energy savings in office buildings. For this, a building was chosen as a typical example, and the heat and lighting energy consumption was calculated by using the daylight and building energy analysis simulation. The results showed that the total energy consumption, when the lighting control was applied, was reduced by an average of 11.49[%] compared to when there was no lighting control. The smaller the glazing ratio is, the less the total energy consumption is. Also, the application of the horizontal louver increases the total energy consumption under the same condition of glazing ratio.

Developement of Lighting Energy Estimation Nomograph by using Daylight (자연채광 이용에 따른 조명에너지 평가용 노모그래프의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 정유근;김정태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 1990
  • Lighting is one of the largest energy, integrated lighting system with daylight and artificial lighting has been suggested. In such system, perimeter zone can be illuminated by daylighting and the deep area of room by artificial lighting. So, the study is to develope estimation nomograph of lighting energy by turnning-off depth and lighting control systems during daytime. For the purpose, energy nomograph has been developed to apply to side-lit office guilding and the use and limitation of the nomograph has been discussed.

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A Cost Effective Energy Saving of Fluorescent Lighting in Commercial Buildings

  • Lee, Seong-Ryong;Nayar, Chemmangot V.
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2012
  • Lighting represents a significant component of commercial buildings, particularly office buildings. Fluorescent lighting is invariably used in all commercial, industrial and residential areas. A significant amount of lighting energy is wasted every day by leaving the lights on and not utilizing daylight energy. However, if daylight illuminance can be harnessed, this will reduce the electricity consumption of fluorescent lamps and save energy. This paper explains possible significant savings in lighting energy consumption and hence in costs, without reducing the performance and visual satisfaction in office or industrial buildings. It is proposed to obtain energy saving by reducing the supply voltage without degradation in lighting performance. Experimental results confirm that as much as 20% of electrical energy can be saved by reducing about 9% of the supply voltage, without noticeably affecting light output while complying with lighting standard limits.

Evaluation of Lighting Energy Saving Rate in a Small Office Space (소규모 사무공간의 조명에너지 절감율 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Han-Yong;Yun, Gyeong;Kim, Kang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.50-58
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the lighting dimming rates with various parameters of the building skin in a small office. We compared to simulated workplane illuminance and measured workplane illuminance for the base model. After that, the five veriables(the presence of vertical wall in double skin facade, the presence of windowsill, window to wall ratio(WWR), window visible transmittance, the width of double skin facade) were applied to base model, and we analyzed the simulated lighting energy saving rates. The results are listed as below. The simulated workplane illuminance results are similar to the measurement. Simulated illuminance was smaller than measured illuminance by 16.5%(60 lx). In accordance with applicable building skin parameters, lighting energy saving rate results are summarized as follows. Lighting energy saving rate of case1(windowsill height 0.7m) is higher than that of base case(windowsill and vertical wall) by 7.3% and the lighting energy saving rate of case2(no vertical wall) is higher than that of base case by 7.6% and the lighting energy saving rate of case3(no windowsill and vertical wall) is higher than that of base case by 12.4%. The lighting energy saving rate is increased by 2.3%, when window visible transmittance is increased from 70% to 86%. The lighting energy saving rate is increased by 4.6%, when we changed the WWR 70% to 90%. lighting energy savings rate is increased by 6.5%, when the width of double skin facade is reduced from 1m to 0.3m.

Efficient Lighting System for Amenity Light Environment (쾌적 빛 환경을 위한 효율적 조명 시스템)

  • Choi, Jong-Hyo;Oh, Myoung-Won;Kim, Byung-Seon
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.136-141
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    • 2009
  • Considerable part of energy consumption is occurred by through buildings. Especially, Lighting energy consumption is most part of one in building. There is very various ways and systems for saving lighting energy. In method, It can be divided Passive Daylighting System and Active Daylighting System. Louver, Screen and use of window's character is representative ways of passive system. Reflection mirror, optical pipe and optical fiber is representative method of active system. Introducing day light on which place can't be introduced day light by typical method is important advantage of active system. Except introducing day lighting methods, efficient lighting management system can save lighting energy. It called lighting automation system. Representatively, Occupancy-related automation and Brightness-related automation system is that. According to occupancy and introducing daylighting level properly operate lamp's intensity of illumination that can save lots of energy. Though Introducing daylighting method, effective lighting system we can get proper intensity of illuminance level and energy saving.

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Dynamic Thermal Model of a Lighting System and its Thermal Influence within a Low Energy Building

  • Park, Herie;Lim, Dong-Young;Choi, Eun-Hyeok;Lee, Kwang-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2014
  • This paper focuses on the heat gain of a lighting system, one of the most-used appliances in buildings, and its thermal effect within a low energy building. In this study, a dynamic thermal model of a lighting system is first established based on the first principle of thermodynamics. Then, thermal parameters of this model are estimated by experiments and an optimization process. Afterward, the obtained model of the system is validated by comparing simulation results to experimental one. Finally it is integrated into a low energy building model in order to quantify its thermal influence within a low energy building. As a result, heat flux of the lighting system, indoor temperature and heating energy demands of the building are obtained and compared with the results obtained by the conventional model of a lighting system. This paper helps to understand thermal dynamics of a lighting system and to further apply lighting systems for energy management of low energy buildings.