• Title, Summary, Keyword: Low back pain

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The Effects of Spiral Taping Treatment on Low Back Pain (요통에 대한 첩대(스파이랄 테이핑)요법의 효과)

  • Hwang, Jae-Ok;Seo, Jung-Chul
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2006
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to estimate the effects of spiral taping treatment on low back pain. Methods : 420 low back pain patients were treated with spiral taping or spiral taping plus herbal medicine, and no other treatments such as acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, and chiropractic therapy were added. We evaluated the improvement by physical examination and pain. Results : 364 patients felt no pain or inconvenience of daily life and 43 patients showed improvement of pain or symptom after 1 month of treatment. 13 patients showed same pain with before treatment. Conclusion : These results suggest spiral taping treatments contribute to the improvement of low back pain. Further study is needed for the confirmation of this effect of spiral taping treatments on low back pain.

The Effect of Spine Mobilization Technique on Balance and the Low Back Pain Disability Index of Patients with Chronic Back Pain (허리관절가동기법이 만성요통환자의 균형과 요통 기능장애 지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Daejung;Park, Seungkyu;Kang, Jungil;Kim, Jeho;Jung, Daekeun;Kim, Youngil;Uhm, Yohan
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of waist mobilization technique intervention for patients with chronic back pain on balance and the low back pain disability index. Methods : The subjects were 30 patients with chronic back pain. They were sampled and divided into a manual therapy group and a spinal decompression group. 15 subjects were randomly assigned to each group. Each training in this study participated for 6 weeks, 5 times a week, once a day, 15 minutes a day. Balance ability was measured with a balance analyzer, and the low back pain disability index was measured using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Results : In the balance abilities, there was a significant difference in the manual therapy group compared to the spinal decompression group. In the low back pain disability index, there was a significant difference in the manual therapy group compared to the spinal decompression group. Conclusion : The analysis results of the effect of 6 weeks of waist mobilization technique intervention on the balance and low back pain disability index for patients with chronic back pain revealed that the manual therapy is more effective for static and dynamic balance ability and the low back pain disability index. In the future, we can promote independent life skills and expect a rapid recovery of patients with chronic back pain. Based on this study, further studies are needed on the effects of balance, the mechanical properties of muscle, and the low back pain disability index depending on various manual therapy techniques.

The Literatural Study on Prescription about Low Back Pain (요통 치방에 대한 문헌적 고찰)

  • Lee, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Young-Il;Yang, Gi-Young;Kim, Jeong-Ho;Heo, Yoon-Kyoung;Lee, Hyun
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.41-59
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    • 2007
  • From the study of prescription on low back pain, the following conclusions are obtained. 1. Among classified cause of low back pain, ShinHur(腎虛) lowback pain and its prescription was most mentioned. 2. Prescriptions such as ChungAWhan(靑娥丸), KookBangAnShinWhan(局方安腎丸) BoSooDan(補髓丹) BaekBaeWhan(百倍丸) DooChungWhan(杜沖丸) JangBonDan(壯本丹) NokKakWhan(鹿角丸) were used in ShinHur(腎虛) type low back pain. 3. Prescription such as TaekRanTang(澤蘭湯) JiRyongSan(地龍散) YoeShinSan(如神散) ShinKookJoo(神麴酒) SoeGuenSan(舒筋散) were used in JwaSumJilBak(閃挫跌撲) type low back pain. 4. Prescription such as ChangChulTang(蒼朮湯) JumTongTang(拈痛湯) ChulBuTang(朮附湯) YiChoChangBaekSan(二炒蒼栢散) were used in SeupYoel(濕熱) type low back pain. 5. Prescription such as ChunGoongYookGaeTang(川芎肉桂湯) GaMiSaMulTang(加味四物湯) PaHoelSanDongTang(破血散疼湯) JiRyongSan(地龍散) were used in UhHoel(瘀血) type low back pain. 6. Prescription such as (蒼術復煎散) (五積散) (摩腰丹) (滲濕湯) were used in HanSeup(寒濕) type low back pain. 7. Prescription such as GaMiYiJinTang(加味二陳湯) GongYeonDan(控涎丹) SaMoolTangHapYiJinTangGaMi(四物湯合二陳湯加味) were used in DamUem(痰飮) type low back pain. 8. Prescription such as OhJukSanGaMi(五積散加味) OhYakSoonGiSanGaMi(烏藥順氣散加味) GaMiYongHoSan(加味龍虎散) SoSokMyoungTang(小續命湯) were used in Poong(風) type low back pain. 9. Prescription such as (四物湯合二陳湯) (仰腰湯) were used in SikJuk(食積) type low back pain and (五積散) (煨腎散) (三花神祐丸) in Seup(濕) type low back pain. 10. Prescription such as ChilKiTang(七氣湯) ChimHyangGangKiTang(沈香降氣湯) ChoKiSan(調氣散) InSamSoonKiSan(人參順氣散) were used in Ki(氣) type low back pain.

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Factors Affecting Low Back Pain in Nurses in Intensive Care Unit (중환자실 간호사의 요통 영향요인)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae;Seo, Dong-Hee;Eum, Ok-Bong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors that influence low back pain in nurses in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Methods: A descriptive-correlational design was used, with a convenience sample of 116 nurses from one university hospital in Seoul. The data collected were processed using SPSS Window 17.0 Program for actual numbers and percentages, differences in the dependent variable according to general characteristics, and mean, standard deviations, correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. Results: The factor influencing low back pain in nurses in ICUs was functional ability (${\beta}$=.652). This one factor explained 41.9% of low back pain in nurses in ICUs. Conclusion: These results show that functional ability was related to nurses' low back pain in nurses in ICUs. These results further suggest that more research is needed to develop program involving functional ability to prevent and management of low back pain in nurses in ICUs.

Should We Start Treating Chronic Low Back Pain with Antibiotics Rather than with Pain Medications?

  • Birkenmaier, Christof
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2013
  • For those of us who have read the 2 recently published articles by a Danish - British research group, it might appear that we are observing an impending paradigm shift on the origins of chronic low back pain. The results of this research indicate, that chronic low back pain associated with bone marrow edema in vertebral endplates that are adjacent to herniated intervertebral discs may be caused by infections with anaerobic bacteria of low virulence. According to these articles, treatment with certain antibiotics is significantly more effective than placebo against this low back pain. If these findings are to hold true in repeat studies by other researchers, they stand to fundamentally change our concepts of low back pain, degenerative disc disease and in consequence the suitable therapies for these entities. It may in fact require pain specialists to become familiarized with the details of antibiotic treatments and their specific risks in order to be able to properly counsel their patients. While this seems hard to believe at first glance, bacteria have been implicated in the pathogenesis of other conditions that do not primarily impose as infectious diseases such as gastric ulcers. While the authors refer to a few previous studies pointing into the same direction, the relevant research is really only from one group of collaborating scientists. Therefore, before we start prescribing antibiotics for chronic low back pain, it is imperative that other researchers in different institutions confirm these results.

Factors Affecting the Occurrence of Low Back Pain of Women Workers in the Manufacturing Industry (제조업 여성 근로자의 요통 발생에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jung, Hye-Sun;Choi, Sook-Ja;Jhang, Won-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.504-512
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    • 2001
  • For the purpose of grasping the actual condition of low back pain in women workers, 166 women in two neighboring factories were studied using questionnaire, 60% of the workers complained of low back pain. and 63% of them responded that their low back pain come from their job. About the severity, 77% marked the moderate, and 15% said absences owing to the pain. But 60% of them have not sought medical help. The low back pain occurred mainly in the workers of sitting posture and in the workers of treating heavy objects. And the workers who have worked over three years are dominant(44%) in the pain group. Comparing the pain group with the non-pain group, two variables - whether the worker treats heavy materials or not, and how heavy the materials are - showed statistically significant differences. So. there must be concern over the low back pain of women workers. In operation allocation. treating heavy objects and lifting up should be carefully considered. And for the prevention of low back pain. the workers need education and pain exercise.

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Observation on the Low Back Pain with Myofascial Pain Syndrome (근막동통 증후군의 요통환자에 대한 고찰)

  • Her, Young-Gu
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.235-241
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    • 1994
  • Myofascial pain syndrome is a common cause of physical disability and reduces the activity of the patient. The purpose of this study was review and analysis efficiency of myofascial pain syndrome with low back pain on 50 case who were treated at the Tae Jon Nam, Myung Ho rehabilitation clinic, from January 1, 1994 to May 31, 1994. The results of this study are as follows : 1. of the 50 cases, 24(48.0%) were male and 26(52.0 %) were female. The most common age group was 40 to 30 years old. 2. The most common duration of the treatment and onset were more than 25 months with 22(44.0 %) and less : 3. As for a major causative disease of low back pain with myofascial pain sndrome, without known cause(30.0 %), lifting object(16.0 %), post exercise(14.0 %) and heavy work(12.0 %). 4. Involved muscle with low back pain reviewed I. C. L(31.0 %), Q. L, Gluteus and others muscle(23.0 %). 5. Disease history and treatment duration were proportioned. 6. Involved muscle distribution for causative disease was 26.0 % post exercise to I. C. L, 33.5 % lifting object to Q. L, 40.0 % without known to gluteus. 7. Low back pain with syndrome was buttock and thigh Pain with 44.0 %, only low back pain with 36.0 %. 8. The improvement by physical therapy on the low back pain was good 24.0 %, fair 56.0 % etc respectively. * I.C.L : Iliocostalis lumborum * Q.L : Quadratus lumborum.

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Pain-Related Fear and Depression as Predictors of Disability in the Patients With Nonacute Low Back Pain (비급성기 요통환자에 있어 장애를 예측하는 요인으로서의 통증관련 두려움과 우울)

  • Won, Jong-Im
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.60-68
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    • 2009
  • Psychsocial factors appear to play an important role in the maintenance and development of chronic disability from low back pain. Fear of pain may be more disabling than the pain itself in patients with nonacute low back pain. The purpose of this study was to identify the contribution of gender, age, depression and pain-related fear to pain intensity and disability in nonacute low back pain patients. This was a cross-sectional survey study of eighty four patients who had low back pain for at least 4 weeks. More than moderate correlations were found between pain intensity, disability, fear-avoidance beliefs and depression. Regression analyses revealed that disability ratings and fear-avoidance beliefs for work activities significantly contributed to the prediction of pain intensity, even when controlling for age, gender and pain duration. Also, fear-avoidance beliefs for physical activity, pain intensity, age and depression, significantly contributed to the prediction of disability, even when controlling for gender and pain duration. These findings suggest that disability scores and fear-avoidance beliefs for work activities are important determinants of pain intensity. They also suggest that fear-avoidance beliefs for physical activity, pain intensity, age and depression are important determinants of disability.

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Low Back Pain and Job Stress in Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 요통과 직무스트레스)

  • Kim, Yeon-Hee;Kim, Young-Sin;Ahn, Yang-Heui
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between low back pain and job stress in hospital nurses. Method: A descriptive correlation research design was employed. The participants were 355 nurses who worked in a general hospital in W city Kangwon-do and consented to participate in this study. The Visual Analog Scale and job stress scale were used in this study. Analysis included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and partial correlation coefficients. Results: Experience of low back pain for nurse in the past was 86.5% and in the present was 67.5% for low back pain which measured an average of 4.4 points for the level of low back pain. The mean score for job stress was relatively low(M=47.2). Job demand, organization system, job instability and conflict in relationships contributed to high stress scores, instead inappropriate compensation, job culture, and job autonomy contributed to low stress. There was a significant relationship between low back pain and job stress. Conclusion: These results suggest that further research is needed to develop programs to prevention and management of low back pain for nurses.

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Low Back Pain of Hospital Nursing Personnel (병원 간호인력의 요통발생실태와 관련요인)

  • Kim, Hyo Seon
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.3
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 1993
  • For the purpose of disclosing the magnitude of low back pain problems of hospital nursing personnel and its possible causes, a questionaire survey was carried out on 418 nurses and nurse aides if a university hospital in Seoul. The results were as follows : 1. Of 418 nurse and nurse aides, 268 persons(64.1%) have experienced 1,145 spells of low back pain during 6-month period. 2. The pain and/or discomfort was mostly limited to the back, although 19% of the episodes accompanied radiating pain to the low extremities. 3. Of those with low back pain, 23 persons(8.6%) were medically diagnosed and 17 persons(6.3%)-underwent medical treatment. Those who sick leave amounted to 8 persons(3.0%). 4. The occurrence of low back pain showed significant association with assignment of duties(wards) and work shifts, while the association was not significant in terms of ranks, careers and overtimes. 5. The occurrence of low back pain was closely associated with lifting and carrying of loads, standing and twisting postures as well as the amount of work. 6. Among the nonoccupational factors, drinking showed statistically significant association with the occurrence of low back pain.

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