• Title, Summary, Keyword: Low back pain

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Taping Therapy for the Low Back Pain based on Postural Reflexes (자세반사에 기초한 요통의 테이핑 치료)

  • Kim, Yong-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1023-1032
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    • 2001
  • The muscles relating to movement of painful low back was analyzed kinematically, by method of applying elastic tapes and putting non-elastic tapes on muscles involving those movements which cause pain and limitation of range of motion (ROM) in low back and trunk. Taping therapy which is effective for improvement of painful low back and which is supposed to facilitate the total and continual movement based on the postural reflexes will be presented in this paper. Fifty cases who had painful low back were investigated. Patients with painful low back were at first asked pain point and direction of painful movement, and then tested the muscles which are cause of those pain and limited motion. Before attaching tape, all subjects were divided into two groups, flexor pattern and extensor pattern, according to direction of increasing pain. Elastic tapes were applied from origin to insertion of objective muscles and non-elastic tapes were put on effective points of the muscles which were associated with respect to pain and limited ROM. As a result of this study, all subjects with low back pain significantly improved in pain and ROM at the low back. The longest treatment duration group for the low back pain cases was herniated lumbar disc(10.4 days) group. Low back pain have been treated by so many ways. muscles factor should be emphasized to be distinguish1y important to reduce low back pain. The muscles relating to make directly painful motion in low back and trunk should be confirmed by means of taping and painful motion should be analyzed by point of view of postural reflexes.

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Diagnosis and Management of Low Back Pain (요통의 진단과 치료)

  • Jang, Jae Hong;Kim, Byung-Jo
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2012
  • Low back pain is a common clinical condition with heterogeneous causes and challenges to manage. High prevalence and numerous assessments result in an enormous socioeconomic burden. Clinician must conduct efficient and stepwise evaluation process to rule out serious spinal pathology, neurologic involvement, and identify risk factors for chronicity. The process can be achieved through the focused history taking and physical examination. Certain factors related to serious spinal pathology include age (>50 years), trauma, unexplained fever, recent urinary or skin infection, unrelenting night or rest pain, unexplained weight loss, osteoporosis, immunosuppression, steroid use, and widespread neurological symptoms. In non-specific low back pain, diagnostic imaging and laboratory studies are often unnecessary and can disturb an appropriate management. For the management of acute low back pain, patient education and medication such as acetaminophen, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and muscle relaxants are recommended. For chronic low back pain, behavior therapy, back exercise, and spinal manipulation are beneficial. The evidence based approach could improve success rate of management, result in prevention of acute low back pain from being chronic intractable pain.

A Case Report of Intervention Strategy Applied ICF Tool on Patient with Low Back Pain (요통환자에 대한 ICF Tool을 적용한 중재전략의 증례)

  • Kang, Tae-Woo;Song, Myung-Soo;Kim, Chang-Heon
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to describe the Intervention strategy applied ICF Tool on patient with low back pain. Methods : The data was collected by low back pain patient. We applied the ICF Tool for low back pain patient. Parameters of result were collected for using the VAS, 6 minute walk test and ICF assessment sheet. Results : Significant differences were observed the low back pain patient for VAS, 6 minute walk test and ICF assessment sheet. low back pain patient improved all test. Conclusion : ICF Tool applied Intervention about low back pain patient is very useful and effective. It is effective in clinical practice.

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A Study of Risk Factors Related to Low Back Pain in Civil Airmen (공중 근무자의 요통 발생 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Cheong, Mee-Sun;Kim, Young-Rok
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.59-75
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate risk factors of low back pain in civil airmen and to use this information as basis for the back rehabilitation. Subjects of this study were randomly selected 276 civil airmen who had been employed at four airports in Seoul. These data were analyzed by $X^2$ test, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple logistic regression using SAS. The results were as follows: 1) The prevalence of low back pain among 276 civil airmen was 64.9%. 2) The most common cause of low back pain was load lifting (stewardess), long sitting (aircrew A), and long sitting plus training (aircrew B). 3) There were no statistically significant associations among age, height, body weight, and low back pain. 4) No statistically significant relationships were found among the average monthly working time, total working time, average monthly rest time, working year and low back pain. 5) There was statistically significant relation ship between abnormal posture and low back pain (p<.01). 6) There was statistically significant relation ship between fatigue and low back pain among stewardess and aircrew B. 7) There was a statistically significant relationship between job satisfaction and job-related stress (p<.05). 8) In stewardess, higher satisfaction score was associated with less likelihood of low back pain (odds ratio = .80). The results of this study indicate that civil airmen developed chronicity of low back pain due to unfit seat, poor habitual posture, fatigue symptom, and stress or other risk factors. Therefore, there is a need to improve the working environment for the prevention of posture-related low back pain.

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A Survey on Low Back Pain of General Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 요통발생 실태와 관련요인)

  • Kwon, Young-Sook;Kim, Chung-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.100-117
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of the survey was to find out the prevalence rate and related factors for low back pain of nurses and to develop educational program for prevention of the low back pain. The subjects of the survey were 593 nurses of general hospitals in Tae-gu City. The survey was conducted from June 10, 1994 to October 3, 1994. The questionnaire included 34 question items concerning general characteristics, factors related to low back pain, physical nursing activities, and characteristics of low back pain. The results were as follows : 1. Among 593 of subjects, the prevalence rate of low back pain showed 62.1%. 2. In relation of health related life activities and low back pain prevalence, self-reported health state was highly significant(P=.000). 3. In relation of work environmental factors and low back pain prevalence, job satisfaction (P=.026), job stress(P=.020), and workload(P=.002) were significant. 4. In relation of physical nursing activities and low back pain prevalence, bending (P=.000), trunk twisting(P=.003), stretching(P=.006), and pulling and pushing(P=.046) were significant. 5. Physical nursing activities inducing back stress was varicant according to wards. The results of this study pointed out that the subjects' low back pain prevalence was related to the work-related physiologic and psychologic factors. Therefore, for the effective prevention of low back pain, both practicing the body mechanics and raising the morale of the nurses are needed in educational program.

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A Study of Pain, Depression, and Adjustment to Military Life of Soldiers with Low Back Pain (요통이 있는 병사의 통증, 우울, 군생활 적응에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Jong-Im
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.173-182
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine levels of pain, depression, and adjustment to military life in soldier who experienced low back pain, in order to produce fundamental data for the development of health improvement programs to prevent and manage low back pain in soldiers with low back pain. Methods: Subjects of this study consisted of 317 soldiers who had low back pain. Study instruments were Visual analog scale (VAS), the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and adjustment to military life scale. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS Win 14.0 program. Results: Mean score of pain was 4.16 points, depression was 8.58 points, and adjustment to military life was 69.15 points. The level of pain was negatively related to adjustment to military life (r=-.241, p<.001) and positively related to depression (r=.262, p<.001). There was a negative relationship between depression and adjustment to military life (r=-.442, p<.001). Conclusion: Soldiers who had low back pain experienced higher levels of pain and depression and lower level of adjustment to military life. Therefore, further study is needed to develop and examine a nursing intervention to manage low back pain for them.

A Study on the Factors Affecting the Low Back Pain of Workers in Hospital (병원 근무자의 요통 발생 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Jin-Young;Son, Kyung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2009
  • Background: The purpose of this research was to investigate the factors affecting the low back pain of workers in hospital. 214 subjects waking at two general hospitals in Yosu city participated in this survey. Subjects consisted of doctors, nurses, medical engineers, officers and general laborers. The survey data were collected by a written questionnaire which made out by themselves for 25 days, from fourth August to 29th August, 2008. Methods: The questionnaire consisted of four categories, general, occupational, working habitual and the daily living characteristics. The collected data were analyzed by Chi-square test based on the present or absent of low back pain. Results: 1. In the general characteristics, low back pain had no significant relationship to all factors, sex, ago, body mass index, weight and height. 2. In the occupational characteristics, the phase of distribution of low back pain had statistical significant differences in the working hours a week, satisfaction of pay, satisfaction of occupation(p<0.05). However low back pain did not significantly related to the kind of occupation, period of work and degree of stress. 3. In the habitual characteristics, low back pain was significantly influenced by working posture, frequency of using lumbar and heavy material lifting, monotonous repetition of working operation and noise(p<0.05). No significant difference was shown in the factor of convenience of chair. 4. In the daily living characteristics, low back pain shown the significant differences in walking time a day, status of health and smoking pattern(p<0.05). there were, however, no significant differences in the aspect of the kind of house and bed, sleeping attitude, driving, riding time on the vehicle, exercising, frequency of cultural life and drinking alcohol. Conclusion: when I see above resultants totally, it appears a higher incidence caused by working environment rather than living habit and then consequently compared to hospital workers, they also have high incidence like others. In order to reduce incidence of low back pain and enjoy the our life we need to educate ourselves preventing program for low back pain and try to effort for preventing of low back pain on each department and individual.

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A Bibliographic Study on Low Back Pain and Related General Symptoms in Classical Literatures - Standardization for Classification and Diagnosis of Low Back Pain - (고전에 나타난 요통 및 관련 전신 증상에 관한 문헌적 고찰 - 한의학적 분류 및 진단 체계의 표준화를 위한 기초 자료 수집을 중심으로 -)

  • Kwak, Hyun-Young;Nam, Dong-Woo;Kang, Jung-Won;Kim, Eun-Jung;Kim, Kap-Sung;Choi, Do-Young;Lee, Jae-Dong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to set up the standard for Classification and Diagnosis of Low Back Pain by through collecting bibliographic study on Low Back Pain and related general symptoms in classical literatures Methods : We investigated the contents of classical literatures about chronic low back pain and related general symptoms. With this contents, we established a systemic classification and diagnostic standard for Low back pain. Results : There are many different opinions on classification of low back pain and general symptoms in oriental medicine classical literature. Every opinion is reasonable, so it is difficult to establish a diagnosis of Low back pain. But it is necessary to set up the one-systemic classification and diagnostic technique of Low back pain. Conclusions : We conclude that the Ten type Low back pain classification of in Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam is a reasonable standard for diagnostic classification.

Diagnostic significance of body component analysis test for low back pain (요각통(腰脚痛)에 대(對)한 체성분(體成分) 분석검사(分析檢査)의 진단적(診斷的) 의의(意義))

  • Roh, Jeong-Du;Yook, Tae-han
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.128-136
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    • 2002
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to evaluate water distribution differences of the right and left low limb in patients who had low back pain with sciatica or not. Methods : Water distribution differences of the right and left low limb by body composition(INBODY 2.0, Biospace, seoul, korea) were analysed in the views of groups(low back pain with and without sciatica) and duration of disease. Results : 1. In the case of low back pain patient, there was no significance in variance of water distribution of the right and left lower limbs regardless of suffering period, but significance difference in patients that have suffered low back pain with one side sciatica showed according to suffering period. 2. Within 2 weeks, there was no significant deflection between low back pain with and without sciatica in water distribution of the right and left lower limbs, More than 2 weeks significant deflection showed. Conclusion : Loss of lower limb's muscle that ensue in contracting a disease period was observed in Low Back Pain with Sciatica. The continuos studies about pathological change of lower limb in low back pain have to be perfomed.

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Recent Treatment of Low Back Pain (요통(腰痛)의 최근(最近) 치료(治療))

  • Yan, Xiang Mo
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.225-234
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    • 1995
  • Low back pain(LBP) is one of the most common ailment. There were two type of LBP in the clinic. One of them is low back pain with leg pain, the other one is low back pain without leg pain. Author explain the reasons, characters. mechanism, diagnosis, and reported 156 cases of LBP. There are various method to treatment of low back pain in recent. The first selection for treatment of LBP were intervertebral block added "+" type block(IVP "+" TB). according to author's experience, the rate of Excellent and good were account for 96.2%. Other method of LBPO therapy were also used in Pain clinic, such as psoas compartment block, caudal block, epidural steroid block, zygapophysial joint block, nerve root block, subarachnoid neural block, Lumbar sympathetic block, etc. Finally, author introduced Pain clinic in China. divided to three titles: (1) history, (2) CASP and scientific activity, (3) pain therapy in China.

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