• Title, Summary, Keyword: Measurement Instrument

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Ideal Topographic Simulations for Null Measurement Data

  • Su, Yan-Jen;Tung, Chi-Hong;Chang, Leh-Rong;Chen, Jin-Liang;Chang, Calvin
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.79-82
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    • 2008
  • A method is described for ideally reconstructing the profile from a surface profiling measurement containing a reasonable amount of null measurement data. The proposed method can conjecture lost information and rectify irregular data that result due to bad measuring environments, signal transmission noise, or instrument-induced errors, The method adopts the concept of computer graphics and consists of several processing steps. First, a search for valid data in the neighborhood of the null data is performed. The valid data are then grouped and their contours are extracted. By analyzing these contours, a bounding box can be obtained and the general distribution of the entire area encompassing the valid and null data is determined Finally, an ideal surface model is overlaid onto the measurement results based on the bounding box, generating a complete reconstruction of the calculations, A surface-profiling task on a liquid crystal display photo spacer is used to verify the proposed method. The results are compared to those obtained through the use of a scanning electron microscope to demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed method.

Development of Quality of Life Measurement for Cancer Patients (암환자의 삶의 질 도구개발)

  • Tae, Young Sook;Kang, Eun-Sil;Lee, Myung Hwa;Park, Geum Ja
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.741-757
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    • 2000
  • This study was undertaken to develop an instrument to be used for measuring the concept of quality of life of Korean patients with cancer multidimensionary and correctly. It can contribute in holistic nursing care for Korean cancer patients and also provide and validate basic data to help oncology nurses measure the outcome of nursing intervention correctly. To develop this instrument, the researchers first estabilished a conceptual framework based on the results of qualitative data analysis and indepth interview method Development of the scale was conducted using a method in which 31 items were assessed by subjects' self report using linear analogue scales. The subjects were 79 D.M. patients, 103 patients with acute illness, and 91 cancer patients residing in Busan, Korea. Data were collected during the period from July, 24 to August 14, 2000. This instrument consisted of 31 items with a self report scale. This instrument covered 4 dimensions of cancer patients : 1) physical wellbeing 2) psychological wellbeing 3) social wellbeing and 4)spiritual wellbeing. Each item had a possible score of 10. The reliability of the scale was tested with Cronbach's alpha. Validity was evaluated by examining the relationships of this scale, Youn's Quality of Life Questionnare scores and the Simple Quality of Life scale. Two separate runs of multiple regression were used to predict scores on the Simple Quality of Life measurement. Further validation was obtained by examining the correlation between the instrument subscores and Youn's Quality of Life measurement subscore for convergence of this scale. Examination of the discriminant. power of the instrument was done using ANOVA test. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The reliability of the instrument for the quality of life was 0.8321(Cronbach's alpha.), physical wellbeing dimension 0.6343, psychological wellbeing dimension 0.6501, spiritual wellbeing dimension 0.5883. 2. This instrument had a high correlation with Youn's Quality of Life measurement(r= 0.636) in cancer patients, whereas it had a low correlation with Simple Quality of Life measurement(r=0.455) in cancer patients. In the D.M. patients, the instrument correlated with both the Youn's Quality of Life measurement and Simple Quality of life measurement(r=0.313, r= 0.407) and in the acute stage patients, the instrument had no correlation. 3. Multiple regression of individual items on the Simple Quality of Life scores accounted for 56.8% of the variance in the Simple Quality of Life measurement, whereas, Youn's Quality of Life measurement scores accounts for 31.7%. 4. The correlations collected from the three group had the same patterns of variations but especially the instrument developed in this study had higher disciminant power than that of Youn's Quality of Life Measurement.

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An Analysis of Performance Error of High Precision Measuring Instrument (진원도 측정기의 오차특성에 관한 연구)

  • 한응교;노병옥;허민석
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.862-874
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    • 1989
  • A phase evil method and spectrum analysis were instrument error which is originated from measurement system and the form error of standard specimens. An instrument with a rotating table supported by an air bearing is calibrated using standard specimens. The phase of standard specimens was measured 12 times on the rotating table with rotating 30 in turn and its measurement magnification was set by 100000 times. As a result of data analysis of all the observations, read out at each of 144 orientations(per 2.5) from recorded datafiles, the error of the performance of the instrument and those of the standard specimens are evaluated and a systematic deviation of the instrument is determined. In the particular instrument used in the present experiment, the deviation of the instrument is determined with the accuracy of 15nm and those of standard specimens with the accuracy of 23, 13 n, respectively. The reproducibility of the instrument is investigated, too. If the instrument is calibrated by using the above standard specimens, then the accuracy of the measurement of roundness error can be improved to about 15nm.

A Study on Management for Measuring Instrument of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (중소제조업체의 측정기 운영에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Yoo, Jae Kwon;Yoo, Hyun-Jong
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.43-56
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    • 2008
  • Measurement is used for evaluation of product or process exactly. If it couldn't measured correctly, Quality-cost must be raised and it would be hard to improve product quality. So, this study suggests improvement guide line for the multilateral problems of measuring instrument operation based on the investigation of 157 small and medium-sized enterprises in February, 2008. To use measuring instrument correctly, man who treat it must be accustomed with the structure, the performance, the method. The instrument is selected properly for the measurement goal. If not, results couldn't be correctly or wasted time, efforts, and costs. When selecting a instrument, the tolerance, the size, the figure, the material, and the efficiency must be considered. If the measuring instruments are controlled efficiently, it could be accomplished that improving product quality and coinciding with the goal of QM.

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A Study on Effective Management for Measuring Instrument (측정기의 효율적 운영에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Yoo, Hyun-Jong;Jung, Soo-Il
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2008
  • Measurement is a essential part in all kinds of industry, especially in manufacturing. But until now, measurement hasn't been located to the core of manufacturing in domestic. This study suggests improvement guide line for the multilateral problems of measuring instrument operation based on the investigation of small and medium-sized enterprises. To use measuring instrument correctly, man who treat it must be accustomed with the structure, the performance, the method. The measuring instrument must be corrected periodically. The correcting-schedule is established with environments with considering accuracy, stability, purpose, condition, and frequency.

Measurement Issues across Different Cultures

  • Lee, Ju-Hee;Jung, Duk-Yoo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.1295-1300
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    • 2006
  • Purpose. The purposes of this methodologic paper are to (1) describe theoretical background in conducting research across different cultures; (2) address measurement issues related to instrument administration; and (3) provide strategies to deal with measurement issues. Methods. A thorough review of the literature was conducted. A theoretical background is provided, and examples of administering instrument in studies are described. Results. When applying an instrument to different cultures, both equivalence and bias need to be established. Three levels of equivalence, i.e., construct equivalence, measurement unit equivalence, and full score comparability, need to be explained to maintain the same concept being measured. In this paper, sources of bias in construct, method, and item are discussed. Issues related to instrument administration in a cross-cultural study are described. Conclusion. Researchers need to acknowledge various group differences in concept and/or language that include a specific set of symbols and norms. There is a need to question the philosophical and conceptual appropriateness of an assessment measure that has been conceptualized and operationalized in a different culture. Additionally, testing different response formats such as narrowing response range can be considered to reduce bias.

POLYGONIOSCOPE a new instrument for fastest luminance, color and viewing angle measurement with highest accuracy

  • Laur, Juergen
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1370-1373
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    • 2008
  • This paper introduces a novel display measuring instrument that allows accurate, spectro-radiometric measurement of the complete viewing cone while the measuring time is similar to that of a CCD camera with transform lens optics. Actually the new instrument, named POLYGONIOSCOPE, is orders of magnitude faster compared to a conventional spot spectrometer.

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Development of Measurement Assurance Test Procedures between Calibrations (계기 검교정간의 보증시험 절차의 개발)

  • Yum, Bong-Jin;Cho, Jae-Gyeun;Lee, Dong-Wha
    • IE interfaces
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 1993
  • A nonstandard instrument used in the filed frequently becomes out-of-calibration due to environmental noise, misuse, aging, etc. A substantial amount of loss may result if such nonstandard instrument is used to check product quality and performance. Traditional periodic calibration at the calibration center is not capable of detecting out-of-calibration status while the instrument is in use, and therefore, statistical methods need to be developed to check the status of a nonstandard instrument in the field between calibrations. Developed in this paper is a unified measurement assurance model in which statistical calibration at the calibration center and measurement assurance test in the filed are combined. We developed statistical procedures to detect changes in precision and in the coefficients of the calibration equation. Futher, computational experiments are conducted to evaluate how the power of test varies with respect to the parameters involved. Based upon the computational results we suggest procedures for designing effective measurement assurance tests.

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Measurement of Care Coordination between Korean Medicine and Western Medicine: Development and Validation of an Instrument (한.양방 협진의 진료협력수준 측정도구개발 및 타당도 연구)

  • Park, Minjung;Choi, Byunghee;Baek, Yun Hui;Park, Jeong Hye
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 2015
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to present the desirable model for the promotion of care coordination between Korean Medicine and Western Medicine and develope the instrument to measure the level of coordination. Moreover, we verified the validity and reliability of the developed Instrument. Method : In this study, We developed the 16 items regarding care coordination in Korean Medicine and Western Medicine by literature review and expert interviews. In addition, we verified the validity and reliability of the instrument as a methodological research. Results : We developed two factors such as 'Inter-professional activities' and 'Organizational support' as the instrument to measure the level of care coordination, and each of seven, eight total of 15 measurement items are listed. Conclusion : Since the legal permission, the level and type of care coordination and the effects of them are needed to be checked. So, the measurement instrument driven by this study has a political signification in healthcare system specially in these times. In addition, by utilizing this instrument, we propose to perform a variety of future studies on the levels of healthcare coordination and related outcomes.

A Study on the Development of Measurement Instruments for the Business Model of Electronic Commerce in the Strategic Perspective (전략적 관점에서 본 전자상거래 비즈니스 모델의 측정도구 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Song Young-Il;Jeon Ho-Il
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1-34
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study Is to develop empirically validated instrument for business model. The previous researches related to business model were almost taxonomies. And the focus of those researches were the classification by the degree of integration and innovation the origin, and the main source of revenue etc. In the emerging fields such as IT, e-commerce, and e-business, it tends to overlook methodological issue in its substantive relationships and also measurement. Business model is taken an interest in recent years. However, as the non-establishment of construct on business model has made no empirical study, this, study tries to develop an empirical validated instrument that identifies the dimensions of business model by uncovering meaningful group or categories. For this, the outlined domain of business model are defined as an organizational level that competes in the industry through the literature reviews. And the traits such as process integration, value chain reconstruction, strategic alliance with another business model, specialty in a certain wet sustainability of essential capabilities, differentiation, convertibility, customer orientation, revenue stream, newness, innovation leadership: and vision sharing are identified in those respective domains, and then the traits are classified into five dimensions such as interlinkageableness, valueness, functionalness, preemptiveness, and goalness by their characteristics. Generating items are continued on the basis of operationalization. Confirmatory factor analysis is performed in order to develop validated instrument with LISREL measurement model. Finally the instrument is developed through the previous procedure. The implication of this study is the first empirical effort to assess business model. The resulting instrument can be used with dependent variables in the future study related to business model. And the establishment of construct of business model is able to make a basis to rise an additional issue consequently. In the practical side, the instrument also can be employed as an assessment framework that can assess whether the expected value success or not. The instrument with the measurement can be used on competitor's business model, In. When an investment into a i-m with a specific business model, these instrument developed can be presented as the basic framework of assessment.

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