• Title, Summary, Keyword: Malocclusion

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A STUDY ON THE DIFFERENCE OF THE SKELETAL MATURITY IN NORMAL OCCLUSION AND MALOCCLUSION (정상교합자와 부정교합자의 골성숙도 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Suk Hoon;Chung, Kyu Rhim
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the relationship of skeletal maturity among the normal occlusion group and each malocclusion groups, the author used hand and wrist X-ray of 133 Korean 13 year old boys (normal occlusion 30, Class I malocclusion 35, Class II malocclusion 35 and Class III malocclusion 33) and assessed their skeletal maturity. In this study, fourteen skeletal maturity stages were selected from; Radius, Hamate, Pisiform, Ulnar sesamoid of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the first thumb, proximal phalanges of the first, second and third finger, middle and distal phalanx of the third finger. The difference of skeletal maturity of each malocclusion groups in relative to normal occlusion group and that of each malocclusion groups were analyzed. The findings of this study can be summerized as follows: 1. Average skeletal maturity stage of each groups were MP3cap stage in normal occlusion group, H-2 stage in Class I malocclusion group, midstage between S and H-2 stage in Class II malocclusion group, MP3cap stage in Class III malocclusion group. 2. There was no significant difference in skeletal maturity of Class I malocclusion and Class III malocclusion groups in relative to normal occlusion group. 3. There was significant retardation of skeletal maturity in Class II malocclusion group in relative to normal occlusion group. 4. There was no significant difference in skeletal maturity between Class I and Class II malocclusion groups. 5. There was no significant difference in skeletal maturity between Class I and Class III malocclusion groups. 6. There was significant retardation of skeletal maturity in Class II malocclusion group in relative to Class III malocclusion group.

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MANDIBULAR TOOTH DEVELOPMENT BETWEEN ANGLE CLASS I MALOCCLUSION GROUP AND ANGLE CLASS III MALOCCLUSION GROUP (Angle씨 III급 부정교합군과 Angle씨 I급 사이의 하악치아발달에 관한 비교연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Hyup;Rhee, Byung-Tae
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.553-564
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study was to compare mandibular teeth development of Angle Class I malocclusion group with that of Angle Class III malocclusion group. The studied subjects consisted of 217 Angle Class I malocclusion patients and 235 Angle Class III malocclusion patients. Two study methods were used. One was to evaluate tooth development degree by means of Nolla stage method, the others was to measure tooth length on panoramic radiograph. The following results were obtained, in 7, 8 and 9 years, tooth development of Angle Class III malocclusion group was significantly faster than that of Angle Class I malocclusion group. in 6 year and 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 years, the difference of tooth development degree between Angle Class III malocclusion group was not significant.

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THE VARIATION OF MANDIBULAR PATTERN AND CRANIAL BASE ANGLE IN CRANIOFACIAL MALOCCLUSION (부정교합의 유형에 따른 두개저와 하악골의 형태에 환한 연구)

  • Kwon, Ki-Youl;Lee, Ki-Soo;Chung, Kyu-Rim
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 1986
  • This study was designed to investigate the variation of mandibular pattern and cranial base and their association in the craniofacial malocclusion. The material was the 165 cephalometric radiographs taken from craniofacial malocclusion. The sample was devided into two groups by age child group aged from 10 to 13 years and adult group aged over 18 years, and each group was devided into 3 types of malocclusion; class I, Class II div. 1 and Class III malocclusion. Child group consist of 35 samples and adult group consist of 20 samples in each malocclusion type. Various angular and linear measurements on the cephalometric radiographs were recorded and statistically analyzed. The results of the study were as follows; 1. The cranial base angle was largest in Class II div. 1 malocclusion and smallest in Class III malocclusion 2. The anterior cranial base length was largest in Class II div. 1 malocclusion but posterior cranial base length did not show statistical difference. 3. The mandibular body length of Class III malocclusion was larger than those of Class I and Class II div. 1 malocclusion in the adult group but did not shown difference in the child group. The ramus height of Class III malocclusion was larger than those of Class I and Class II div. 1 malocclusion in the child and adult group, but there were no difference between Class I and Class II div. 1 malocclusion. 4. The mandibular position was showed low correlation with the cranial base angele.

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Estimation of the prevalence of malocclusion on the basis of nationwide oral health examinations of pre-adolescent and adolescent students during 2012-2017

  • Hong, Mihee;Kyung, Hee-Moon;Park, Hyo-Sang;Yu, Won-Jae;Baek, Seung-Hak
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.197-205
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    • 2020
  • Objective: To investigate the prevalence of malocclusion with respect to grade, sex, and year among Korean pre-adolescent and adolescent students during 2012-2017. Methods: A total of 165,996 students (first grade [E1, 6-7 years of age], fourth grade [E4, 9-10 years], seventh grade [M1, 12-13 years], and tenth grade [H1, 15-16 years]) were selected by stratified sampling method and underwent the nationwide oral health examination performed by the Ministry of Education, Republic of Korea. The malocclusion assessments based on dentists' judgments were "no malocclusion," "needs orthodontic treatment (N-OTx)," and "under orthodontic treatment (U-OTx)." The sum of N-OTx and U-OTx cases was determined as the number of students with malocclusion. After analyzing the prevalence of malocclusion according to grade, sex, and year-by-year differences, Pearson correlation analyses and two-way analyses of variance were performed. Results: The prevalence of malocclusion was 18.7%, which increased with the grades (E1 [8.3%] < E4 [15.8%] < M1 [22.9%] < H1 [25.3%], p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of malocclusion in each grade group for the period (p > 0.05) without significant correlation (E1, ρ = 0.129; E4, ρ = -0.495; M1, ρ = 0.406; H1, ρ = -0.383; all p > 0.05). The prevalence of malocclusion within each grade group over the six-year period was more prominent in the female (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Further studies are necessary to modify the malocclusion assessment method to account for specific types of malocclusion in pre-adolescent and adolescent students.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON CRANIOFACIAL SKELETON BETWEEN ANGLE'S CLASS III MALOCCLUSION AND NORMAL OCCLUSION (Angle씨 제III급 부정교합의 두개 및 악안면 경조직에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sei-Jin;Ryu, Young-Kyu
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 1987
  • This is to investigate the difference between craniofacial correlation of Angle's class III malocclusion and that of normal occlusion. For this investigation, 28 adult males and famales, who have class III malocclusion, and 35 adult males and 46 adult famals., who have normal occlusion were selected to measure actual dimension of cranial base and to investigate ratio of various parts of maxillofacial skeleton against cranial base. Class III malocclusion were, also , classified based on SNA and SNB angle in normal range. Results were as follows. 1. In class III malocclusion, actual dimension of cranial base were appeared to be less than normal occlusion in both sex. 2. In class III malocclusion, values were less than normal occlusion in BN/ptm-A in both sex, but had no significance between two. 3. In class III malocclusion, ramal inclination, mandible inclination, BN/Go-Pog, lower genial angle were appeared to be greater. Thus, characteristic mandibular protrusive appearance of class III malocclusion was due to relative ratio and morphologic characteristic of mandibular body dimension against cranial base. 4. In class III malocclusion, upper incisors were labially tilted and lower incisors were lingually tilted compared to normal occlusion. 5. In typing of class III malocclusion, the most common type was found to be one which maxillas were in normal range, while mandibles were in protrusive tendency.

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A STUDY OF THE ETIOLOGY OF UNILATERAL CLASS II, DIVISION 1 MALOCCLUSION (편측성 II급 1류 부정교합의 교합특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Kook;Lee, Ki-Soo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 1988
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the class I molar relationship in skeletal class II and class II molar relationship in skeletal clan I malocclusion with unilateral class II, division 1 malocclusion. The sample consisted of lateral cephalometric radiographs and upper and lower dental casts of 30 unilateral class II, division 1 malocclusion. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Skeletal class I malocclusion was $43\%$, and skeletal class II malocclusion was $57\%$ in 30 cases of unilateral class II, division 1 malocclusion. 2. In the skeletal class II with unilateral class II, division 1 malocclusion, mandibular first molar on the class I side showed more mesial migration than the opposite side. 3. In the skeletal class I with unilateral class II, division 1 malocclusion, maxillary first molar on the class II side showed more mesial migration than the opposite side. 4. Midline deviation of upper or lower dental arch was $90\%$ in 30 cases of unilateral class II, division 1 malocclusion.

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A STUDY ON THE MAXILLARY DENIAL ARCH AND PALATAL VAULT WITH MALOCCULSIONS (부정교합자의 상악치열궁 및 구개에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Choong Bae
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 1980
  • This study was based on the study models of 32 subjects with normal occlusion, 40 with Class I malocclusion, 32 with Class II, Division 1 malocclusion and 38 with Class III malocclusion, aged 12 to 20 years (mean age 16.4 years). The purpose of present study was to define the difference between normal and malocclusion groups in maxillary dental arch and palate. On the basis of findings of this study, the following results were obtained. 1. The intermolar widths and the intercanine widths in Class II, Div. 1 malocclusion group were smaller than in normal occlusion group significantly. 2. The arch lengths measured in both Class I and Class II, Div.1 malocclusion groups were larger than in normal occlusion group. 3. The palates in Class I and Class II, Div. 1 malocclusion groups were longer and narrower than in normal occlusion, but the palates in Class III malocclusion group were shorter than in normal occlusion group significantly. 4. The palatal depths measured at level 1 in Class III malocclusion group were significantly higher than in normal occlusion and in Class II, Div. 1 group they were significantly higher than in normal occlusion at level 2 and 3. 5. The measurements of palatal areas at various levels showed no significant difference between malocclusion and normal occlusion groups. 6. The palatal indies 1 (palatal length / palatal width) measured in both Class I and Class II, Div. 1 malocclusion groups were significantly greater than in normal occlusion and the palatal indice 2 (palatal depth at level 1/palatal width) measured in all malocclusion groups are greater than in normal occlusion. 7. It was determined from findings of this study that the measurements of maxillary dental arch and palate were influenced to a considerable extent by the molar relationship.

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THE EFFECT OF OCCLUSAL SPLINT THERAPY ON CONDYLAR POSITIONAL CHANGES IN MALOCCLUSION PATIENTS (부정교합환자에서 교합안정장치의 사용이 하악과두의 위치변화에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yung-Bok
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.325-340
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    • 1991
  • There are evidences that occlusal splint therapy is critical to diagnose hidden akeleto-occlusal disharmonies in malocclusion patients and capable of enhancing stability after orthodontic treatment. In addition, evidences have implicated occlusal splint therapy in condylar positional changes during TMJ disorder treatment. In view of these evidences, this study was performed to investigate the effect of occlusal splint therapy on condylar positional changes in malocclusion patients and the possible clinical application of the occlusal splint as an additional orthodontic tool. For this study, 8 Angle's Class I malocclusion patients, who had centric occlusion-centric relation discrepancy within 1.0 mm and had no clinical symptoms of TMJ disorder, were selected as control group. And 22 malocclusion patients who had centric occlusion-centric relation discrepancy over 1.0 mm were selected and subdivided as Class I Malocclusion group, Class II div. 1 malocclusion group, Class II div. 2 malocclusion group, Open bite group, and Mandibular asymmetry group. For each subject the occlusal splint with mutually protected type of occlusal scheme was applied for 3 months. Condylar positions in centric relation and centric occlusion were measured using Panadent articulators and Panadent condylar position indicator (CPI) before and after occlusal splint therapy. On the basis of this study, the following conclusions might be drawn: 1, In control group, Class II div. 2 malocclusion group, and mandibular assymetry group, there were no significant differences in condylar positions before and after occlusal splint therapy. 2. In Class I malocclusion group, condyles were moved $0.27{\pm}0.45mm$ forward (p < 0.05) and $0.98{\pm}0.25mm$ upward (p < 0.01) after occlusal splint therapy. 3. In Class I malocclusion group, condyles were moved $0.24{\pm}0.21mm$ backward (p < 0.05) and $1.01{\pm}0.33mm$ upward (p < 0.01) after occlusal splint therapy. 4. In open bite group, condyles were moved $1.24{\pm}0.30mm$ upward (p < 0.01) after occlusal splint therapy. 5. In both control and experimental groups, there were no significant differences in lateral condylar positions before and after occlusal splint therapy.

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A STUDY OF THE TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT IN MALOCCLUSION USING TMJ TOMOGRAM AND CEPHALOGRAM (단층 및 두부 방사선 계측사진을 이용한 부정 교합자의 악관절에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Soon Chang;Ryu, Young Kyu
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.89-107
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference between normal and malocclusion subjects in Temporomandibular joint. This study was based on the 44 subjects with normal occlusion, 30 subjects with Class II malocclusion, 30 subjects with Class III malocclusion before treatment. After submental vertex view analysis, each subject was given the TMJ Tomogram in centric relation and centric occlusion and the Cephalogram was taken with Quint Sectograph. The TMJ spaces were measured and analyzed statistically. Following results were obtained. 1. When centric relation was compared to centric occlusion, The condyles were positioned more posteriorly and superiorly in centric relation position of the normal occlusion group and the class II malocclusion group. In the Class III malocclusion group. There was no significant difference in the condylar position between centric occlusion and centric relation. 2. The condyles of the Class III malocclusion group were positioned more superiorly than the normal occlusion group and the Class II malocclusion group. 3. In the correlation between articular eminence posterior slope angle and lingual slope angle of the upper anterior central incisor, there was significant correlation in the normal occlusion group. But no significant correlation was found in the malocclusion group. 4. The mean value of the horizontal angulation of condylar head to the transear rod axis plane was $20.32^{\circ}{\pm}8.12^{\circ}$ in the normal occlusion group, $25.08^{\circ}{\pm}4.83^{\circ}$ in the class II malocclusion group, $14.68^{\circ}{\pm}4.08^{\circ}$ in the class III malocclusion group.

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A CEPHALOMETRIC COMPARATIVE STUDY ON SOFT TISSUE PROFILE BETWEEN NORMAL OCCLUSION AND MALOCCLUSION IN KOREAN ADULTS (한국성인 정상교합자와 부정교합자의 연조직 측모에 관한 두부방사선 계측학적 비교연구)

  • Kang, Hong-Koo;Yoon, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Esthetic Dentistry
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this artic1e is to compare soft tissue profiles between Korean adults with normal occ1usion and malocclusin and to identify the differences between them. The subjects of this cephalometric study were 40 males with normal occlusion(Group 1), 27 females with normal occlusion(Group 2), 28 adults with Angle's Class II malocclusion(Group 3) and 41 adults with Angle's Class III malocclusion(Group 4). The results of this study were as follows ; 1) People with Angle's Class II malocclusion had tendency to have more labial tipping of lower teeth than people with normal occ1usion. Through NOA angle measurement, it was determined that people with Angle's Class II malocclusion had more protruding midface than people with normal occlusion and people with Angle's Class III malocclusion had retruding midface. 2) Through Powell's esthetic triangle analysis, it was determined that people with Angle's Class II malocclusion had retruding chin and protruding nose. 3) No significant differences between people with normal occlusion and maloclusion could be identified by measuring soft tissue profile angle basis of S-NS plane. 4) There were significant differences between groups with normal occlusion and malocclusion by measuring Facial convexity angle(Significance level 99%). 5) By measuring the distance between each landmark basis of N-Pog plane, People with Angle's Class II malocclusion were identified as having more protruding midface, but there were no significant differences between people with normal occlusion and Angle's Class III malocclusion. 6) By measuring the vertical dimension of the face, it was determined that the lower facial height was higher than the upper facial height in all groups, particularly in group with Angle's Class III malocclusion. 7) By measuring the lips basis of E-line and S-line, it was determined that people with Angle's Class III malocclusion had more, protruding lower lips than people with normal occlusion, while people with normal occlusion, while people with Angle's Class II malocclusion had more protruding upper lips. By measuring the distance between the superior sulcus and inferior sulcus basis of H-line, people with Angle's Class II malocclusion had thicker upper lips than the other's.

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