• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Masculinity

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한국과 중국 남성의 이상적인 외모유형과 남성의 추구이미지 변화 양상 -20~40대를 중심으로- (A Men's Following Up Image Change and the Aspect of Ideal Appearance Type of Korean and Chinese Men -Focused on Men in Their 20s to Their 40s-)

  • 이윤경;정다울;변려화
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.867-876
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    • 2015
  • This research studies socio-cultural hegemony change focused on male society through contemporary ideal masculine images of Asian men (especially Korean and Chinese men). Participants were: South Korean men in and around Seoul and Chinese men in Beijing and Shanghai. The youngest survey participants in their 20's and the oldest in their 40's were asked about their present men's appearance images and masculinity as well as asked to evaluate satisfaction with their own style, and interest in fashion trends on a 5-point Likert scale. In this research, an ideal masculinity was tested by 6 characters (traditional masculinity, macho masculinity, androgynous masculinity, adolescent masculinity, trendy masculinity, and general masculinity) as male avatars. Asian men's consciousness of an ideal masculinity image has moved gradually from traditional masculinity to trendy masculinity, leading to new roles in a socio-cultural agenda. Korean and Chinese men are more interested in appearance and notice fashionable styles to be trendy that follow the latest fashion because most other Asian men reflect a traditional masculinity as an ideal appearance image.

간호에서의 남성성에 관한 탐색적 연구 (An Exploratory Study of Masculinity in Nursing)

  • 김미영
    • 임상간호연구
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to explore the meaning of masculinity in nursing by investigating how the male qualities are expressed in the culture of nursing wherein men represent a minority group. Methods: Connell's hegemonic masculinity theory (1987, 1995) and qualitative thematic analysis were used to conduct this study in which eight male nurses participated. Braun and Clarke's six stages of thematic analysis (2006) were used for data analysis. Results: The results indicated that masculinity in nursing meant 'soft masculinity' meeting the expectations of the discipline while keeping the male qualities intact. Male nurses were found to suppress their masculinity at earlier stages of their career and to make themselves more accommodating to the profession. However, males re-asserted their masculinity once they became more comfortable with their nursing work. Conclusion: In the field of nursing, masculinity was found to be subjected to stages of attenuating and consolidating which take place in succession. Consolidation of the male qualities was motivated rather unexpectedly by female colleagues. The results confirmed that the issue of gender in nursing is an important factor in recruiting and understanding male nurses in the future.

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1930-1990년대 영화 의상에 나타난 젠더 정체성(I) -남성성(Masculinity), 여성성(Feminity)를 중심으로- (A Study on Gender Identity shown in Movie Costumes from 1930′s to 1990′s -Focused on Masculinity and Feminity-)

  • 정세희;양숙희
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.63-78
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    • 2002
  • The movie costumes may serve to change individuals'ego identity, shift a gender identity to another one and make multiple and plural gender identities shared. The unique identities shown in movies can influence the audience to the extent that they will imitate characters's costumes or appearance in their real life, replacing their inner, unrealizable and private fantasy with real one. The purpose of this study is to review the movies produced in 1930's and thereafter by categorizing the socio-cultural gender concepts into masculinity and feminity. Masculinity and Feminity are not attributions fixed by some physical characteristics, but it tends to be changed or expended by some social factors over time. In short, it may be a flexible, plural, individual and self-introspecive attribute. Movies present diverse types of masculinity and feminity, and in particular, the movie costumes specify them. In other words, the costumes may be model means expressing the masculinity and feminity, and the gender identities shown in the movies tend to be imitated, re-created or assumed by the audience. All in all, the movie costumes serve to take on the confrontation of masculinity and feminity between inner, unrealizable and private fantasy and external reality and thereby, expand it from internal to external issue and thus, change or reform masculinity and feminity.

디즈니 애니메이션에 나타난 헤게모니적 남성성 (Hegemonic Masculinity in Disney Animated Films)

  • 이아람찬
    • 만화애니메이션 연구
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구의 목적은 그람시(Antonio Gramsci)가 언급한 대로 지배적 이념이 한 사회에 종속된 이들의 삶에 습관처럼 자리 잡고 있다는 헤게모니(hegemony) 개념을 통해서 디즈니 애니메이션에 나타난 남성성의 유형을 찾는데 있다. 그리고 코넬(R. W. Connell)은 그람시의 개념을 남성성과 연결시켜 헤게모니적 남성성(hegemonic masculinity)으로 발전시켰다. 헤게모니적 남성성은 한 국가나 사회에서 다른 남성과 여성을 종속하고 지배하려는 경향을 의미하는 것으로, 본 연구에서는 디즈니 애니메이션에 재현된 다양한 남성성을 구분하고, 특히 헤게모니적 남성성에 대한 이론적 접근을 다루고 있다. 한편 코넬의 네 가지 남성성의 분류는 남성 그룹이라는 범주에서 지배 그룹과 피지배 그룹으로 분리되어 있으며, 보다 세부적으로 헤게모니적 남성성, 종속적 남성성, 공모적 남성성, 그리고 주변화된 남성성으로 구분할 수 있다. 이러한 이론적 틀을 가지고 <미녀와 야수 Beauty and the Beast>(1991)에 나타난 지배적 남성성과 피지배적 남성성의 관계를 살펴본 결과, 개스턴(Gaston)과 야수는 헤게모니적 남성성을 소유하고 있으며, 그들 주변에 있는 남성들은 모두 공모적 남성성을 지니고 있다. 한편, 모리스(Maurice)는 지배 집단으로부터 거세된 종속적 남성성에 들어가게 되며, 야수는 헤게모니적 남성성과 주변화된 남성성 모두를 지닌 양가적 인물로 그려지고 있다. 이처럼 디즈니 속에 나타난 남성성은 헤게모니적 남성성을 기반으로 소프트바디에 의한 하드바디의 번복을 더디게 만들고 오히려 하드바디의 체제를 더욱 공고히 구축하고 있다.

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2000년 이후 한국 남녀 패션 잡지에 표현된 여성성과 남성성에 관한 연구 (A Study of Femininity and Masculinity Represented in Men's and Women's Fashion Magazine in Korea since 2000)

  • 최경희
    • 복식문화연구
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to typify femininity and masculinity represented in mainstream women's and men's fashion magazines in Korea since 2000 and infer sexual ideology appearing in contemporary Korean society by content analysis with the view of plural sexuality. For the content analysis total 259 editorial fashion photography was analyzed. As the result, 5 femininities and 5 masculinities were typified, and then sexual discourse was inferred out of the frequency of each type and texts with the images. On the basis of previous studies and historical considerations of this topic, the types of sexuality represented in mainstream fashion magazines in Korea since 2000 were classified as follow.: in women's fashion magazines Traditional Femininity and Androgynous Femininity were almost similarily dominant sexuality, and Glamor Femininity, Babydoll Femininity, and Genderless sexuality were alternative. Meanwhile, in men's fashion magazines Traditional Masculinity formed clear dominant sexuality, and Macho Masculinity, Androgynous Masculinity, Adolescent Masculinity, and Genderless sexuality were alternatives. In addition, Androgynous Masculinity in women's fashion magazines occupied the highest frequency, while Glamor Femininity in men's fashion magazines did so. From this sexual discourses represented in mainstream fashion magazines in Korea since 2000 are as follow.: First, mainstream fashion in Korea sticks to the modern values preserving traditional sexual ideology even in this postmodern period of the former 21C. Second, Androgynous Femininity as another dominant femininity with Traditional Femininity connotes the change of conception of femininity in Korean society. Third, Androgynous Masculinity to females is preferred, while femininity to males is still regarded as fetish or adorned object. Fourth, the appearance of various alternative sexualities leads to pluralization of sexuality, and then fashion gradually codifies youthfulness and feminine values, such as body and sexual desire more than before.

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멜로드라마에 나타난 남성상 유형의 변화 (1992년부터 2012년까지) (Alteration of masculinity Types Shown in Melodramas -From 1992 to 2012-)

  • 이화정
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 2013
  • TV드라마의 여성상에 변화가 감지되었던 2005년을 기준으로 멜로장르 TV드라마에 등장하는 남성 주인공의 변화상을 알아보기 위해 1992년부터 2012년까지 시청률 상위에 위치한 멜로드라마 74편의 남성 주인공의 변화를 분석하였다. 그 결과 2005년 이후 남성 주인공의 남성상 유형의 변화는 유의미하게 나타났다. 구체적으로 변화한 유목은 첫째, 남자 주인공의 연령은 30대 이상이 증가하였다. 둘째, 미혼 남성이 증가하였다. 셋째, 여성을 남성과 동등하게 보거나 여성과 남성의 역할구분을 두지 않는 남성상이 증가하였다. 넷째, 자신의 몸을 치장하는 남성상이 증가하였다. 다섯째, 문제 발생 시 타인을 의존하는 남성상이 증가하였다. 여섯째, 타인과의 관계에서 수동적 남성상이 증가하였다. 남성의 직업과 경제적 수준, 성격과 성의식에는 변화가 없었다. 이는 2005년 이후 선행연구에서 보여 지던 남성상에 대한 고정관념이 많은 부분 사라졌으며 현재의 남성상은 보다 양성화된 형태로 나타나고 있음을 보여주는 연구 결과이다.

대인관계성향, 남성성유형에 따른 외모관련소비행동 연구 - 외모관심도의 매개효과 분석 - (Appearance-Related Consumption Behavior according to Interpersonal Relations and Masculinity - Mediated effect of Appearance Concern -)

  • 이현옥
    • 한국의류산업학회지
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.777-786
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    • 2013
  • This study identifies the influences of appearance-related consumption behavior according to interpersonal relations and masculinity examined through amediated effect of appearance concerns based on a structural study method. Five hypotheses were established to verify the relationships of interpersonal relations, masculinity and appearance-related consumption behavior. Questionnaires were administered to 201 males in their 20s to 50s living in Daegu South Korea. The SPSS 20.0 package utilized for data analysis included frequency analysis, factor analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. This study utilized an Amos 21.0 program, a Confirmative Factor Analysis(CFA)and a Structural Equation Modeling(SEM). The results of the study are as follows: First, the appearance concern showed a partial mediation effect between measurement variables that verified the causal relationship of the structural model. Second, interpersonal relations showed a positive influence on masculinity. Third, masculinity showed a positive influence on the appearance concern. Fourth, masculinity had a positive influence on appearance-related consumption behavior. Fifth, interpersonal relations did not have a significant influence on appearance-related consumption behavior. Sixth, the appearance concern showed a positive influence on appearance-related consumption behavior. The findings of this study can influence a market segmentation strategy by predicting future emotional and new consumption markets strategies for male's appearance-related product.

남자대학생의 성역할정체감에 따른 이상적 신체상, 신체중요도 및 만족도 (Ideal Body Image, Body Importance and Body Satisfaction by Gender Role Identity in Male College Students)

  • 김은주
    • 한국학교보건학회지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: In an attempt to investigate the ideal body image, body importance and body satisfaction by gender role identity, this study was carried out in male college students. Methods: The subjects were 323 male college students in all of Korea except Jeju province. The data was collected by using the questionnaires, Korean Sex Role Inventory and modified Multidimensional Body-Self Questionnaire. Results: Normal shape ranked first as ideal body image in all 4 types of gender role identity. Androgyny, femininity and masculinity type were significantly higher than undifferentiated type in body importance. And androgyny and masculinity type were significantly higher than femininity and undifferentiated type in body satisfaction. Conclusion: Androgyny and masculinity type were positively related to self body image, but undifferentiated type was negatively related to compared with androgyny and masculinity type. And to reinforce androgyny and masculinity in male college students, various programs should be developed.

A Study on Gender Identity Expressed in Fashion in Music Video

  • Jeong, Ha-Na;Choy, Hyon-Sook
    • International Journal of Costume and Fashion
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.28-42
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    • 2006
  • In present modern society, media contributes more to the constructing of personal identities than any other medium. Music video, a postmodernism branch among a variety of media, offers a complex experience of sounds combined with visual images. In particular. fashion in music video helps conveying contexts effectively and functions as a medium of immediate communication by visual effect. Considering the socio-cultural effects of music video. gender identity represented in fashion in it can be of great importance. Therefore, this study is geared to the reconsidering of gender identity represented through costumes in music video by analyzing fashions in it. Gender identity in socio-cultural category is classified as masculinity, femininity, and the third sex. By examining fashions based on the classification. this study will help to create new design concepts and to understand gender identity in fashion. The results of this study are as follows: First. masculinity in music video fashion was categorized into stereotyped masculinity, sexual masculinity. and metro sexual masculinity. Second, femininity in music video fashion was categorized into stereotyped femininity. sexual femininity, and contra sexual femininity. Third, the third sex in music video fashion was categorized into transvestism, masculinization of female, and feminization of male. This phenomenon is presented into music videos through females in male attire and males in female attire. Through this research, gender identity represented in fashion of music video was demonstrated, and the importance of the relationship between representation of identity through fashion and socio-cultural environment was reconfirmed.

남성성유형에 따른 외모지향도, 외모관리행동 연구 (Study on Appearance-oriented, Appearance Management Behavior according to the types of Masculinity)

  • 이현옥;구양숙
    • 한국의류산업학회지
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.923-931
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the type of masculinity on appearance-oriented and appearance management behavior. Questionnaires were administered to 201 males 20s to 50s living in Daegu. The SPSS 20.0 package was utilized for data analysis which included frequency analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, cluster analysis, regression analysis, t-test and logistic regression. First, factor analysis in a appearance management behavior and the type of masculinity, were cluster analysis in appearance-oriented. Were used to analyze the problem of the study by classified five factors and two groups. The results of this study were as follows: First, the masculinity of Retro sexual, Metro sexual, Techno sexual showed a negative influence on appearance-oriented. Second, the masculinity had a influence on appearance management behavior. M-ness showed a negative influence on skin care, Metro sexual showed a positive influence on skin care, hair/fashion, cosmetics, plastic surgery. And Retro sexual showed a influence on skin care, positive influence on hair/fashion, cosmetics. Techno sexual showed a positive influence on body management, skin care, hair/fashion. Uber sexual showed a positive influence on body management, cosmetics of appearance management. Third, the appearance-oriented had a differences on body management, hair/fashion, cosmetics, plastic surgery of appearance management behavior.