• Title, Summary, Keyword: Media Representations

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"Once You Go Black": Performative Acts of "Blackness" in Contemporary Cinema

  • Chung, Hye Jean
    • English & American cultural studies
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.241-267
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    • 2014
  • Media representations of race have attempted to contain blackness by packaging and commodifying it to reflect and affect preconceptions and prejudices of dominant culture. From the early beginnings of blackface minstrelsy as entertainment form in the $19^{th}$ century, representations of African Americans in popular culture and mainstream media have been closely associated with the notion of performance. The performative nature of racial representations is situated within the discursive struggle over what it meant to be Black, or what it meant to be labeled and portrayed as Black in American culture. This essay discusses four films that contain performances of "blackness" that assemble race and gender in complex configurations: Bamboozled (Spike Lee, 2000), Girl 6 (Spike Lee, 1996), Big Momma's House (Raja Gosnell, 2000), and White Chicks (Keenen Ivory Wayans, 2004). I explore how the performative nature of "blackness" is emphasized, thematized, and problematized in these films through the physicality of corporeal figures that embody the close link between race and gender identities. Once we are cognizant of the fact that race and gender are fabricated cultural constructs and performative acts, we can recognize that notions of "blackness" and "femininity" are not naturalized or essentialist, but open to recontextualization and revision.

Societal Phenomenon of 'Single-Person Household', Media Representations and Cultural Implications: A Semiotic and Discourse Study on of tvN (1인 가구 현상, 미디어 재현, 문화적 함의: TV 드라마 <혼술남녀>에 대한 기호학과 담론 분석)

  • Baek, Jinju;Baek, Seon Gi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.65-77
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    • 2018
  • Recently, the number of 'single-person household' is increasing rapidly. It brings about changes in the societal cultural aspect. Examples of television programs focused on their lifestyle provoked the societal attention as a important social agenda. This research investigated to figure out inherent ideologies in of tvN through Semiotic and Discourse analyses. As a result, predominant ideologies were revealed on the basis of representations of such single-person households. The authors also tried to find out how the media represent attitudes of single-person households and figure out how the media approach their ways of lives on bases of specific discourses and ideologies.

S/W Cinderella for Student's mental Representation about Non-Euclidean Geometry (비유클리드 기하의 정신적 표상을 위한 S/W Cinderella)

  • Kye Younghee;Shin Kyunghee
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.297-306
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, we propose a computer environment class for student's mental representations about non-Euclidean geometry. Through the software Cinderella, students construct knowledge about non-Euclidean geometry and recognize differentness between Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry. Also they recognize an existence of non-Euclidean geometry newly and its mental representations with images represented in Cinderella. In geometry class, we make students can use many representations systematically and can figure a visual internal image by emphasizing a transform process. And then students can reason about non-Euclidean geometry.

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Women's Newspapers and Women's Movement during the Period of US Military Government in Korea (미군정기의 여성신문과 여성운동)

  • Park, Yong-Gyu
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.19
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    • pp.125-153
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    • 2002
  • Because most of feminist researches on the media have been primarily concerned with women's roles and representations in main scream mass media, women's media as alternative media remain remarkably understudied. Thus this study explores women's media in relation to women's movement during the period of US military Government in Korea. There were five women's newspapers which were means of women's movement in this period. However, failing to attract enough appropriate revenues and resort to fund-raising, women's newspapers could nor be published a long time. And women's newspapers as means of women's movement had the defects in women's representations because women's movement lacked a certain degree of autonomy from the male-dominated political activities. In other words, women's newspapers maintained women's participation in political areas, but on the other hand they emphasized the women's role as mother and housewife.

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Representation of Homosexuality and Related Discourse in (드라마 <인생은 아름다워>의 동성애 재현과 담론)

  • Lee, Ja-Hye
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.555-566
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the strategy of representation of homosexuality in the mainstream media and its meaning. And it also concerns what would be the limit of representations of homosexuality and what would be the discourse these representations produce in the major terrestrial broadcasting. For this investigation, we conducted the analysis of , the mainstream television drama, focused on the gay couple characters and their representations of conflicts and resolutions by comparing with the two heterosexual couples to figure out the differentiated representation strategies of homosexuality. As results of the analysis, the representation of sociogenic cause of conflict is absent for gay couple while it was found in the case of one heterosexual couple. And gay couple is exposed to the interpersonal conflicts against their family members than heterosexual couples and described as victims. Lastly, gay couple was represented as needing mediators to solve their problems while heterosexual couple was represented as ensuring subjectivity for the resolutions of conflicts.

Representation of Others in TV Contents: Focusing on the KBS News 9 (방송 콘텐츠의 타자 재현과 문화적 함의: KBS 9시 뉴스를 중심으로)

  • Joo, Jaewon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.40-49
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    • 2014
  • Globalisation has intensified the international movement of labour and South Korea is no exception. Korea, which in the past was itself a labour-exporting country, has seen a reversal in human mobility since the late 1990's with a rapid growth in immigration and a transformation of a previously almost ethnically homogenous society. In this context, the important questions about the cultural and political implications associated with the construction of minority representations in the media have remained highly unexplored. The starting point of this study is an examination of the vital role of public service broadcasting (PSB) in Korean society, where ethnic minorities have increasingly become visible. The study shows the significant role of PSB in representing cultural diversity in public debates and the ways in which such representations and their dissemination reflect media power.

Arab Spring Effects on Meanings for Islamist Web Terms and on Web Hyperlink Networks among Muslim-Majority Nations: A Naturalistic Field Experiment

  • Danowski, James A.;Park, Han Woo
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.15-39
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    • 2014
  • This research conducted a before/after naturalistic field experiment, with the early Arab Spring as the treatment. Compared to before the early Arab Spring, after the observation period the associations became stronger among the Web terms: 'Jihad, Sharia, innovation, democracy and civil society.' The Western concept of civil society transformed into a central Islamist ideological component. At another level, the inter-nation network based on Jihad-weighted Web hyperlinks between pairs of 46 Muslim Majority (MM) nations found Iran in one of the top two positions of flow betweenness centrality, a measure of network power, both before and after early Arab Spring. In contrast, Somalia, UAE, Egypt, Libya, and Sudan increased most in network flow betweenness centrality. The MM 'Jihad'-centric word co-occurrence network more than tripled in size, and the semantic structure more became entropic. This media "cloud" perhaps billowed as Islamist groups changed their material-level relationships and the corresponding media representations of Jihad among them changed after early Arab Spring. Future research could investigate various rival explanations for this naturalistic field experiment's findings.

The Definition of a Catastrophe as Trauma by Visual Media and the Resultant Problems: A Critical Analysis of the "Antimimetic Theory" (시각 미디어에 의한 대재앙적 사건의 트라우마 규정과 그에 따른 문제들 - "반모방 이론"에 대한 비평적인 분석을 통해서)

  • Seoh, Gil-Wan
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.43
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    • pp.265-288
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    • 2016
  • This essay begins by discussing the issue of the definition of a catastrophe as a trauma by visual media and the problems that result. We assume a concrete approach towards these problems by examining the process through which 9/11 was defined as a "national trauma" in the exclusion of images of bodies falling from towers, which were some of the most shocking images in the media coverage of 9/11. The choice to exclude images of falling men from American visual media representations of 9/11 goes hand in hand with the tendencies of a contemporary trauma theory. This essay assumes that the representations in the U.S visual media depend on "antimimetic theory," one of the leading contemporary trauma theories, in order to validate its logic, and examines the limitations and problems of the theory. This work aims to examine the issue of the definition of a catastrophe as trauma by visual media on the basis on the "antimimetic theory" and the danger that results. Because the antimimetic theory, which the visual media in the United States uses to define 9/11 as trauma, emphasizes literal and unmediated representation of an external event, it lacks an understanding of the human aspects of the event. There is no way to intervene in the construction and interpretation of the trauma. As a result, the theory discourages active attempts to find a solution to the problems of the people directly connected with the event. Thus, it provides an opening for manipulative intervention of an external power. This essay attempts to provide a critical analysis of the "antimimetic theory" in order to help people who witness catastrophic events through various types of visual media, and to seek an alternative means of experiencing and responding to the trauma, that does not stem from the perspective of specific media outlets or external powers.

Media Representation of Korean Modern Historical Incidents, and its Myth and Ideology: A Semiotic Approach on MBC-TV Documentary (한국 현대사의 미디어 재현과 신화 및 이데올로기: MBC-TV 다큐멘터리 <이제는 말할 수 있다>의 남북관련 이슈를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Gyu-Jeong;Baek, Seon-Gi
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.50
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    • pp.50-72
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate representation of media on Korean controversial historical incidents and its myth and ideology. Especially the authors paid attention to the MBC-TV Documentary which had dealt with many controversial issues in Korean society. Those issues had never been dealt by other Korean media before it began to do. Three episodes about the South-North Korea related issues were selected as main object of this study and were analyzed with various semiotic research methods, especially, paradigmatic analytical method, narrative analytic method and mythical analytic method. As a main result of this study, it was found that the Documentary tended to represent such controversial historical issues very differently from the previous representations of old newspapers'. Th e old newspapers tried to establish old myths; that is, 'myth of national crisis', 'myth of anti-communism', 'myth of scapegoat of college students', 'myth of intelligent agency's monopoly', 'myth of social stablization', etc, while the documentary changed to build up new myths; that is, 'myth of humanities', 'myth of peaceful unification', 'myth of freedom and democracy', 'myth of human rights, etc.' In short, it was concluded that the documentary was able to change some previous myths and ideologies through its changing representations.

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Representations of Vibration Embody Formula based on the Diffusion Field Paradigm about Interlayer Noise (층간소음을 확장음장 관점에서 본 진동체화식의 표상)

  • Kim, Hwang Jun
    • Smart Media Journal
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 2019
  • Generally, interlayer noise is measured in decibels (A) in terms of free field. In this paper, we propose a measurement method of interlayer vibration acceleration in the diffusion field perspective. The proposed method can represent a vibration-embodied formula similar to the sensitivity of earthquake intensity when the natural vibration of apartment house is measured by acceleration with its average value of $20mm/s^2$ represented by an the geometric progression of radix. Based on this theory, this paper proposes a method to show the optimal user experience (UX) by applying the interlayer vibration acceleration of the epicenter to the system of human - computer interaction (HCI).