• Title, Summary, Keyword: Low Impact Development

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NDE of Low-Velocity Impact Damage in GFRP Using Infrared Thermography Techniques

  • Kim, Ghiseok;Lee, Kye-Sung;Hur, Hwan;Kim, Sun-Jin;Kim, Geon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.206-214
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    • 2015
  • In this study, low-velocity impact damage (LVID) in glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) was investigated using pulse thermography (PT) and lock-in thermography (LIT) techniques. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the detection performance of each technique for LVID in GFRP. Unidirectional and cross-ply GFRPs were prepared with four energy levels using a drop weight impact machine and they were inspected from the impact side, which may be common in actual service conditions. When the impacted side was used for both inspection and thermal loading, results showed that the suggested techniques were able to identify the LVID which is barely visible to the naked eye. However, they also include limitations that depend on the GFRP thickness at the location of the delamination produced by the lowest impact energy of five joule.

The development of land use planning technique applying low impact development and verifying the effects of non-point pollution reduction : a case study of Sejong city 6 district (저영향개발(LID)을 적용한 토지이용계획 기법 개발 및 적용효과 분석 : 세종시 6생활권을 대상으로)

  • Kang, Ki-Hoon;Lee, Kyung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.548-553
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to develop a low impact development design technique that can be applied in the land use planning stage and verify quantitatively the effects of non-point pollution reduction. For this purpose, the low impact development design elements that can be applied in the land use planning stage were derived and applied to an actual site, and the non-point pollution reduction effect was analyzed using the LIDMOD2 program. The analysis showed that the permeability rate of the land use plan using low impact development decreased by 19.8% compared to the existing land use plan. In addition, annual surface runoff decreased by 19.0% and annual infiltration increased by 164.1%. In the case of non-point pollution, the annual loading, T-N, T-P, and BOD decreased by 18.7 ~ 22.8%. Therefore, compared to the existing land use plan, the land use plan using low impact development has a considerably large effect of reducing the non-point pollution without changing the floor area according to each application. Therefore, to maximize the reduction effect of non-point pollution, it will be necessary to establish a related plan by applying the low impact development technique from the land use planning stage to the existing LID facility-oriented plan.

Design and analysis of low velocity impact on thermoplastic hat section with curvilinear profile

  • Gaur, Kumresh K;Dwivedi, Mayank;Bhatnagar, Naresh
    • Advances in materials Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.65-78
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    • 2017
  • A hat section was designed and developed for maximum impact energy absorption and/or transmission under low velocity impact. Towards this, different hat sections, having material properties of thermoplastic, were modeled and investigated numerically using finite element analysis (FEA) in the range of 20-50 J impact energy. In the study it was experienced that the design configuration of hat section with curvilinear profile (HSCP) was excellent in energy attenuation capacity and for even distribution of maximum impact force around and along the hat section under low velocity impact loading. To validate the numerical findings, polypropylene copolymer (Co-PP) HSCP and low density polyethylene (LDPE) HSCP were developed and evaluated experimentally in the said impact energy range. A correlation was established between FEA and experimental test results, thereby, validating a numerical model to predict results for other thermoplastic materials under given range of impact energy. The LDPE HSCP exhibited better performance as compared to Co-PP HSCP in the said range of impact energy. The findings of this study will enable the engineers and technologists to design and develop low velocity impact resistance devices for various applications including devices to protect bone joints.

A Study on the Low Impact Development Infiltration Treebox for Environment Friendiy pedestrian (친환경적 보행도로 조성을 위한 저영향개발 침투화분에 관한 기초연구)

  • Yeom, Sung-Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.1211-1220
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    • 2015
  • Soil is the most important factor in natural environment for bio-diversity. Urbanization and development of city devastate urban soil by the fraternization of green network and run off pollution. In these facts, preservation of soil is the main issue in maintain of quality urban environment. In order to handle this issue, the gold network that link fragment soil patches is considered in maintain quality soil. This study researched the infiltration Treebox design technique based on the Low Impact Development. This technique suggest reduction of impervious area of the soil due to urbanization. The main concept of this study is encourage more permeable surfaces in urban area by using a infiltration planter. The function of the planter is hold run off as much as possible from intensive rainfall, and utilizes it in drought season. Also, this planter provides fertile soil for organism habitat by keeping appropriate moisture supplying.

Proposed Methodological Framework of Assessing LID (Low Impact Development) Impact on Soil-Groundwater Environmental Quality (저영향개발(Low Impact Development) 기법 적용 지역 토양·지하수 환경 영향 평가 방법론 제안 연구)

  • Kim, Jongmo;Kim, Seonghoon;Lee, Yunkyu;Choi, Hanna;Park, Joonhong
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2014
  • The goal of this work is to develop a framework of methods to entirely evaluate effects of LID (Low Impact Development) on soil-groundwater environmental quality as well as land-scape and ecological factors. For this study, we conducted an extensive literature review. As outcomes, soil-groundwater environmental quality is newly conceptualized as a comprehensive index reflecting (i) groundwater pollution sensitivity (hydrogeological factor), (ii) biochemical contamination, and (iii) biodegradability. The methods of classifying and indexing is shown by combining selection of the items to be measured for soil-groundwater environmental quality and integrating the resulted items comprehensively. In addition, from soil-groundwater environmental quality, land-scape and ecological factors in existing environmental impact assessment a method was developed an overall index which can evaluate effects to environment by using GIS (Geographic Information System) and AHP (Analytic Hierachy Process). For optimizing LID planning, designing and post-evaluation, LCIA (Life Cycle Impact Assessment) was regarded as an appropriate method.

The Planning Process and Simulation for Low Impact Development(LID) in Waterfront Area (수변지역에서의 저영향개발기법(LID) 적용을 위한 계획과정 도출 및 모의효과)

  • Kim, Dong Hyun;Choi, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.37-58
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    • 2013
  • In recently, the low impact development(LID) is discussed at various fields being related to urban stormwater, non-point source pollution, and quality of life. It is understood as an integrated development tool to induce sustainable development with various value-social, economic, and aesthetic. As concerning the development of waterfront area, the low impact development is interested in environmental planning. But the planning process and factors are not considered in precedent research. This study has two purposes. The one is to understand the planning process and factors of low impact development from literature review. The other is to apply the planning factors using case study and to know the effect of low impact development as the simulation plan. The simulation plan is based on some landuse planning. It is divided into the setting the region for environmental protection and the function of public facilities, spatial planning for enlarging permeable area, and spatial planning for circulation of water. The simulation model uses the LIDMOD2. The 14 planning factors of low impact development is applied to case region. And the effect is about 7~10 percent in reduction of nonpoint source pollution and surface runoff.

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Investigation on PVDE & PZT Sensor Signals for the Low-Velocity Impact Damage of Gr/Ep Composite Laminates (복합적층판의 저속충격손상에 따른 PZT 센서와 PVDF 센서의 신호 분석)

  • 이홍영;김진원;최정민;김인걸
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.125-128
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    • 2003
  • Low-velocity impact damage is a major concern in the design of structures made of composite materials, because impact damage is hidden inside and cannot be detected by visual inspection. The piezoelectric thin film sensor can be used to detect variations in structural and material properties for structural health monitoring. In this paper, the PVDF and PZT sensors were used for monitoring impact damage initiation in Gr/Ep composite panel to illustrate this potential benefit. A series of impact test at various impact energy by changing impact mass and height is performed on the instrumented drop weight impact tester. The wavelet transform(WT) is used to decompose the piezoelectric sensor signals in this study. Test results show that the particular waveform of sensor signals implying the damage initiation and development are detected above the damage initiation impact energy. And it is found that both PZT and PVDF sensors can be used to detect the impact damage.

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Long-term Estimation and Mitigation of Urban Development Impact on Watershed Hydrology (도시개발로 인한 장기 수문변화 예측과 저감 방안)

  • Jeon, Ji-Hong;Jang, Joo Bok;Kim, Tae-Dong;Choi, Donghyuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Urban Environment
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.419-428
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    • 2018
  • This study is aimed at estimating and mitigating the impact of urban development on watershed hydrology for new town experienced with dramatical change of land use from rural to urban. The climate change scenario, representative concentration pathway (RCP), revealed direct response of runoff depth to precipitation, which increased until year 2100. The types of areas for urban use in addition to climate change affected the efficiencies of bioretention, applied as a low impact development (LID). Combining different areas for urban use suggested that a possible approach to mitigate the urban development impact on watershed hydrology by supplementing captured rainfall potential from area to area and attenuating peak discharge and retarding its time of concentration.

Apply Low Impact Development for the reduction of runoff using SWMM model (SWMM 모형을 이용한 서암동지구에서의 유출수 저감을 위한 저영향개발기법 적용)

  • Woo, Won Hee;Lee, Tae Woo;Park, Youn Shik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.218-218
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    • 2017
  • Urbanization increases impervious area and decreases the water quantity infiltrating into soil layers. This leads to lack of ground water, it could be possibly problematic for agricultural water for crop growth in lower basins, reducing not only ground water but also streamflow quantities. One such approach to minimize the impact of urbanization is to apply low impact developments (LIDs). LIDs are to decrease the percentage of impervious area so that infiltration rate is increased, there is a need to simulate the LIDs prior to the construction. LIDs in Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) are limited to be seven types, however it is often required to simulate LIDs more than seven types. Therefore an approach to apply eleven LIDs is provided in the study, updating the model parameters. A scenario containing eleven LIDs was given by the environmental decision makers, the effect of LIDs were simulated with the expected annual costs considering establishment and maintenance costs.

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