• Title, Summary, Keyword: MMP-3

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Role of Matrix Metalloproteinase in the Pathogenesis of Bronchial Asthma (기관지 천식의 병인에서 Matrix Metalloproteinase의 역할)

  • Lee, Yong-Chul
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2002
  • Background : Toluene diisocyanate(TDI) is a leading cause of occupational asthma. However, the pathogenesis of TDI-induced asthma is largely unknown because there is no suitable animal model. Materials and Methods : We developed a murine model of TDI-induced asthma by performing two sensitization with 3% TDI and one challenge with 1% TDI using ultrasonic nebulization. Results : Similar to occupational asthma in humans, murine TDI-induced asthma includes findings 1) increased inflammatory cells, including neutrophils and eosinophils, 2) histologic changes, including infiltration of inflammatory cells around bronchioles, thickened airway epithelium, contraction of bronchioles, and accumulation of mucus and debris in the bronchioles, 3) increased MMP-9 activity in inflammatory cells in the airway lumen, 4) airway hyperrespnosiveness. Administraion of an MMP inhibitor, MMPI-I, remarkably reduced all these pathophysiological findings. Conclusion : Therefore, we conclude that TDI-induced occupational asthma is associated with the induction of MMP-9 in inflammatory cells, and the inhibition of MMP-9 may be a good therapeutic strategy.

Over-expression of MMP-3 in the fissured tissue of cleft lip and palate

  • Park, Young-Wook;Min, Bong-Gi;Kim, Ji-Hyuck;Kim, Soung-Min;Lee, Young-Joon;Lee, Sang-Shin;Lee, Suk-Keun;Moon, Huck-Soo;Chi, Je-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2006
  • Objective: In order to elucidate the retrogressive degeneration of orofacial cleft, the fissured tissues of prenatal and postnatal cleft lip and palate were examined by histological and immunohistochemical methods. Design: Totally 42 cases of prenatal (n=17) and postnatal (n=25) cleft lip and/or palate were examined in comparison with 10 cases of normal lip and oral mucosa using immunohistochemical stainings of MMP-3, MMP-9, MMP-10, cathepsin G, PCNA, E-cadherin, TGase 2, HSP-70, vWF, and VEGF. Main Outcome Measures: In the fissured tissue the sebaceous glands were strongly positive for PCNA and grew into the underlying fibromuscular tissue (24/42). Some hyperplastic sebaceous glands of prenatal cleft lip produced infundibular follicular cyst (9/17). The skin and mucosal epithelia from the postnatal cleft lip and palate (10/25) showed severe basal hyperplasia (11/25) and melanocyte infiltration (7/25). Results: The immunostaining of MMP-3 and HSP-70 were strongly positive in the hyperplastic sebaceous glands and nearby atrophying muscle bundles of the fissured tissue, while MMP-9, MMP-10, and cathepsin G were almost negative. The immunoreactions of the other antibodies used in this study were similar between in the fissured tissues and in the normal controls. Conclusions: These data suggest that the over-expression of MMP-3 is closely related to the sebaceous gland hyperplasia, epithelial dysplasia, and the muscle degeneration, and that the over-expression of MMP-3 in the fissured tissue may continuously aggravate the cleft condition in the later life.

Effect of Tetracycline Analogues on The Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase-3 in Gingival Fibroblasts (테트라사이클린계 약물이 치은섬유아세포내 MMP-3의 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Jong-Hee;Kim, Sang-Mok;Kim, Byung-Ock;Han, Kyung-Yoon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.677-693
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    • 1999
  • Extracellular matrix component is degraded by enzymes of thematrix metalloproteinases(MMPs). MMPs are produced by both hemopoietic and structural cells. Increased activity of MMP-3 in periodontium is strongly associated with inflammatory periodontal disease. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of tetracycline analogues on the activity of MMP-3. Tetracycline-HCl, doxycycline-HCl, and minocycline-HCl were applied to huamn gingival fibroblasts at various concentrations of 10, 25, 50, 100, 200${\mu}g$/ml, and 1 hour later IL-$1{\beta}$ of 25ng/ml was added. After incubation for 24 hours the cells were reacted by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using proMMP-3 ELISA kit. The optical density was measured by microwell plate reader at 450nm. The relative activity of MMP-3 was calculated as the percentage of the optical density of each experimental group to that of the control. The difference of the optical density and the relative activity of MMP-3 between the experimental groups and the control wasstatistically analyzed by one way ANOVA. The results were as follows: 1. Tetracycline-HCl showed the tendency to inhibit the activity of MMP-3 at the concentration lower than 25${\mu}g$/ml, but increased significantly the activity of MMP-3 at the concentration of 200${\mu}g$/ml(p<0.05). 2. Doxycycline-HCl inhibited significantly the activity of MMP-3 at the concentration lower than 100${\mu}g$/ml, but increased significantly the activity of MMP-3 at the concentration of 200${\mu}g$/ml(p<0.05). 3. Minocycline-HCl inhibited the activity of MMP-3 at the concentration in the range of 10 to 200${\mu}g$/ml. Within the limit of the present study, the above results suggested that the low concentration of tetracycline analogues could inhibit the activity of MMP-3 induced by IL-$1{\beta}$ in human gingival fibroblasts.

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Inhibition of Invasion and Capillary-like Tube Formation by Retrohydroxamate-based MMP Inhibitors

  • Choi, Seung-Su;Ji, Ae-Ri;Yu, Seung-Woo;Cho, Bong-Hwan;Park, Jung-Dae;Park, Jun-Hyoung;Lee, Hyun-Soo;Ryu, Seong-Eon;Kim, Dong-Han;Kang, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Seung-Taek
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.2032-2038
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    • 2011
  • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of zinc-containing endopeptidases, participate in many normal processes such as embryonic development and wound repair, and in many pathological situations such as cancer, atherosclerosis, and arthritis. Peptidomimetic MMP inhibitors were designed and synthesized with N-formylhydroxylamine (retrohydroxamate) as a zinc-binding group and various side chains on the ${\alpha}$, P1', and P2' positions. Using in vitro MMP assays with purified MMPs (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, and MMP-14) and fluorogenic peptide substrates, it was found that compounds 2d and 2g selectively inhibit gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and interstitial collagenase (MMP-1). They also inhibited the chemo-invasion of fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells and tube formation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells in a dose-dependent manner. Our results suggest that retrohydroxamate-based MMP inhibitors, especially compounds 2d and 2g, have the potential to be used as therapeutic drugs for cancer and other MMP-related diseases.

The Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases Activated Differently on In-Vitro Maturation of oocytes Cytoplasm and Cumulus Cells in Bovine (소 난자의 체외성숙시 난구세포와 난세포질에서 다르게 발현되는 Matrix Metalloproteinases의 분석)

  • Kim, Sang-Hwan;Yoon, Jong-Taek
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2018
  • To determine the differences in the in-vitro ovum maturation process of bovine, we compared the expression of MMPs in these oocytes and cumulus cell throughout oocytes maturated. In an attempt to investigate the effect of MMP activation and inhibitors in total protein of cumulus cell and, oocytes during oocytes maturation, we examined and monitored the localization and expression of MMPs (MMP-2 and MMP-9), TIMPs (TIMP-2 and TIMP-3), as well as their expression profiles (Real-time PCR, Gelatin Zymography and ELISA). Our results that the bovine oocytes MMP-2 and MMP-9 level was significantly associated with the rate of maturity of oocytes (P<0.05). In cumulus cell, MMP-2 was highly expressed in all stages of the oocyte's maturation. The final oocytes maturation exhibited strong gelatinase activity. There was no significant correlation between cumulus cell MMP-9 and the maturation rate of oocytes. However, for the oocyte cytoplasm MMP-9 expression was significant correlation to the maturation oocytes. There was no significant correlation between cumulonimbus cells MMP-9 and oocyte maturation rates; however, for oocyte cytoplasm, MMP-9 expression was significantly correlated with mature oocyte. However, the TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 protein expression patterns are not correlated with the maturation rate of the oocyte. Our results suggest that MMP different expression pattern may regulate the morphological remodeling of oocyte's in the cumulus cell. Further, the MMP-2 expression has a strong relation with a higher maturation rate of the oocyte.

Effect of Green Tea Catechins on the Expression and Activity of MMPs and Type I Procollagen Synthesis in Human Dermal Fibroblasts (사람 섬유아세포에서 녹차 카테킨이 노화 인자인 MMP와 type 1 Procollagen 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Su-Nam;Kim, Jung-Ki;Lee, Byeong-Gon;Chang, Ih-Seoup
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2006
  • Although many studies have been performed to elucidate the molecular consequence of factors that regulate skin aging, little is known about the effect of green tea catechins except EGCG. The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), can degrade matrix proteins and results in a collagen deficiency in photodamaged skin, are known to play an important role in photoaging. This study, investigated the effects of green tea catechins on the UVA-induced MMP-1 expression, activity of MMP-2 and synthesis of type I procollagen in human dermal fibroblasts. We examined eight catechins that naturally exist in green tea leaves and compared their efficacies among them. Most of catechins inhibited the expression of MMP-1 in dose dependent manner, and the levels were reduced, especially, 57.4 and 68.2% by treatment with $1{\mu}M$ of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and gallocatechin-3-gallate (GCG), respectively. Also, catechins significantly suppressed the activities of MMP-2. Catechins also induced the expression of type I procollagen, however, they acted only at the concentration below $1{\mu}M$ interestingly. Furthermore, when EGCG:GCG:ECG had the ratio of 0.5:1.5:.1.3, they presented the most effective on procollagen synthesis. Therefore, we concluded that catechins significantly inhibited MMPs and induced collagen synthesis. Taken together, all these results suggested that green tea catechins might be good natural materials act as an anti-photoaging and a skin-aging improving agent.

MAP Kinase Activation is Required for the MMP-9 Induction by TNF-Stimulation

  • Kim, Kyung-Chan;Lee, Chu-Hee
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1257-1262
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    • 2005
  • MMP-9 is a metalloproteinase capable of basement membrane degradation in vivo. Expression of MMP-9 can be found in normal conditions such as trophoblasts, osteoclasts, and leukocytes and their precursors. They also occur as well as in pathological conditions, such as the invasive growth of primary tumors, metastasis, angiogenesis, rheumatoid arthritis, and periodontal diseases. MMP-9 upregulation can be highly induced by a wide range of agents. These agents include growth factors, cytokines, cell-cell, and cell-ECM adhesion molecules, and agents altering cell shape. Here, we observed that TNF-$\alpha$ stimulated human monocytic cell line, HL-60 produced MMP-9 in a dose and time dependent manner. Real time PCR results indicated transcriptional upregulation of MMP-9 as early as 3 h post TNF-$\alpha$ stimulation. To investigate the signaling pathway underlined in TNF-$\alpha$ induced MMP-9 expression, three MAP kinase inhibitors were added to cells 1 h prior to TNF-$\alpha$ treatment. The ERK inhibitor completely abolished MMP-9 expression by TNF-$\alpha$. But neither p38 MAP kinase nor JNK inhibitor had an effect on TNF-$\alpha$ induced MMP-9 expression, suggesting that ERK activation is required for the MMP-9 induction by TNF-$\alpha$. Taken together, we found that TNF-$\alpha$ stimulation facilitates ERK activation, which results in the transcriptional upregulation of MMP-9 gene and subsequent MMP-9 production and secretion.

Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 Expression by an Adenosine A1 Agonist in Trabecular Meshwork Cells (섬유주세포에서 아데노신 A1 길항제에 의한 기질단백분해효소 2의 발현 조절)

  • Baek, Min Ju;Kim, Keun Hae;Kim, Jae Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Ophthalmological Society
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    • v.59 no.10
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    • pp.946-952
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: We investigated the extent of adenosine A1 agonist-induced expression and regulation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) synthesis in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMC). Methods: Primary HTMC cultures were exposed to 0.1 or $1.0{\mu}M$ N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) for 2 h in the presence or absence of an inhibitor thereof, 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine (CPT). The expression level of mRNA encoding MMP-2 was assessed via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP2) and membrane-type-1 MMP (MT1-MMP) measured by Western blotting. The permeability of the HTMC monolayer was assessed with the aid of carboxyfluorescein. Results: CHA at $1.0{\mu}M$ increased the permeability of the HTMC monolayer (p = 0.003) and CHA at both 0.1 and $1.0{\mu}M$ significantly increased MMP-2 mRNA expression, which was inhibited by co-exposure to CPT (all p < 0.05). CHA increased MMP-2 activity, decreased that of TIMP2, and increased that of MT1-MMP (all p < 0.05). Conclusions: CHA increased the permeability of the HTMC monolayer and increased MMP-2 activity, decreased TIMP2 activity, and increased MT1-MMP activity. Thus, regulation of TIMP2 and MT1-MMP expression may be involved in the adenosine A1 agonist-induced increase in MMP-2 activity.

Characterization of Invading Glioma Cells Using Molecular Analysis of Leading-Edge Tissue

  • Kim, Cheol-Soo;Jung, Shin;Jung, Tae-Young;Jang, Woo-Youl;Sun, Heung-Suk;Ryu, Hyang-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2011
  • Objective : We have introduced a method of characterization of invading glioma cells by using molecular analysis of marginal invading tumor cells and molecular profiles of glioma tumor margin. Methods : Each of tumor core and marginal tissues was obtained in 22 glioma patients. Tumor core cells and marginal cells from each glial tumor were collected by laser capture microdissection or intraoperative microdissection under the operating microscope. Expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, CD44 and RHAMM mRNA by invading glioma cells compared with tumor core was confirmed by realtime-PCR of twenty-four glioma specimens. Clinical data also were reviewed for invasion and recurrence pattern of the gliomas radiologically and invasive rim pattern microscopically. Results : Overall results of the molecular analysis showed that relative overexpression of MMP-2, MMP-9 and RHAMM were noted at the invasive edge of human glioma specimens comparing to the tumor core but CD44 was highly expressed in the tumor core comparing to the margin. High marginal expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were noted in poorly ill-defined margin on the pathological finding. High marginal expression of CD44 and MMP-2 were demonstrated in the midline cross group on the radiological review, and that of RHAMM and MMP-2 were showed in the aggressive recurrence group. High expression of MMP-2 seems to be involved in the various invasion-related phenomenons. Conclusion : Up-regulation of MMP-2, MMP-9, CD44 and RHAMM was noted in invasive edge of gliomas according to the various clinical situations.

Quantitative Assessment of the Effects of MMP-2 Polymorphisms on Lung Carcinoma Risk

  • Guo, Xiao-Tong;Wang, Jun-Feng;Zhang, Lin-You;Xu, Guang-Quan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2853-2856
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    • 2012
  • Background: Previous studies assessing associations between matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) polymorphisms and lung cancer risk reported conflicting results. A meta-analysis was therefore performed to derive a more precise estimation. Method: Case-control studies assessing associations between MMP-2 C735T and C1306T polymorphisms and lung cancer risk were included. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated. Results: 7 studies with a total of 3,189 lung cancer cases and 3,013 controls were finally included into this meta-analysis. Overall, the MMP-2 C735T polymorphism was associated with lung cancer risk under the homozygote model (CC versus TT: OR =1.44, 95% CI = 1.03-2.02, $I^2$ = 0%), while the MMP-2 C1306T polymorphism also associated demonstrated links with all four models (all P values less than 0.05). Subgroup analyses by race suggested obvious associations between MMP-2 C735T and C1306T polymorphisms and lung cancer risk in Asians but not in Caucasians. There was no evidence for publication bias. Conclusion: Currently available evidence supports teh conclusion that MMP-2 C735T and C1306T polymorphisms influence susceptibility to lung cancer in Asians.