• Title, Summary, Keyword: Magnetoelectric (ME)

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Load Resistance Influence of Magnetoelectric Characteristics on NiZnFe2O4+PZT Composites for Magnetoelectric Sensors

  • Ryu, Ji-Goo;Chung, Su-Tae
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.379-386
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    • 2013
  • The influences of the load resistance $R_L$ on the magnetoelectric (ME) characteristics of $NiZnFe_2O_4+PZT$ composite were investigated in the non-resonance frequency range. The ME coefficient peak increases with increasing $R_L$, but the frequency indicating the ME coefficient peak decreases with increasing $R_L$. The maximum output power peak is approximately $9.3{\times}10^{-10}mW/Oe$ near $R_L=3.3M{\Omega}$ at f=280 Hz, and the ME coefficient seems to be saturated at $R_L>20M{\Omega}$. This frequency shift effect of $R_L$ shows that the frequency range for an ME sensor application can be modulated with the appropriate value of $R_L$. The ME output voltage has a good linear response to the ac field Hac and shows fair stability over a range of temperatures. The measured non-linearity of this sample is approximately 0.8%. This sample will allow for a low-strength magnetic ac-field sensor. The result from this sample will serve as basic data for a signal-processing circuit system.

Magnetic-field Sensitivity of PMN-PZT/Ni Magnetoelectric Composite with Piezoelectric Single Crystal Mode Changes (PMN-PZT/Ni 자기-전기 복합체에서 단결정 압전 모드에 따른 자기장 감도 특성)

  • Park, Sojeong;Peddigari, Mahesh;Ryu, Jungho
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2020
  • Magnetoelectric (ME) composites were designed using the PMN-PZT single crystal and Ni foils; the properties and magnetic-field sensitivities of ME composites with different piezoelectric vibration modes (i.e., 31, 32, and 36 modes that depend on the crystal orientation of the single crystal) were compared. In the off-resonance condition, the ME coupling properties of the ME composites with the 32 and 36 piezoelectric vibration modes were better than those of the ME composites with the 31 piezoelectric vibration mode. However, in the resonance condition, the ME coupling properties of the ME composites were almost similar, irrespective of the piezoelectric vibration mode. Additionally, in the off-resonance condition (at 1 kHz), the magnetic-field sensitivity of the ME composites with the 36 piezoelectric vibration mode was up to 2 nT and those of the ME composites with the 31 and 32 piezoelectric vibration modes were up to 5 nT. These magnetic-field sensitivities are similar to those offered by conventional high-sensitivity magnetic-field sensors; the potential of the proposed sensor to replace costly and bulky high-sensitivity magnetic field sensors is significant.

Effect of Dimension Control of Piezoelectric Layer on the Performance of Magnetoelectric Laminate Composite

  • Cho, Kyung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.611-614
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    • 2018
  • Laminate composites composed of $0.95Pb(Zr_{0.52}Ti_{0.48})O_3-0.05Pb(Mn_{1/3}Sb_{2/3})O_3$ piezoelectric ceramic and Fe-Si-B based magnetostrictive amorphous alloy are fabricated, and the effect of control of the areal dimensions and the thickness of the piezoelectric layer on the magnetoelectric(ME) properties of the laminate composites is studied. As the aspect ratio of the piezoelectric layer and the magnetostrictive layer increases, the maximum value of the ME voltage coefficient(${\alpha}_{ME}$) increases and the intensity of the DC magnetic field at which the maximum ${\alpha}_{ME}$ value appears decreases. Moreover, as the thickness of the piezoelectric layer decreases, ${\alpha}_{ME}$ tends to increase. The ME composites exhibit ${\alpha}_{ME}$ values higher than $1Vcm^{-1}Oe^{-1}$ even at the non-resonance frequency of 1 kHz. This study shows that, apart from the inherent characteristics of the piezoelectric composition, small thicknesses and high aspect ratios of the piezoelectric layer are important dimensional determinants for achieving high ME performance of the piezoelectric-magnetostrictive laminate composite.

A High-sensitivity Passive Magnetic Transducer Based on PZT Plates and a Fe-Ni Fork Substrate

  • Li, Ping;Wen, Yumei;Jia, Chaobo;Li, Xinshen
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.271-275
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    • 2011
  • This paper proposes a magnetoelectric (ME) composite transducer structure consisting of a magnetostrictive H-type Fe-Ni fork substrate and piezoelectric PZT plates. The fork composite structure has a higher ME voltage coefficient compared to other ME composite structures due to the higher quality (Q) factor. The ME sensitivity of the fork structure reaches 12 V/Oe (i.e., 150 V/cm Oe). The fork composite with two PZT plates electrically connected in series exhibits over 5 times higher ME voltage coefficient than the output of the rectangle structure in the same size. The experiment shows the composite of a Fe-Ni fork substrate and PZT plates has a significantly enhanced ME voltage coefficient and a higher ME sensitivity relative to the prior sandwiched composite laminates. By the use of a lock-in amplifier with 10 nV resolution, this transducer can detect a weak magnetic field of less than $10^{-12}$ T. This transducer can also be designed for a magnetoelectric energy harvester due to its passive high-efficiency ME energy conversion.

Effect of Bias Magnetic Field on Magnetoelectric Characteristics in Magnetostrictive/Piezoelectric Laminate Composites

  • Chen, Lei;Luo, Yulin
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.347-352
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    • 2015
  • The magnetoelectric (ME) characteristics for Terfenol-D/PZT laminate composite dependence on bias magnetic field is investigated. At low frequency, ME response is determined by the piezomagnetic coefficient $d_{33,m}$ and the elastic compliance $s_{33}^H$ of magnetostrictive material, $d_{33,m}$ and $s_{33}^H$ for Terfenol-D are inherently nonlinear and dependent on $H_{dc}$, leading to the influence of $H_{dc}$ on low-frequency ME voltage coefficient. At resonance, the mechanical quality factor $Q_m$ dependences on $H_{dc}$ results in the differences between the low-frequency and resonant ME voltage coefficient with $H_{dc}$. In terms of ${\Delta}E$ effect, the resonant frequency shift is derived with respect to the bias magnetic field. Considering the nonlinear effect of magnetostrictive material and $Q_m$ dependence on $H_{dc}$c, it predicts the low-frequency and resonant ME voltage coefficients as a function of the dc bias magnetic field. A good agreement between the theoretical results and experimental data is obtained and it is found that ME characteristics dependence on $H_{dc}$ are mainly influenced by the nonlinear effect of magnetostrictive material.

Electric Circuits Modeling of Magnetoelectric Bulk Composites in Low Frequency (ME 소자의 저주파 등가회로 모델링)

  • Chung, Su-Tae;Ryu, Ji-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.515-521
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    • 2013
  • Magnetoelectric(ME) bulk composites with PZT-PNN-PZN/$Fe_2O_4$ were prepared by using a conventional ceramic methods and investigated on the ME voltage vs frequency of ac magnetic fields. We made the electric equivalent circuits by using the Maxwell-Wagner model and simulated the frequency dependence of ME voltage in low frequency region. ME devices were described by a series of two equivalent circuits of piezoelectric and magnetic, which have the relaxation time ${\tau}$ due to the interaction between ME device and load resistor. Equivalent circuit of piezoelectric material is independent of frequency. However ferrite magnetic materials have Debye absorption and dipolar dispersion, whose equivalent circuit is a function of frequency. Therefore we suggest the resistance in the equivalent circuit is proportion to $1+{\omega}^2{\tau}^2$ and the capacitance is in inverse proportion to $1+{\omega}^2{\tau}^2$ in the magnetic materials.

Magnetoelectric Effects in (Bi,La)FeO3-PbTiO3 Ceramics ((Bi,La)FeO3-PbTiO3 세라믹스의 자전효과)

  • Lee Eun Gu;Lee Jong Kook;Jang Woo Yang;Kim Sun Jae;Lee Jae Gab
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.121-125
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    • 2005
  • Magnetoelectric (ME) effects for lanthanum modified $BiFeO_3-PbTiO_3\;(BE-_xPT)$ solid solutions have been investigated. The value of magnetoelectric polarization coefficient, up is 10 times greater than that of $Cr_2O_3$. The results also show that up is due to a linear coupling between polarization and magnetization, and that up is independent of do magnetic bias and ac magnetic field. The ME effect is believed to be significantly enhanced due to breaking of the cycloidal spin state of a long-period spiral spin structure, via randomly distributed charged imperfections.

A New Vibration Energy Harvester Using Magnetoelectric Transducer

  • Yang, Jin;Wen, Yumei;Li, Ping;Dai, Xianzhi;Li, Ming
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.150-156
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    • 2011
  • Magnetoelectric (ME) transducers were originally intended for magnetic field sensors but have recently been used in vibration energy harvesting. In this paper, a new broadband vibration energy harvester has been designed and fabricated to be efficiently applicable over a range of source frequencies, which consists of two cantilever beams, two magnetoelectric (ME) transducers and a magnetic circuit. The effects of the structure parameters, such as the non-linear magnetic forces of the ME transducers and the magnetic field distribution of the magnetic circuit, are analyzed for achieving the optimal vibration energy harvesting performances. A prototype is fabricated and tested, and the experimental results on the performances show that the harvester has bandwidths of 5.6 Hz, and a maximum power of 0.25 mW under an acceleration of 0.2 g (with g = $9.8\;ms^2$).

Magnetoelectric Characteristics on Layered Ni-PZT-Ni, Co, Fe Composites for Magnetic Field Sensor (자기센서용 Ni-PZT-Ni, Co, Fe 적층구조 소자의 ME 특성)

  • Ryu, Ji-Goo;Jeon, Seong-Jeub
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.92-98
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    • 2015
  • The magnetoelectric characteristics on layered Ni-PZT-Ni, Co, Fe composites by epoxy bonding for magnetic field sensor were investigated in the low-frequency range. The ME coefficient of Ni-PZT-Ni, Ni-PZT-Co and Ni-PZT-Fe composites reaches a maximum of $200mV/cm{\cdot}Oe$ at $H_{dc}=110$ Oe, $106mV/cm{\cdot}Oe$ at $H_{dc}=90$ Oe and $87mV/cm{\cdot}Oe$ at $H_{dc}=160$ Oe, respectively. A trend of ME charateristics on Ni-PZT-Co, Ni-PZT-Fe composites was similar to that of Ni-PZT-Ni composites. The ME output voltage shows linearly proportional to ac field $H_{ac}$ and is about 0~150 mV at $H_{ac}$=0~7 Oe and f=110 Hz in the typical Ni-PZT-Ni sample. The frequency shift effect due to the load resistance $R_L$ shows that the frequency range for magnetic field sensor application can be modulated with appropriate load resistance $R_L$. This sample will allow for a low-magnetic ac field sensor in the low-frequency (near f=110 Hz).

The Dumb-bell Shaped Magnetostrictive/Piezoelectric Transducer

  • Li, Jianzhong;Wen, Yumei;Li, Ping
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.461-465
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    • 2011
  • Traditional magnetostrictive/piezoelectric laminate composites are generally in the regular geometries such as rectangles or disks. To explore properties of the irregular geometry magnetostrictive/piezoelectric transducer in the fundamental resonant frequency, a step dumb-bell shaped Magnetoelectric (ME) transducer is presented in this study. Both analytical and experimental investigations are carried out for the dumb-bell shaped transducer in the fundamental frequency. Comparing with the traditional rectangular transducer, the theory shows the resonant frequency of dumb-bell shaped transducer is reduced 31%, and the experiment gives the result of that is 37% which is independent of dc magnetic fields. The ratio of magnetoelectric voltage coefficient (MEVC) between the dumb-bell shaped and rectangular shaped transducers in theory is 66% comparing with that of in experiment is varying from 140% to 33% when the dc field is increased from 0 Oe to 118 Oe.