• Title, Summary, Keyword: MC1R gene

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Analysis of Melanocortin receptor 1 (MC1R) gene differential test for beef species between Hanwoo and Holstein using polmerase chain reaction -restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) (MC1R gene의 PCR-RFLP를 이용한 한우.젖소고기 감별)

  • Suh, Dong-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.369-374
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to differentiate the beef species between Hanwoo and Holstein from a total of 1,081 beef samples using PCR-RFLP of MC1R gene. When a PCR product of 403 bp specific band amplified from bovine MC1R gene sequence was digested with restriction enzyme MspA1I, Hanwoo type showed 2 bands, 220 bp and 183 bp size bands. Holstein type, however, showed three bands, 220 bp, 138 bp and 45 bp size band, respectively. The results of the differential test for beef species were as following; 7 samples (0.64%) were determined to Holstein type, of which 4 were submitted from administrative authorities, other 3 from self-collection planing, and none from civilian clients including school.

Identification of Hanwoo and Holstein meat using MGB probe based real-time PCR associated with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene (소 모색관련 MC1R 유전자의 SNP와 관련한 MGB probe에 기초한 real-time PCR을 이용한 한우육과 Holstein육의 판별)

  • Park, Sung-Do;Kim, Tae-Jung;Lee, Jae-Il
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.25-28
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    • 2005
  • The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) plays an important role in regulation of melanin pigment synthesis within mammalian melanocytes. Mutations within the gene encoding MC1R have been shown to explain coat color variations within several mammalian species including cattle. To develope a rapid and accurate method for the identification of Hanwoo meat, we performed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis in Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene using TaqMan$^{(R)}$ MGB probe-based real-time PCR. Two specific probes (one for Hanwoo and the other for Holstein and Black angus) were designed. At the 5' end of 2 TaqMan$^{(R)}$ MGB probes, 6-carboxyfluorescein (FAM) was labeled for Hanwoo, and VIC for Holstein and Black angus. As a result, Hanwoo samples showed FAM-positive signal only, whereas other samples showed VIC-positive. This result suggests that the TaqMan$^{(R)}$ MGB probe based real-time PCR technique would be very accurate, easy and reproducible method to discriminate between Hanwoo meat and Holstein/Black angus meat.

Discrimination of Hanwoo from Holstein/black Angus meat by PCR-RFLP of MC1R gene (MC1R 유전자의 PCR-RFLP를 이용한 한우육과 젖소육/black Angus 수입육의 구분)

  • Kim, Tae-Jung;Lee, Jae-Il
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.335-339
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    • 2005
  • The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) plays an important role in regulation of melanin pigment synthesis within mammalian melanocytes. Mutations within the gene encoding MC1R have been shown to explain coat color variations within several mammalian species including cattle. To develope a rapid and accurate method for the identification of Hanwoo, we performed a modified PCR-RFLP analysis of MC1R gene using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within MC1R as a target. A size of 538 bp (537 bp for Hanwoo) was amplified by PCR, digested with Hpa II, and electrophoresed on a 1.5% agarose gel. A PCR product from Hanwoo showed a single band of 537 bp, whereas two fragments of 328 bp and 210 bp were detected in both Holstein and Black angus. The current result suggests that the PCR-RFLP using our primers and enzyme digestion system would be very accurate, easy and reproducible method to discriminate between Hanwoo and Holstein/Black angus meat.

Commercial Application of Porcine MC1R Gene Polymorphisms to Korean Pork Industry (돼지 MC1R 유전자변이의 양돈산업 적용)

  • Ha, You-Kyoung;Choi, Jung-Suk;Kim, Sang-Wook;Choi, Yang-Il;Lee, Seug-Soo;Choi, Jae-Won;Jeon, Soon-Hong;Kim, Kwan-Suk
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2009
  • The pork from black-coated pigs is famous among-consumers for better eating quality. The loci affecting black coat color was identified in pig chromosome 6 in which several genetic effects on pork quality have been reported. The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene is a major gene which plays a key role in regulation of eumelanin (black/brown) and phaeomelanin (red/yellow). In this study, the MC1R gene polymorphism was analyzed for pig breed determination and genetic association with pork quality traits. MC1R Ala243Thr variation was analyzed to determine a specific genotype for four commercial pig breeds (Landrace, Yorkshire, Berkshire and, Duroc) and a Korean native pigs (KNP). Then we developed original KNP-specific DNA markers to determine the pork from black-coated pigs using MC1R DNA sequences. The total length of the MC1R coding sequence ranged 1451bp in KNP. KNP had the 0201 allele pertaining to $E^{D1}$ but some of the KNP had the $E^P$ allele, probably reflecting the geneticintrogression of $E^P$ allele into KNP. Furthermore, a relationship between Leu102Pro single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotype and pork quality phenotype were analyzed in F2 reciprocal-crossbred population between KNP and Yorkshire. Association analysis indicated that the allele of the MC1R gene has no effect on pork quality. These results suggest that black coat-color is not directly associated with preferred pork quality, but the black-coat color pig breed may have other genetic components for superior pork quality.

Application of the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene for discrimination of Hanwoo from Holstein beef using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

  • Ra, Do-Kyung;Lee, Sung-Mo;Park, Eun-Jeong;Lee, Jung-Goo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.557-562
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to discriminate Hanwoo from the milking and hybrid cattle by detection of MC1R gene related to bovine hair color. One hundred sixty six samples were collected from the abattoir (n = 106) and local market (n = 60). The beef from abattoir were originated from Hanwoo (n=27), Holstein (n=29), Hybrid (n=45) and imported cattle (n=5), respectively. The beef from market consisted of Hanwoo (n=36), Holstein (n=7) and imported ones (n=17). Commercialized screening kit (Kogenebiotec, Korea) was used for MC1R gene analysis. As a result, Hanwoo was discriminated from Holstein. However, 9 of 45 hybrid and 11 of 22 imported beef samples were indistinguishable from Hanwoo. It could be explained by second generation of crossing of Hanwoo with Holstein or the cattle with silver or yellow hair. This results suggest that additional tests as well as MC1R gene detection be needed to confirm Hanwoo beef among cattle beef.

Rapid differentiation of Hanwoo and Holstein meat using multiplex allele specific polymerase chain reaction protocols (Multiplex allele specific PCR 방법을 이용한 한우고기와 젖소고기의 신속한 판별)

  • Koh, Ba-Ra-Da
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.351-357
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    • 2005
  • Here I describe a multiplex allele specific PCR-based approach for the rapid detection between Hanwoo and Holstein meat associated with Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene. Specific and universal oligonucleotide primers were used in combination to detect the presence of a single nucleotide polymorphism within the bovine MC1R DNA sequence. The presence of the bovine MC1R gene is indicated by the production of a single control PCR product, whilst positive samples generate an alternative smaller specific product over the same region. The mutations in MC1R104 codon revealed depending on the presence or absence of an indicative fragment amplified from the wild-type allele of this codon. As little as 0.39 ng and 1.56 ng of genomic DNA of Hanwoo and Holstein could be detected by MAS-PCR assay, respectively. This technique, which is widely used in human genetic screening, provides a reliable and sensitive result that has not been documented for the identification of bovine coat color. The MAS-PCR assay approach was proven to be useful in complementing routine beef DNA analysis for differentiation of these MC1R variants and it would facilitate the screening of deceiving sales of Holstein meat in the butcher shop.

Identification of MC1R gene variants of Hanwoo and Holstein meat using PCR-RFLP (PCR-RFLP를 이용한 한우와 젖소고기의 MC1R 유전자변이 검출)

  • Koh Ba-Ra-Da;Kim Yong-Hwan;Park Seong-Do;Na Ho-Myung;Kim Jeong-Nam;Sung Chang-Min;Lee Sam-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 2005
  • The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) encoded by the coat color extension gene (E) plays a key role in the signaling pathway of melanin synthesis. The primers for the amplification of bovine MC1R gene were designed based on a bovine MC1R gene sequence (GenBank accession no. Y19103). A size of 483bp (482bp for Hanwoo) was amplified by PCR, digested with Hpa II restriction enzyme and electrophoresed in $1.5\%$ agarose gel. When the amplified DNA product (483 bp) was digested with Hpa II restriction enzyme, Hanwoo meat showed a single band of 482bp, whereas two fragments of 325bp and 158bp were detected in Holstein, Angus and meat of Hanwoo / Holstein cross cow having back coat color phenotype, respectively. The results of this experiment Indicate that new designed primers of bovine MCIR gene may be useful for identification of Hanwoo meat from Holstein, Black Angus and Hanwoo / Holstein cross cow meat.

Studies on the MC1R Gene Frequencies in Landrace, Large White, Duroc and Jeju Native Black Pigs (랜드레이스, 대요크셔, 듀록 및 제주 흑돈의 Melanocortin 1 Receptor(MC1R) 유전자의 유전자형 분석)

  • Cho, I.C.;Lee, J.G.;Jung, J.G.;Yang, B.S.;Kang, S.Y.;Kim, B.W.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate the genotypes and frequencies of Melanocortin 1 Receptor(MC1R) genes in pigs which plays a central role in regulation of eumelanin (black/brown) and phaeomelanin(red/yellow) pigment synthesis within the mammalian melanocytes. Four different breeds of pigs(20 Landrace, 20 Yorkshire, 20 Duroc, and 93 Jeju native black pigs) were used and PCR-RFLP analysis of MC1R gene was also carried out. Two regions of MC1R genes (428bp and 405bp) were amplified using two specific primers (MERL1-EPIG2, EPIG1-EPIG3), respectively and MC1R allele were determined using 2 restriction enzymes (BspHⅠ, AccⅡ). The results of this experiment indicated that MC1R allelic type in Landrace, Large Yorkshire and Duroc were MC1R *2 (Ep), MC1R *2 (Ep), MC1R *4 (e), respectively. However, various allelic types of MC1R genes were detected in Jeju native black pigs. MC1R allelic type of Jeju black pigs was MC1R*2 type as in Meishan and Large black breeds or MC1R*3 type as in Hampshire and Berkshire breeds and the gene frequencies of ED1 and ED2 were 0.554 and 0.446 in average.

Allelic variation of melanocortin-1 receptor locus in Saudi indigenous sheep exhibiting different color coats

  • Mahmoud, Ahmed H.;Mashaly, Ashraf M.;Rady, Ahmed M.;Al-Anazi, Khalid M.;Saleh, Amgad A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study was designed to characterize the DNA polymorphisms of the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene in indigenous Saudi Arabian sheep breeds exhibiting different color coats, along with individuals of the Sawaknee breed, an exotic sheep imported from Sudan. Methods: The complete coding region of MC1R gene including parts of 3' and 5' untranslated regions was amplified and sequenced from three the indigenous Saudi sheep; Najdi (generally black, n = 41), Naeimi (generally white with brown faces, n = 36) and Herri (generally white, n = 18), in addition to 13 Sawaknee sheep. Results: Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in the MC1R gene: two led to nonsynonymous mutations (c.218 T>A, p.73 Met>Lys and c.361 G>A, p.121 Asp>Asn) and three led to synonymous mutations (c.429 C>T, p.143 Tyr>Tyr; c.600 T>G, p.200 Leu>Leu, and c.735 C>T, p.245 Ile>Ile). Based on these five SNPs, eight haplotypes representing MC1R $E^d$ and $E^+$ alleles were identified among the studied sheep breeds. The most common haplotype (H3) of the dominant $E^d$ allele was associated with either black or brown coat color in Najdi and Sawaknee sheep, respectively. Two other haplotypes (H6 and H7) of $E^d$ allele, with only the nonsynonymous mutation A218T, were detected for the first time in Saudi indigenous sheep. Conclusion: In addition to investigating the MC1R allelic variation in Saudi indigenous sheep populations, the present study supports the assumption that the two independent nonsynonymous Met73Lys and Asp121Asn mutations in MC1R gene are associated with black or red coat colors in sheep breeds.

Identification of Hanwoo Using 3'-tailed Primer Associated with Single Nucleotide Polymorphism(SNP) in Melanocortin 1 Receptor(MC1R) gene (소 모색관련 MC1R 유전자의 SNP와 관련한 3'-tailed primer를 이용한 한우육의 판별)

  • Kim, T.J.;Park , S.D.;Lee , J. I.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.897-902
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    • 2004
  • To improve the methods used for the identification of Hanwoo, we performed a PCR using 3 -tailed primer associated with single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) in Melanocortin 1 receptor(MCIR) gene. MCIR plays an important role in melanin synthesis and the SNP within MCIR was used as a target for PCRRFLP studies previously. A forward 3 -tailed primer, which matches with the template DNA of Hanwoo but not with others(blackhaired; Holstein and Black angus) at the site of 594th base sequence, and one reverse primer were designed for this study. When use this primer set, a size of 343bp was amplified by PCR only in Hanwoo, not in Holstein and Black angus. This result suggests that the PCR using our 3 -tailed primer would be very accurate, easy, reproducible and economic method to discriminate between Hanwoo meat and other black-haired ones.