• Title, Summary, Keyword: Medicinal Plant

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An efficient transformation method for a potato (Solanum tuberosum L. var. Atlantic)

  • Han, Eun-Hee;Goo, Young-Min;Lee, Min-Kyung;Lee, Shin-Woo
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2015
  • We found that a long period of in vitro culture is a critical factor on the low transformation rate for a specific potato genotype, Solanum tuberosum L. var. Atlantic when phosphinothricin (PPT) was added to select putative transformants in a solid media. The fresh explants of the newly produced plants from a micro-tuber was able to increase the transformation rate significantly while the old explants prepared from a plant maintained for longer than 6 months in vitro by sub-culturing every 3 ~ 4 weeks resulted in a very low transformation frequency. However, Jowon cultivar was not so much influenced by the period of in vitro culture with high transformation rate (higher than 10.0%). Further research need to be explored for the reason why a particular potato genotype, Atlantic is more vulnerable than the Jowon cultivar during the regeneration stage resulting in the low transformation frequency.

Variation of Growth Characteristics in Natural crossed Population of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas (자연교잡 실생작약 집단의 생육특성 변이)

  • Kim, Se-Jong;Kim, Jeong-Hye;Park, Jun-Hong;Park, So-Deuk;Choi, Boo-Sull
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to find growth characters and distribution of above and underground in natural crossed population of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas. Sprouting time was 1 April to 15 April, and distribution of stem length ranged from 21 to 80cm, and 3 to 18 in stem number. Distribution of root length ranged from 12 to 59cm, root number per plant was 73 to 4, root yield per plant was highly varied by 37 to 882g, and larger root above 750g was occupied by 7.1%. Paeoniflorin content was 1.9 to 10.29% and plants containing higher paeoniflorin was 14.3%. Root length and yield had highly positive correlation. Root diameter and stem length was also positively correlated.

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Differences in Heavy Metal Accumulation in Different Medicinal Plants in Association with Lime Application

  • Kim, Hyuck-Soo;Seo, Byoung-Hwan;Bae, Jun-Sik;Kim, Won-Il;Hong, Chang-Oh;Kim, Kwon-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.271-274
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    • 2016
  • This study examined variation in Cd and Pb uptake among different medi cinal plants grown under the same soil environment together with immobilizing effect of lime to decrease these metals accumulation by the medicinal plants. For this, lime was incorporated into a heavy metal-contaminated soil at 1% followed by cultivation of seven different annual and 5 different biennial medicinal plants. In order for comparison, control soil without lime treatment was included and all the pot trials were carried out four replicates. Cadmium and Pb concentrations in medicinal plant roots grown in the control soil varied between 0.5 and $2.8mg\;kg^{-1}$ for Cd and 3.2 and $82.4mg\;kg^{-1}$ for Pb. The highest accumulation occurred in C. officinale and the lowest in D. batatas. Lime application decreased average Cd and Pb concentrations in the examined medicinal plants from $1.3mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $25.7mg\;kg^{-1}$ to $0.6mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $11.9mg\;kg^{-1}$, respectively in comparison with those grown in the control soil.

A Study on Utilization of Medicinal Herb as Vegetable by Hydroponics I. The effect of light and temperature on the seed germination of medicinal herb. (식물공장 시스템을 이용한 약초의 채소화에 관한 기초연구 1. 채소화가능 약초종자의 발아에 미치는 온도 및 광의 영향)

  • 최성규
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 1994
  • In order to establish utilijzation of medicinal herb as vegetable by Hydroponics, the present studies were conducted to investigate the effect of temperature and light on the seed germination ofmedicinal herb. The results obtained are summaried as follows. The lower and upper temperaturelimit for herb germination was 10'c and 30'c within which the optimum was 20'C. Germinationof medicinal herb was similar in light and dark condition.

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The Cultivation and Export of Major Medicinal Crops in Korea (최근 우리나라 주요 약용식물의 재배 및 수출에 관한 연구)

  • 박석근
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried out to investigate about cultivation and export of major medicinal crops in Korea. The results obtained were summarized as follows'Planted area, harvested area and pro-duction were increase very much, but yield was not increased almost to 1993 from 1988. In spiteof, cultivation area was increased, export was decreased to 1993 from 1988. In cultivation area, major medicinal crops were Angelica gigas, Platycodon grandiflorum, Astragalus membranaceus, Paeonia lactiflora and Codonopsis lanceolata in 1993. In amount of export, major medicinal cropswere Ginkgo biloba, Bupleurum falcatum, Cornus officinalis, Asarum sieboldii in 1993.

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Study on Use of Native Medicinal Woody Plants in the Chonnam Area (전남지역 자생 목본약용식물의 이용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chae-Hyun;Jeong, Jong-Gil
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : Through surveying the vegetation of woody plants naturally growing in the Chonnam Area. we expect to make good use of the surveyed data for the conservation and utilization of woody plants in the Chonnam Area. And also we hope that we could make a good opportunity to love and conserve the Chonnam Area through this report. Methods : we inspected native and cultivated medicinal woody plants in the Chonnam Area by report and survey, and researched medicinal part through the herbalogy literature. Results : 1. According to the investigation of medicinal woody plant in the Chonnam area, it bears 189 species, 139 genera and 62 families. 2. Rosaceae and Quercus are the biggest share of medicinal woody plants in the Chonnam area. 3. In aspect of medicinal part, roots of 100 species, leaves of 102 species, fruits of 80 species, and barks of 67 species have been using. The leaves part of the most plants are abundantly used. 4. About 30 species of medicinal woody plants are distributed distinctively in Korea. Conclusions : According to the investigation of medicinal woody plant in the Chonnam area, it bears 189 species, 139 genera and 62 families.

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Effect of Supplemental Medicinal Plants(Artemisia, Acanthopanax and Garlic) on Growth Performance and Serum Characteristics in Lactating Sows, Suckling and Weanling Pigs (사료내 약용식물(인진쑥, 오가피 및 마늘)의 첨가가 포유돈, 포유자돈 및 이유자돈의 성적 및 혈청특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Kwon, O.S.;Yoo, J.S.;Min, B.J.;Son, K.S.;Cho, J.H.;Kim, H.J.;Chen, Y.J.;Kim, I.H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.501-512
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    • 2005
  • In Exp. 1, a total of forty eight multiparous sows were used in a 21-d performance assay. All litters were standardized at eleven piglets within 24h of parturition. Sows were fed one of the four experimental diets 1) CON(basal diet; Control), 2) MP1(basal diet added 0.05% of medicinal plant mixtures), 3) MP2 (basal diet added 0.1% of medicinal plant mixtures) and 4) MP3(basal diet added 0.2% of medicinal plant mixtures). Backfat thickness difference from farrowing to weaning was tended to increase in CON treatment compared to those of medicinal plants mixture(MP) treatments. However, there were not significant differences among the treatments(P>0.05). Sow’s ADFI was increased in sows fed MP2 treatment compared to MP3 treatment(P<0.05). Piglet weight gain was tended to increase in MP1 treatment compared to CON treatment(P<0.05). The glucose concentration of MP3 treatment was higher that of CON treatment(P<0.05). Exp. 2, a total of one hundred twenty weaning pigs ($L{\time}Y{\time}D$, 4.70$\pm$0.63kg average initial body weight) were used in a 20-d performance assay. Weanling pigs were fed treatments diets included 1) CON(basal diet; Control), 2) MP0.05(basal diet added 0.05% of medicinal plant mixtures), 3) MP0.1(basal diet added 0.1% of medicinal plant mixtures) and 4) MP0.15(basal diet added 0.15% of medicinal plant mixtures). Through entire experimental period, as MP increased in the diets, there was an increase in ADG(linear, P<0.067), improvement gain/feed(linear, P<0.018) and a decrease in ADFI (linear, P<0.008). DM digestibility was significantly increased with addition of MP(linear, P<0.004; quadratic, P<0.030). In conclusion, sows fed MP2 had showed less body weight loss and increased weight gain for suckling piglet. In weaning pigs, as supplementation MP from 0.05 to 0.1% in diet had improved growth performance and DM digestibility.

Tissue culture of medicinal plants: micropropagation, transformation and production of useful secondary metabolites

  • Yoshimatsu, Kayo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology Conference
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2005
  • Plant tissue culture studies have been done for the preservation of medicinal plant resources and efficient production of pharmaceutically important secondary metabolites. Micropropagation methods for Cephaelis ipecacuanha have been established and these methods enabled much more efficient propagation of the plants than the conventional methods using seedling or layering. The C. ipecacuanha plants derived from tissue culture grew uniformly in the field and they showed higher alkaloid contents compared to the plants grown from seedlings. Hairy root cultures of C. ipecacuanha and Panax ginseng have been established by infection with Agrobacterium rhizogenes, and the production of important pharmaceuticals by these cultures have been successfully demonstrated. In the case of C. ipecacuanha, the highest alkaloid yields from the hairy roots cultured for 8 weeks were 2.75-fold cephaeline (5.5 mg) and one third emetine (0.7 mg) compared with those from the roots of one-year old plant propagated through shoot-tip culture and cultivated in a greenhouse (2.0 mg cephaeline and 2.0 mg emetine). In the case of P. ginseng, ginsenoside contents in the hairy roots optimally cultured for 4 weeks were much higher than those in the roots of 4-year old field-grown plant. Thus our medicinal plant tissue cultures demonstrate desirable properties. However, they are always exposed to danger of microbial contamination or unexpected trouble of culture facilities. Cryopreservation of plant tissue cultures is a reliable method for long-term preservation. Cryopreservation studies on these cultures are also presented.

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Antioxidant, Anti-wrinkle and Whitening Activities of Chrysanthemum Zawadskii var. Latilobum and Fermented Rhus verniciflura (구절초와 발효 옻나무의 항산화, 항주름 및 미백활성)

  • Eun, Bong-gi;Park, Min-Jeong;Mun, Jeong-Yun;Choi, Ji-Soo;Im, Jong-Yun;Jang, Tae-Won;Park, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.75-75
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 발효 옻나무와 구절초를 복합소재로 활용하여 화장품 소재로서의 개발 가능성을 확인하고자 항산화, 항주름 및 미백활성을 검증하였다. 구절초와 발효옻나무를 각각 및 각 비율별로 혼합하여 항산화 활성, 항주름 활성, 미백활성을 확인하였다. 구절초와 발효옻나무의 최적 혼합비율을 설정하기 위해 다양한 혼합비에서 선별하였으며, 구절초 1: 옻나무 9의 활성이 가장 효과적이었다. 혼합물의 DPPH, ABTS 라디칼 소거활성은 $1,000{\mu}g/ml$에서 각각 $95.78{\pm}3.24%$, $99.01{\pm}1.80%$로 나타났고, reducing power은 $1,000{\mu}g/ml$에서 $81.48{\pm}1.47%$로 확인되었다. Tyrosinase 저해활성은 $1,000{\mu}g/ml$에서 $16.74{\pm}1.85%$로, Collagenase 저해활성은 $20{\mu}g/ml$에서 $112.40{\pm}7.75%$로 나타났다. 미백 활성을 확인하기 위한 대조군으로 arbutin을 사용하였으며, B16 F10 세포를 통한 미백 활성은 혼합물 처리에 의해 tyrosinase, TRP-1, TRP-2, MITF protein 및 mRNA 발현을 유의성 있게 저해하였으며, arbutin과 유사한 효과를 나타냈다. 또한 wound healing assay를 통한 피부 장벽 손실 억제 효과를 확인하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 구절초와 발효옻나무의 혼합물의 높은 항산화, 항주름 및 미백활성을 통해 천연화장품의 소재로서의 높은 가치를 확인하였다.

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