• Title, Summary, Keyword: Lymphokine

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Effects of serum on lymphokines producing capabilities of CD8+ T cells (Serum이 CD8+ T cell의 lymphokine 생산양상의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Si-yun;Yoon, Won-kee;Cho, Sung-whan;Kim, Moo-kang;Kim, Tae-hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.441-446
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    • 1994
  • The responsiveness of $CD8^+$ T-cell subpopulation according to serum-containing and serum-free conditions were investigated. Cells are freshly isolated from spleen of mature adult BALB/C mice between 13-20 weeks of age. $CD8^+$ T cells in serum-free conditions produce small amounts of IL-2, while significant amounts of IFNr following activation when compared the results of serum-containing conditions. These data indicate that serum-derived factors may play an important role in the alternations of $CD8^+$ T cell responsiveness.

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Murine lymphokines production in lymphoid organs during the various stages of lactation (비유기간에 따라 murine 림프조직에서 생산되는 lymphokine의 양상에 관한 연구)

  • Ryu, Si-yun;Daynes, Raymond A.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 1994
  • 비유중기, 건유초기 및 임신말기의 C3H/HeN 마우스의 비장, 장간막림프절, 말초림프절(액와, 상완 및 샅림프절)유래 림프구에서 생산되는 lymphokine의 양을 비교하였다. 비장에서의 IL-2 생산양은 임신말기와 비유중기에 낮았지만, IL-4, IL-6와 $IFN_{\gamma}$의 생산양은 임신말기와 건유초기에 높았다. 말초림프절에서의 IL-4, IL-6 및 $IFN_{\gamma}$ 생산양은 임신말기와 건유초기에 높았지만, IL-2의 생산양은 임신말기, 비유중기 및 건유초기에 각각 감소하였다. 장간막림프절에서의 IL-4 생산양은 임신말기와 비유중기에 각각 증가하였으나, IL-2의 생산양은 임신말기에 감소하였다. 이와같이 전반적으로 건유초기와 임신말기에 IL-2의 생산양은 낮지만, IL-4, IL-6와 $IFN_{\gamma}$의 생산양이 높은 결과는 이 시기에 유방염의 발생비율이 높은 것과 연관성이 있는 것으로 추정된다.

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T lymphocyte에 관한 연구동향

  • 김길현
    • The Microorganisms and Industry
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.32-37
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    • 1991
  • 이 글에서는 다음의 내용을 다루었다. 1. T세포에 있어서 피아식별의 기본 메카니즘 2. T세포의 활성화와 그에 관련된 세포 표면 분자들 3. T세포가 분비하는 lymphokine

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Antitumor and Antimetastatic Effects of Toxoplasma Gondii in Mice with Lewis Lung Carcinoma (Lewis 폐암 마우스 모델에서 톡소포자충에 의한 항암 및 항전이 효과)

  • Kim, Ju-Ock;Jung, Sung-Soo;Park, Hee-Sun;Kim, Myoung-Hoon;Kim, Sun-Young;Lee, Young-Ha
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.317-329
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    • 2002
  • Background : Immunotherapy is another treatment modality for various cancers. There is little information on the antitumor effects of immunotherapy on implanted lung cancer mouse models. Toxoplasma gondii is able to potently induce a nonspecific stimulation of the host immune system. Therefore, this study evaluated the antitumor and antimetastatic effect of nonspecific immune stimulation by T. gondii in a Lewis lung cancer mouse model. Methods : Female C57BL/6 mice were injected with either Lewis lung cancer cells ($1{\times}10^6$ per mouse) or 5 cysts from the T. gondii Me49 strain with various schedules. The number of survival days, the tumor size of the implanted muscle and the histopathological findings of each group were noted. In addition to these mice, the Toxoplasma antigen($50{\mu}g$ per mouse) or a lymphokine (0.5 ml per mouse) was added to boost the immunotherapy. Results : No mouse in the Toxoplasma-infected group had died, whereas the mice receiving only the cancer cells (cancer control) survived for $29.1{\pm}4.4$ days. Cancer cells were revealed from 1 week after cancer cell inceulation in the muscle and from 3 weeks in the lung of the cancer control, whereas cancer cells were found in both the preinfection control and coinfection control groups from 2 weeks and 4 weeks in the lung respectively. The in the number of survival days were $32.4{\pm}3.3$ in the mice receiving T. gondii 2 weeks prior to the cancer cells inoculation (preinfection control), $30.9{\pm}5.1$ in mice received both simultaneously (coinfection control), and $34.9{\pm}2.9$ in mice received T. gondii 2 weeks after cancer cells implantation (postinfection control). These 3 infection groups had significantly longer survival days and suppressed tumor growth than those of the cancer control. In addition to these mice, and injection with the Toxoplasma antigen alone or in combination with lymphokine resulted in a significant increase in the number of survival days. Conclusion : These findings suggest that an injection with T. gondii can induce the antitumor and antimetastatic effects in Lewis lung cancer mouse models. Moreover, these effects were increased with an injection of the Toxoplasma antigen alone or in combination with lymphokine. However, this therapy can not prevent the development of cancer.

The in Vivo Distribution of $^{99m}Tc-Phytate$ IL-2 Complex on Selective Splenic Arterial Injection (비장동맥에 선택적으로 투여한 Interleukin-2와 $^{99m}Tc-Phytate$ 혼합물의 생체내 분포)

  • Zeon, Seok-Kil;Lee, Hee-Jung;Sohn, Soo-Sang
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.124-126
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    • 1992
  • Interleukin-2 (IL-2)는 많은 immunoenhancing lymphokine의 한 종류로서 lymphokine activiated killer (LAK) cell의 생성을 자극시켜 흑종의 종양세포를 죽인다고 알려져 있다. 최근 간종양에서 비장동맥 또는 간동맥으로 투여한 IL-2가 비장의 임파계를 자극하여 LAK cell을 생성하여 어느정도효과가 있음이 밝혀지면서, 여러가지의 투여 방법이 시도되고 있다. 그러나 각종의 투여 방법에서 실제로 투여한 IL-2의 인체내 분포에 관한 연구는 없다. 저자들은 비정맥과 간문맥에 이상이 없는 증례의 비동맥에 IL-2와 $^{99m}Tc-phytate$ 혼합물을 투여하고, IL-2의 생체에서의 비장과 간에 어떻게 분포하는지 알아보기 위하여 $^{99m}Tc$의 radioactivity를 계측하여 보았다. 6예의 간세포암과 3예의 위암으로부터의 전이성간암에서 동맥조영술적방법을 이용하여 초선택적 비장동맥에 투여한 IL-2와 $^{99m}Tc-phytate$ 혼합물이 비장 27%, 간73%의 분포를 보여 비장을 거쳐온 $^{99m}Tc$의 방사능이 간에 많이 침착함을 확인하였고 간과 비장이외의 부위 즉 골수, 복수 또는 폐장이나 늑막에는 전혀 방사능 분포가 없음을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 비정맥이나 간문백에 이상이 없는 증례에서 IL-2의 비장동맥 투여는 목적하는 바 IL-2의 생체내 분포를 이룩할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

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Cytotoxicity of lymphokine activated peritoneal macrophages against Trichomonas vaginalis (질트리코모나스에 대한 림포카인황성대식세포의 세포독성능)

  • Yoon, Kyong;Ryu, Jae-Sook;Min, Duk-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.381-388
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    • 1991
  • Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic nagellate in the urogenital tract of human. Innate cytotonicity of macrophages against T. vaginalis has been recognized, but any report on the cytotoxicity of Iymphokine-activated macrophages to T vaginalis is not yet available. The present study aimed to elucidate the Iymphokine-activated cell mediated cytotoxic effect against T. vaginalis by mouse peritoneal macrophages. Cytotoxicity was measured by counting the release of $^3H-thymidine$ from prelabeled protozoa, and tested in U-bottom microtiter plates. Nitrite concentration in culture supernatants was measured by standard Griess reaction. The results obtained are as follows: 1, The cytotoxicity of macrophages was increased by addition of rIL-2 or $rIFN-{\gamma}$$. 2, Cytotoxicity of macrophages was reduced by addition of rIL-4 to rOM-CSV, rIL-2 or $rIFN-{\gamma}$. 3. Crude Iymphokine mixed with anti-lL-2 decreased the cytotoxity of macrophages. 4. In case of macrophages cultured with $rIFN-{\gamma}$ or rIL-4, the concentration of nitrite was related with cytotokity of macrophages against T. vaginalis, but the cytotoxicity of macrophages cultured with rIL-2 and $rIFN-{\gamma}$ was decreased in spite of its high production of llitrite. From the results obtained, it is assumed that rIL-2 and $rIFN-{\gamma}$ enhance the cytotoxicity of macrophages while rIL-4 inhibits the cytotoxicity against T. vaginalis, and that the production of nitrite does not relate with the cytotoxicity of macrophages, but nitric oxide may play a role as an inhibitory factor on the proliferation of T. vaginalis.

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B lymphocyte에 관한 연구동향

  • 이헌구
    • The Microorganisms and Industry
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.29-31
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    • 1991
  • B 세포이 가장 중요한 기능은 항체를 생산하여 체액성 면역반응을 조절하는 일이다. B 세포가 항체를 생산해 내는 형질세포(plasma cell)로 분화하기 위해서는 다음의 몇 가지 단계를 거쳐야 한다. 즉 resting 상태에서 mitogen이나 항원의 자극에 의한 활성화(activation)가 첫번째 단계이고 두번째로는 증식(proliferation)이며 마지막 단계가 분화(differentiation)이다. B 세포가 일단 mitogen이나 항원에 의해 활성화가 되면 활성화 된 clone의 증식과 분화는 T 세포에서 생산되는 여러 종류의 림포카인(lymphokine)의 영향하에서 이루어진다. 따라서 B 세포 기능에 영향을 미치는 림포카인의 종류를 알아내고 최근 새롭게 발견되는 림포카인의 B 세포에 대한 영향을 연구함이 중요하리라 생각된다. 여기에서는 B 세포 기능에 영향을 미치는 여러 림포카인의 종류의 그 기능에 관해서 간략하게 기술하고자 한다.

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The Cytokines:An Overview (사이토카인의 소개)

  • Kim, Hee-Sun
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2010
  • Having an understanding of the properties of cytokines is essential for the immunologist, the researcher and the medical practitioner who need to understand immunologic diseases and immunological therapeutic approaches. Cytokines are redundant in their actions on target cells and promiscuous in their receptor reactions. (ED note: That is some cool use of English!) Moreover, many cells concomitantly produce several cytokines that have overlapping actions. Here this review provides conceptual framework to understand the intriguing aspects of the cytokine system.

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