• Title, Summary, Keyword: Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme

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A Study on Adopting an Ex Post Facto Management System and Reforming the Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme (해상교통안전진단 사후관리제도의 도입 및 제도개선에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Inchul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.807-813
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    • 2016
  • The Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme was institutionalized in 2009 to provide for professional surveys, measurement and the evaluation of navigational hazards that might occur in coastal waters in the course of marine work. Related researches that dealt with the reform of the Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme found that there were no rules or regulations for verifying whether marine work conformed to audit results and reviewing the exactitude of ship handling simulations which were a crucial part of the scheme. According to the necessity of adopting an ex post facto management system in the field of maritime traffic, this study analyzed the similar audit acts such as the Natural Environment Impact Audit Scheme and the Road Traffic Safety Audit Scheme, and proposed specific articles for revising Maritime Safety Act in order to break out from the institutional inertia of the current Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme. It is expected that a newly proposed legal system for verifying the performance of audit results and the exactitude of audits will help improve maritime traffic safety by eradicating potentially hidden hazards related to marine work.

A Study on the effectiveness of Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme through Case Analysis (해상교통안전진단 사례분석을 통한 진단제도의 효과분석에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Tae-Han;KIM, Young-Du
    • Journal of Coastal Disaster Prevention
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.193-201
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    • 2018
  • The recent increase in size and speed of ships resulted in the existing maritime routes becoming narrow relative to the size of new ships. At the same time, as the improvement and optimization in marine transportation take place and the construction of structures in seas and harbor improvements pick up speed, there is an increasing probability of marine accidents. Due to these environmental changes, the need to professionally analyze the effect of marine structures on navigation arose to ensure safety of ships and a law was enacted and introduced for the Maritime Traffic Safety Audit (MTSA). In this study, a Qualitative assessment for verifying the effectiveness of MTSA was carried out with case analysis and analysis model in other similar audit scheme. It is expected that an analyzed result for effectiveness of MTSA will be a steppingstone for enhancing the MTSA and keeping maritime traffic safety as its own purpose.

The Introductory Concept of Maritime Safety Audit as a tool for Identifying Potential Hazards

  • Cho, Ik-Soon;Kim, In-Chul;Lee, Yun-Sok
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.699-704
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    • 2010
  • Recently, the navigation risk is increasing significantly with growing of vessels' volume and propelling marine facilities, water bridges and port development etc. As a result, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs enacted a new law called MSA(Maritime Safety Audit) as a comprehensive maritime traffic safety management scheme in order to ensure safety improvements from the early planning stage to post managing of the development which affect the maritime traffic environment. MSA as a tool for improving maritime traffic safety is a formal safety diagnosis assessment in the existing or future ship's fairway by an independent audit institute. It examines the potential hazards of maritime traffic safety about the port development, if necessary, and is to ensure the implementation of appropriate safety measures. The primary purpose of MSA is to identify potential risk elements affecting safe navigation. This paper is aimed to introduce the backgrounds, the necessity and efficiency of MSA and also to describe some technical standards and diagnostic procedures.

A Study on Improvement of Criteria for Mooring Safety Assessment in Single Point Mooring

  • Lee, Sang-Won;Kim, Young-Du
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.287-297
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    • 2019
  • The recent increase in crude oil trading has led to an increase in the workings of SPM for crude oil carriers. VLCCs generally encounter difficulty entering port due to limitations in terms of sea depth and maneuverability. The SPM is a system that allows mooring to the buoy located in the outer sea for such vessels. However, the buoy is more affected by relatively external forces because of their of shore location. Therefore, the safety assessment of SPM is particularly important as it can lead to large oil pollution disasters in the event of SPM accidents. Despite this, in the implementation of the Marine Traffic Safety Audit Scheme in Korea, there exists no guidance for SPM. In this study, a SPM mooring safety assessment is performed using OPTIMOOR, a numerical analysis program, so as to understand the mooring characteristics of SPM. As a result, it is confirmed that the tension of mooring lines and hull movement in the SPM are greatly affected by the encounter angles with external forces. In addition, it is found that the maximum tension of the mooring line is elevated as the water depth becomes shallower through sensitivity analysis. According to SPM characteristics, which has a large influence on the encounter angle, this study has proposed an amendment to setting criteria in the implementation of the Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme which could improve the reliability and accuracy of mooring safety assessments.

Comparison Analysis between the IWRAP and the ES Model in Ulsan Waterway

  • Kim, Dae-Won;Park, Jin-Soo;Park, Young-Soo
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.281-287
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    • 2011
  • According to the Marine Traffic Safety Law, revised in 2009, Marine Traffic Safety Audit is introduced to secure the safe navigation, to prevent the marine accident and to maximize the efficiency of the port. In this audit system, marine traffic safety assessment is the most important scheme because the primary purpose of the audit system is to identify potential risk elements affecting safe navigation. Even though the reliability of audit result depends on the selection of assessment models, there are no independent assessment models for Korean coastal waters and most of models used in Korea currently are developed by foreign countries. Therefore, the development of the independent assessment model for Korean coastal water is required. This study, prior to the development of independent assessment model, aims to provide a basic data by comparing two foreign assessment models in Ulsan port area with marine accident statistics data.

A Study on Connectivity between Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme and Sea Area Utilization Impact Assessment (해상교통안전진단제도와 해역이용협의제도간 연계성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Il;Cho, Ik-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to examine whether Marine sand mining business is Maritime Traffic Safety Audit and priority between Maritime Traffic Safety Audit and Sea Area Utilization Impact Assessment because development and action to use in the ocean is ambiguous, it is overlapped with system of environmental aspect, and priority is not designated. Therefore, the way to improve to settle the overlapping problem etc. between Maritime traffic Safety Audit and Sea Area Utilization Impact Assessment was suggested and legal ground for sand mining is suggested. Because management department for Maritime Safety Act and Marine Environment Management Act is Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, the solution for this is both embodying co-experts on each committee for determinant of system with maintaining contact and radical revise of law. If revised, the possibility of accident in ocean is decreased, and it can be a way to protect marine environment.

Validation of Statistical Analysis-based Aberrancy Probability Using Marine Simulations

  • Kim, Sung-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.332-338
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    • 2018
  • To perform the Maritime Safety Audi Scheme, $10^{-4}$ was constantly applied without adjustment when evaluating the proximity of the fairway. The necessity of applying the different aberrancy probabilities from the different proximity of the fairway depending on the shape of the route and the size of the ship was validated using marine simulations. Marine simulation was performed to evaluate the validity of statistical analysis-based aberrancy probability according to the different shapes of routes and ship size presented in the previous study. As results, the validity of the criterion of the statistical analysis-based aberrancy probability was confirmed by comparing with the results of simulation-based aberrancy probabilities. The results support that the aberrancy probabilities by the types of a vessel could be different based on the type and size of vessels. The results motivate that further investigation is required to find the reasonable criteria of the aberrancy probabilities for the maritime traffic safety audit according to the fairway shape and the size of the vessel.

A Study on the Present Status and Future Directions of Maritime Safety Audit (해상교통안전진단제도의 운영현황과 향후 정책방향에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Ik-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.399-405
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    • 2011
  • Recently, the navigation risk is increasing significantly with growth of marine traffic volume and construction of marine facilities, water bridges, port development and marine wind farm etc. To reduce this kinds of risk, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs enacted a new law called MSA(Maritime Safety Audit) as a comprehensive maritime traffic safety management scheme in order to ensure safety improvements from the early planning stage to post managing of the development which affect the maritime traffic environment. MSA as a tool for improving maritime traffic safety is a formal safety assessment in the existing or future ship's fairway by an independent audit team. It examines the potential hazards of maritime traffic safety, if necessary, and is to ensure the implementation of appropriate safety measures. The object of this paper is to comprehensively evaluate the achievements and implementation problems of MSA about the 2 years, to define the fundamental problems of MSA by conceptualizing and analyzing MSA limits. MSA requires further examination about the introduction of screening and scoping in order to increase the efficiency and objectivity. It will be required the measures concerning policies directions as a tool for planning process for project owner. It will lead to right understanding concerning audit scheme and used in various ways such as amendments to related law.

A Study on the Improvement Strategy of Specialized Institution for Efficient Operations of Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme (해상교통안전진단제도의 효율적 운영을 위한 전문기관의 발전방향에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Young-Du
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2015
  • To improve and modify the problems in Maritime Traffic Safety Audit(MTSA) Scheme, "Maritime Safety Research Center(MSRC)" in Korea Ship Safety and Technology Authority(KST) was designated as specialized institute for MTSA through general revision of "Enforcement of MTSA"(March 2012). However, the roles of the MSRC such as preliminary review of safety audit report, comments on target project and etc. had not been defined clearly on the related maritime safety laws compared with other specialized institutes in other similar audit scheme. In this research, the improvement strategies were proposed for development of specialized institute through SWOT analysis, gathering the opinion from related professions and also comparison with the roles and current status of operation in other similar specialized institutes. In conclusion, the 'Screen & scoping system', 'Consultant system' were proposed for efficient operation of the MTSA Scheme, and the systematic and operational improvements such as a revision of maritime safety lan and etc. were also suggested for integrated management about costal development works, development of specialized institute.