• Title, Summary, Keyword: Local Welfare

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Analysis on Factors Influencing Welfare Spending of Local Authority : Implementing the Detailed Data Extracted from the Social Security Information System (지방자치단체 자체 복지사업 지출 영향요인 분석 : 사회보장정보시스템을 통한 접근)

  • Kim, Kyoung-June;Ham, Young-Jin;Lee, Ki-Dong
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.141-156
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    • 2013
  • Researchers in welfare services of local government in Korea have rather been on isolated issues as disables, childcare, aging phenomenon, etc. (Kang, 2004; Jung et al., 2009). Lately, local officials, yet, realize that they need more comprehensive welfare services for all residents, not just for above-mentioned focused groups. Still cases dealt with focused group approach have been a main research stream due to various reason(Jung et al., 2009; Lee, 2009; Jang, 2011). Social Security Information System is an information system that comprehensively manages 292 welfare benefits provided by 17 ministries and 40 thousand welfare services provided by 230 local authorities in Korea. The purpose of the system is to improve efficiency of social welfare delivery process. The study of local government expenditure has been on the rise over the last few decades after the restarting the local autonomy, but these studies have limitations on data collection. Measurement of a local government's welfare efforts(spending) has been primarily on expenditures or budget for an individual, set aside for welfare. This practice of using monetary value for an individual as a "proxy value" for welfare effort(spending) is based on the assumption that expenditure is directly linked to welfare efforts(Lee et al., 2007). This expenditure/budget approach commonly uses total welfare amount or percentage figure as dependent variables (Wildavsky, 1985; Lee et al., 2007; Kang, 2000). However, current practice of using actual amount being used or percentage figure as a dependent variable may have some limitation; since budget or expenditure is greatly influenced by the total budget of a local government, relying on such monetary value may create inflate or deflate the true "welfare effort" (Jang, 2012). In addition, government budget usually contain a large amount of administrative cost, i.e., salary, for local officials, which is highly unrelated to the actual welfare expenditure (Jang, 2011). This paper used local government welfare service data from the detailed data sets linked to the Social Security Information System. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the factors that affect social welfare spending of 230 local authorities in 2012. The paper applied multiple regression based model to analyze the pooled financial data from the system. Based on the regression analysis, the following factors affecting self-funded welfare spending were identified. In our research model, we use the welfare budget/total budget(%) of a local government as a true measurement for a local government's welfare effort(spending). Doing so, we exclude central government subsidies or support being used for local welfare service. It is because central government welfare support does not truly reflect the welfare efforts(spending) of a local. The dependent variable of this paper is the volume of the welfare spending and the independent variables of the model are comprised of three categories, in terms of socio-demographic perspectives, the local economy and the financial capacity of local government. This paper categorized local authorities into 3 groups, districts, and cities and suburb areas. The model used a dummy variable as the control variable (local political factor). This paper demonstrated that the volume of the welfare spending for the welfare services is commonly influenced by the ratio of welfare budget to total local budget, the population of infants, self-reliance ratio and the level of unemployment factor. Interestingly, the influential factors are different by the size of local government. Analysis of determinants of local government self-welfare spending, we found a significant effect of local Gov. Finance characteristic in degree of the local government's financial independence, financial independence rate, rate of social welfare budget, and regional economic in opening-to-application ratio, and sociology of population in rate of infants. The result means that local authorities should have differentiated welfare strategies according to their conditions and circumstances. There is a meaning that this paper has successfully proven the significant factors influencing welfare spending of local government in Korea.

A Study on the Method to Establish the Identity Depending on the Functional Transfer of Local Social Welfare Center (지역사회복지관의 기능전환에 따른 정체성 확립방안 연구)

  • Kim, Youn Jae;Kum, You Hyun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.205-222
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    • 2013
  • As Social Welfare Service Act was revised in 2011 and its enforcement decree was revised in 2012, the function of local social welfare center was classified into 3 functions such as case control function, service supply function and local society systematization function. Therefore, from 2013, local social welfare center faces the assignment to establish its status as a core subjectivity of local social welfare while maintaining function, role, business, program, service and organization system required for local social welfare center. Currently, there are internal and external limit factors for local social welfare center to perform its original function. The external limit factors are competition with similar organization, diversification of welfare desire depending on social change, insufficient service network construction and lack of partnership between private sector and government. The internal limit factors are lack of local social organization's ability, program issue, insufficient resource, insufficient manpower, etc. In order for local social welfare center to overcome the limit factor and establish the core status for improving the life quality of resident, it should concentrate its ability on local society systematization, construct human & material support network related to local social welfare, minimize social education program and simple relief project gradually, suggest the reasonable direction for village to nurture resident organization, develop the program based on the research on local resident's desire and create the partnership between private sector and government.

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An Analysis on the Regional Convergence of Social Welfare Services in Korea (우리나라 사회복지서비스의 지역 간 수렴 분석)

  • Kim, Sung Tai
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.217-227
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    • 2016
  • This paper analyzes whether social welfare services converge across the regions. We tested whether local social welfare services converge considering the congestion rate of local social welfare services during the 1985-2013 periods in Korea, using the sixteen higher level local governments panel data. The main findings are as follows. First, the absolute level of local social welfare services converge so that the -convergence exists. Second, the growth rate of local social welfare services increases as the intial level of local social welfare services is lower so that there exists -convergence. The policy implications of our findings are as follows. The local government had better consider the presence of local social welfare services in policy decision making. Also, fundamentally the social welfare policies had better be executed by the central government rather than local governments, since the national minimum welfare must be provided.

Plans of Local Community Cooperation for Welfare in the Level of Local Governance (로컬거버넌스 수준에서의 지역복지서비스 제공방안)

  • Jung, Jae-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.155-163
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    • 2008
  • This study is to examine the cooperation plan of participating bodies in the area on social welfare system that is appropriate in the localization era. In order words, in order to develop the local social welfare system by approaching on the cooperation within the participating bodies within the area in the local governance level, the purpose of this study is to find out the problems that the existing local community welfare system has, and seek the responsive development cooperation plan. Furthermore, through this study, it is expected to present desirable cooperation model of local social welfare, and the reasonable welfare plan on the locality would be available.

A study on the Spatial Organization of Social Welfare Center in Permanent Rental Housing of Small and Middle City -Focused on the welfare facilities for aged- (중소도시 영구임대아파트 단지 내 사회복지관의 공간구성에 관한 연구 -노인복지시설을 중심으로-)

  • Park, chang-sun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.46-56
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    • 2005
  • Social welfare center is a representation agency in the local welfare system to provide the local residents with necessary services directly. The purpose of this study is to give the fundamental materials for space program in terms of planning a social welfare center by means of analyzing spatial arrangement of each section in senior welfare activity. The structure of the social welfare center should be adopted to the reality and the center of local should pay attention to enhance the quality of life in elderly. As the aspects of the programs, distinctive program should be designed. To do so, social welfare center should be adjusted to the local situation and get flexibility on operating in the local level. Each program in senior welfare activity should be connected in the spatial organization and various space should be provided in desire of elderly. So the section of dining room and medical rehabilitation is a places mostly for the elderly. Multipurpose space for the interest and leisure and the space of the senior education facility are provided in social welfare center.

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A study using spatial regression models on the determinants of the welfare expenditure in the local governments in Korea (공간회귀분석을 통한 지방자치단체 복지지출의 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Gyu-Beom;Ham, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyse the determinants of the change in the welfare expenditure of local governments in 2015. This study analyzed the spatial correlation of welfare expenditure among neighboring local governments and determined the factors affecting the welfare expenditures. According to the results of the study, spatial correlation of welfare expenditure among local governments appears. Determinants, such as socio-economic factors, administrative factors, public financial factors are affecting the amount of the welfare expenditures, but local political factors, and local tax, last year's budgets are not correlated with the amount of local welfare expenditures. In this study, it is significant to found out that the spatial correlation of welfare expenditure among the local governments and to examine the determinants. If possible, it is necessary to analyze the time-series analysis using the multi-year welfare expenditure data, expecially self-welfare expenditures.

Current Status of Welfare Foundation in Local Governments and its Activation (기초자치단체 복지재단의 실태 및 활성화 방안)

  • Jeon, Byeong-Joo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2014
  • The number of welfare foundation to which local governments have contributed is 20 as of December, 2013. As the role of local governments tends to be more stressed than that of central government to achieve the fulfillment of local residents' welfare, the establishment of welfare foundation by local governments is increasing. Considering that the establishment of welfare foundation will increase in future due to the reinforcement of local autonomy it is evident to study the means to operate welfare foundations transparently and effectively. In this situation there has been neither review on the problems in the operation of welfare foundations until now nor study suggesting its improvement direction or activation plan. Therefore, this study delves into the current status of nation-wide welfare foundations and several problems occurred in the implementation process, and it is aimed to achieve the original goal of welfare foundations and the activation of welfare foundations.

A Case Study on the Local-based Welfare Facilities of Urban Renaissance Agency in Japan by Business Entry System for Stable Living (일본 UR도시기구의 안심주공간사업자참여제도를 통한 지역복지거점시설 정비사례 연구)

  • Yoo, Soon-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze local-based social welfare facilities to respond to secular change of the UR rental housing estates in Japan. The selected case studies for the analysis are Hibarigaoka, Hamakousien, Turumai UR rental housing estates constructed around 1960's. The analysis was done through UR website, MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism) and MHLW (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) policy report, and related literature. These case studies are connected with housing policy as well as welfare policy and performed to Stable Living Creation Project by Business Entry System for Stable Living. The types of local-based social welfare facilities are classified by welfare corporation and medical corporation. The results are as follows: 1) The implementation of cooperative and participative system not only the private sector (welfare and medical Corporation, etc.) but also the public (MLIT, MHLW, UR Renaissance Agency, Local government, etc.). 2) Repurposed of land through rent and transfer of land for local-based social welfare facilities in the process of housing stock renewal utilization. 3) The pursue of regional revitalization through attached to multi-generation facility or local community space for elderly in local-based social welfare facilities.

A Study on the Improvement Plan of Public Health Official Training (보건분야 공무원 교육훈련 현황 및 발전 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Young-Hack;Yoon, Young-Hee;Kim, Jee-Hee;Ahn, Chang-Yeoung;Kim, Jeum-Ja;Lee, Jong-Mu;Lee, Soon-Yeon;Kim, Myung-Hyun;Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.533-545
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study investigated the situation of public health official training and suggested a scheme for improving central and local official training institutes, in order to improve the quality and quantity of training programs for central and local public health officials. Methods: This study examined training resources, design processes, content and methods of training programs of the Department of Health and Welfare Training in NIH and the fifteen city and provincial officials training institutes in 2002. Results: The central and the local officials training institutes didn't exchange information on public health training. NIH supplied various specialized training programs for senior and junior officials. However, city and provincial official training institutes supplied a few training programs for local public health officials. Conclusion: A mutually cooperative relationship is needed between central and local official training institutes to exchange information on public health official training. The Department of Health and Welfare Training in NIH as a central training institute has to develop training programs related to new public health policies, supply training programs for senior officials, and support local official training institutes. To satisfy the training demands of public health officials, the city and provincial official training institutes should increase the number of training programs for junior officials.

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A Study on Local Variations of Elderly Welfare Facilities by Care Type (노인복지시설 유형별 지역적 편차에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Ju-Hee;Yoon, Soon-Duck
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.369-378
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    • 2007
  • This study purposed to examine elderly welfare facilities by type, to analyze their local variations, and ultimately to contribute to the expansion of elderly welfare infrastructure. The results are expected to help inspect elderly welfare infrastructure for providing the aged with social services before the execution of 'the insurance for elderly long term care' and establish welfare facilities by area in the future. For these purposes, we used the national data "The Current State of Elderly Welfare Facilities in 2007" produced by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. We digitized elderly welfare facilities in 163 cities and counties by type and analyzed them by area. We also examined the differences in the local distribution of representative elderly welfare facilities such as elderly welfare centers, home based facilities (home helper centers), asylums for the aged and elderly care facilities in 16 cities and provinces. Furthermore, we analyzed differences and problems in their local distribution urban areas, mixed areas of urban and rural communities, and rural areas. In addition, we studied the current state of institutionalized care and home based care, which are two major directions of current elderly welfare policies, based on the local distribution of facilities and analyzed differences in the trends according to area. According to these results, the urban had more home based care facilities than the rural. However, the rural had more institutionalized care facilities than urban. Also, each local self-governing body showed unique characteristics. Therefore, these results suggest that we need to establish elderly welfare policies based on the distribution of facility types by area.

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