• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lipid peroxidation

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Reaction of ferritin with hydrogen peroxide induces lipid peroxidation

  • Yoon, Hung-Hwan;Lee, Myeong-Seon;Kang, Jung-Hoon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2010
  • Lipid peroxidation is known to be an important factor in the pathologies of many diseases associated with oxidative stress. We assessed the lipid peroxidation induced by the reaction of ferritin with $H_2O_2$. When linoleic acid micelles or phosphatidyl choline liposomes were incubated with ferritin and $H_2O_2$, lipid peroxidation increased in the presence of ferritin and $H_2O_2$ in a concentration-dependent manner. The hydroxyl radical scavengers, azide and thiourea, prevented lipid peroxidation induced by the ferritin/$H_2O_2$ system. The iron specific chelator desferoxamine also prevented ferritin/$H_2O_2$ systemmediated lipid peroxidation. These results demonstrate the possible role of iron in ferritin/$H_2O_2$ system-mediated lipid peroxidation. Carnosine is involved in many cellular defense processes, including free radical detoxification. In this study, carnosine, homocarnosine, and anserine were shown to significantly prevent ferritin/$H_2O_2$ system-mediated lipid peroxidation and also inhibited the free radical-generation activity of ferritin. These results indicated that carnosine and related compounds may prevent ferritin/$H_2O_2$ system-mediated lipid peroxidation via free radical scavenging.

Lipid Peroxidation of Ginseng Thylakoid Membrane (인삼 틸라코이드 막의 지질과 산화)

  • 양덕조
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 1990
  • In order to elucidate the mechanism of the leaf-burning disease of ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer), the relationships between thylakoid membrane peroxidation and chlorophyll bleaching were investigated in comparison with the ones of soybean (Glycine max L). When I measured the rate of lipid peroxidation in the thylakoids of ginseng and soybean by irradiation of light(60 w.m-2), it was identified that, the remarkably lower rate of lipid peroxidation was found in the ginseng thylakoid than the case of soybean. When lipid peroxidation of ginseng thylakoid was induced in the dark, chlorophyll contents of thylakoid was not changed. The results suggest that lipid peroxidation does not affect the chlorophyll bleaching in ginseng thylakoid. Thylakoid membrane peroxidation as well as chlorophyll bleaching was closely related with photosynthetic electron transport. But, according to the quenching experiment active oxygen species induced lipid peroxidation may be different species in the case of chlorophyll bleaching.

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Mechanism of Lipid Peroxidation in Meat and Meat Products -A Review

  • Min, B.;Ahn, D.U.
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.152-163
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    • 2005
  • Lipid peroxidation is a primary cause of quality deterioration in meat and meat products. Free radical chain reaction is the mechanism of lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl radical and hydroperoxyl radical are the major initiators of the chain reaction. Lipid peroxyl radical and alkoxyl radical formed from the initial reactions are also capable of abstracting a hydrogen atom from lipid molecules to initiate the chain reaction and propagating the chain reaction. Much attention has been paid to the role of iron as a primary catalyst of lipid peroxidation. Especially, heme proteins such as myoglobin and hemoglobin and "free" iron have been regarded as major catalysts for initiation, and iron-oxygen complexes (ferryl and perferryl radical) are even considered as initiators of lipid peroxidation in meat and meat products. Yet, which iron type and how iron is involved in lipid peroxidation in meat are still debatable. This review is focused on the potential roles of ROS and iron as primary initiators and a major catalyst, respectively, on the development of lipid peroxidation in meat and meat products. Effects of various other factors such as meat species, muscle type, fat content, oxygen availability, cooking, storage temperature, the presence of salt that affect lipid peroxidation in meat and meat products are also discussed.

OxyR Regulon Controls Lipid Peroxidation-mediated Oxidative Stress in Escherichia coli

  • Yoon, Seon-Joo;Park, Ji-Eun;Yang, Joon-Hyuck;Park, Jeen-Woo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 2002
  • Membrane lipid peroxidation processes yield products that may react with DNA and proteins to cause oxidative modifications. The oxyR gene product regulates the expression of enzymes and proteins that are needed for cellular protection against oxidative stress. Upon exposure to tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH) and 2,2'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride (AAPH), which induce lipid peroxidation in membranes, the Escherichia coli oxyR overexpression mutant was much more resistant to lipid peroxidation-mediated cellular damage, when compared to the oxyR deletion mutant in regard to growth kinetics, viability, and DNA damage. The deletion of the oxyR gene in E. coli also resulted in increased susceptibility of superoxide dismutase to lipid peroxidation-mediated inactivation. The results indicate that the peroxidation of lipid is probably one of the important intermediary events in free radical-induced cellular damage. Also, the oxyR regulon plays an important protective role in lipid peroxidation-mediated cellular damage.

Effect of Lipid Peroxidation on the Fluidity of Erythrocyte Ghost and Phospholipid Liposomal Membranes

  • Han, Suk-Kyu;Kim, Min;Park, Yeong-Hun;Park, Eun-Ju;Lee, Jeong-Hee
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 1992
  • The effects of lipid peroxidation on the fluidity of the lipid bilayers of the human erythrocyte ghosts and egg-lecithin phospholipid liposomes have been studied. For the measurements of the peroxidation extent and the fluidity of the membranes, the thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and the fluorescence depolarization of 1, 6-diphynyl-1, 3, 5-hexatriene labelled into the membrane were employed, respectively. The lipid peroxidation was performed in hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase/ferrous ion, and hydrogen peroxide/ferrous ion systems. The results of these experiments show that both of the xanthine oxidase and hydrogen peroxide systems effectively. The lipid peroxidation decreased the fluidity of the membranes, especially at the very early stage of the peroxidation reaction. The decrease in the fluidity of membrane by the lipid peroxidation has been ascribed to the alteration of the polyunsaturated acyl chains of lipids and cross linkages among the membrane components. However, under drastic condition of lipid peroxidation, tdhe fluidity of the membrane rather increased possibly due to the deterioration of the membrane integrity by the peroxidation. Morphological change of the erythrocyte on peroxidation has also been observed.

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Effects of Polyacetylene Compounds from Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer on $CCl_4$-Induced Lipid Peroxidation in Mouse Liver

  • Kim, Hye-Young;Lee, You-Hui;Kim, Shin-Il
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 1988
  • The inhibitory effect of three polyacetylene compounds, panaxydol, panaxynol and panaxytriol isolated from Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer on $CCl_4$induced lipid peroxidation in vivo and in vitro hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation induced by ADP-$Fe^{3+}$, NADPH and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase were investigated. Their effects on lowering the lipid peroxide levels both in serum and liver and lowering the serum enzyme (GOT, GPT, LDH) activities without the $CCl_4$-induction were also determined. Male ICR mice were pretreated i.p. with polyacetylene compounds or DL-${\alpha}$-tocopherol before administration of $CCl_4$ i.p. and 20 hr after the administration of $CCl_4,$ serum and liver were analyzed. Hepatic microsome was isolated and used for the in vitro NADPH-dependent lipid peroxidation system. Except for panaxynol, treatment with polyacetylenes to control mice did not reduce the levels of lipid peroxides and serum enzyme activities. Panaxynol itself inhibited lipid peroxidation in the liver of normal mice. Polyacetylene compounds protected from the $CCl_4$-induced hepatic lipid peroxidation and lowered serum lipid peroxide levels. Polyacetylenes also inhibited the in virto hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. The results suggest that panaxydol, panaxynol and panaxytriol seem to be the antioxidant components which contribute the anti-aging activities of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.

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Lipid Peroxidation Induced by the Reaction of Cytochrome c with Hydrogen Peroxide

  • Kang, Jung-Hoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.830-834
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    • 2006
  • Lipid peroxidation induced by the reaction of cytochrome c with $H_2O_2$ was investigated. When linoleic acid micelles or phosphatidyl choline liposomes were incubated with cytochrome c and $H_2O_2$, lipid peroxidation was increased in cytochrome c and $H_2O_2$ concentrations-dependent manner. Radical scavengers, azide, formate and ethanol prevented lipid peroxidation induced by the cytochrome c/$H_2O_2$ system. Iron specific chelator, desferoxamine also prevented the cytochrome c/$H_2O_2$ system-mediated lipid peroxidation. These results suggest that lipid peroxidation may be induced by the cytochrome c/$H_2O_2$ system via the generation of free radicals. Carnosine, homocarnosine and anserine are present in the muscle and brain of many animals and human. Previous studies show that these compounds have an antioxidant function. In the present study, carnosine, homocarnosine and anserine significantly prevented the cytochrome c/$H_2O_2$ system-mediated lipid peroxidation. Carnosine and related compounds also inhibited the free radical-generating activity of cytochrome c. The results suggest that carnosine, homocarnosine and anserine may prevent lipid peroxidation induced by the cytochrome c/$H_2O_2$ system through a free radical scavenging.

Drect Interaction of Streptozotocin with TBA (thiobarbituric acid) in Lipid Peroxidation Analysis (Streptozotocin에 의한 lipid peroxidation 측정시 TBA법의 적합성에 관한 연구)

  • 정진호;호지숙;문창규
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 1990
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the usage of TBA method for the analysis of lipid peroxidation induced by streptozotocin. 5 mM streptozotocin and 1 % TBA alone showed the maximum peak at 309 nm and 358 nm respectively, although no peak was observed at 532 nm which was the wavelength to determine the absorbance for TBA method. When 5 mM streptozotocin was mixed together with 1 % TBA in vitro, new peaks at 439 nm and 532 nm had been detected, suggesting TBA did interact directly with streptozotocin forming new colored products. These results suggest that TBA method is not adequate for determination of lipid lperoxidation induced by streptozotocin.

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Effect of Cholesterol and Serum Albumin on Sperm Ability and Lipid Peroxidation during the Storage of Miniature Pig Sperm (미니돼지정액의 보존 시 콜레스테롤과 혈청 알부민이 정자 성상과 지질 과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Woo;Lee, Yong-Seung;Yoo, Han-Jun;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2011
  • This study was undertaken to find out the effect of cholesterol and serum albumin on sperm ability and lipid peroxidation levels period to the liquid storage of miniature pig sperm. Ejaculated semen from miniature pigs was collected by gloved-hand method into a pre-warmed ($37^{\circ}C$) thermos bottle, and extended with Modena solution {with and without BSA, methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (-cholesterol) and cholesterol loaded cyclodextrin (+cholesterol)}. Each semen was assessed for viability (SYBR-14/PI staining) and acrosome intactness, intensity and capacitation status by chlorotetracycline (CTC) staining at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days of storage. At for the effects of cholesterol and serum albumin on lipid peroxidation, semen were incubated with $H_2O_2$ ($10\;{\mu}M$), and lipid peroxidation level were measured by flow cytometry using the lipid peroxidation reporter probe $C_{11}-BODIPY^{581/591}$. The result, lipid peroxidation level in sperm added with cholesterol were lower in $10\;{\mu}M$ $H_2O_2$ compared to the added sperm with serum albumin. Also, added cholesterol to sperm had significant (p<0.05) higher viability when storage for 7 and 10 days and lower when 10 days of storage percentage of acrosome-reacted sperm (AR pattern) in acrosome state as say result compared to other treated groups. In conclusion, role of cholesterol during lipid storage in miniature pig spermatozoa was protected boar spermatozoa from lipid peroxidation prior to lipid storage. Addition serum albumin during lipid storage in sperm may be induce sperm membrane damage by lipid peroxidation. Therefore, addition of cholesterol to miniature pig sperm will be lead to extension of liquid storage periods.

The Effects of Visible Light on Iron Release from Ferritin Related to Lipid Peroxidation in the Retina

  • Ohishi, Kentaro;Hiramitsu, Tadahisa;Matsugo, Seiichi
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.427-429
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    • 2002
  • We studied iron release from ferritin by irradiating the visible light, and then followed ferritin-mediated lipid peroxidation in the rod outer segment (ROS) fraction of the porcine retina. In the presence of several phosphorus compounds such as ADP and ATP, iron release from ferritin at pH 7.0 could be induced by irradiation of the visible light to the reaction mixtures. Furthermore, iron release from ferritin in the presence of ADP depended on the incubation time and the visible light irradiation. Moreover, we investigated lipid peroxidation level in the ROS fraction by two independent assay systems including the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and ferrous oxidation/xylenol orange (FOX) methods. The visible light induced ferritin-mediated lipid peroxidation in the ROS fraction in time- and irradiance-dependent manners. In the dark condition, iron release and lipid peroxidation were not observed. Iron release from ferritin by irradiating the visible light may play an important role in the etiology of phototoxic injuries in vivo.

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