• Title, Summary, Keyword: MSAT

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Effectiveness of Korean Medical Treatments, Including Motion-Style-Acupuncture-Treatment Using Traction, on Inpatients with Low Back Disability: A Retrospective Chart Review (요추기능제한을 동반한 입원 환자들에게 있어서 견인보행운동요법을 포함한 통합한의치료의 유효성: 후향적 의무기록 분석)

  • Gang, Byeong-gu;Jeon, Se Hwan;Cho, Yongkyu;Lee, Keunjae;Yoon, Youngsuk;Kim, Jongho;Lee, Won Jun;Han, Subin;Kum, Chang Jun;Koh, Wonil
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2018
  • Objectives Low back disability, along with low back pain, places a significant social burden in terms of work loss and medical expenses. Motion-Style-Acupuncture-Treatment using Traction (T-MSAT) is employed as one of the conservative treatments to such conditions. In the present study, effectiveness of Korean Medical treatments, including T-MSAT, was investigated in inpatients with low back disability and low back pain. Methods Among the patients who were admitted between January 2018 to June 2018 with disabled low back function, ones that were treated with T-MSAT were identified. Pain and function were compared at the point of admission and discharge, using Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), respectively. Results Over the hospitalization period of 34.55 days, pain intensity significantly decreased from NRS score of 6.14 to 3.26 and low back function also significantly improved from ODI score of 50.93 to 33.73 upon receiving Korean Medical treatments including T-MSAT. Conclusions Korean Medical treatments including T-MSAT were found to be effective in inpatients with low back disability with a statistical significance. To evaluate the sole effectiveness of T-MSAT, rigorous clinical trials are necessitated in future.

The Comparative Study on the Effect of Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment Using Sandbag in Lumbar Disc Herniation with Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial (요통을 동반한 요추 추간판 탈출증 환자에 대한 Sandbag Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment 호전도 비교 연구: 무작위배정 대조군연구)

  • Huh, Suk-won;Yun, Yong-il;Lee, Dong-hyun;Yoo, Hyung-jin;Jeong, Seong-hyun;Park, Joon;Lee, Hyun-ho;Lee, Seung-hee;Jung, Bum-hwan
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag regarding low back pain with HIVD of L-SPINE. Methods Forty patients received inpatient treatment from March 16 to May 16, 2015 in the Daejon-Jaseng oriental medicine hospital were divided into 2 groups by blocked randomization: Group A (n=20) is routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE with MSAT using Sandbag and Group B (n=20) is routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE (acupuncture, Shinbaro pharmacopuncture, herb medication, chuna treatment and physiotherapy). The MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag was administered each day and both groups were received routine treatment each day. Evaluations were made before treatment, after 3 days and 7 days, and before discharge using the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index). The statistically significance was evaluated by SPSS 22.0 for windows. Results The NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of both A and B groups after 3, 7 days and before discharge of treatment significantly decreased (p<0.05). Regarding group comparison, the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3, 7 days, before discharge (p<0.05). Regarding improvement of the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index), A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3 day (NRS), 7 day (ODI) (p<0.05). There was significant difference between two groups at 7 days (NRS) and before discharge (p<0.05). Conclusions Compared to routine treatment, the MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) using Sandbag significantly improved the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) after 3, 7 days, and before discharge. Because early intervention determines the grade of Low back pain with HIVD of L-SPINE, the MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag will be clinically helpful to patients at the early stage.

Analyzing Spatial and Temporal Variation of Ground Surface Temperature in Korea (국내 지면온도의 시공간적 변화 분석)

  • Koo Min-Ho;Song Yoon-Ho;Lee Jun-Hak
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.255-268
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    • 2006
  • Recent 22-year (1981-2002) meteorological data of 58 Korea Meteorological Adminstration (KMA) station were analyzed to investigate spatial and temporal variation of surface air temperature (SAT) and ground surface temperature (GST) in Korea. Based on the KMA data, multiple linear regression (MLR) models, having two regression variables of latitude and altitude, were presented to predict mean surface air temperature (MSAT) and mean ground surface temperature (MGST). Both models showed a high accuracy of prediction with $R^2$ values of 0.92 and 0.94, respectively. The prediction of MGST is particularly important in the areas of geothermal energy utilization, since it is a critical parameter of input for designing the ground source heat pump system. Thus, due to a good performance of the MGST regression model, it is expected that the model can be a useful tool for preliminary evaluation of MGST in the area of interest with no reliable data. By a simple linear regression, temporal variation of SAT was analyzed to examine long-term increase of SAT due to the global warming and the urbanization effect. All of the KMA stations except one showed an increasing trend of SAT with a range between 0.005 and $0.088^{\circ}C/yr$ and a mean of $0.043^{\circ}C/yr$. In terms of meteorological factors controlling variation of GST, the effects of solar radiation, terrestrial radiation, precipitation, and snow cover were also discussed based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of the meteorological data.

Seismic performance evaluation for steel MRF: non linear dynamic and static analyses

  • Calderoni, B.;Rinaldi, Z.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.113-128
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    • 2002
  • The performance of steel MRF with rigid connections, proportioned by adopting different capacity design criteria, is evaluated in order to highlight the effectiveness of static non-linear procedure in predicting the structural seismic behavior. In the framework of the performance-based design, some considerations are made on the basis of the results obtained by both dynamic time histories and push-over analyses, particularly with reference to the damage level and the structure ability to withstand a strong earthquake.

Case Study: A Preservice Teacher's Belief Changes Represented as Constructivist Profile

  • Kwak, Young-Sun
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.795-821
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    • 2001
  • This Qualitative study investigated a preservice teacher's developing views of learning with the influence of constructivist epistemology taught in the Math, Science, and Technology Education (MSAT) Master of Education (M. Ed.) preservice teacher education program. The MSAT teacher education program employs constructivist aspects of teacher education and generates applications of constructivism to the practice of teaching, as revealed by faculty interview data. It is important at this point to emphasize that there are significant epistemological and ontological differences between different versions of educational constructivism (i.e., individual, radical, and social constructivism) and that these differences imply different pedagogical practices. For the 16 preservice teachers included in a larger study, the epistemological and ontological characteristics for each teacher's developing views of learning were identified through four in-depth interviews. Data from interviews were used to construct a constructivist profile for each preservice teacher's views of learning (i.e., a profile containing ontological beliefs, epistemological commitments, and pedagogical beliefs). Of the sixteen participants in the larger study, five significantly changed ontological and epistemological beliefs and eleven did not. Profile changes for the five who did change also resulted in changes in their conceptions of science teaching and learning (CSTL). In this article, one of the five teachers case was presented with rich quotes. This case study documents how a preservice teacher transferred his ontological and epistemological beliefs to his pedagogical beliefs and maintained the consistency between his philosophical beliefs and CSTL. It also demonstrated implications that changes in components for an educational constructivist profile have for a preservice teacher's view of himself as teacher. Data indicated the possibility that a constructivist-oriented preservice teacher education program can influence students' conceptions of science teaching and learning by explicitly introducing constructivism as an epistemology rather than as a specific method of instruction. Implications for both instructional practices of teacher education programmes and research are discussed.

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Magnetism in Ni-W textured substrates for coated conductors

  • Song K. J.;Park Y. M.;Yang J. S.;Kim S. W.;Ko R. K.;Kim H. S.;Ha H. S;Oh S. S.;Park C.;Joo J. H.;Kim C. J.
    • Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.7-10
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    • 2005
  • The magnetic properties of a series of both annealed (biaxially textured) and as-rolled (non-textured) Ni-xW alloy tapes with compositions x = 0,1,3, and 5 at.$\%$, were studied. Characterization methods included XRD analyses to investigate the biaxial cube texturing of the annealed Ni-W alloy tapes and studies of the magnetization M for both annealed and as-rolled Ni-W alloy tapes. Both the isothermal mass magnetizations M(H) of a series of samples at different fixed temperatures and M(T) in fixed field, employing a PPMS-9 (Quantum Design), were measured. The Ni-W alloys have shown much reduced ferromagnetism as W-content x increases. Both the saturation magnetization Msat and Curie temperature Tc decrease linearly with W-content x, and both Msat and Tc go to zero at critical concentration of Xc - 9.50 at. $\%$ W.

A Case Report of Superior Labrum from Anterior to Posterior Tear Patient Treated with Shinbaro Pharmacopuncture and Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment (MSAT) (신바로 약침과 동작침법을 이용한 상부 관절와순 파열 환자 치험1례)

  • Kwon, Ok-Jun;Kim, Gil-Hwan;Ju, Yeong-Guk;Seo, Ji-Yeon;Song, Kwang-Chan;Ryu, Won-Hyung;Jeon, Yong-Hyun;Kim, Ju-Won
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to report the improved case of superior labrum from anterior to posterior tear patient treated with Shinbaro pharmacopuncture and motion style acupuncture treatment. We used Shinbaro pharmacopucture, motion style acupuncture treatment and other korean medicine treatment for this patient. This case is measured and assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS), shoulder range of motion (ROM) and shoulder physical examination (Neer test, O'Brien test). After treatment, VAS decreased and the patient showed improvement of range of motion. Also physical examination of shoulder was improved. Shinbaro pharmacopuncture and motion style acupuncture treatment are thought to be helpful to relieve pain and recover function on shoulder joints, although further study is needed.