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Anti-angiogenic Effects of Shiquandabutang (십전대보탕(十全大補湯)이 혈관신생(血管新生) 억제(抑制)에 미치는 효과(效果))

  • Cui, Xun;Kang, Hee;Shim, Bum-Sang;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Choi, Seung-Hoon;Ahn, Kyoo-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 2006
  • Shiquandabutang is very famous prescription for tonifying vital energy. We examined the anti-metatstastic effect of Shiquandabutang with in vitro invasion assay model. We performed the following experiments and the results are listed below:Cell viability assay was carried to determine the dose of Shiquandabutang. At lower dose under 200 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ (89.6%) viability was very high. But, viability downed as dose grows. At the dose of 600 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ (54.2%) viability was almost half of that of control. And at high dose of 1000 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ (15.8%) viability was very pure. In BrdU incorporation assay, Shiquandabutang treated groups showed the decreased DNA synthesis rate compared with control group.(200 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ (64.4%), 400 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ (7.3%)) The results of gelatinase assay showed that Shiquandabutang decreases the gelatinolytic activity of MMP-9. We examined tube formation assay and the result was that Shiquandabutang ihhibits the tube formation at the dose of 200 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and 400 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$. We examined rat aortic ring assay and the result was that Shiquandabutang ihhibits the angiogenesis of the rat aortic ring at the dose of 400 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$. From our research, part of the mechanism underlying anti-metastastic effect of Shiquandabutang was proven in vitro. Moreover, we knew that Shiquandabutang is more effectively inhibits the angiogenesis at high dose.

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Physicochemical properties and anti-wrinkle effect of polysaccharides with different molecular weights from Gloiopeltis furcata (불등풀가사리 다당류의 분자량에 따른 이화학적 품질특성 및 피부 주름 개선 효과)

  • Lee, Dae-Hoon;Hong, Joo-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.688-696
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the physicochemical properties and anti-wrinkle effect of polysaccharides with different molecular weights from Gloiopeltis furcata were investigated. Crude polysaccharides were isolated by viscozyme treatment followed by ethanol precipitation and lyophilization. Crude polysaccharides were hydrolyzed by acid (0.1 N HCl) and the molecular weight fractions were generated by centrifugal filter (<10 kDa, 10 to 100 kDa, and 100 kDa>). The yield of polysaccharides with different molecular weight fractions was 8.4-39.6%. The major constituents in molecular weight fractions were total sugar (81.37-85.82%), uronic acid (27.89-32.85 g/100 g), sulfate (33.38-39.04%), and protein (0.35-3.16%) The L, a, and b value of the 100 kDa group were decreased, but viscosity increased. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity of the 100 kDa group at $180.07{\mu}M$ was the highest among groups. The protective effects of 100 kDa group at 0.5 and $5{\mu}g/mL$ against $H_2O_2$-induced cytotoxicity in L132 cell were 87.34% and 103.85%, respectively. The matrix metalloproteinase-1 activity of 100 kDa group decreased in a dose-dependent manner. The pro-collagen synthesis activity of 100 kDa group at $0.05-0.5{\mu}g/mL$ was 64.91-77.80%. The polysaccharides with different molecular weights from Gloiopeltis furcata investigated herein are useful as a potential candidate for cosmedical materials.

The Effects of Injinchunggan-tang(Yinchenqinggan-tang) on DMN-induced Liver Damage by Applying Proteomics (인진청간탕(茵蔯淸肝湯)이 DMN 유발 간섬유화와 단백질 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang-Baek;Kim, Young-Chul;Lee, Jang-Hoon;Woo, Hong-Jung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.200-218
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Injinchunggan-tang (Yinchenchinggan-tang) on DMN-induced liver damage by applying proteomics. Materials and Methods : Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this experiment and were divided into the normal group (normal saline), the control group (DMN) and the sample group (DMN+IJCGT). DMN was injected i.p. once a day three times a week for 3 weeks in the control group. Normal saline instead of DMN was administered to the normal group. In the sample group, Injinchunggan-tang (Yinchenchinggan-tang) extract was orally administered once a day for 10 days after DMN was induced. The livers of each group were processed and analyzed by histology, Western blot, $Oxyblot^{TM}$, CBB and 2-dimensional electrophoresis. Results : In the histological findings of the liver, IJCGT reduced collagen deposition and liver damage in DMN-induced hepatic fibrosis. IJCGT increased MMP-13 protein production assessed by western blot. Protein oxidation induced by DMN treatment was decreased by IJCGT. In the 2-dimensional electrophoresis finding, the level of the increased proteins induced by DMN treatment such as GRP 75, 58kDa glucose regulated protein and heat shock 70kDa protein 5 were decreased by IJCGT. IJCGT was considered to have the protective effects on hepatotoxicity induced by DMN. In the 2-dimensional electrophoresis finding, the level of increased oxidized proteins such as heat shock 70 protein, mitochondrial malonyltransferase, calreticulin precursor, actin, NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase, ankyrin repeat and SOCS box protein 11 were decreased by IJCGT. IJCGT was considered to have protective effect on the protein production induced by DMN treatment. Conclusion : Injinchunggan-tang (Yinchenchinggan-tang) exerts an inhibitory effect against the fibrosis and protein oxidation induced by DMN treatment in the rat liver. IJCGT was considered to have protective effects on the hepatotoxicity and protein production induced by DMN treatment.

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The Effect of Varying Concentrations of Bee Venom Pharmacoupuncture Treatments on Type II Collagen Induced Arthritis in Mice (농도별 봉독약침이 생쥐의 Type II Collagen 유발 관절염에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Woo;Kim, Yu-Jong;Kim, Eun-Jung;Lee, Seung-Deok;Kim, Kap-Sung;Yoon, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.75-87
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to inquire into the effect of different concentrations of bee venom pharmacopuncture to inhibit genesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines and to inhibit nuclear factor (NF)-${\kappa}B$ activation on type II collagen induced arthritis. Methods : The experiment was divided into category of the normal group (NOR)-no treated group, control group (CON)-CIA (collagen induced arthritis) induced group, and 4,000 : 1 bee venom group (BV-L)- 4000:1 bee venom pharmacopuncture treated group after CIA, and 2000:1 bee venom group (BV-H)- 2,000 : 1 Bee venom pharmacopuncture treated group after CIA. RA was induced in the mice via injecting $50{\mu}{\ell}$ C II mixed CFA. The bee venom pharmacopuncture was applied on $ST_{35}$ for 19 days from the 3rd day of RA inducement. To research the effect on the expression of IKK ($I{\kappa}B$ kinase), iNOS (inducible nitric oxide synthase) & COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2) mRNA, RT-PCR was performed on synovial membrane cells from the knee joint of CIA mice. Results : The PMA-induced $I{\kappa}B$ kinase (IKK), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase -2 (COX-2) mRNA expression were dose-dependantly decreased in bee venom treated with synoviocytes. In mice treated with bee venom pharmacopuncture, foot thickness and the damage of synovial membranes of the joint was lessened, and the activation of RA-related pro-inflammatory cytokines such as MIF, TNF-${\alpha}$ and MMP-9 was significantly decreased. The activation of iNOS and COX-2 was suppressed by the inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$. In addition, each data was shown that 2,000 : 1 bee venom pharmacopuncture was more effective than 4,000 : 1 bee venom pharmacopuncture. Conclusions : It is speculated that bee venom pharmacopuncture has the therapeutic effect of palliating the damage of the synovial membrane and inflammation on RA by suppressing of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation.

Effect of Carthami Tinctorii Fructus Herbal-acupuncture Solution(CTF-HAS) on Gene Expression in HepG2 carcinomar cells (Oligonucleotide chip를 이용한 홍화자약침액(紅花子藥鍼液)이 간암세포주(肝癌細胞柱)의 유전자(遺傳子) 발현(發顯)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Kyung-min;Lim, Seong-chul;Jung, Tae-young;Seo, Jung-chul;Han, Sang-won
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.215-225
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    • 2005
  • Objective : It has long been known about the osteogenic effect of CTF-HAS on bone tissues. However, it has not been determined the effect of CTF-HAS on cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the CTF-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes in cancer cells such as HepG2 hepatoma cells lines. Oligonucleotide microarray approach were employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods : CTF-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at $-70^{\circ}C$ until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of CTF-HAS(0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, $20mg/m{\ell}$) for 24 h. Cytotoxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with $1.5mg/m{\ell}$ of CTF-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide genechip (Human genome U133 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). ResuIts : It has no cytotoxic effects on HepG2 cells in all concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, $20mg/m{\ell}$). More than twofold up-regulated genes were 19 genes. The number of more than twofold down-regulated genes was 13. Discussion : This study showed the screening of CTF-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes using combined approaches of oligonucleotide microarray. The screened genes will be used for the better understanding in therapeutic effect of CTF-HAS on cancer field.

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Ameliorative effect of onion (Allium Cepa L.) flesh and peel on amyloid-β-induced cognitive dysfunction via mitochondrial activation (미토콘드리아 활성화를 통한 양파(Allium Cepa L.) 과육 및 과피의 Amyloid-β 유도성 인지손상에 대한 개선효과)

  • Park, Seon Kyeong;Lee, Uk;Kang, Jin Yong;Kim, Jong Min;Shin, Eun Jin;Heo, Ho Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.263-273
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    • 2020
  • In this study, in order to confirm the ameliorative effects of onion (Allium cepa L.) flesh and peel on amyloidbeta (Aβ)-induced cognitive dysfunction, we evaluated their in vitro neuroprotection and in vivo cognitive functions. As the result of in vitro neuroprotection, the protective effect of the ethyl acetate fraction of onion flesh (EOF) on Aβ-induced cytotoxicity was similar to that of the ethyl acetate fraction of onion peel (EOP). In the behavioral tests, the EOF and EOP effectively improved the Aβ-induced learning and memory impairments. For this reason, it could be concluded that the EOF and EOP improved the antioxidant activities (superoxide dismutase, oxidized glutathione/total glutathione, and malondialdehyde) in brain tissue. In addition, the EOF and EOP effectively activated mitochondrial functions by protecting the mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP, mitochondria-mediated protein (BAX and cytochrome c), and caspase 3/7 activities. The EOF and EOP also improved the cholinergic system (acetylcholinesterase and acetylcholine). Therefore, we suggest that onion could be used for management of Aβ-induced cognitive dysfunction.

The role of CD14 and Toll-like receptors on the release of MMP-B in the LPS recognition pathway (지질 다당질 인지경로에서 기질금속단백분해효소-8 분비에 대한 CD14와 Toll-like receptors의 역할 연구)

  • Yang, Seung-Min;Kim, Tae-li;Seol, Yang-Jo;Lee, Yang-Moo;Ku, Young;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Han, Soo-Boo;Rhyu, In-Chul
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.579-590
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    • 2006
  • 1. 연구배경 교원질 분해작용을 하는 호중구의 세포질 효소인 기질금속단백분해효소-8은 치주질환, 류마티스 관절염, 그리고 궤양결장염과 같은 염증성 질환에서 농도가 증가한다고 알려져 있다. 최근에는 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 leukotoxin이 사람호중구에서 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비를 유도하는 것이 보고되었다. 이 연구의 목적은 선천면역 체계에서 세포표면 항원무리14, Toll-like 수용기, 그리고 $NF-{\kappa}$ B경로를 통하여 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도된 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비 여부와 세포기전을 알아보고자 하였다. 2. 연구재료 및 방법 건강한 개인 제공자(남자 13명, 여자 3명)로부터 얻은 개개인의 20ml 말초혈액을 제조사의 지침에 따라 호중구를 추출한 후 항세포표면 항원무리14와 함께 $4^{\circ}C$에서 30분간 전배양 한 후, $37^{\circ}C$에서 9시간 동안 배양시켰다. 추출한 호중구에 Toll-like 수용기 억제제 또는 $NF-{\kappa}$ B억제제인 TPCK를 첨가한 후 $37^{\circ}C$에서 1시간 동안 전배양하고 $37^{\circ}C$에서 9시간 동안 배양시켰다. 호중구에 세포뼈대 억제제인 cholchicine, nocodazole, demecolcine, 그리고 cytochalasin B를 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질과 함께 $37^{\circ}C$에서 9시간 동안 배양시켰다. 기질금속단백분해효소-8 분비량은 효소면역측정법을 통해 결정하였다. 통계처리는 일원배치 분산분석법을 이용하였다(p<0.05). 3. 결과 A. actinomycetemcomitans 지질다당질은 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비를 증가시켰다. 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비는 항세포표면 항원무리14에 의해서 억제되었지만, 항 Toll-like 수용기2, 항 Toll-like 수용기4 항체는 억제시키지 못했다. $NF-{\kappa}$ B 억제제는 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도된 $NF-{\kappa}$ B 결합 활성도와 기질금속단백분해효소-8 분비를 억제하였다. 미세섬유 중합반응 억제제는 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도된 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비를 억제시켰으나, 미세관 중합반응억제제는 억제시키지 못했다. 4. 결론 위의 연구결과를 종합하여 볼 때, 기질금속단백분해효소-8은 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도되며, 세포표면 항원무리-$NF-{\kappa}$ B 경로를 통하여 분비되고, 이 분비 과정은 미세섬유 계통이 관여하는 것으로 보인다.

Synthetic Chenodeoxycholic Acid Derivative HS-1200-Induced Apoptosis of Human Oral Squamous Carcinoma Cells (합성 Chenodeoxycholic Acid 유도체 HS-1200이 유도한 사람구강 편평상피암종세포 세포자멸사 연구)

  • Kim, In-Ryoung;Sohn, Hyeon-Jin;Kim, Gyoo-Cheon;Kwak, Hyun-Ho;Park, Bong-Soo;Choi, Won-Chul;Ko, Myung-Yun;Ahn, Yong-Woo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 2007
  • Bile acids and synthetic its derivatives induced apoptosis in various kinds of cancer cells and anticancer effects. Previous studies have been reported that the synthetic chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) derivatives showed apoptosis inducing activity on various cancer cells in vitro. It wasn't discovered those materials have apoptosis induced effects on YD9 human oral squamous carcinoma cells. The present study was done to examine the synthetic bile acid derivatives(HS-1199, HS-1200) induced apoptosis on YD9 cells and such these apoptosis events. We administered them in culture to YD9 cells. Tested YD9 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as activation of caspase-3, degradation of DFF, production of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase(PARP) cleavage(HS-1200 only), DNA degradation(HS-1200 only), nuclear condensation, inhibition of proteasome activity, reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential(HS-1200 only) and the release of cytochrome c and AIF to cytosol. Between two synthetic CDCA derivatives, HS-1200 showed stronger apoptosis-inducing effect than HS-1199. Therefore HS-1200 was demonstrated to have the most efficient antitumor effect. Taken collectively, we demonstrated that a synthetic CDCA derivative HS-1200 induced caspases-dependent apoptosis via mitochondrial pathway in human oral sqauamous carcinoma cells in vitro. Our data therefore provide the possibility that HS-1200 could be considered as a novel therapeutic strategy for human orall squamous carcinoma from its poweful apoptosis-inducing activity.

Lack of the Association between Microsatellite Polymorphism in Toll-like Receptor 2 Gene and Development of COPD (Toll-like Receptor 2 유전자의 Microsatellite 유전자 다형성과 만성폐쇄성폐질환 발생과의 연관성 결여)

  • Lee, Hee Seok;Lee, Hye Won;Kim, Deog Kyeom;Ko, Dong Seok;Park, Gun Min;Hwang, Yong Il;Lee, Sang-Min;Yoo, Chul Gyu;Kim, Young Whan;Han, Sung Koo;Shim, Young-Soo;Yim, Jae-Joon
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.367-374
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    • 2005
  • Background : The fact that only 10-20% of chronic cigarette smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reflects the presence of genetic factors associated with the susceptibility to COPD. Recently, it was reported that the surfactant protein A increases the secretion of matrix metalloprotease 9, which degrades extracellular matrices of the lung, through a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). In this context, possible role of TLR2 in the pathogenesis of COPD was postulated, and a functional dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in intron II of TLR2 was evaluated for any association with COPD. Method : Male patients with COPD and male smokers with a normal pulmonary function were enrolled in this study. The number of Guanine-Thymine repeats in intron II of the TLR2 gene were counted. Because the distributions of the repeats were trimodal, the alleles were classified into three subclasses, 12-16 repeats: short (S) alleles; 17-22 repeats: medium length (M) alleles; and 23-27 repeats: long (L) alleles. Result : 125 male patients with COPD and 144 age- and gender-matched blood donors with a normal lung function were enrolled. There were no differences in the distribution of each allele subclass (S, M and L) between the COPD and control group (p=0.75). The frequencies of the genotypes with and without each allele subclass in the COPD and control group were similar. Conclusion : A microsatellite polymorphism in intron II of TLR2 gene was not associated with the development of COPD in Koreans.

Antiwrinkle Effects of Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) Extracts on UVB-Irradiated Hairless Mouse Skin (자외선 조사 무모쥐 피부조직에 도포한 애엽(Mugwort) 추출물의 주름개선 효과)

  • Park, Si-Hyang;Hong, Yu-Mi;Choi, Yeung-Joon;Choi, Jin-Ho;Kim, Byung-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.1136-1141
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    • 2008
  • This study was to investigate antiwrinkle effect of mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) methanol extract in hairless mouse skin induced by UVB-irradiation. Hairless mouse were topically treated with the basic lotion alone (control), ascorbic acid (AA-0.5%, AA-1.0%, AA-2.0%, and AA-5.0%) and mugwort extract (ME-0.5%, ME-1.0%, ME-2.0%, and ME-5.0%) dissolved in a basic lotion. After topical treatment of 30 minutes, the animals were irradiated with increasing doses of UVB radiation ($60{\sim}100\;mJ/cm^2$) for 4 weeks. In our experimental condition, skin thickness of hairless mouse was significantly decreased ($12.5{\sim}21.4%$) in all ME groups compared with control group. Ra value, that is surface roughness parameter induced by skin wrinkling, was significantly decreased ($23.7{\sim}31.1%$) in ME-1.0%, 2.0% and 5.0% group compared with control group. Furthermore, Rq, Rz and Rt value were significantly decreased to $11.2{\sim}21.2%$, $19.8%{\sim}24.5%$, and $14.2%{\sim}22.7%$, respectively. Wrinkle formation of ascorbic acid treatment group as reference group was inhibited, but its effect was less than ME treatment. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 activity was significantly inhibited ($19.7{\sim}22.6%$) compared with control group and collagen content was significantly increased (about 10%) when compared with control group. These results indicate that ME could protect skin aging and wrinkle formation in hairless mouse from photo-irradiation.