• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mefenacet

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Influence of soil organic matter and moisture on the persistence of the herbicide mefenacet in soils (제초제 Mefenacet의 토양 중 분해에 미치는 토양유기물과 토양수분에 의한 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Min;Cho, Il-Kyu;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Lee, Jae-Koo
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.182-187
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    • 2003
  • In order to elucidate a degradation characteristics of herbicide mefenacet in soil, the persistence in soils was studied under laboratory conditions for $90\sim120$ days at $28^{\circ}C$. Mefenacet residues were determined from the two soils which pre-treated by sterilization and flooding, respectively. Non-sterilized upland soil was used as a control. When 70 days elapsed from application time, $55\sim63%$ of mefenacet applied were dissipated in control soils. However, $32\sim33%$ of mefenacet applied were dissipated in the sterilized soils and $33\sim35%$ was dissipated in the flooded soils. 까 lese results indicated that the degradation of mefenacet was assumed to be due to microorganism, especially aerobic microbes. In order to elucidate the influence of water content on the persistence of mefenacet in soil, water content in soils was adjusted to 20, 50, and 80% of the water-holding capacity(Field capacity, WHC). The half-life of mefenacet in soil containing 20% and 50% of WHC were 82 and 73 days, respectively, after incubation for 90 days. However, the half-life in soil containing 80% of WHC was shortened to 61 days. These results indicated that degradation of mefenacet in soil was influenced by the activity of soil microorganism, organic matter content and water content.

Application of remote-controlled aerial application to control weeds on the paddy field using imazosulfuron·mefenacet (기계이앙답에서 무인헬기를 이용한 imazosulfuron·mefenacet의 잡초방제효과)

  • Won, Ok Jae;Kim, Bong Hyun;Park, Kyung Mi;Park, Su Hyuk;Pyon, Jong Yeong;Park, Kee Woong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.473-476
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    • 2012
  • The experiment was conducted to investigate the herbicidal efficacy of imazosulfuron mefenacet by using remote-controlled aerial application (RCAA) to control annual and perennial weeds in rice paddy field. Eight annual weed species including Echinochloa crus-galli L. and three perennial weeds were dominated in the experimental field. Application of imazosulfuron mefenacet using RCAA was highly effective to control both annual and perennial weed species. No phytotoxic effect was observed in the rice based on the plant height and the number of tillers. Finally, rice yield in the imazosulfuron mefenacet treatment was as much as that in the hand weeding. This study indicates that imazosulfuron mefenacet using RCAA can be applied to control both annual and perennial weed species in rice paddy field.

Herbicidal Activity of New Rice Herbicide Pyrimisulfan+Mefenacet SC against Sulfonlurea-Resistant Sea Club Rush (Scirpus planiculmis) (설포닐우레아계 제초제 저항성 새섬매자기에 대한 신규 제초제 Pyrimisulfan+Mefenacet SC의 약제방제 효과)

  • Park, Min-Sik;Park, Yong-Seog;Kim, Sung-Min;Lee, Jeong-Deug
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate the herbicidal activity against Scirpus planiculmis (SCPPL) which has been reported as resistant biotype on sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides at the west coast reclaimed area first and proliferated continuously at Hwasung and Pyeongtaek in Gyeonggi province, and some Chungnam province. In order to investigate resistance breakability against SCPPL, new rice herbicides containing tefuryltrione [p-hydrophenyl pyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) inhibitor], pyrimisulfan and triafamone[actolactate synthethase (ALS) inhibitor] were tested. In both lab and field experiments, tefuryltrione GR, 4-HPPD inhibitor showed growth retardation with a bleaching on the young leaves of SCPPL at early time after treatment. However, it restored and regerminated with insufficient control effect. On the other hand, pyrimisulfan+mefenacet SC, triafamone+tefuryltrione GR, and ALS inhibitor showed excellent control effect on SU-resistant SCPPL with growth retardation and necrosis. In particular, pyrimisulfan+mefenacet SC showed excellent controlling effect on SU-resistant SCPPL in regional field experiments.

Adsorption Characteristics of the Herbicide Mefenacet in Soil (제초제 Mefenacet의 토양 중 흡착 특성)

  • Kim, Sung-Min;Cho, Il-Kyu;Lee, Eun-Young;Park, Sun-Hwa;Lee, Jae-Koo
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 2003
  • The adsorption characteristics of [$^{14}C$] mefenacet were investigated with six types of soil collected from different locations. The equilibrium time for adsorption was five hours. The adsorption coefficient(Kf) of Namwon series (volcanic ash soil) showed the highest value of 89.2 while Daejeon series (loamy sand) showed the lowest value of 2.37. The Kf values decreased in order of silty clay loam > silty loam > loamy sand > sandy loam, and the effect of soil properties on the adsorption of mefenacet in soil increased in order of clay mineral < CEC < organic matter. No significant effect was observed by the change of soil pH. The ground water ubiquity scores (GUS index) were $1.20{\sim}1.77$ in three types of soil while $1.81{\sim}2.42$ in the others, indicating that the former group belonged to nonleachers and the latter group to the transitional. Mefenacet in the test soil series seemed to have low possibility of contaminating ground water.

Leaching behaviour of the herbicide mefenacet in the soil columns (토양 column중 제초제 mefenacet의 용탈)

  • Kim, Sung-Min;Kwon, Jeong-Wook;Ahn, Ki-Chang;Cho, Il-Kyu;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Lee, Jae-Koo
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.176-181
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    • 2003
  • The leaching behaviour of [aniline-$^{14}C$]mefenacet in soil was investigated using glass columns (5 cm I.D. $\times$ 30 cm. H) packed with two types of soils with different physicochemical properties. $^{14}C$-Mefenacet (8.33 kBq) and mefenacet (in total, 1.05 mg/kg) were treated onto soil columns and rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) were grown for 17 weeks on these columns. Leachates from the columns were collected at the rate of 122.5 mL per week. $^{14}C$-Activities leached from soil A (OM, 3.1%; CEC, 86 mmol(+)/kg; texture, loam) columns with and without rice plants were 1.95 and 4.19% of the originally applied, whereas those from soil B (OM, 1.3%; CEC, 71 mmol(+)/kg; texture, loam) were 2.69 and 7.05%, respectively. These results indicated that larger amounts of $^{14}C$ were percolated from soil B with less organic matter and from the columns without vegetation. $^{14}C$-Activities absorbed by rice plants from soil A and B were 8.95 and 8.47%, respectively, most of which remained in the root and shoot excluding unhulled grains and ears without grains. $62\sim73%$ of the originally applied $^{14}C$ remained in the depth of $0\sim5cm$ in soil. The mass balance indicated that the losses by volatilization and/or mineralization amounted to $3.4\sim9.2%$ of the originally applied. $^{14}C$-Radioactivities in the aqueous phase of the leachates ranged from 59.4 to 97.7% of the radioactivities in leachates, showing the fast transformation of mefenacet to the polar metabolites.

Herbicidal Phytotoxicity of Early Rice Seedlings as Affected by Cultural Practices - I. Screening of Promising Herbicides (재배조건(栽培條件)의 차이(差異)가 수도(水稻)어린묘(苗)의 제초제(除草劑) 약해발생(藥害發生)에 미치는 영향(影響) - I. 유망제초제(有望除草劑) 선발(選拔))

  • Han, S.U.;Guh, J.O.;Chon, S.U.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 1990
  • Seventeen different herbicides were screened to select promising ones for the control of weeds, which may be used in paddy fields transplanted with 8 days old young rice seedlings. Four classes of herbicides were chosen and tested with seedlings grown under different cultivating conditions. Contact herbicides such as diphenyl-ether and oxadiazol showed severe growth retardation of rice seedlings. Carbamate class(dimepiperate), quinoline class (quinclorac), pyrazol class(pyrazolate), acid amide class(mefenacet and pretilachlor), addition of safener (pretilachlor+fenclorim and mefenacet+bensulfuron+dymuron) and unknown class (KC-7079) exhibited normal growth of seedlings. Sulfonyl urea herbicide class(cimosulfuron, bensulfuron, pyrazosulfuron), and oxarane class(tridiphane) showed the slight growth inhibition but recovered shortly.

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Response of the Resistant Biotype of Echinochloa oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors, and Effect of Alternative Herbicides (ACCase 및 ALS 저해 제초제들에 대한 저항성 강피의 반응과 대체약제들의 효과)

  • Park, Tae-Seon;Ku, Bon-Il;Kang, Sin-Koo;Choi, Min-Kyu;Park, Hong-Kyu;Lee, Kyong-Bo;Ko, Jae-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.291-299
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    • 2010
  • Cyhalofop-butyl and penoxsulam, known for respective acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase) and acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor, have been widely using as a post-emergence foliar application for many years in wet-seeded rice field in Korea. Since 2009, control of Echinochloa oryzoides with cyhalofop-butyl and penoxsulam was no longer satisfactory. Greenhouse and experiment in rice field were conducted to confirm E. oryzoides resistance to ACCase and ALS inhibitors and to compare herbicide treatments for control of the resistant E. oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors. Three resistant E. oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors accessions were tested for levels of resistance to cyhalofop-butyl and penoxsulam, base on survival rate. Iksan and Kimje accessions were not any affected to the survival by treatment with recommended doses of two herbicides tested. Buan accession displayed an intermediate response of 62 and 72% survival at recommended doses of cyhalofop-butyl and penoxsulam, respectively. Survival rates to herbicides mixed with ACCase and ALS inhibitors at 3.5 leaf stage of E. oryzoides was over 80%. Benzobicyclon+fentrazamide+bensulfuron SC, benzobicyclon+mefenacet+bensulfuron SC, benzobicyclone +cafenstrole+pyrazosulfuron-ethyl GR controlled effectively by 2 leaf stage of resistant E. oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors. In the field experiment, single treatment of benzobicyclon+ fentrazamide+bensulfuron SC and benzobicyclon+mefenacet+bensulfuron SC failed to control E. oryzoides, but squential treatment of benzobicyclon+thiobencarb SE and benzobicyclon+ mefenacet+ bensulfuron SC controlled effectively it in rice infant seedling culture with machine. Our results suggest that resistant E. oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors had not developed multiple resistance to herbicides with different modes of action. In particular, cafenstrole, fentrazamide, mefenacet were effective control measures.

Study on Control and Tuberization Inhibition of Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi (올방개의 괴경형성(塊莖形成) 억제(抑制) 및 방제(防除)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Im, I.B.;Park, S.H.;Guh, J.O.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.60-67
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    • 1991
  • The experiment was conducted to evaluate weeding effect and to inhibit tuberization of Eleocharis kuroguwai authority by single or systematic applications of several herbicides. E. kuroguwai was controlled above 90 percentage by pretilachlor and butachlor+bensulfuron application at 5-10 DAT(Days after transplanting) followed by bentazon at 50 DAT and weeded 88 percentage by mefenacet+bensulfuron application at 15 DAT. Tuberization inhibition rate of E. kuroguwai was higher at the application of butachlor+bensulfuron at 5 DAT followed by bentazon at 50 DAT than any other applications. The weight variation of E. kuroguwai tubers formed at 15-20cm soil stratum was larger than that at 10-15cm. Tuber of E. kuroguwai was hardly formed at top soil stratum (0-5cm) and deep soil (15-20cm) by the systematic application of bentazon at 50 DAT. Grain yield of rice from systematic application with bentazon at 50 DAT and mefenacet+bensulfuron at 10-15 DAT was similar to that of hand weeded plot.

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Weeding Effect of Echinochloa oryzoides Resistant to ACCase and ALS Inhibitors by the Leaf Stages (ACCase 및 ALS 저해 제초제 저항성 강피의 엽기별 약제방제효과)

  • Lee, In-Yong;Kwon, Oh-Do;Kim, Chang-Seok;Lee, Jeong-Ran;Shin, Hae-Ryoung;Moon, Byung-Chul;Park, Jae-Eup;Kuk, Yong-In
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2011
  • Weeding effect was investigated based on the leaf stages to several different herbicide treatments for an integrated weed management of herbicide resistant Echinochloa oryzoides to ACCase and ALS inhibitors in a rice field. Efficacy of soil-applied herbicide treatments before resistant E. oryzoides occurred was very effective. Pentaxazon 5% SC showed over 98% of weeding effect although E. oryzoides were emerged 31 days after the treatment. Until the leaf stage of 2.5, five herbicides, azimsulfuron carfenstole 1.05% GR, bensulfuron-methyl benzobicyclone mefenacet 24.52% SC, bensulfuron-methyl fentrazamide 7% SC, bensulfuron-methyl mefenacet oxadiargyl 21.6% SC and mefenacet pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 3.57% GR showed perfect weeding effect. Benzobicyclone mefenacet penoxulam 21.5% SC and mefenacet pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 3.57% GR were effective at the leaf stage of 3.0. It is very important to select the right herbicides for timing and their systematic application for controlling of E. oryzoides resistant to ACCase- and ALS-inhibitors.

Herbicidal Efficacy of Cyhalofop/Bentazon and Pyribenzoxim as Affected by Application Time in Dry - Seeded Rice (벼 건답직파시(乾畓直播時) 중후기(中後期) 경엽처리용(莖葉處理用) 제초제(除草劑)의 처리시기별(處理時期別) 잡초방제효과(雜草方劑效果))

  • Moon, Byeong-Chul;Park, Sung-Tae;Kim, Sang-Yeol;Kim, Soon-Chul;Oh, Yun-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.28-35
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    • 1998
  • Cyhalofop/bentazon ME and pyribenzoxim EC herbicides were originally developed as foliarapplied herbicides to control weeds at 4-5 leaf stages of barnyard grass 20-25 days after seeding (DAS) in direct-seeding culture but further possible utilization of these two herbicides earlier than 3-4 leaf stages of rice were evaluated for a field where early weed infestations might be severe. The application of cyhalofop/bentazon ME and pyribenzoxim EC at right after rice emergence and the 2-3 leaf stages of rice had an excellent weed control efficacy with above 90% up to 30 DAS without a phytotoxicity of rice plant and the control efficacy of over 80% was maintained until 60 DAS. However, these two herbicides controlled Echinochloa crus-galli very effectively above 97% but Aneilema keisak and Aeschynomene indica were not controlled by cyhalofop/bentazon ME and Cyperus serotinus by pyribenzoxim EC. Therefore, to control those problem weeds, second systematic application of pyribenzoxim EC and pyrazosulfuron/mefenacet G for A. keisak and A. indica, and pyrazosulfuron/molinate G, cyhalofap/ azimsulfuron/molinate G, pyrazosulfuron/mefenacet G and bentazon SL for C. serotinus at 30 DAS was found to be very efficient herbicide systems.

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