• Title, Summary, Keyword: MMP-3

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The Inhibitory Effect of Metronidazole and Doxycycline-HCl on proMMP-3 Production in Gingival Fibroblast (치은섬유아세포에서 proMMP-3 생성에 대한 metronidazole과 doxycycline-HCl의 억제효과)

  • Kim, Hak-Joo;Lim, Ki-Jung;Kim, Sang-Mok;Kim, Byung-Ock;Han, Kyung-Yoon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.335-347
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    • 2000
  • 치주질환의 진행에 따른 치주조직파괴에 있어 치주조직내 다양한 세포외기질성분을 분해하는 matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3)는 염증반응에 관여하는 세포들로부터 분비된 interleukin-$1{\beta}$(IL-$1{\beta}$)에 의해 유도될 수 있다. 이전 연구에서 치주인대세포에서의 MMP-3 생성이 tetracycline 및 tetracycline 유도체에 의하여 억제될 수 있음이 보고되었다. 이 연구의 목적은 metronidazole 및 doxycycline-HCl을 적용한 후 치은섬유아세포에 IL $1{\beta}$를 적용하여 MMP-3의 생성을 유도한 후 이들 약물들이 치은섬유아세포의 MMP-3 생성에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위한 것이다. 건강한 성인으로부터 치주질환이 이환되지않은 상악 제2대구치 후방의 건강한 치은결합 조직을 절취하여 치은섬유아세포를 배양한 후 다양한 농도의 metronidazole (10-$200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$) 및 doxycyline-HCl(10-$200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$)을 각각 적용하여 1시간 배양하고 proMMP-3의 활성화를 유도하기 위하여 25ng/ml의 IL-$1{\beta}$을 투여한 후 24시간 배양하여 배양된 세포의 상층 배양액을 추출하고 proMMP-3 ELISA kit를 이용하여 비색정량하였다. 비색정량을 통하여 얻어진 자료들은 독립 t-test와 일원분산분석(ANOVA) 및 사후검정으로 Duncan test를 시행하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. Metronidazole 경우 10-$200{\mu}g/ml$의 모든 농도군에서 proMMP-3의 활성도가 억제되었다(p<0.05). 2. Doxycycline-HCl의 경우 $100{\mu}g/ml$ 이하의 농도군에서는 proMMP-3의 활성도가 억제되었으나(p<0.05), $200{\mu}g/ml$ 농도에서는 proMMP-3의 활성도가 상승되었다(p<0.05). 3. Metronidazole과 doxycycline-HCl의 대조군에 대한 각 실험농도군의 proMMP-3 생성의 감소비율 비교시 모든 농도군에서 metronidazole이 doxycycline-HCl보다 더 높은 감소율을 보였다. 이상과 같은 결과는 metronidazole(10-$200{\mu}g/ml$)이 doxycycline-HCl($100{\mu}g/ml$ 이하) 보다 더 광범위한 혈중농도에서 IL-$1{\beta}$의한 인체치은섬유아세포내 MMP-3의 활성도를 효과적으로 억제할 수 있음을 시사하였다.

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Analysis of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of MMP3 Gene in Korean Genome

  • Kim, Su-Mi;Kim, Su-Won;Yoo, Min
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.76-78
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    • 2012
  • MMP3 (Matrix metalloproteinase-3) is an important gene in the development of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. It is also reported that the genotype of MMP3 could be a factor for disease conditions. So, SNP analysis is a prerequisite to study MMP3 related diseases. However, statistical data or analytical reports of this gene in the Korean population is not available. We have employed PCR and ARMS technique to amplify the position of Lys45Glu which is located within chromosome 11q22.3 and exon 2. Genomic DNA were extracted from 201 people. We found that, 17 individuals had the wild homozygote type (W/W, 8%), 98 individuals had the SNP homozygote type (S/S, 49%), 86 had the heterozygote type (W/S, 43%). This study should facilitate research on the cause of cardiovascular diseases due to polymorphisms in the MMP3 gene and to develop further therapy at the genetic level.

Involvement of PI3K and MMP1 in PDGF-induced Migration of Human Adipose-derived Stem Cells

  • Lim, Yoonhwa;Lee, Minji;Jeong, Hyeju;Kim, Haekwon
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.167-180
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    • 2017
  • Human adult stem cells have widely been examined for their clinical application including their wound healing effect in vivo. To function as therapeutic cells, however, cells must represent the ability of directed migration in response to signals. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced migration of the human abdominal adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) in vitro. A general matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor or a MMP2 inhibitor significantly inhibited the PDGF-induced migration. PDGF treatment exhibited greater mRNA level and denser protein level of MMP1. The conditioned medium of PDGF-treated cells showed a caseinolytic activity of MMP1. Transfection of cells with siRNA against MMP1 significantly inhibited MMP1 expression, its caseinolytic activity, and cell migration following PDGF treatment. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor reduced the migration by about 50% without affecting ERK and MLC proteins. Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor mostly abolished the migration and MLC proteins. The results suggest that PDGF might signal hADSCs through PI3K, and MMP1 activity could play an important role in this PDGF-induced migration in vitro.

Peptide Hydrolysates from Astragalus membranaceus Bunge Inhibit the Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases in Human Dermal Fibroblasts

  • Park, Sun Ki;Van Hien, Pham;Van Luong, Hoang;Yan, Shao-Wei;Byun, Sang Yo
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.380-384
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    • 2014
  • Inhibition effects of peptide hydrolysates from Astragalus membranaceus Bunge. on the expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in human dermal fibroblasts were evaluated in vitro. Crude peptides were obtained by the hydrolysis of proteins extracted from A. membranaceus. Peptides were purified partially by the basis on the molecular weight using 40% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis before treatment with human dermal fibroblasts. Basis on the doseeffect experiments, expressions of MMPs including MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-8, MMP-13 in human dermal fibroblasts were evaluated. Expressions of MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-8 and MMP-13 were reduced in 43%, 5%, 22% and 57% respectively. The mass spectrometric analysis of partially purified peptides from A. membranaceus, which strongly inhibit expressions of MMPs, indicated that the peptides were composed of molecules below 1500 Da.

Expression of Matrix metalloproteinase-1 between Simple Chronic Periodontitis and Type 2 Diabetes associated Chronic Periodontitis on Protein level (단순만성치주염환자와 2형 당뇨환자의 만성치주염에서 Matrix metalloproteinase-1의 발현양상)

  • Lee, Jae-Mok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.649-659
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to quantify and compare the level of MMP-1 in the healthy or inflamed gingival tissue of patients with or without type 2 diabetic mellitus. We investigated whether mean amount of MMP-1 was changed by chronic periodontitis and type 2 DM. Gingival tissue samples were obtained during periodontal surgery or tooth extraction. According to the patient's systemic condition & clinical criteria of gingiva, each gingival sample was divided into the three group. Group 1(n=8) was clinically healthy gingiva without bleeding and no evidence of bone resorption or periodontal pockets, obtained from systemically healthy 8 patients. Group 2(n=8) was inflamed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis. Group 3(n=8) was inflamed gingiva from patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes. Tissue samples were prepared and analyzed by Western blotting. The quantitative analysis of MMP-1 was performed using a densitometer and statistically analyzed by ANOVA. MMP-1 was expressed in all samples and an increased MMP-1 level was observed in group 2 compared to group 1 and decreased MMP-1 level was found group 3 compared to group 2, but the differences among 3 groups were not statistically significant. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that MMP-1 levels of inflamed gingiva of systemically healthy patient(group 2) were higher than normal gingiva of systemically health patients and although the severity of gingival inflammation in group 2 and 3 were similar, MMP-1 expression was decreased in diabetic patients than systemically healthy periodontal patients.

The MMP-2 -735 C Allele is a Risk Factor for Susceptibility to Breast Cancer

  • Yari, Kheirollah;Rahimi, Ziba;Moradi, Mohamad Taher;Rahimi, Zohreh
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6199-6203
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    • 2014
  • Background: The expression of MMP genes has been demonstrated to be associated with tumor invasion, metastasis and survival rate for a variety of cancers. The functional promoter polymorphism MMP-2 C-735T is associated with decreased expression of the MMP-2 gene. The aim of present study was to detect any association between MMP-2 C-735T and susceptibility to breast cancer. Materials and Methods: The MMP-2 C-735T polymorphism was studied in 233 women (98 with breast cancer and 135 healthy controls). All studied women were from Kermanshah and Ilam provinces of Western Iran. The MMP-2 C-735T polymorphism was detected using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Results: The frequencies of MMP-2 CC, CT and TT genotypes in healthy individuals were 59.3, 38.5 and 2.2%, respectively. However, in breast cancer patients, only CC (71.4%) and CT (28.6%) genotypes were observed (p=0.077). In patients the frequency of the MMP-2 C allele was significantly higher (85.7%) compared to that in controls (78.5 %, p=0.048). The presence of C allele of MMP-2 increased the risk of breast cancer by 1.64-fold [OR=1.64 (95%CI 1.01-2.7, p=0.049)]. The frequency of MMP-2 C allele was also higher in patients ${\leq}40$ years (88.9%) than those aged ${\geq}41$ years (67.5%, p=0.07). In addition, the frequency of MMP-2 C allele tended to be higher in patients with a family history of cancer in first-degree relatives (76.6%) compared to that without a family history of cancer (67.3%, p=0.31). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the C allele of MMP-2 C-735T polymorphism is associated with increased risk of breast cancer. Also, the MMP-2 C allele might increase the risk of young onset breast cancer in our population.

Withaferin A Inhibits PMA-Induced MMP-9 Expression in Human Cervical Carcinoma Caski Cells (인간 자궁경부암세포인 Caski세포에서 withaferin A에 의한 PMA 매개 matrix metalloproteinase-9의 발현 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Dong Eun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2013
  • Withaferin A is an active component of Withania somnifera, and has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and immune modulatory effects. However, the effects of withaferin A on metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression and activity have not been investigated. In this study, we investigated the ability of withaferin A to inhibit MMP-9 expression and activity in PMA-treated human cervical carcinoma Caski cells. Withaferin A markedly inhibited the PMA-induced MMP-9 activity in a dose-dependent manner. Withaferin A decreased not only PMA-induced MMP-9 promoter activity but also PMA-mediated MMP-9 mRNA and protein expression in Caski cells. NF-${\kappa}B$ promoter activity, which is important in MMP-9 expression, was also decreased in combined treatment with withaferin A and PMA. Furthermore, withaferin A markedly suppressed the ability of PMA-mediated migration in Caski cells. Our findings suggest that withaferin A might inhibit PMA-induced migration through the down-regulation of MMP-9 expression and activity.

Betulin suppressed interleukin-1β-induced gene expression, secretion and proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase in cultured articular chondrocytes and production of matrix metalloproteinase in the knee joint of rat

  • Ra, Ho Jong;Lee, Hyun Jae;Jo, Ho Seung;Nam, Dae Cheol;Lee, Young Bok;Kang, Byeong Hun;Moon, Dong Kyu;Kim, Dong Hee;Lee, Choong Jae;Hwang, Sun-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2017
  • We investigated whether betulin affects the gene expression, secretion and proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) in primary cultured rabbit articular chondrocytes, as well as in vivo production of MMP-3 in the rat knee joint to evaluate the potential chondroprotective effect of betulin. Rabbit articular chondrocytes were cultured and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to measure interleukin-$1{\beta}$ ($IL-1{\beta}$)-induced gene expression of MMP-3, MMP-1, MMP-13, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs-4 (ADAMTS-4), ADAMTS-5 and type II collagen. Effect of betulin on IL-$1{\beta}$-induced secretion and proteolytic activity of MMP-3 was investigated using western blot analysis and casein zymography, respectively. Effect of betulin on MMP-3 protein production was also examined in vivo. The results were as follows: (1) betulin inhibited the gene expression of MMP-3, MMP-1, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4, and ADAMTS-5, but increased the gene expression of type II collagen; (2) betulin inhibited the secretion and proteolytic activity of MMP-3; (3) betulin suppressed the production of MMP-3 protein in vivo. These results suggest that betulin can regulate the gene expression, secretion, and proteolytic activity of MMP-3, by directly acting on articular chondrocytes.

Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases-9 and Stromelysin-3 in Peripheral Blood in Patients with Lung Cancer (폐암 환자의 말초혈액에서 Matrix metalloproteinase-9 및 Stromelysin-3의 발현)

  • Lim, Seong-Yang;Koh, Won-Jung;Kim, Cheal-Hong;Ahn, Young-Mee;Kwon, Young-Mee;Kang, Kyeong-Woo;Kim, Ho-Cheal;Suh, Gee-Young;Chung, Man-Pya;Lim, Si-Young;Kim, Ho-Joong;Kwon, O-Jung
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2002
  • Background: Matrix metalloproteinases(MMP) are essential enzymes for tumor invasion and metastasis. Among the MMP family, elevated MMP-9 and stromelysin-3(STR-3) expression have been reported to be poor prognostic factors in lung cancer patients. To evaluate the possibility of a molecular diagnosis of lung cancer using peripheral blood, the mRNA expression level of MMP-9 and STR-3 was measured using a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in patients with lung cancer. Methods : Ninety six patients(44 patients with lung cancer, 19 pulmonary infection, and 33 control) were included. To detect MMP-9 and STR-3 mRNA expression, RT-PCR was performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. ELISA was also used to measure the serum level of MMP-9. Results : MMP-9 was expressed more frequently in patients with a pulmonary infection(18/19, 94.7%) compared to lung cancer patients(26/44, 59.1%) or the controls (23/33, 69.7%) (p=0.018). On the other hand, STR-3 expression was observed more frequently in patients with lung cancer(37/44, 84.1%) compared to the lung infection patients(8/19, 42.1%) or control(20/33, 60.6%) (p=0.003). Among the lung cancer patients, MMP-9 was expressed more frequently when a tumor invaded the lymph nodes(17/24, 70.8%) compared to when a tumor did not(3/13, 23.1%) (p=0.005). The MMP-9 and STR-3 expression levels had no relationship with age, sex, tumor size, distant metastasis, or tumor histology. The serum MMP-9 concentration was not higher in lung cancer patients compared to patients with a pulmonary infection or the control subjects. Conclusion : STR-3 may be used as a diagnostic marker in the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients using RT-PCR. Further studies to evaluate the clinical significance of elevated STR-3 expression in lung cancer patients is recommended.

Role of Matrix Metalloproteinases in Degenerative Lumbar Disc; Molecular and Immunohistochemical Study

  • Ryu, Kyeong-Sik;Cho, Sung-Jin;Park, Chun-Kun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.363-368
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    • 2006
  • Objective : Little is known about the comprehensive molecular and biological mechanism on the development of the degeneration of the intervertebral disc. Many kinds of matrix metalloproteinase[MMP] initiate the degradation of the extracellular matrix including several kinds of collagens and proteoglycans. We compared molecular and immunohistochemical features of degenerated intervertebral disc and normal counterparts in order to investigate the role of MMP-1, 2, 3, 9. Methods : We have evaluated MMP-1, 2, 3, 9 expression in 30 surgically resected lumbar disc from degenerative disc disease patients and 5 normal control cases. RT-PCR[reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction] and immunohistochemistry were performed. Results : By RT-PCR, normal tissue samples showed merely scant expression of MMP-1, 2, 3, 9 mRNA, but degenerated disc samples revealed more pronounced expression. mRNA amplifications were detected in 60%, 63.3%, 70%, 53.3% cases By immunohistochemistry, normal tissue samples showed minimal protein expression of MMP-1, 2, 3, 9, but degenerated disc samples revealed more pronounced expression. Protein expressions were detected in 73.3%, 63.3%, 76.7%, 63.3% cases. Both the mRNA amplification and protein overexpression rates were significantly higher in degenerated disc than in the normal tissue. Concordance between both the mRNA amplification and protein expressions of MMP-1, 3, 9 were not observed, but there is well correlation in MMP-2 expression. Conclusion : We concluded that the over-expressions of the MMP-1, 2, 3, 9 may contribute to the development of degeneration of the intervertebral disc.