• Title, Summary, Keyword: Magnetically suspended sensitive gyroscope (MSSG)

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Real-Time Compensation of Errors Caused by the Flux Density Non-uniformity for a Magnetically Suspended Sensitive Gyroscope

  • Chaojun, Xin;Yuanwen, Cai;Yuan, Ren;Yahong, Fan;Yongzhi, Su
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.315-325
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    • 2017
  • Magnetically suspended sensitive gyroscopes (MSSGs) provide an interesting alternative for achieving precious attitude angular measurement. To effectively reduce the measurement error caused by the non-uniformity of the air-gap flux density in a MSSG, this paper proposes a novel compensation method based on measuring and modeling of the air-gap flux density. The angular velocity measurement principle and the structure of the MSSG are described, and then the characteristic of the air-gap flux density has been analyzed in detail. Next, to compensate the flux density distribution error and improve the measurement accuracy of the MSSG, a real-time compensation method based on the online measurement with hall probes is designed. The common issues caused by the non-uniformity of the air-gap flux density can be effectively resolved by the proposed method in high-precision magnetically suspended configurations. Comparative simulation results before and after compensation have verified the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed compensation method.

Analysis, Modeling and Compensation of Dynamic Imbalance Error for a Magnetically Suspended Sensitive Gyroscope

  • Xin, Chaojun;Cai, Yuanwen;Ren, Yuan;Fan, Yahong;Xu, Guofeng;Lei, Xu
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.529-536
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    • 2016
  • Magnetically suspended sensitive gyroscopes (MSSGs) provide an interesting alternative for achieving precious attitude angular measurement. To effectively reduce the measurement error caused by dynamic imbalance, this paper proposes a novel compensation method based on analysis and modeling of the error for a MSSG. Firstly, the angular velocity measurement principle of the MSSG is described. Then the analytical model of dynamic imbalance error has been established by solving the complex coefficient differential dynamic equations of the rotor. The generation mechanism and changing regularity of the dynamic imbalance error have been revealed. Next, a compensation method is designed to compensate the dynamic imbalance error and improve the measurement accuracy of the MSSG. The common issues caused by dynamic imbalance can be effectively resolved by the proposed method in gyroscopes with a levitating rotor. Comparative simulation results before and after compensation have verified the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed compensation method.

Compensation On-line of Errors Caused by Rotor Centrifugal Deformation for a Magnetically Suspended Sensitive Gyroscope

  • Xin, Chao-Jun;Cai, Yuan-Wen;Ren, Yuan;Fan, Ya-Hong
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1030-1041
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this paper is to design a centrifugal deformation error compensation method with guaranteed performance that allows angular velocity measurement of the magnetically suspended sensitive gyroscopes (MSSGs). The angular velocity measurement principle and the structure of the MSSG are described, and the analytical model of errors caused by MSSG rotor centrifugal deformation is established. Then, an on-line rotor centrifugal deformation error compensation method based on measurement of rotor spinning speed in real-time has been designed. The common issues caused by centrifugal deformation of spinning rotors can be effectively resolved by the proposed method. Comparative experimental results before and after compensation demonstrate the validity and superiority of the error compensation method.

Modeling and Analysis of Drift Error in a MSSG with Double Spherical Envelope Surfaces

  • Xin, Chaojun;Cai, Yuanwen;Ren, Yuan;Fan, Yahong
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.356-363
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    • 2016
  • To improve the sensing accuracy of the newly developed magnetically suspended sensitive gyroscope (MSSG), it is necessary to analyze the causes of drift error. This paper build the models of disturbing torques generated by stator assembly errors based on the geometric construction of the MSSG with double spherical envelope surfaces, and further reveals the generation mechanism of the drift error. Then the drift error from a single stator magnetic pole is calculated quantitatively with the established model, and the key factors producing the drift error are further discussed. It is proposed that the main approaches in reducing the drift error are guaranteeing the rotor envelope surface to be an ideal spherical and improving the controlling precision of rotor displacement. The common problems associated in a gyroscope with a spherical rotor can be effectively resolved by the proposed method.