• Title, Summary, Keyword: Management of Self Life

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The Effects of Mothers' Home Management Ability on the School-Aged Children's Self Management Skills: via the Mediation of Self-Regulation of Children (어머니의 가정관리능력이 자녀의 자기관리에 미치는 영향: 자녀의 자기조절능력을 매개로)

  • Kwon, Bo-Ra;Chang, Young-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.29-41
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    • 2013
  • The aim of the current study is to examine the effects of mothers' home management ability on school-aged children's time and life management skills through the mediation effect of children's self-regulation. Study subjects were 317 5- and 6-grade children at elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi area and their 317 mothers. The findings were as follows. First, in the SEM model of predicting children's time management skill, greater mothers' home management ability significantly predicted better time management skills among their children. Second, mothers' home management ability also indirectly affected children's time management skill through its significant effects on children's self-regulation. The test yielded a significantly mediation effect of self-regulation. Children's self-regualtion was strongly related to time management skills. Third, in the SEM model predicting children's life management skills, maternal ability of home management again directly predicted greater life management skills of their children. However, mediation of self-regulation was not statistically significant. The findings suggested the important role of mothers' home management ability in instilling and modeling self-regulation and self-management skills of school-aged children.

The Relationship between Life Stress and Depression in University Students : Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy (대학생의 생활스트레스와 우울과의 관계 : 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Jeong-Sook;Lee, Sun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.239-248
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the mediation effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between life stress and depression in university students to provide a basis for planning nursing interventions to improve the mental health of university students. Methods : Data were collected from September 1 to September 30, 2015 by giving a questionnaire to 272 university students. The instruments for this study were life stress, self-efficacy, and depression. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results : There were significant correlations among life stress, self-efficacy, and depression. Additionally, self-efficacy had a mediating effect on the relationship between life stress and depression. Conclusions : Based on the findings of this study, health management programs focusing on stress management and self-efficacy improvement are highly recommended to promote good mental health in university students.

A Correlational Study on Activities of Daily Living, Self-efficacy, Stroke Specific Qualify of Life and Need for Self-help Management Programs for Patients with Hemiplegia at Home (재가 뇌졸중환자의 일상생활활동, 자기효능감, 삶의 질, 자조관리프로그램요구도와의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Keum-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.81-94
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to identify levels of activity of daily living, self-efficacy. stroke specific quality of life and need for self-help management program for patients with hemiplegia in the home. Data were collected from June to November, 2000 and subjects were 88 poststroke patients who lived in Seoul and Kyunggi-do. The questionnaire consisted of 5 scales: activities of daily living, self-efficacy, stroke specific qulaity of life and need for a self-help management program. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percent, paired t-test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with the SAS(version 6.12) program. The results are as follows ; 1) Most of subjects were Partially independent in ADL, but they needed assist once to do dressing, bathing meal preparation and house keeping work. 2) The mean self-efficacy score was 54.89(range : 1 to 80) and the individual differences were large. 3) Subjects responded that they were satisfied on the stroke specific quality of life scale totaled 65.8%. This value is comparatively low, especially for social role(51.4%), family functioning(58.3%) and mood (62.2%). 4) The highest needs for self-help management programs were for physical therapy, stress management, and range of motion exercise and the lowest needs were for elimination management and training, family counseling, and speech therapy. 5) On the demographic variables, sex showed significant differences for the dependent variables. Females had higher scores than males for IADL, self-efficacy, stroke-specific quality of life, and need for self-help management. 6) Age had high negative correlation with ADL, self-efficacy and stroke specific quality of life. Age was also correlated with need for self-help management. In conclusion, there was a high correlation for ADL, Self-efficacy and Quality of life in poststroke patients of home. The patient with a stroke also had a strong need for self-help management programs especially physical therapy and stress management. Therefore rehabilitation programs based on self-efficacy enhancement need to be developed in order to promote independent living for patients with hemiplegia.

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The Effects of a Self-Management Program on Physical Function and Quality of Life of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis (자가관리프로그램이 슬관절염환자의 신체기능 및 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Cheon Eui Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.514-525
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the effects of a Self-management program on physical function and quality of life of women with knee osteoarthritis. Method: The participants for this study, who had knee osteoarthritis, were recruited from an arthritis clinic, at a university hospital located in S city, Korea between February 16, 2004 and June IS, 2004. Seventeen subjects in the control group received no intervention and 18 subjects in for experimental group received an individual Self-management program. The self-management program consisted of dietary education and home-based exercise; walking and resistance exercise. The subjects performed this program 5 times per week during 8 weeks and recorded a diary for diet and exercise. In order to verify the effects of the Self-management program, physical function and Quality of life as a dependent variable were measured at three points in time: before, week4 and week8 after the interventions. Result: There were significant increases on physical function (F=5.08, p=.002) and significant interaction effects (F=7.42, p=.002) in the intervention group over the three measurement points in time. In addition, there were significant increases on quality of life (F=8.08, p=.002) and significant interaction effects (F=4.89, p=.016) in the intervention group over the three measurement points in time. Conclusion: This study revealed that a Self-management program can be used as an efficient nursing intervention for women with knee osteoarthritis.

The Relationship between Practice in Lymphedema Self-care Management and Health-related Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients with Mastectomy (림프부종 자가 관리 실천 정도와 유방절제술 환자의 삶의 질과의 관계)

  • Choi, Eun Nyer;Choi, Hye Ran
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between lymphedema self-care management and quality of life in breast cancer patients with mastectomy and lymphedema. Methods: One hundred and eighty-six breast cancer patients with mastectomy and lymphedema (n=186) were recruited at a medical center located in Seoul. The levels of lymphedema self-care management and quality of life were measured by the scale for measurement of practice in lymphedema self-care management, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire Breast Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ BR23), respectively. Data were analyzed with SPSS 18.0 program. Results: There were statistically significant correlations between lymphedema self-care management and general health status/quality of life in mastectomy patients with lymphedema (r=.30, p<.001). The physical function score of cancer related function scale (r=-.15, p=.033), fatigue score of cancer related symptom scale (r=.15, p=.036), systemic side effect score of breast cancer related symptom scale (r=.45, p=.034), and upset by hair loss (r=.27, p=.004) were significantly correlated with quality of life. Conclusion: The findings suggest that these significant factors should be considered when caring for lymphedema patients.

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Health related Lifestyles, Self-efficacy and Health related Quality of Life by the Types of Hypertension Management in Community Health Posts (보건진료소의 고혈압 관리방법에 따른 건강생활습관, 자기효능감 및 건강관련 삶의 질)

  • Kwon, Myung Soon;Yang, Soon-Ok;Jang, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.565-581
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to confirm the factors affecting recipients' quality of life by two types of hypertension management, one was telemedicine provided by community health posts(CHPs) in a rural area, the other was traditional hypertension management by comparing patients' health related lifestyles, self-efficacy and health related quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted from February 1, 2015 through April 25, 2015 on 193 hypertension patients in 6 CHPs consisting of 98 patients in 2 CHPs running telemedicine and 95 patients in 4 CHPs running traditional hypertension management services. The data were analyzed and assessed with frequency, percentage, chi-square test and multiple regression. Results: Self-efficacy and health related quality of life were high for the subjects managed by traditional hypertension management services. Self-efficacy, age, hobby, balanced meals, more than 7~8 hours sleep and regular exercise, which affected the quality of life for recipients were explanatory in 45.9%(F=22.368, p<.001). Conclusion: When any services utilizing telemedicine are provided in the future, consideration of emotional aspects including self-efficacy and quality of life is recommended.

Mediation Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Perceived Self-Management Support and Health-Related Quality of Life among Cancer Survivors (암 생존자의 지각된 자기관리 지지와 건강관련 삶의 질의 관계에서 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Bo Gyeong;Lee, Tae Sook;Kim, Soo Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.298-306
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the levels of perceived self-management support, self-efficacy for self-management, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in cancer survivors, and to identify the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between perceived self-management support and HRQoL. Methods: This study used a descriptive correlational design. Two hundred and four cancer survivors who had completed treatment participated in the study. Measurements included the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care Scale, the Korean version of the Cancer Survivors' Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis, and multiple regression analysis using Baron and Kenny's method for mediation. Results: The mean score for perceived self-management support was 3.35 out of 5 points, self-efficacy was 7.26 out of 10 points, and HRQoL was 65.90 out of 100 points. Perceived self-management support was significantly positively correlated with self-efficacy (r=.29, p<.001) and HRQoL (r=.27, p<.001). Self-efficacy was also significantly correlated with HRQoL (r=.59, p<.001). Furthermore, self-efficacy (${\beta}=.55$, p<.001) had a complete mediating effect on the relationship between perceived self-management support and HRQoL (Z=3.88, p<.001). Conclusion: The impact of perceived self-management support on HRQoL in cancer survivors was mediated by self-efficacy for self-management. This suggests that strategies for enhancing self-efficacy in cancer survivors should be considered when developing self-management interventions for improving their HRQoL.

The Effects of Mothers' Parental Beliefs and Mother-Child Attachment on Children's Self Management Skills through Self-Regulation (어머니의 양육신념과 애착이 초등학생 자녀의 자기조절을 통해 자기관리기술에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Bo Ra;Chang, Young Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.7
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2012
  • The main aim of the current study is to examine the effects of mothers' parental beliefs and mother-child attachment on school-aged children's time management and life management skills through the mediation effects of children's self-regulation. Study participants included a total of 317 fifth- and sixth-grade children at elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeong-gi area, and their 317 mothers. Children and mothers completed questionnaires and Structural Equation Modeling was adapted as the main analysis technique. The findings were the following: First, mothers' parental beliefs that emphasize the child's independence were significantly related to greater self-regulation ability in children, indicated by cognitive, motivational, and behavior regulation. Second, better quality of mother-child attachment perceived by children was also found to predict greater self-regulation in children. Third, children's self-regulation was strongly related to time and life management skills. When the child is better at self control, the child showed greater management skills, both in time and everyday life. Finally, as hypnotized, the test yielded a significant mediation effect of self-regulation in the association from mothers' parental beliefs and mother-child attachment to children's time and life management skills. The findings suggested the important role of parental beliefs about child rearing and attachment between mother and child in developing self-regulation and management skills of school-aged children.

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Self-management and Quality of Life in Middle Aged Men (중년남성의 하부요로증상, 하부요로증상 자가관리 및 삶의 질)

  • Seo, Yeong-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.303-310
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to find out lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs), self-management and quality of life (QOL) in middle aged men and to investigate how these factors are correlated with one another. Methods: The participants in this study were 217 men in G City. Data were collected using a questionnaire from October 23 to November 11, 2009. LUTSs were measured by IPSS, self-management by a self-management Likert scale, and QOL by the Korean-version WHOQOL-BREF. The collected data were analyzed through chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: LUTS categories divided according to severity were none (10%), mild (57%), moderate (28%), and severe (5%). The mean score of self-management was 3.14 and that of QOL was 3.27. Self-management and QOL were significantly different according to LUTS. LUTS was negatively correlated with self-management and QOL. Self-management was positively correlated with QOL. Conclusion: In order to develop nursing interventions for middle aged men, comprehensive understanding of LUTS is needed.

The Effects of a Self-management Program on Self-efficacy and Quality of Life for Korean Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis (자조관리 프로그램이 여성 류마티스 관절염 환자의 자기효능감과 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hyun Ji;Yoo, Hye Ra;Song, Mi Sook;Hyun, Myung Sun
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a self-management program on self-efficacy and quality of life for Korean women with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: A quasi-experimental study using a nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design was used. The data were collected from July 1 to Sep. 15, 2007. Thirty one arthritis patients (15 in the experimental group and 16 in the control group) were participated in this study. A self-management program developed by Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health in 1994 was used. The program was consisted of 6 sessions, 2 hours each and held every Friday for 6 weeks. General Self-Efficacy Scale and Quality of Life were used to test the effect of the program. Results: Hypothesis 1; "Self-efficacy in the experimental group after program would be higher than the control group" was supported. Hypothesis 2; "Quality of Life in the experimental group after program would be higher than the control group " was not supported. Conclusion: The self-management program was effective for Korean women with rheumatoid arthritis in terms of increasing self-efficacy. Therefore, to increase self-management skills and self-efficacy for female rheumatoid arthritis patients, the program can be useful.