• Title, Summary, Keyword: Meniscal injury

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Diagnostic Criteria to Differentiate Medial Meniscal Injury from Degenerative Changes on $^{99m}Tc-MDP$ Knee SPECT in Patients with Chronic Knee Pain (만성 무릎관절 통증환자에서 내측 반월상연골 손상과 관절 퇴행성 변화의 감별을 위한 $^{99m}Tc-MDP$ 무릎관절 SPECT의 진단기준)

  • Paeng, Jin-Chul;Chung, June-Key;Jeong, Hwan-Jeong;Yoo, Jae-Ho;Kang, Won-Jun;So, Young;Lee, Dong-Soo;Lee, Myung-Chul;Seong, Sang-Cheol;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: In patients with chronic knee pain, the diagnostic performance of $^{99m}Tc-MDP$ knee SPECT for internal derangement of knee is deteriorated due to degenerative changes. In this study, we tried to establish diagnostic criteria to differentiate medial meniscal injury (MMI) from degenerative change (DC) when the uptake is increased in medial compartment. Materials and Methods: A total of 49 knee SPECT of the patients with chronic (more than 3 months) knee pain, which showed increased $^{99m}Tc-MDP$ uptake in the medial compartment, were included in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed by arthroscopy. On knee SPECT, 3 diagnosic criteria for MMI were investigated. In Criterion I, MMI was diagnosed when crescentic uptake was observed in the medial tibial plateau. In Criterion II, crescentic uptake was further classified into anterior, mid, posterior, and diffuse patterns, according to the location of maximal uptake; and only crescentic mid, posterior, and diffuse patterns were diagnosed as MMI. In Criterion III, MMI was diagnosed when medial tibial plateau showed higher activity then medial femoral condyle. The diagnostic performance of the 3 criteria was compared. Results: The sensitivity and specificity were 93% and 14% in Criterion I, 89% and 38% in Criterion II, and 75% and 67% in Criterion III, respectively. Criterion III had significantly improved diagnostic performance, especially, specificity. Conclusion: In this study, we established a practical diagnostic criterion to differentiate MMI from DC on knee SPECT. The result is helpful to improve the diagnostic value of knee SPECT as a screening test for chronic knee pain.

The Results of Partial Meniscectomy according to the Grade of the Articular Cartilage Injury (관절 연골 손상 정도에 따른 반월상 연골 부분절제술의 결과)

  • Choi, Nam-Yong;Yang, Young-Jun;Nah, Ki-Ho;Yang, Hyuk-Jae;Song, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: To identify the damage of the articular cartilage and analyze the clinical results of the partial medial meniscectomy. Materials and Methods: From January 2001 to December 2004, forty-eight patients in the degenerative arthritis and medial meniscal tear of knee who undertook arthroscopic partial meniscectomy and were able to keep pace with the times follow-up for more than 3 years were enrolled in this study. Six cases were men and 42 were women, and the mean age was 55.7 years (40~78 years). The patients were classified into two groups according to the Outerbridge grade. Grade I and II were classified into group 1 and grade III and IV into group 2. Group 1 included 30 cases and group 2 included 18 cases. The result were analyzed according to the Tapper & Hoover classification and Lysholm knee scoring scale. And we measured the distance of medial joint space in standing anteroposterior (AP) view of both sides at the pre-operative and the last follow-up. Results: According to the Tapper & Hoover classification, 28 cases were excellent, 7 cases good, 8 cases fair, and 5 cases poor. Among group 1, 25 cases were excellent, 2 cases good, 2 cases fair, 1 case poor. However, among group 2, 3 cases were excellent, 5 cases good, 6 cases fair, 4 cases poor. Average Lysholm knee score was improved from 62.4 preoperatively to 94 postoperatively in group 1, and from 58 preoperatively to 77.9 postoperatively in group 2. The joint space narrowing showed no statistically significant difference in both knees standing AP view. Conclusion: The arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for a patient with the degenerative articular cartilage was an effective treatment. However, we could not satisfy the results, in cases of Outerbridge grade III and IV. In grade III and IV, the partial meniscectomy was not aggravated the cartilage damage.

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Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - A Prospective Comparison of the Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone and the Quadrupled Hamstring Tendon Autografts - (관절경적 전방 십자 인대 재건술 - 골-슬개건-골과 4중 슬괵건 자가이식의 전향적 비교 연구 -)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Soo;Park, Seung-Rim;Kang, Joon-Soon;Lee, Woo-Hyoeng;Kim, Young-Hoon;Park, Ju-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1998
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative success and stability of arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstructions using the central one third bone patellar tendon bone(BPB) autograft versus a quadrupled semitendinosus/gracilis(ST) autograft in patients with "isolated" ACL tears. Materials & Methods : A strict criteria to identify isolated ACL tears was used which included : no previous surgery, no other ligamentous injury, no history of patellofemoral symptoms, no patellofemoral malalignment, no meniscal pathology, no chondromalacia or chondral injury and no limitation of motion of the injured knee. 30 patients (15 BPB, 15 ST) with a mean age of 27.4 years were available for a mean follow up of 18 months (between 12 months and 26 months). Preoperatively, there was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to age, sex and degree of laxity. Results : Postoperatively, we couldn't find significant differences between the two groups with respect to subjective Lysholm score, objective laxity including Lachman test, pivot shift test and KT-2000 measurements. Mean side to side difference of KT-2000 scores at 20lbs were 1.5mm for the BPB group and 1.4mm for the ST group. Positive Lachman test was found in 26.7% and 33.3% and positive pivot shift was found in 20% and 33.3% of the patients in the BPB and ST groups, respectively. Anterior knee pain (33.3%) was more common in the BPB group. There were 80% of the patients in both groups above nearly normal grade according to the IKDC grade. Conclusions : In patients with "isolated" ACL tears, the overall results, ligamentous stability for the patellar tendon and the quadrupled semitendinosus/gracilis were comparable. We consider that the quadrupled autogenous hamstring tendon is a good alternative substitute in ACL reconstruction together with the bone patellar tendon bone.

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Injuries and Prevention methods Associated with In-Line Skate (인라인 스케이트시 발생한 손상 밑 예방)

  • Lim Hong Chul;Chun Seung Joo;Rho Young Jin;Hwang Jin Ho;Park Chan Eung;Kim Tae Un
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe causes and injury mechanisms during inline skating and to find preventive measures .Materials and Methods: We have carefully selected 57 patients who have been treated in our hospital and nearby hospital. There are 37 males and 20 females, and mean age is 9 years 9 months (range,6-40 years old) . We have meticulously investigated their injured sites, their favorite location for inline skating , their use of protective means while they were on the wheels and their injury mechanisms . Results: Injury consisted of 50 fractures,1 meniscal tear,2 medial collateral ligament rupture and 4 contusion or sprain. Fracture sites varied as follows : 33(66$\%$) cases in distal radius and ulna,5(10$\%$) in elbow. 3(6$\%$) in diaphysis of humerus, etc Location at the time of injury varied as follows : 22 cases(39$\%$) in their apartment complex, 19 cases in (33$\%$) narrow streets, and 16 cases(28$\%$) in parks Only five patients admitted that any means of protection were used.2 cases only had knee pad on , 1 case put on elbow pad in addition, and 2 cases put on wrist guard as well. However none of the patients had helmet on Conclusion: We would strongly like to stress the importance of using sufficient protections and of choosing area where it is safe to ride, in order to reduce the risk of accidents. In addition, continuous and effective prior education from inline skate circles may be in order before riding the inline skate.

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Management of Displaced Bucket-Handle tear - Differences Between Medial & Lateral Menisci - (전위된 양동이 손잡이형 파열의 치료 - 내측과 외측 반월상 연골의 비교 -)

  • Chung Shun Wook;Hahn Sung Ho;Yang Bo Kyu;Yi Seung Rim;Ha Jeong Hyun;Kim Min Seok;Yeo Yong Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the pattern of displaced bucket-handle tear of lateral and medial menisci and the treatment modality and results from accompanying injury. Materials and Methods : Patients who were diagnosed for displaced bucket-handle tear of medial meniscus (group I: 52patients, 52cases) and lateral meniscus (group II: 31patients, 32cases) from September 1998 to December 2002. The mean ages were 25years $(16\~66)$ for Group I and 29years $(18\~63)$ for Group II, and the average follow-up period were 18months $(12\~44)$ and 13months $(6\~46)$, respectively. The zone of meniscus tear and the existence of accompanying injury were verified through intraoperative arthroscopy and discoid type meniscus was additionally examined for group II. The assessment was made according to the physical examination and clinical pattern at the postoperative last follow-up, and the 2nd look arthroscopy was performed in 19cases $(23\%)$ for the cases accompanying anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in both groups. Results : There were 38cases $(73\%)$ in group I, 5cases $(16\%)$ in group II for associating ACL injury. We observed discoid type meniscus (19cases, $59\%$) in group II. At last follow-up clinical success in repair cases of group I and II are 22cases $(85\%)$, 2cases $(67\%)$, in resection cases are 26cases $(100\%)$, 26cases $(93\%)$ respectively. Reoperation is performed 2cases in repair cases of group I. One case is re-rupture, the other case is newly developed tear in white-white zone. Reoperation is performed 2cases due to remnant meniscal tear in resection cases of group II. All of 2cases are discoid type menisci. Conclusion : Displaced bucket-handle tear of medial & lateral menisci would be substantially different an aspect, considering on difference would help to select proper treatment modality.

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Postoperative Complications After Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft (자가 슬개건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 수술 후 합병증)

  • Zhu, Fang Zhen;Yoo, Moon-Jib;Kim, Myung-Ho;Park, Hee-Gon;Bahng, Seung-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Evaluation and analysis of the incidence of postoperative complications after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 172 cases of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft in anterior cruciate ligament tear without meniscal injury. We performed Lysholm knee score and KT-2000 testing, simple radiograph, physical examination as evaluation factor. Also, around knee pain, swelling, limitation of motion, patellofemoral crepitation, paresthesia and pain on kneeling were evaluated. Results: The average follow up period was 49.8 months. In 172 patients, 148 males and 26 femlaes were evaluated. The average age was 34.4 years. The Lysholm knee score improved from 51.9 points preoperatively to 90.8 points at final follow up. Clinical outcome was excellent in 83%, good in 11%, fair in 4% and poor in 2%. There were many cases of complications, 24 cases (14%) of around knee pain, 12 cases (7%) of swelling, 45 cases (26.2%) of patellofemoral crepitation, 52 cases (30%) of donor site paresthesia, 65 cases (38%) of pain on kneeling, 10 cases (5.8%) of limitation of motion at extension, 13 cases (8%) of limitation of motion at flexion and 2cases (1.2%) of patellar fracture. Conclusion: Although arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone had good clinical results, many complications were noted. Some factors in surgical technique were suspected to be related to the complications and long term follow up will be necessary to further evaluated.

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