• Title, Summary, Keyword: Maturing time

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Characteristics of Grain Quality at Different Transplanting Times among Rice Cultivars (벼의 품종별 이앙시기가 미질 특성에 미치는 영향 III. 미립의 호화정도와 식미평가)

  • 고재권
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.146-151
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    • 1998
  • A study was carried our to investigate the characteristics of physico-chemical components palatability of cooked rice accoring to different transplanting time. The treatments were consisted of five transplanting time, from May 5 to July 5 at 15 -day intervals, and six cultivars ; two early-maturing, two mid-maturing and two late-maturing cultivars which are clearly identified by evaluation of cumulative temperature and growth duration from seeding to heading of rice plants. In gelatinization characteristics of rice grain, alkali digestion value was low in the earlier transplanting regardlessof maturing types. Initial pasting temeprature maximum viscosity and breakdown as amylogram charcteristics were high at the transplanting of June 5. The palatability of cookedrice was evaluated that early-maturing cultivars were much better in early transplanting than in late transplanting . The optimum transplanting time for palatibility was the periods from May 5 to 20 in early maturing varieties, May 20 to June 5 in mid-maturing and June 5 to June 20 in late-maturing ones at Honam district in Korea.

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Changes in Puffer Fish Quality Induced by Soak Time in Maturing Water during Maturation of Puffer Fish Prepared via the Cutting Cranial Nerve Method (MSK Method) (뇌신경절단법(MSK법)으로 치사한 활어복의 숙성시 숙성수 침지시간에 따른 어육의 품질변화)

  • Mun, Seung-Kwon;Yoo, Seung-Seok
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.428-433
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this research was to determine the relationship between quality of puffer fish and soak time in maturing water. This research used the cutting cranial nerve method, which is called the MSK method. The data was analyzed using the SPSS program. Based on salinity analysis result, both moisture content and pH were measured after 20 min of soaking. As the salinity of the maturing water increased, the moisture content initially decreased then increased once the salinity was greater than 3%. However, the concentration of the maturing water did not influence the pH level. The texture properties were measured to assess the effect of soak time in the maturing water. Hardness of the sample was highest (3.99) at 20 min, and cohesiveness also showed a maximum value (0.26) at 20 min. Gumminess and chewiness were highest 1.04 and 4.09, respectively, when the fish was matured for 20 min. Sensory properties were evaluated, and springiness, umami flavor, texture, and overall preference were highest at 20 min of soak time. The results showed that maturing the puffer fish for 20 min provided the best quality of texture and sensory characteristics for the fish.

Characteristics and Possible Early Harvesting Time of Early Maturing Soybean Cultivars in Southern Korea (남부지방에서 조생종 콩 품종의 특성과 조기수확 한계기)

  • Kim, Dong-Kwan;Son, Dong-Mo;Chon, Sang-Uk;Lee, Kyung-Dong;Kim, Kyong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2008
  • This study analyzed the growth, seed quality, and yield of major early-maturing soybean cultivars by comparing them in order to utilize the research results in the selection of early-maturing soybean cultivars in multi-cropping farms in the Southern area. This field trial was conducted at Naju region (latitude $35^{\circ}04'N$, longitude $126^{\circ}54'E$), Jeonnam, with planting on June 15. The maturing date for Keunol-kong and Hwaseong-put-kong was found to be around September 12, which was earlier than other cultivars. Thus, there were advantages to introducing a cropping system as well as having good seed quality and high yield. On the other hand, the maturing date for Saeol-kong and Sinrok-kong was found to be around September 20, which was a little bit late; however, the seed quality of the cultivars was good and they had a high yield. Therefore, if we want to sow the following crops of soybeans around mid-September, Keunol-kong and Hwaseong-put-kong are advantageous, while for the seeding around late September, Saeol-kong and Sinrok-kong would be good. This study was also performed to identify the limitation time for early harvesting by reviewing seed quality and yield of major early-maturing soybean cultivars according to early harvesting. When harvesting Keunol-kong on September 6, which was six days earlier than the optimal harvesting time (September 12), there was no difference in seed weight, yield, or seed quality than those of the harvested at the optimum maturing time. As for Saeol-kong, when harvesting on September 18, which was six days earlier than the optimal harvesting time (September 24), there was no difference in seed weight, yield, or seed quality than those of the harvested at the optimum maturing time. Therefore, the stable limitation time for early harvesting of Keunol-kong and Saeol-kong was concluded to be six days earlier than the optimal harvesting time.

Characteristics of Grain Qualtiy at Different Transplanting Times among Rice Cultivars (벼의 품종별 이앙시기가 미질 특성에 미치는 영향 II. 미립의 외관특성과 화학적 성분의 변화)

  • 고재권
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 1998
  • This experiment was conducted to investigatd the variation of some apearance chemical components at National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station in Korea. the treatements consisted of five transplating times, form May 5 to July 5 at 15-day interval , and six cultivars ; two early-maturing, two mid-maturing and two latematuring cultivars. The results showed that the variatio of grain appearance such as length-wide ratio was not significantly different in early -maturing cultivars, but mid-and late-maturing cultivars made slightly a round shape of grain in case of early transplanting. Percentage of complete grain was found to be high at transplanting of MAy 20 inearly-maturing cultivars and on June 5 in mid-and late-maturing ones. PERcentage of existed embryo after milling showed high at early transplanting of May 5 for early -maturing cultivars, and at the late transplanting of June 5 in early and late maturing one. The chemical components of rice grain showed high in protein , lipid,ash and amylose content inthe earlier transplanting, and also revealed high in carbohydrates, magnesium and potassium in the later transplanting of all cultivars.

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Characteristics of Grain Quality at Different Transplanting Times among Rice Cultivars I. Variation of Heading and Yield Related Characteristics (벼의 품종별 이앙시기가 미질 특성에 미치는 영향 I. 출수 및 수량관련형질의 변화)

  • JaeKwonKo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.386-391
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    • 1997
  • A study was carried out to investigate the variation of heading date and related yield components at Honam Agricultural Experiment Station in Korea. The treatments were consisted of five transplanting time: from May 5 to July 5 at 15-day intervals, and six cultivars: two early-maturing, two mid-maturing and two late-maturing cultivars. The results showed that variation of heading at different transplanting time was not significant at transplanting after June 5 in early-maturing cultivars, and days of heading from seeding for all tested cultivars were shorter in later transplanting times. The yield components such as numher of spikelcts, percentage of ripened grain and 1.000 grain weight were found to he great on May 5 in early-maturing cultivars and on June 5 in mid-and late-maturing cultivars. Yield was maximized at transplanting of May 20 in early maturing and on June 5 in mid-and late-maturing cultivars. When transplanting time was late, the yield difference hetween early maturing cultivars and late nldtunng ones showed 44 to 77kg/10a in the transplanting of June 20, and 26~30kg/10a in the transplanting of July 5 indicating that the late-maturing cultivars take more advantage than early-maturing ones.

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조.만생 사초용 호밀의 파종 및 수확시기에 관한 연구 II. 파종 및 수확시기별 수량 및 사료가치 ( Studies on the Seeding and Harvesting Dates of Early and Late Maturing Varieties of Forage Rye II. Yield and nutritive value influenced by seeding and harvesting

  • 권찬호;김동암
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.316-323
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    • 1994
  • In order to reduce the problems from the presence of rye crop residues in maize establishment and yield, and also to improve the growth, productivity and nutritive value of rye(Seca1e cereal L.). an experiment was canied out to determine the variety effect of rye on the forage production system and the eft'ect of seeding and harvesting dates on the production and quality of rye. 'This experiment was conducted at the forage testing field of S.N.U., Suweon, from September 1986 to May 1989. Heading date of an early maturing rye variety, Wintermore. was earlier 10 days than that of a late maturing rye variety, Kodiak. A 15-days delay in the seeding dates of early and late maturing varieties of rye tended to delay the heading dates of the rye varieties for 3 and 4 days, respectively. Dry matter and in vitro digestible dry matter yields were markedly increased with earlier seeding date. Before 20 April, the DM and IVDDM yeilds of an early maturing rye variety, Winterrnore. were higher than those of a late maturing rye variety, Kodiak. However, no such a trend was found between the early and late maturing varieties of rye after 27 April. Less than 35% of ADF was recorded until the harvesting dates of 13 and 27 p r i l for early and late maturing rye varieties, respectively, but less than 46% of NDF was maintained until the harvesting drtte of 13 April for botg varieties. Based on the results obtained from this experiment. it may be concluded that the most desirable forage production from corn-rye double cropping system is to advance the seeding time of rye toward the first 10 days of September as well as harvesting time toward the first heading stage with an early maturing rye variety.

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DISCRIMINATION OF EARLY MATURING PADDY RICE CROPS USING MULTI-TEMPORAL SAR IMAGES

  • Hong, Suk-Young;Jang, Min-Won;Kim, Yi-Hyun;Park, No-Wook
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.243-245
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    • 2007
  • This study was begun to classify the paddy fields by the rice varieties and to monitor the temporal change in rice growth using SAR backscatter coefficients $({\sigma}^{circ})$. For nine fine-beam mode images of Radarsat-1 SAR, a growing period time-series of backscatter coefficients was set up from April to October in 2005, and was compared with the field-measured rice growth parameters such as LAI (leaf area index), plant height, fresh and dry biomass, and water content in grain and plant for 45 parcels in Dangjin-gun, Chungcheongnam Province, South Korea. The average backscatter coefficients for early-maturing rice varieties (13 parcels) were ranged from -18.17dB to -6.06dB and were lower than for medium-late maturing rice varieties during most of the growing season. At around the heading stage (July 30) for early-maturing rice, both rice crops showed the highest backscatter coefficient values and the difference was the greatest before harvesting early-maturing rice. The temporal difference in backscatter coefficients between rice varieties was expected to play a key role to identify early-maturing rice fields. On the other hand, comparison with field-measured rice growth parameters showed that the backscatter coefficients decreased or stayed on the plateau after heading stage even though the growth of rice canopy advanced.

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Effect of Location, Season, and Variety on Yield and Quality of Forage Oat

  • Kim, J.D.;Kim, S.G.;Abue, S.J.;Kwon, C.H.;Shin, C.N.;Ko, K.H.;Park, B.G.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.970-977
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    • 2006
  • Forage oat (Avena sativa L.) is grown extensively in a double-cropping system on dairy farms. Four oat varieties ('Swan', 'Targa', 'Foothill', and 'Nugene') were evaluated for forage production and forage quality during two growing seasons (spring and autumn) at two locations (central and southern region) in South Korea. The heading stage of four oat varieties was observed during spring, but the autumn season did not produce heading until harvest time except for the 'Swan' variety (early-maturing variety). The heading stage of 'Swan' in both locations was earlier compared to other varieties. The four varieties were resistant to both foliar disease and insects. Lodging resistance was higher during autumn except in 2002 at the central region, and late-maturing varieties ('Foothill' and 'Nugene') have lower lodging resistance. Dry matter (DM) content was significantly different between varieties (p<0.001). Comparing different varieties, 'Swan', an early-maturing variety, was highest in DM content. In DM, total digestible nutrients (TDN) and crude protein (CP) yield, the yield of oat varieties in the southern region was higher than in the central region, and forage yield of the oat varieties in the spring season was higher than during the autumn season. The DM and TDN yield showed significant differences between oat varieties. The CP content of oats grown in the central region (Cheonan) was lower than oats grown in the southern region (Daegu), and the spring season produced oats with lower CP compared to the autumn season. Among the four oat varieties, the CP content of late-maturing varieties was higher than the Swan variety (early-maturing variety). The acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) contents were higher for the varieties grown in Cheonan and during the spring season. The ADF and NDF contents of late-maturing varieties were lower than the early-maturing variety. TDN and relative feed value (RFV) were higher for the varieties grown in Daegu and during the autumn season. Late-maturing variety had higher TDN and RFV than early-maturing variety. Our study showed differences in forage production and forage quality of oats grown in different locations, seasons and varieties. Forage quality as well as forage production was better in the southern region than in the central region. Forage quality was better during autumn, but forage production was better during spring. Late-maturing variety had better forage quality than the early-maturing variety. Therefore, late-maturing varieties are more suitable for use in the southern region.

Mapping Paddy Rice Varieties Using Multi-temporal RADARSAT SAR Images

  • Jang, Min-Won;Kim, Yi-Hyun;Park, No-Wook;Hong, Suk-Young
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.653-660
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    • 2012
  • This study classified paddy fields according to rice varieties and monitored temporal changes in rice growth using SAR backscatter coefficients (${\sigma}^{\circ}$). A growing period time-series of backscatter coefficients was set up for nine fine-beam mode RADARSAT-1 SAR images from April to October 2005. The images were compared with field-measured rice growth parameters such as leaf area index (LAI), plant height, fresh and dry biomass, and water content in grain and plants for 45 parcels in Dangjin-gun, Chungnam Province, South Korea. The average backscatter coefficients for early-maturing rice varieties (13 parcels) ranged from -18.17 dB to -6.06 dB and were lower than those for medium-late maturing rice varieties during most of the growing season. Both crops showed the highest backscatter coefficient values at the heading stage (late July) for early-maturing rice, and the difference was greatest before harvest for early-maturing rice. The temporal difference in backscatter coefficients between rice varieties may play a key role in identifying early-maturing rice fields. On the other hand, comparisons with field-measured parameters of rice growth showed that backscatter coefficients decreased or remained on a plateau after the heading stage, even though the growth of the rice canopy had advanced.

Changes of Physicochemical and Flavor Components of Ume According to Varieties and Picking Date (매실 품종과 수확 시기에 따른 이화학적 특성과 향기성분의 변화)

  • Song, Bo-Hyeon;Choe, Gap-Seong;Kim, Yong-Du
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 1997
  • This study aims to determine the optimal picking time and the favorate variety for Ume processing. The changes of physicochemical components and flavors of 6 varieties of the Ume were investigated during maturing. Average weight of the fruit increased to the range of 151-292% from 70 days to 90 days after blooming. The hardness of fruit decreased during maturing and Koume variety was not suitable for processing among the last harvesting samples. Moisture and ash were reached to 89-91%, 0.57-0.69%, respectively, and the ash content increased during maturing. Among the Ume varieties, relatively high content of total acid was observed in Oshuku and Koume. The major organic acid were malic, citric, succinic, and tartaric acid. The content of malic acid decreased significantly, whereas citric acid increased during maturing. Thirty five kinds of flavor components were identified from the Ume fruit and main components were ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, and organic acid derivatives. Koume contained a large amount of flavor components among the Ume and the content increased during maturing.

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