• Title, Summary, Keyword: Magnetic resonance image

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Breast Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) Guideline: Breast Imaging Study Group of Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Recommendations

  • Choi, Seon Hyeong;Kang, Bong Joo;Jung, Seung Eun
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.205-208
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to establish an appropriate protocol for breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the discipline of image quality standards. The intention of the protocol is to increase effectiveness of medical image information exchange involved in construction, activation, and exchange of clinical information for healthcare.

Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Characteristics and Images of Korean Red Ginseng (홍삼의 자기공명 특성과 영상 분석)

  • 김성민;임종국
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 2003
  • In this study, the feasibility of magnetic resonance techniques for nondestructive internal quality evaluation of Korean red ginseng was examined. Relaxation time constants were measured using various grades of red ginsengs. Solid state magnetic resonance imaging technique was applied to image dried red ginsengs which have low moisture contents (about 13%). A 7 tesla magnetic resonance imaging system operating at a proton resonant frequency of 300 ㎒ was used for acquiring MR images of dried Korean red ginseng. The comparison test of cross cut digital images and magnetic resonance images of heaven grade, good grade with cavity inside, and good grade with white part inside red ginseng suggested the feasibility of the internal quality evaluation of Korean red ginsengs using MRI techniques. A good grade red ginseng included abnormal tissues such as cavities or white parts inside was observed by the signal intensity of MR image based on magnetic resonance properties of proton nucleus. Analysis on an one dimensional profile of acquired MR image of Korean red ginseng showed easy discrimination of normal and abnormal tissues. MR techniques suggested ways to detect internal defects of red ginsengs effectively.

The Utility Evaluation of Reconstructed 3-D Images by Maximum Intensity Projection in Magnetic Resonance Mammography and Cholangiopancreatography

  • Cho, Jae-Hwan;Lee, Hae-Kag;Park, Cheol-Soo;Kim, Ham-Gyum;Baek, Jong-Geun;Kim, Eng-Chan
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.365-371
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of 3-D images by comparing and analyzing reconstructed 3-D images from fast spin echo images of MRI cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) images using maximum intensity projection (MIP) with the subtraction images derived from dynamic tests of magnetic resonance mammography. The study targeted 20 patients histologically diagnosed with pancreaticobiliary duct disease and 20 patients showing pancreaticobiliary duct diseases, where dynamic breast MR (magnetic resonance) images, fast spin echo imaged of pancreaticobiliary duct, and 3-D reconstitution images using a 1.5T MR scanner and 3.0T MR scanner were taken. As a result of the study, the signal-to-noise ratio in the subtracted breast image before and after administering the contrast agent and in the reconstructed 3-D breast image showed a high ratio in the reconstructed image of lesional tissue, relevant tissue, and fat tissue. However, no statistically meaningful differences were found in the contrast-to-noise ratio of the two images. In the case of the MRCP image, no differences were found in the ratios of the fast spin echo image and reconstructed 3-D image.

Two-Dimensional Image-Based Respiratory Navigator for Free-Breathing Coronary Magnetic Resonance Angiography

  • Shin, Taehoon
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To develop a two-dimensional (2D) image-based respiratory motion correction technique for free-breathing coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Materials and Methods: The proposed respiratory navigator obtained aliased a 2D sagittal image from under-sampled k-space data and utilized motion correlation between the aliased images. The proposed navigator was incorporated into the conventional coronary MRA sequence including the diaphragm navigator and tested in three healthy subjects. Results: The delineation of major coronary arteries was significantly improved using the proposed 2D motion correction (S/I and A/P) compared to one-dimensional (S/I) correction using the conventional diaphragm navigator. Conclusion: The 2D image-based respiratory navigator was proposed for free-breathing coronary angiography and showed the potential for improving respiratory motion correction compared to the conventional 1D correction.

Cerebral Air Embolism: a Case Report with an Emphasis of its Pathophysiology and MRI Findings

  • Kang, Se Ri;Choi, See Sung;Jeon, Se Jeong
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.70-74
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    • 2019
  • Cerebral air embolism (CAE) is a rare complication of various medical procedures. It manifests with symptoms similar to those of typical acute cerebral infarction, however the treatment is quite different. We present a case of arterial CAE that was associated with a disconnected central venous catheter and appeared as punctate dark signal intensities with aliasing artifacts on the susceptibility-weighted filtered phase magnetic resonance image. The susceptibility-weighted filtered phase image can be helpful for diagnosing CAE and the magnetic resonance imaging reflects the pathophysiology of CAE.

Extraforaminal Extrusion of Intervertebral Disc Misdiagnosed as Neurogenic Tumor: a Case Report

  • Chun, Se-Woong;Park, Young-Seop;Heo, Won;Baek, Kyeonghee;Moon, Jin Il
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.109-113
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    • 2017
  • A 55-year-old male presented with dysesthesia of the right anteromedial thigh. A magnetic resonance image revealed a globular mass at the right extraforaminal area of the L3/4 level. Based on the diagnosis of neurogenic tumor, surgical excision was performed. The surgical impression and pathology confirmed extrusion of intervertebral disc. In a retrospective review of the magnetic resonance image, we noticed a fibrillary pattern directed from the intervertebral disc space to the lesion, and disrupted annulus fibrosus and indentation caused by the ring apophysis. We suggest aforementioned features, indicative of intervertebral disc lesions, to be checked when interpreting mass lesions around the intervertebral foramen.

Magnetic resonance imaging-transrectal ultrasound fusion image-guided prostate biopsy: Current status of the cancer detection and the prospects of tailor-made medicine of the prostate cancer

  • Shoji, Sunao
    • Investigative and Clinical Urology
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.4-13
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    • 2019
  • Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has been increasingly used to diagnose clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) because of its growing availability and its ability to combine anatomical and functional data. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) fusion imaging provides MRI information with TRUS images for prostate biopsies. This technique combines the superior sensitivity of MRI for targeting suspicious lesions with the practicality and familiarity of TRUS. MRI-TRUS fusion image-guided prostate biopsy is performed with different types of image registration (rigid vs. elastic) and needle tracking methods (electromagnetic tracking vs. mechanical position encoders vs. image-based software tracking). A systematic review and meta-analysis showed that MRI-targeted biopsy detected csPCa at a significantly higher rate than did TRUS-guided biopsy, while it detected significantly fewer cases of insignificant PCas. In addition to the high accuracy of MRI-targeted biopsy for csPCa, localization of csPCa is accurate. The ability to choose the route of biopsy (transperineal vs. transrectal) is required, depending on the patients' risk and the location and size of suspicious lesions on mpMRI. Fusion image-guided prostate biopsy has the potential to allow precise management of prostate cancer, including active surveillance, radical treatment, and focal therapy.

Morphologic Assessment of Corpus Callosum in the Patient of Alzheimer Disease using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  • Seoung, Youl-Hun;Choe, Bo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.84-95
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the measurement of corpus callosum (CC) size in the Alzheimer patient by using magnetic resonance (MR) midsagittal image. We performed MR scanning in 20 normal high age group, and in 20 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) group, and in 20 Alzheimer disease (AD) group. The following parameters were employed in AD group: TRITE/FA 6650ms/66ms/$90^{\circ}$, NEX 2, Thickness/Gap 2/0, FOV 220mm. The magnetic field strength was used at 3.0 Tesla. We selected midsagittal image of the brain by using view forum program, measured CC size, which were anteroposterior length, diameter of genu, body, narrowing portion, and splenium. The present study demonstrates that CC size of Alzheimer disease can be useful for clinical assessment concerning the diameter of genu, body, and splenium.