• Title, Summary, Keyword: Metal oxide chemical vapor deposition

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Characterization of chemical vapor deposition-grown graphene films with various etchants

  • Choi, Hong-Kyw;Kim, Jong-Yun;Jeong, Hu-Young;Choi, Choon-Gi;Choi, Sung-Yool
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.44-47
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    • 2012
  • We analyzed the effect of etchants for metal catalysts in terms of the characteristics of resulting graphene films, such as sheet resistance, hall mobility, transmittance, and carrier concentration. We found the residue of $FeCl_3$ etchant degraded the sheet resistance and mobility of graphene films. The residue was identified as an iron oxide containing a small amount of Cl through elemental analysis using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. To remove this residue, we provide an alternative etching solution by introducing acidic etching solutions and their combinations ($HNO_3$, HCl, $FeCl_3$ + HCl, and $FeCl_3+HNO_3$). The combination of $FeCl_3$ and acidic solutions (HCl and $HNO_3$) resulted in more enhanced electrical properties than pure etchants, which is attributed to the elimination of left over etching residue, and a small amount of amorphous carbon debris after the etching process.

Deposition of Y-Sm Oxide on Metallic Substrates for the YBCO Coated Conductor by MOCVD Method (금속 기판 위에 MOCVD법에 의한 YBCO Coated Conductor용 Y-Sm 산화물 완충층 증착)

  • Choi Jun-Kyu;Kim Min-Woo;Jun Byung-Hyuk;Lee Hee-Gyoun;Hong Gye-Won;Kim Chan-Joong
    • Progress in Superconductivity
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2005
  • Complex single buffer composed of yttrium and samarium oxide was deposited on the metallic substrates by MOCVD (metal organic chemical vapor deposition) method using single liquid source. Two different types of the substrates with in-plane textures of about $8{\sim}10$ degree of Ni and $3at.\%W-Ni$ alloy were used. Y(tmhd: 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptane dionate)$_3$:Sm(tmhd)$_3$ of liquid source was adjusted to 0.4:0.6 to minimize the lattice mismatch between the complex single buffer and the YBCO. The epitaxial growth of $(Y_{x}Sm_{1-x})_{2}O_3$ was achieved at the temperature higher than $500^{\circ}C$ in $O_2$ atmosphere. However, it was found that the formation of NiO accelerated with increasing deposition temperature. By supplying $H_{2}O$ vapor, this oxidation of the substrate could be suppressed throughout the deposition temperatures. We could get the epitaxial growth on pure Ni substrate without the formation of NiO. The competitive (222) and (400) growths were observed at the deposition temperatures of $650\~750^{\circ}C$, but the (400) growth became dominant above $800^{\circ}C$. The $(Y_{x}Sm_{1-x})_{2}O_3$-buffered metallic substrates can be used as the buffer for YBCO coated conductor.

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Electrical and Optical Properied of Tin Oxide Films Prepared by Ozone Assisted-MOCVD (Ozone Assisted-MOCVD로 제작된 산화주석막의 전기적 광학적 특성)

  • 배정운;이상운;송국현;박정일;박광자;염근영
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 1998
  • Highly transparent conductive pure and fluorine-doped tin oxide(FT0, $SnO_2$ : F) films have been prepared by low pressure metal organic chemical vapor deposition (LP-MOCVD) from various mixtures of tetramethyitin(TMT) with oxygen or oxygen containing ozone. The properties of TO films have been changed with the variation of gases, flow rate, and substrate temperature. The nsing of oxygen containing ozone instead of pure oxygen, reduced substrate temperature by 100-$150^{\circ}C$ while maintaining same thickness. The films prepared by using ozone showed the resistivity in the range from $10^~2$ to $10^{~3}\Omega$cm, and the mobiiity from 10 to $14\textrm{cm}^2$/Vs. Fluorine-doped tin oxide films had properties such as the resistivity about $10^{-4}\Omega$cm, and the mobility from 14 to $19\textrm{cm}^2$/Vs.

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산소 플라즈마로 처리한 전도성 투명 BZO(ZnO:B)박막에 대한 전기적 특성

  • Gang, Jeong-Uk;Yu, Ha-Jin;Son, Chang-Gil;Jo, Won-Tae;Park, Sang-Gi;Choe, Eun-Ha;Gwon, Gi-Cheong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.477-477
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    • 2010
  • 태양전지용 TCO(Transfer Conductivity Oxide)는 가시광선 영역에서 높은 광 투과도(optical transmittance), 낮은 저항(resistivity), 우수한 박막 표면 거칠기(roughness) 등의 특성이 요구된다. 현재 가장 많이 사용되는 투명전극은 ITO(Indium Tin Oxide)가 보편적이다. 하지만 ITO에 사용되는 원료 재료인 In이 상대적으로 열적 안정성이 낮아 제조과정에서 필수적으로 수반되는 열처리가 제한적이며, 높은 원료 단가로 인하여 경제적인 측면에서 약점으로 지적되고 있다. 이러한 ITO 투명전극의 대체 재료로서 최근 ZnO 박막의 연구가 활발히 이루어지고 있다. MOCVD(Metal-Organic chemical vapor deposition)로 Soda lime glass 기판위에 약 900nm의 두께로 증착한 BZO(Boron-zinc-oxide)박막을 수소 플라즈마 처리공정을 한 뒤 산소 플라즈마를 이용하여 재처리 하였다. 산소 플라즈마 처리 공정은 RIE(Reactive Ion Etching)방식의 플라즈마 처리 장치를 사용하였고 공정 조건은 13.56 MHz의 RF주파수를 사용하여 RF 전력, 압력, 기판 온도 등을 변화시켜 BZO 박막의 전기적 특성을 측정 및 분석하였다.

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A Study on the Effect of Graphene Substrate for Growth of Vanadium Dioxide Nanostructures (이산화바나듐 나노구조물의 성장에서 그래핀 기판의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Chul
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2018
  • The metal oxide/graphene nanocomposites are promising functional materials for high capacitive electrode material of secondary batteries, and high sensitive material of high performance gas sensors. In this study, vanadium dioxide($VO_2$) nanostructrures were grown on CVD graphene which was synthesized on Cu foil by thermal CVD, and exfoliated graphene which was exfoliated from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite(HOPG) using a vapor transport method. As results, $VO_2$ nanostructures on CVD graphene were grown preferential growth on abundant functional groups of graphene grain boundaries. The functional groups are served to nucleation site of $VO_2$ nanostructures. On the other hand, 2D & 3D $VO_2$ nanostructures were grown on exfoliated graphene due to uniformly distributed functional groups on exfoliated graphene surface. The characteristics of morphology controlled growth of $VO_2$/graphene nanocomposites would be applied to fabrication process for high capacitive electrode materials of secondary batteries, and high sensitive materials of gas sensors.

The characteristics of grown carbon nanotubes by controlled catalyst preparation at the catalytic chemical vapor deposition (촉매제어를 통한 촉매화학기상증착법으로 성장시킨 탄소나노튜브의 특성분석)

  • Kim, Jong-Sik;Kim, Gwan-Ha;Kim, Chang-Il
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1378-1379
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    • 2006
  • Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with few defects and very small amount of amorphous carbon coating have been synthesized by catalytic decomposition of acetylene in $H_2$ over well-dispersed metal particles supported on MgO. The yield, quality and diameters of CNTs were obtained by control of catalyst metal compositions to be used. The optimization condition of carbon nanotubes with high yield is when Co and Mo are in a 1:1 ratio and Fe metal contents to Co is increased on magnesium oxide support. It is also found that the diameter of the as-prepared CNTs can be controlled mainly by adjusting the molar ratio of Fe-Mo, Co-Fe, and Co-Mo versus the MgO support. Our results indicated that desired diameter distribution of CNTs is obtained by choosing or combining the catalyst to be employed.

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Synthesis of High-quality Graphene by Inductively-coupled Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition

  • Lam, Van Nang;Kumar, Challa Kiran;Park, Nam-Kyu;Arepalli, Vinaya Kumar;Kim, Eui-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.16.2-16.2
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    • 2011
  • Graphene has attracted significant attention due to its unique characteristics and promising nanoelectronic device applications. For practical device applications, it is essential to synthesize high-quality and large-area graphene films. Graphene has been synthesized by eloborated mechanical exfoliation of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite, chemical reduction of exfoliated grahene oxide, thermal decomposition of silicon carbide, and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on metal substrates such as Ni, Cu, Ru etc. The CVD has advantages over some of other methods in terms of mass production on large-areas substrates and it can be easily separated from the metal substrate and transferred to other desired substrates. Especially, plasma-enhanced CVD (PECVD) can be very efficient to synthesize high-quality graphene. Little information is available on the synthesis of graphene by PECVD even though PECVD has been demonstrated to be successful in synthesizing various carbon nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes and nanosheets. In this study, we synthesized graphene on $Ni/SiO_2/Si$ and Cu plate substrates with CH4 diluted in $Ar/H_2$ (10%) by using an inductively-coupled PECVD (ICPCVD). High-quality graphene was synthesized at as low as $700^{\circ}C$ with 600 W of plasma power while graphene layer was not formed without plasma. The growth rate of graphene was so fast that graphene films fully covered on substrate surface just for few seconds $CH_4$ gas supply. The transferred graphene films on glass substrates has a transmittance at 550 nm is higher 94%, indicating 1~3 monolayers of graphene were formed. FETs based on the grapheme films transferred to $Si/SiO_2$ substrates revealed a p-type. We will further discuss the synthesis of graphene and doped graphene by ICPVCD and their characteristics.

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Vertically Standing Graphene on Glass Substrate by PECVD

  • Ma, Yifei;Hwang, Wontae;Jang, Haegyu;Chae, Heeyeop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.232.2-232.2
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    • 2014
  • Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a sp2-hybridized 2-Dimension carbon material, has drawn enormous attention. A variety of approaches have been attempted, such as epitaxial growth from silicon carbide, chemical reduction of graphene oxide and CVD. Among these approaches, the CVD process takes great attention due to its guarantee of high quality and large scale with high yield on various transition metals. After synthesis of graphene on metal substrate, the subsequent transfer process is needed to transfer graphene onto various target substrates, such as bubbling transfer, renewable epoxy transfer and wet etching transfer. However, those transfer processes are hard to control and inevitably induce defects to graphene film. Especially for wet etching transfer, the metal substrate is totally etched away, which is horrendous resources wasting, time consuming, and unsuitable for industry production. Thus, our group develops one-step process to directly grow graphene on glass substrate in plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Copper foil is used as catalyst to enhance the growth of graphene, as well as a temperature shield to provide relatively low temperature to glass substrate. The effect of growth time is reported that longer growth time will provide lower sheet resistance and higher VSG flakes. The VSG with conductivity of $800{\Omega}/sq$ and thickness of 270 nm grown on glass substrate can be obtained under 12 min growing time. The morphology is clearly showed by SEM image and Raman spectra that VSG film is composed of base layer of amorphous carbon and vertically arranged graphene flakes.

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Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Rare-earth Oxides Precursors

  • Lee, Euy Jin;Park, Bo Keun;Chung, Taek-Mo;Kim, Chang Gyoun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.366.1-366.1
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    • 2014
  • The rare-earth oxides M2O3 (M=La, Pr, Gd) are good insulators due to their large band gap (3.9eV for Pr2O3, 5.6eV for Gd2O3), they have high dielectric constants (Gd2O3 K=16, La2O3 K=27, Pr2O3 K=26-30) and, compared to ZrO2 and HfO2, they have higher thermodynamic stability on silicon making them very attractive materials for high-K dielectric applications. Another attractive feature of some rare-earth oxides is their relatively close lattice match to that of silicon, offering the possibility of epitaxial growth and eliminating problems related to grain boundaries in polycrystalline films. Metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) has been preferred to PVD methods because of the possibility of large area deposition, good composition control and excellent conformal step coverage. Herein we report on the synthesis of rare-earth oxide complexes with designed alkoxide and aminoalkoxide ligand. These novel complexes have been characterized by means of FT-IR, elemental analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).

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Sol-gel deposited TiInO thin-films transistor with Ti effect

  • Kim, Jung-Hye;Son, Dae-Ho;Kim, Dae-Hwan;Kang, Jin-Kyu;Ha, Ki-Ryong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.200-200
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    • 2010
  • In recent times, metal oxide semiconductors thin films transistor (TFT), such as zinc and indium based oxide TFTs, have attracted considerable attention because of their several advantageous electrical and optical properties. There are many deposition methods for fabrication of ZnO-based materials such as chemical vapor deposition, RF/DC sputtering and pulsed laser deposition. However, these vacuum process require expensive equipment and result in high manufacturing costs. Also, the methods is difficult to fabricate various multicomponent oxide semiconductor. Recently, several groups report solution processed metal oxide TFTs for low cost and non vacuum process. In this study, we have newly developed solution-processed TFTs based on Ti-related multi-component transparent oxide, i. e., InTiO as the active layer. We propose new multicomponent oxide, Titanium indium oxide(TiInO), to fabricate the high performance TFT through the sol-gel method. We investigated the influence of relative compositions of Ti on the electrical properties. Indium nitrate hydrate [$In(NO^3).xH_2O$] and Titanium isobutoxide [$C_{16}H_{36}O_4Ti$] were dissolved in acetylacetone. Then monoethanolamine (MEA) and acetic acid ($CH_3COOH$) were added to the solution. The molar concentration of indium was kept as 0.1 mol concentration and the amount of Ti was varied according to weighting percent (0, 5, 10%). The complex solutions become clear and homogeneous after stirring for 24 hours. Heavily boron (p+) doped Si wafer with 100nm thermally grown $SiO_2$ serve as the gate and gate dielectric of the TFT, respectively. TiInO thin films were deposited using the sol-gel solution by the spin-coating method. After coating, the films annealed in a tube furnace at $500^{\circ}C$ for 1hour under oxygen ambient. The 5% Ti-doped InO TFT had a field-effect mobility $1.15cm^2/V{\cdot}S$, a threshold voltage of 4.73 V, an on/off current ratio grater than $10^7$, and a subthreshold slop of 0.49 V/dec. The 10% Ti-doped InO TFT had a field-effect mobility $1.03\;cm^2/V{\cdot}S$, a threshold voltage of 1.87 V, an on/off current ration grater than $10^7$, and a subthreshold slop of 0.67 V/dec.

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