• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mental.physical Workload

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Evaluation of mental and physical load using inverse regression on sinus arrhythmia scores

  • Lee, Dhong-H.;Park, Kyung-S.
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 1987
  • This paper develops a statistical mode which estimates mental and physical loads of light work from sinus arrhythmia (SA) scores. During experiments, various levels of mental and physical loads (respectively scored by information processing and finger tapping rates) were imposed on subjects and SA scores were measured from the subjects. Two methods were used in developing workload estimation model. One is an algebraic inverse function of a multivariate regression equation, where mental and physical loads are independent variables and SA scores are dependent variables. The other is a statistical multivariate inverse regression. Of the two methods, inverse function resulted in larger mean squqre error in predicting mental and physical loads. Hence, inverse regression model is recommended for precise workload estimation.

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Development of a Workload Assessment Model for Overhead Crane Operation (천장 크레인 운전 작업부하 평가모델 개발)

  • Kwon, O-Chae;Lee, Sang-Ki;Cho, Young-Seok;Park, Jung-Chul;Jung, Ki-Hyo;You, Hee-Cheon;Han, Sung-H.
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.45-59
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    • 2007
  • The operating tasks of overhead crane have caused undue stress to the operators from physical, mental, and environmental workload. Existing workload assessment models for musculoskeletal disorders such as OWAS, RULA, and QEC have limited applicability to the crane operating tasks because they focus mainly on physical factors and do not consider the relative importance of each factor. The present study was to develop a workload assessment model customized to overhead crane operation, following a systematic process: (1) analyzing task characteristics, (2) selecting workload factors, (3) developing assessment methods, (4) establishing action levels, and (5) computerizing the assessment model. Based on literature review, worksite survey, and focus group interview, 4 physical factors (awkward posture, static posture, repetitive motion, and excessive force), 6 mental factors (visual demand, auditory demand, task complexity and difficulty, time urgency, work schedule related stress, and safety related stress), and 4 environmental factors (noise, vibration, dust, and temperature) were selected and their rating scales and relative weights were determined. Then, based on the workload assessment results of 8 overhead cranes operated at different workplaces, the action levels of each factor category were established. Finally, the crane operation assessment model was computerized for effective analysis and report preparation. The present approach is applicable to develop a customized workload assessment model for an operating task under consideration.

Measuring Workload of Home Visit Care Activities Using Relative Values (방문요양 행위 업무량의 상대적 가치 측정)

  • Han, Seong-Ok;Park, Eun-Cheol;Kang, Dae-Ryong;Kang, Im-Ok
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.331-338
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to measure the workload of home visit care activities and their relative values. This study examined also factors that affect the workload of home visit care activities. Methods : The participants of this study were 126 home-helpers of 50 home visit care agencies at the 2nd Long-term Care Insurance Demonstration Project. The workload of home visit care activities was divided into total work and four dimensions ; physical efforts, mental efforts, stress and time. Home visit care activities consisted of four categories with 24 items. We used magnitude estimation method to measure their relative values of the four dimensions. The participants answered the relative values of each activities based on the reference service. We used the activity for supporting their elderly's evacuation as the reference service. Results : Most of the respondents were over 40 years old female. They consumed most their time supporting elderly's going out. They consumed their highest physical, mental efforts, and stress for activities of coping with emergency situation. The Pearson correlation coefficients showed significant relationships between workload and each dimensions. This study showed that all four dimensions are statistically significant predictors of workload of home visit care activities. Also, we found that the home-helper's career affects the workload of home visit care activities. Conclusions : The workload of home visit care activities could be explained by physical efforts, mental efforts, stress and time.

Workload Measurement of Home Health Care Nurses상 Services using Relative Value Units (가정간호행위 업무량의 상대적 가치 측정에 관한 연구)

  • 이태화;박정숙;김인숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1543-1555
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    • 2000
  • Home health care is moving into a set of new realities. An era of competition and cost containment has arrived. Before nurses are able to contain costs or describe the relationship between nursing activities, cost must be accurately measured based on the nurse's workload. Nurses in home health care usually desire to measure expenses for one of three reasons : reimbursement, management, or research. The purpose of the study was to investigate the work input by Registered Nurse in each of the home health care activities by relative value units and identify the factors affecting the nurses' total work input in health care services. To measure the work input by nurses, work was defined by four dimensions: time, physical effort, mental effort, and stress. This study used a descriptive-correlational design. Data collection consisted of two phases. In phase I, data on home health activities performed by nurses were collected. In phase II, data on nurses' time, physical effort, mental effort, and stress in each of home health care activities discovered phase I were collected. In this method, the respondent was asked to rate a service in relation to a reference service using a ratio scale. The sample included 39 home health care nurses. The results of the study indicated that home health care activities performed by the nurses were in 10 categories and 69 items. Measuring the relative work inputs in each of home health care activities, and foley catheterization was selected as the reference to service. In terms of time and physical effort dimensions, full bath service was rated as the most strenuous among 69 activities by the respondents, and intramuscular injection was rated as least. It was found that emergency treatment required the highest mental effort and the highest stress, while blood sugar tests required the lowest mental effort. Approximately 91.3% of the variance in total work input was accounted for by the linear combination of time, physical effort, mental effort judgement, and stress. Examining the regression coefficients of those variables, physical effort, time, and stress were found as the predictors which were significantly associated with the total work of nurses in home health care. Professional nursing's next step in the conundrum of economic volatility is to develop a tool to reflect the interaction of functional deficiency and direct professional nursing care. And this will be a more accurate predictor of nursing resource use and ultimately a great forcaeter cost.

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Human Sensibility Ergonomics Evaluation of the Car Navigation System Digital Map (자동차 항법장치 도로지도의 감성공학적 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Cha, Doo-Won;Paek, Seung-Reu;Park, Peom
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.21 no.48
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 1998
  • CNS (Car Navigation System) is the most compatible candidate among various in-vehicle information systems as a provider of ITS (Intelligence Transport Systems) information. It generally consists of remote controller, display, CD-changer, GPS receiver and so on. Among them, display is the most important and critical element of the HMI (Human-Machine Interface) suggesting the digital map to the driver. Therefore, it is certain that the display gives cognitive, physical, mental and visual workloads to the driver which are directly related with the driver's and road safety with the success of ITS. Until now, various human factors techniques have been developed and applied to estimate the driver's workload and to collect the driver's requirements of the CNS digital map, for example, mental workload assessment, visual activity analysis, cognitive analysis and so on. In addition to these kinds of techniques, this research performed the human sensibility ergonomics approach to directly investigate and evaluate the driver's requirements and sensibilities of the real products.

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Effects of basketball training program for 12 weeks of after school on physical abilities and learning related factors in middle school students (중학생들의 12주간 방과 후 농구 훈련 프로그램 참여가 신체활동능력과 학습관련요인에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Donghee;Ban, Seonmi;Cho, Sungchae;Kuk, Doohong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.186-194
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an after-school basketball training program of 12 weeks on physical abilities (grip strength, endurance, and flexibility) and learning-related factors (cognition strength, cognition speed, concentration, and mental workload) in middle school students. Middle school students (Males, N=20) were recruited for use in this study and were randomly divided into either a basketball training group (n = 10, BT) or a non-exercise control group (n = 10, CON). Two-way repeated measures ANOVA with post-hoc testing was used for data analysis. Results found endurance and flexibility in the BT group were significantly increased, but not in the CON group. In addition, cognition strength, speed, and concentration in the BT group increased and mental workload in the BT group slightly decreased. In contrast, the CON group showed a significant increase in mental workload. Our findings show that participation in after-school physical education activities (e.g., basketball training program) positively improves physical abilities and increases brain functions for learning.

A Basic Study on the Fatigue Analysis Model for Marine Officers (항해사의 피로도 분석모델에 관한 기초연구)

  • Yang, Won-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 2009
  • Safe navigation is closely related to the fatigue of marine officers. Also, the fatigue of duty officer can cause serious marine accidents. In this study, the documentary survey about the marine officers' working environments, fatigue factors and symptoms was conducted. And the questionnaire survey which is related to the fatigue analysis factors such as sleepiness, mental physical workload and alcohol for apprentice officers was carried out, and the results of questionnaire survey were analyzed. Lastly, on the basis of this study, the fatigue analysis model was suggested in order to assess the marine officers' performance in the future.

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An Experimental Evaluation on Human Error Hazards of Task using Digital Device (디지털 기기 기반 직무 수행 시 인적오류위험성에 대한 실험적 평가)

  • Oh, Yeon Ju;Jang, Tong Il;Lee, Yong Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2014
  • The application of advanced Main Control Room(MCR) is accompanied with lots of changes and different forms and features through the virtue of new digital technologies. The characteristics of these digital technologies and devices give many opportunities to the interface management, and can be integrated into a compact single workstation in advanced MCR so that workers can operate the plant with minimum physical burden under any operation conditions. However, these devices may introduce new types of human errors and thus a means to evaluate and prevent such errors is needed, especially those related to characteristics of digital devices. This paper reviewed the new type of human error hazards of tasks based on digital devices and surveyed researches on physiological assessment related to human error. An experiment was performed to verify human error hazards by physiological responses such as EEG which was measured to evaluate the cognitive workload of operators. And also, the performances of four tasks which are representative in human error hazard tasks based on digital devices were compared. Response time, ${\beta}$ power spectrum rate of each task by EEG, and mental workload by NASA-TLX were evaluated. In the results of the experiment, the rate of the ${\beta}$ power was increased in the task 1 and task 4 which are searching and navigating task and memory task of hierarchical information, respectively. In case of the mental workload, in most of evaluation items, task 1 and 4 were highly rated comparatively. In this paper, human error hazards might be identified by highly cognitive workload. Conclusively, it was concluded that the predictive method which is utilized in this paper and an experimental verification can be used to ensure the safety when applying the digital devices in Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs).

The Study on Affecting Subject Accomplishment by Noise (소음이 과제수행에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Cheol;Park, Keun-Sang;Kim, Kwan-Woo
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to confirm the impact of noise on subject accomplishment as well as physical/mental load, and evaluates the effects of noise-masking and earplug. 15 college students participate in the test, and the comparison is performed by executing four projects according to conditional categories of noise environments; control condition, noise condition, earplug condition, and noise-masking condition. Noise in the field site of the H manufacturer was used as the noise source, the general job aptitude test which consist of linguistic ability, math ability, perception ability, reasoning ability was used as the task of this project. To estimate physical/mental load evaluation, we used the heart rate R-R interval, Criteria flicker fusion frequency(CFF) and measured NASA-TLX workload for subjective evaluation. As the research outcome, it is shown that there is a meaningful difference for the project task score, dropping rate of CFF, the heart rate, and NASA-TLX subjective evaluation score according to conditions of noise environment. Therefore, the impact of noise on capability of subject accomplishment as well as physical/mental load was confirmed along with the effects of using earplug and noise-masking.

A Study on the Work Ability and the Job Stress of the Workers in Manufacturing Industry of Automobile Parts (자동차부품 제조업 근로자의 작업능력과 직무스트레스에 대한 연구)

  • Mok, Yun-Soo;Lee, Dong Won;Chang, Seong Rok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.100-106
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    • 2013
  • According to the Statistics Korea, in 2011, people over the age of 65 years old accounted for 11.8% of Korea's population. This number is expected to rise to 15.0% by 2019, making Korea an "aged society". As age increases, physical ability degrades to the point that the workload must be adjusted limitations. However, workloads are given regardless of workers' ages or abilities. In addition, a decline in work efficiency due to aging also increases the risk of work-related injuries. Furthermore, the cases of stress related diseases along with musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) rise as main factors of industrial disasters and excessive job stress gives negative influence not only on mental health but also on physical health so that job stress becomes a hot issue as a main cause of work ability falloff and turnover. The purpose of this research is to examine how the sociodemographic characteristics, MSDs symptoms and musculoskeletal workload of workers in the manufacturing industry of automobile parts influence work ability and job stress. As a result of the research, job ability showed significant differences statistically according to age, working year, sex, marital status and musculoskeletal workload and job stress showed significant differences statistically according to age, working year, marital status and musculoskeletal workload. In addition, it showed that as the worker's job ability decreases, job stress increases.