• Title, Summary, Keyword: Marine accident

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A Study on the Alternative Plan for Prevention of Marine Accident using System Dynamic (SD법을 이용한 해양사고 예방의 정책대안 분석)

  • Keum, Jong-Soo;Jang, Woon-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2004
  • Ship is bring operated under a highly dynamic environments and many factors are related whit marine accident and those factors are interacting. An analysis on the marine accident is very important to prepare countermeasures which will ensure the safe navigation. This paper aims to build a model of the causes and improved policy for marine accident using SD(System Dynamics} approach and to measure a effect which is risk control countermeasures of marine accident. The methodology of this paper is to perform the causes and improved policy for marine accident using Brainstorming method and was to changed by quantitutive, qualitative factors and their feedback loops in casual map. This model was performed over 23 years($1997\~2020$) in a standard simulation model and 4 policy simulation models.

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A Case Study of Marine Accident Investigation and Analysis with Focus on Human Error (해양사고조사를 위한 인적 오류 분석사례)

  • Kim, Hong-Tae;Na, Seong;Ha, Wook-Hyun
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.137-150
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    • 2011
  • Nationally and internationally reported statistics on marine accidents show that 80% or more of all marine accidents are caused fully or in part by human error. According to the statistics of marine accident causes from Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal(KMST), operating errors are implicated in 78.7% of all marine accidents that occurred from 2002 to 2006. In the case of the collision accidents, about 95% of all collision accidents are caused by operating errors, and those human error related collision accidents are mostly caused by failure of maintaining proper lookout and breach of the regulations for preventing collision. One way of reducing the probability of occurrence of the human error related marine accidents effectively is by investigating and understanding the role of the human elements in accident causation. In this paper, causal factors/root causes classification systems for marine accident investigation were reviewed and some typical human error analysis methods used in shipping industry were described in detail. This paper also proposed a human error analysis method that contains a cognitive process model, a human error analysis technique(Maritime HFACS) and a marine accident causal chains, and then its application to the actual marine accident was provided as a case study in order to demonstrate the framework of the method.

Comparison of the Frequency of Unsafe Ship-Handling Situations and the Frequency of Marine Accidents at the Kurushima Strait

  • Yasuda, Masaru;Inoue, Kinzo;Usui, Hideo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.184-190
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    • 2006
  • It is requested to be evaluated whether environmental change in marine traffic passage by maintenance work affect ship handling, safety, when re-design of traffic passage is planned. In the maintenance work, it is also important to evaluate the change of risk and also benefits. However, in a current evaluation index, it is difficult to evaluate the benefit. The recently developed safety index that is led by employing the Unsafe Ship-handling situations model (US-model) is able to estimate risk level of marine accident in a process of a ship handling. We have already reported the relation of the ratio of 10-3 in harbors (Yokohama, Kobe, and Osaka in Japan) [1]. In this study, we acquired the relation of the ratio between the US value and the marine accident at a narrow waterway; Kurushima Strait in Japan, using a ship handling simulator. And we experimented to estimate a marine accident reduction achieved by the maintenance work of the altered shape of passage.

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The Analysis of Maritime Traffic Environments in Saigon Fairway

  • Nguyen, Thanh Nhat Lai;Jeong, Jae-Yong;Jeong, Jung-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.234-236
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    • 2011
  • Saigon Port within the port system of the Vietnam Maritime sector is one of the port having highest throughput and productivity in the country. The marine traffic of Saigon water ways is the heaviest in Vietnam and the number of marine accidents in this area are much higher than the others area in Vietnam. In order to reduce the risk of the accident in Saigon fairway, this paper concentrates on marine accident frequency in this area. The marine traffic and the marine accident were analyzed to find out the probability of vessel collision and the marine traffic risk. It follows that the main shipping route through Saigon fairway has the high risk of ship-ship collision.

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A Study on the Alternative Plan for Prevention of Marine Accident using System Dynamic (해양사고 예방을 위한 정책대안에 관한 연구)

  • Jang Woon-Jae;Kwon Suk-Jae;Keum Jong-Soo
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2004
  • Ship is bring operated under a highly dynamic environments and many factors are related whit marine accident and those factors are interacting. An analysis on the marine accident is very important to prepare countermeasures which will ensure the safe navigation This paper aims to build a model of the rouses and improved policy for marine accident using SD(System Dynamics) approach and to measure a effect which is risk control countermeasures of marine accident The methodology of this paper is to perform the causes and improved policy for marine accident using Brainstorming method, and was to changed by quantitutive, qualitative factors and their feedback loops in casual map. This model was performed over 23 years($1997\~2020$) in a standard simulation model and 4 policy simulation models.

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Marine Accident Cause Investigation using M&S System (고도 정밀 M&S 시스템을 이용한 해난사고 원인규명)

  • Lee, Sang-Gab
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.36-37
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    • 2014
  • It is necessary to develop highly sophisticated Modeling & Simulation (M&S) system for the scientific investigation of marine accident causes and for the systematic reproduction of accidental damage procedure. To ensure an accurate and reasonable prediction of marine accidental causes, such as collision, grounding and flooding, full-scale ship M&S simulations would be the best approach using hydrocode, such as LS-DYNA code, with its Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) analysis technique. The objectivity of this paper is to present three full-scale ship collision, grounding and flooding simulation results of marine accidents, and to show the possibility of the scientific investigation of marine accident causes using highly sophisticated M&S system.

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A Study on Marine Accident Ontology Development and Data Management: Based on a Situation Report Analysis of Southwest Coast Marine Accidents in Korea (해양사고 온톨로지 구축 및 데이터 관리방안 연구: 서해남부해역 선박사고 상황보고서 분석을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Young Jai;Kang, Seong Kyung;Gu, Ja-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.423-432
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    • 2019
  • Along with an increase in marine activities every year, the frequency of marine accidents is on the rise. Accordingly, various research activities and policies for marine safety are being implemented. Despite these efforts, the number of accidents are increasing every year, bringing their effectiveness into question. Preliminary studies relying on annual statistical reports provide precautionary measures for items that stand out significantly, through the comparison of statistical provision items. Since the 2000s, large-scale marine accidents have repeatedly occurred, and case studies have examined the "accident response." Likewise, annual statistics or accident cases are used as core data in policy formulation for domestic maritime safety. However, they are just a summary of post-accident results. In this study, limitations of current marine research and policy are evaluated through a literature review of case studies and analyses of marine accidents. In addition, the ontology of the marine accident information classification system will be revised to improve the current limited usage of the information through an attribute analysis of boating accident status reports and text mining. These aspects consist of the reporter, the report method, the rescue organization, corrective measures, vulnerability of response, payloads, cause of oil spill, damage pattern, and the result of an accident response. These can be used consistently in the future as classified standard terms to collect and utilize information more efficiently. Moreover, the research proposes a data collection and quality assurance method for the practical use of ontology. A clear understanding of the problems presently faced in marine safety will allow "suf icient quality information" to be leveraged for the purpose of conducting various researches and realizing effective policies.

A Study on the Management of Engine Coolant in Small Fishing Vessels (소형선박 운용자의 냉각수 관리에 관한 고찰)

  • KIM, Young-Un
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1734-1744
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    • 2015
  • Majority of marine accidents that occur on fishing vessels are engine accidents. This comprises more than 26 % of the total annual fishing vessel marine accident cases. Large numbers of engine accidents happen in the cooling water system, which are mostly caused by negligence on regular check-up and repair. Notably, small-sized ships have higher engine accidents occurrence rate compared to medium-and large-sized ships. Based on the Report of the Korea Ship Safety Technology Authority, engine accident cases reached 3,032 out of the total 3,081 cases. This study researches on the differences between the small-sized ship pilot, an operator of a vessel engine of less than 200 tons, and a 6th level marine engineer, in terms of the relationship between management forms and what causes the marine accidents in association with the cooling water system. It also studies and analyzes the differences in frequency of the accident occurrence between the two groups. ${\chi}^2$ qualification was imposed through the SPSS statistical analysis program and it got qualified at the significance level of 5%. The research shall be utilized as one of the base line data for the reduction of marine accidents.