• Title, Summary, Keyword: MDGC

Search Result 7, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Determination of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) content in aviation turbine fuel using multi-dimensional GC-MS (Multi-dimensional GC-MS를 이용한 항공터빈유의 FAME 함량 분석)

  • Youn, Ju Min;Doh, Jin Woo;Hwang, In Ha;Kim, Seong Lyong;Kang, Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.717-726
    • /
    • 2017
  • The current allowable cross-contamination level of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in aviation turbine fuel (AVTUR) is 50 mg/kg, due to that the presence of FAME in AVTUR can significantly impact the fuel supply system and jet engine. It has been difficult to analyze the level of FAME in AVTUR, since it is consisted of a lot of hydrocarbons. In this study, thus, a new method using multi-dimensional GC-MS (MDGC-MS) was proposed in order to determine the FAME level in AVTUR effectively. Applying to MDGC-MS with Deans switching system enabled us to detect and quantify the FAME with low carbon numbers such as those derived from coconut oil and palm kernel oil. The matrix effect of MDGC-MS method, which could shift the FAME peaks to slightly longer retention times, was reduced by 20 times compared with that of 1-dimensional GC-MS reference method. This developed method could be suitable for qualitative and quantitative analyses to determine the contamination level of trace FAME in AVTUR.

Determination of Additives Content in Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Multi-dimensional GC-MS (Multi-dimensional GC-MS를 이용한 항공터빈유의 첨가제 분석)

  • Youn, Ju Min;Jang, Yoon Mi;Yim, Eui Soon;Kim, Seong Lyong;Kang, Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1260-1268
    • /
    • 2018
  • To improve fuel performance and specific characteristics of long storage and moving through fuel systems additives should be added in kerosene type aviation turbine fuel (AVTUR) such as antioxidant, fuel system icing inhibitor (FSII), electric conductivity improvers and so on. The dosage of additives has to be analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively due to inspect the quality of abnormal fuel and distinguish other petroleum products. Multi-dimensional GC-MS (MDGC-MS) with Deans switching technique are applied the determination of antioxidant and FSII, which are added with AVTUR containing complex mixture of hydrocarbons. Antioxidant and FSII in the range of 2.5-20 mg/L was quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed using MDGC-MS and the detection limit was about twice as low as that of the 1-dimensional GC-MS results. The method in this study has been higher peak resolution compared with GC-MS and could be simultaneously analyzed different two additives without sample pre-treatment.

Analysis of Enantiomeric Composition of Chiral Flavor Components from Dried Ginger (Zingiber afficinale Roscoe) (건생강에 함유된 키랄성 향기성분의 이성질체 조성 분석)

  • Seo, Hye-Young;No, Ki-Mi;Shim, Seong-Lye;Ryu, Keun-Young;Han, Kyu-Jae;Gyawali, Rajendra;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.35 no.7
    • /
    • pp.874-880
    • /
    • 2006
  • The volatile compounds of Zingiber officinale Roscoe were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE) method and identified with gas chromatigraphy/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) analysis. Enantiomeric compositions of chiral compounds were determined by multidimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometer (MDGC/MS). A total of 57 compounds were indentified and quantified, including zingiberene, ${\beta}-sesquiphellandrene$, ${\beta}-bisabolene$, $(E,E)-{\alpha}-farnesene$ and ${\alpha}-curcumene$. Among them, zingiberene (38.41%) was founds as the predominantly abundant component. ${\alpha}-Pinene$ and nerolidol in dried ginger were detected by high enantiomeric purity (>96%) for (S)-form, and ${\beta}-pinene$ was detected only (R)-form. The enantiomeric composition of ${\alpha}-terpineol$ revealed 72.0% for (R)-form, and linalool and 4-terpineol showed mixtures of both enantiomers. (S)-Enantiomer was the major enantiomer of limonene having enatiomeric excess of 17.2%. Hence the enantiomeric composition of these compounds can be used as parameter for authenticty control of Zingiber officinale.

Multidimensional Gas Chromatography-A Powerful Tool for the Analysis of Multicomponent Mixtures

  • Kim, Kyoung-Su
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.127-133
    • /
    • 1996
  • The development of high resolution capillary columns and a large variety of different detectors led to a strong position of gas chromatography in instrumental analysis. Every effort has been made to solve sophisticated separation problems by column switching. Nowadays, several systems are commercially available for this purpose. The principle and the capabilities of multidimensional gas chromatography(MDGC) are illustrated by different applications in the field of modern flavor and essential oil research.

  • PDF

Analysis of Volatile Compounds and Enantiomeric Separation of Chiral Compounds of Dried Sancho (Zanthoxylum schinifolium Siebold & Zucc)

  • Seo, Hye-Young;Shim, Sung-Lye;Ryu, Keun-Young;Jung, Min-Seok;Hwang, In-Min;Shin, Dong-Bin;Kwon, Joong-Ho;Schreier, Peter;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-24
    • /
    • 2009
  • The volatile compounds of dried sancho (Zanthoxylum schinifolium), an aromatic plant were extracted by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) method and identified by gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Selected chiral constituents of sancho oil were characterized by enantiodifferentiation using multidimensional gas chromatograph (MDGC)-MS. A total of 57 compounds were identified and quantified, and the major compounds were identified estragole, nonanoic acid, octanoic acid, $\beta$-phellandrenene, and limonene. Among them, estragol (63.9%) was found as the predominantly abundant component of sancho. $\alpha$-pinene and nerolidol, and $\beta$-pinene and linalool were determined to be enantiomerically pure (100%) for their (S)-form and (R)-form, respectively. The enantiomeric composition of limonene in sancho revealed 83.9% purity for the (S)-enantiomer, whereas (E)- and (Z)-rose oxides showed mixtures of both enantiomers. The enantiomeric excess (%) for citronellal was 22.6% with the (R)-enantiomer as major enantiomer. The enantiomeric composition of these compounds can be used as parameter for authenticity control of sancho.

PYE [2-(1-pyrenyl)ethyldimethylsilylated silica] Column HPLC and HR-GC-(micro) ECD in the Accurate Determination of Toxic Co-planar PCBs and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)

  • Kannan, Narayanan;Hong, Sang-Hee;Oh, Jae-Ryoung;Yim, Un-Hyuk;Li, Donghao;Shim, Won-Joon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.529-536
    • /
    • 2005
  • Measurement of toxicologically relevant polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners such as non-ortho(IUPAC#) 77, 81, 126, 169 and mono-ortho 105, 114, 118, 123, 156, 157, 189 and di-ortho 170, 180 and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) such as 47, 66, 85, 99, 100, 138, 153, 154 in environmental samples become almost mandatory in several countries now. However, most of the available methods involve expensive instrumentations such as HRGC-HRMS or ECNI-LRMS, apart from expensive extraction and clean-up (with large volume of solvents) steps. A method has been devised combining the analytical separation power of PYE [2-(1-pyrenyl)ethyldimethysilylated silica] column HPLC and high-resolution gas chromatographic techniques including micro-electron capture detection (ECD) and two dimensional gas chromatograpy-ECD techniques to determine these eco-toxic substances at parts-per-trillion (ppt) levels. This combination resolves co-elution of congeners that occur in disproportionate ratios (e.g. CB-110 and -77) and allows accurate congener-specific determination of target compounds. This method is cost effective as it requires only hexane, that in small quantities (10 mL) and GC-ECD. The elution and analysis time are optimized to less man hours. This method is effectively utilized in the analysis of co-planar PCBs and PBDEs from archived solvent extracts of samples previously analyzed for pesticides and PCBs. Structure based separation of contaminant classes improves GCECD determination at ppt levels.