• Title, Summary, Keyword: MIMO

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7×7 MIMO System Using Extended 13-Element ESPAR Antenna (확장 13-Element EPSAR 안테나를 사용한 7×7 MIMO 시스템)

  • Bok, Junyeong;Lee, Seung Hwan;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.39A no.2
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2014
  • Multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) technique is used in many communication fields in order to increase the channel capacity. However, this MIMO system has difficulty of miniaturization of antenna size due to the multiple RF chains Also, multiple RF chain raises some problems which increase power consumption at RF circuit and degrade the system performance due to the interference between RF chains. Because of these reasons, beamspace MIMO (BS-MIMO) technique with only single RF chain was proposed for MIMO transmission. This BS-MIMO system basically uses electronically steerable parasitic array radiator (ESPAR) antenna. Existing ESPAR antenna has a 5-element structure. So, it is possible to do only $3{\times}3$ MIMO transmission. Therefore, in order to extend BS-MIMO dimension, extension of ESPAR antenna structure is essential. In this paper, we show that BS-MIMO dimension can be increased according to the extension of structure of the ESPAR antenna, as in the conventional MIMO techniques. For example, we show that it is possible to design the $7{\times}7$ BS-MIMO transmissions with the 13-element ESPAR antenna. Also, when the number of parasitic elements of ESPAR antenna increases by two elements, MIMO dimension is expanded by 1.

Design and Performance Evaluation of M×M MIMO Transmission in ESPAR Antenna (ESPAR 안테나에서 M×M MIMO 송신방식의 설계와 성능 평가)

  • Bok, Junyeong;Lee, Seung Hwan;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.12
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    • pp.1061-1068
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we propose a $M{\times}M$ beam-space multiple input multiple output (BS-MIMO) system using electronically steerable parasitic array radiator (ESPAR) antenna. Conventional MIMO method required multiple RF chains because it map the transmission signals onto multiple antennas. So, conventional MIMO system has high cost for design and high energy consumption at RF circuit. Also, It is difficult to use MIMO system in battery based mobile terminals with limited physical area. In order to solve these problems, BS-MIMO technique which map the data signal onto bases in beam space domain was proposed using ESPAR antenna with single RF chain. This paper, we design and analyze the performance of extended $M{\times}M$ BS-MIMO technique. Simulation results show that the proposed BS-MIMO system has similar BER performance compare to conventional MIMO scheme. Therefore, BS-MIMO system with single RF chain will has a low RF power consumption and low cost for RF hardware design as compared with conventional MIMO technique with multiple RF chains.

Design and Performance Evaluation of Load-Modulation MIMO System Using High-Order Modulation (고차 변조를 사용하는 Load-Modulation MIMO 시스템 설계와 성능 평가)

  • Lee, Dong-Hyung;An, Changyoung;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.40 no.11
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    • pp.2121-2130
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we analyze LM-MIMO (load-modulation multiple-input multiple-output) system with single RF chain. And then, we confirm that load modulation technique can support generation of high-order m-PSK modulation and m-QAM modulation in LM-MIMO system. Finally we evaluate performance of LM-MIMO system with load modulation. Conventional MIMO system requires a number of RF chains for expansion of MIMO dimension. A number of RF chains can cause various problems. On the other hand, although LM-MIMO system is expanded, LM-MIMO system requires single RF chain only. Therefore, LM-MIMO system has low-complexity and low power consumption. As results, we can confirm that load modulation of T-model can modulate high-order m-PSK and m-QAM singal. Also, we can confirm that $4{\times}4$ LM-MIMO system using load modulation has a similar performance to conventional $4{\times}4$ MIMO system.

Evolution of MIMO Technology (MIMO 기술의 진화)

  • Shim, Byonghyo;Lee, Byungju
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.8
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    • pp.712-723
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    • 2013
  • Recent exploration of smart-phone user is fueling the deployment of long term evolution (LTE) service that offers higher data rates service over 3G HSPA networks. In particular, Korea, mobile powerhouse, recently launched the service of LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) which is the latest release in LTE standard. Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) technology is the one of key enablers for LTE and LTE-A for achieving high data rate. MIMO technology has received much attention since it is possible to achieve channel capacity in proportion to the number of antennas without increasing frequency and power. In this paper, we overview of the theoretical background of MIMO technology regarding from single-user MIMO, multiuser MIMO, and massive MIMO and design considerations to implement the communication system.

Beamspace MIMO System Using ESPAR Antenna with single RF chain (단일 RF chain을 갖는 전자 빔 조향 기생 배열 안테나를 사용한 빔 공간 MIMO 시스템)

  • An, Changyoung;Lee, Seung Hwan;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38A no.10
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    • pp.885-892
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    • 2013
  • The main advantage of ESPAR antenna is that ESPAR antenna requires only a single RF chain for reduction of transceiver's hardware complexity, as compared to conventional MIMO system. In conventional MIMO system, each data symbol is mapped to each antenna. But, each data symbol is mapped to each orthogonal basis pattern in ESPAR antenna system. In this paper, we design beamspace MIMO system using ESPAR antenna with single RF chain for MIMO system of low-complexity and low power consumption. And then, we analyze performance of beamspace MIMO according to each PSK modulation. Performance of beamspace MIMO system is similar to performance of conventional MIMO system. As a result of analyzing the performance of beamspace MIMO system using higher-order PSK modulation. we can confirm that performance characteristic of beamspace MIMO system with low complexity and low power consumption is similar to digital communication of signal domain.

Chaos QPSK Modulated Beamspace MIMO System Using ESPAR Antenna (ESPAR 안테나를 사용하는 카오스 QPSK 변조 빔 공간 MIMO 시스템)

  • Lee, Jun-Hyun;Bok, Jun-Yeong;Ryu, Heung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.39A no.2
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2014
  • Recently, utilization of MIMO(Multi-Input Multi-Output) system using array antennas is evaluated significantly according to the extension of high-capacity and high-speed communication services. However, MIMO system has disadvantages such as high-complexity and high-power-consumption, because RF(Radio Frequency) chain is required as antenna number, and several array antenna is used in conventional MIMO system. In order to solve these problems, research about beamspace MIMO system using ESPAR(Electronically Steerable Parasitic Array Radiator) antenna that has single RF chain by using one active antenna and several parasitic elements has been studied actively. Beamspace MIMO system using ESPAR antenna is possible to solve the problems of conventional MIMO system, because this system is composed by single RF chain. In this paper, in order to improve the system security, chaos communication algorithm that has characteristics such as non-periodic, non-predictability, easy implementation and initial condition is applied to QPSK (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying) modulated beamspace MIMO system. We design the chaos QPSK modulated beamspace MIMO system, and evaluate SER performance of this system.

32×32 Full-Rate Massive MIMO Using Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Code (QOSTBC) (준직교 공간시간 블록부호를 적용한 32×32 전율 대규모 MIMO 시스템)

  • Winn, Khin Zar Chi;Chung, Yeon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.507-513
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we present the bit-error rate (BER) performance of quasi-orthogonal space-time block code (QOSTBC) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system employing up to 32 transmit and receive antennas. The QOSTBC, due to its advantages in transmission rate and decoding complexity, is an important transmit diversity scheme for more than 2 transmit antennas. As massive MIMO implies very large number of antennas, practically at least more than 15 antennas, a different number of transmit and receive antennas (i.e. $2{\times}2$, $4{\times}4$, $8{\times}8$, $16{\times}16$ and $32{\times}32$) using QOSTBC for the massive MIMO system are considered. The BER performance of the massive MIMO with antennas up to $32{\times}32$ using BPSK modulation scheme is analyzed. Simulation results show that the full-rate massive MIMO systems with QOSTBC give a significant performance improvement due to increasing diversity effect, compared with previously considered massive MIMO systems.

MIMO Vector Channel Modeling and Performance Analysis in Underwater Channel Environments (수중 MIMO 벡터 채널 모델링 및 성능 분석)

  • Lee, Deok-Hwan;Ko, Hak-Lim;Lim, Yong-Kon
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.426-431
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    • 2007
  • In this paper we have studied the underwater vector channel modeling for MIMO(Multiple Input Multiple Output) to increase the performance and efficiency for ultrasound communication in underwater channel environments. Also we have analyzed the MIMO techniques using the proposed channel modeling. For underwater MIMO channel modeling. experiments were done in real channel environments and the data were analyzed to estimate parameters such as fading, Doppler, time delay, angle of arrival, and receiving power. These were used for modeling of underwater vector channel modeling for MIMO. Additionally, we have analyzed the performance of MIMO systems using our proposed channel models. As a result we could see that the BER has decreased severely with the same SNR when using the MIMO system.

An Analysis of Multiuser Diversity Technology in the MIMO-OFDM System (MIMO-OFDM 시스템에서 다중사용자 다이버시티 기술의 성능분석)

  • Zhang, Ke;Suh, Hee-Jong
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1121-1128
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we introduce the combination of OFDM(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) and MIMO(Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) technology, and explain that this combination seems to be very preferable when designing very high-rate wireless mobile systems. The application of OFDM, with the block diagrams of an OFDM modulator and demodulator and a MIMO-OFDM system, are described. The several diversities are studied at the receiver, analyzed the performances of diversity in OFDM-MIMO system and simulated results.

Performance Evaluation of High-performance MIMO-OFDM System using Carrier Interferometry Codes in Frequency Selective Fading Channels (주파수 선택적 페이딩 채널에서 반송파 간섭 부호를 이용한 고성능 MIMO-OFDM 시스템의 성능분석)

  • Seo Wan-woo;Chung Yeon-ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.1643-1648
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    • 2005
  • MIMO system takes advantage of the spatial diversity obtained by spatially separated antennas for high- performance and high-capacity broadband wireless access. In this paper, we propose Carrier Interferometry coded MIMO-OFDM system (MIMO-CI/OFDM) which provides frequency and spatial diversity. One combined diversity gains featly improve the performance of OFDM systems. To perform a performance analysis, we have used SPW platform that provides an easy tool to analyze the performance. The results show that the performance of MIMO-CI/OFDM shows an approximately 4dB gain over the MIMO-OFDM even in highly frequency selective fading channels.