• Title, Summary, Keyword: Metal oxide chemical vapor deposition

Search Result 96, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Characteristics of Surface Reaction of SnO2 Thin Films Prepared by MOCVD (MOCVD로 제조한 SnO2 박막의 표면반응 특성)

  • Park, Kyung-Hee;Seo, Yong-Jin;Hong, Kwang-Jun;Lee, Woo-Sun;Park, Jin-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.309-312
    • /
    • 2003
  • Tin dioxide($_SnO2$) thin films were deposited on alumina substrate by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) as a function of temperature and time. Thin films were fabricated from di-n-butyltin diacetate as a precursor and oxygen as an oxidation. The microstructure of deposited films was characterized by X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM). The thickness was linearly increased with deposition time and $SnO_2$structure was found from $375^{\circ}C$ for the deposition time of 32 min. The maximum sensitivity to 500ppm CO gas was observed for the specimens deposited at $375^{\circ}C$ for 2 min at the operating temperature of $350^{\circ}C$. Gas sensitivity to CO increased with decreasing the film thickness. The sensing properties of response time, recovery and sensitivity of CO were changed with variations of substrate temperature and time.

Influence of O2-Plasma Treatment on the Thin Films of H2 Post-Treated BZO (ZnO:B) (수소 플라즈마 처리된 BZO 박막에 산소 플라즈마의 재처리 조건에 따른 BZO 박막 특성)

  • Yoo, H.J.;Son, C.G;Yoo, J.H.;Park, C.K.;Kim, J.S.;Park, S.G.;Kang, H.D.;Choi, E.H.;Cho, G.S.;Kwon, G.C.
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.275-280
    • /
    • 2010
  • The influence of $O_2$-plasma treatment on $H_2$ post-treated BZO (ZnO:B) thin film using MOCVD (Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition) are investigated. An $O_2$-plasma treatment of the $H_2$ post-treated BZO thin films resulted in XRD peak of (100), (101) and (110). Also, electrical properties resulted in an increase in sheet resistance and work function. The weighted optical transmittance and haze at 300~1,100 nm of BZO thin films with $O_2$-plasma treatment on the $H_2$ post-treatment show approximately 86% and 15%, respectively.

원자층증착법을 이용한 Y2O3 박막 형성 및 저항 스위칭 특성

  • Jeong, Yong-Chan;Seong, Se-Jong;Lee, Myeong-Wan;Park, In-Seong;An, Jin-Ho;Rao, Venkateswara P.;Dussarrat, Christian;Noh, Wontae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.229.2-229.2
    • /
    • 2013
  • Yttrium oxide (Y2O3)는 band gap이 5.5 eV 정도로 상대적으로 넓고, 굴절상수가 1.8, 유전율이 10~15, Silicon 과의 격자 불일치가 작은 특성을 가지고 있다. 또한 녹는점이 높아 열적으로 안정하기 때문에 전자소자 및 광학소자에 다양하게 응용되는 물질이다. Y2O3 박막은 다양한 방법으로 증착할 수 있는데, 그 방법에는 e-beam evaporation, laser ablation, sputtering, thermal oxidation, metal-organic chemical vapor deposition, and atomic layer deposition (ALD) 등이 있다. ALD는 기판 표면에 흡착된 원자들의 자기 제한적 반응에 의하여 박막이 증착되기 때문에 박막 두께조절이 용이하고 step coverage와 uniformity 측면에서 큰 장점이 있다. 이전에는 Y(thd)3 and Y(CH3Cp)3 와 같은 금속 전구체를 이용하여 ALD를 진행하여, 증착 속도가 낮고 defect이 많아 non-stoichiometric한 조성의 박막이 증착되는 문제점이 있었다. 이번 연구에서는, (iPrCp)2Y(iPr-amd)와 탈이온수를 사용하여 Y2O3 박막을 증착하였다. Y2O3 박막 증착에 사용한 Y 전구체는 상온에서 액체이고 $192^{\circ}C$ 에서 1 Torr의 높은 증기압을 갖는다. Y2O3 박막 증착을 위하여 Y 전구체는 $150^{\circ}C$ 로 가열하여 N2 gas를 이용하여 bubbling 방식으로 공정 챔버 내로 공급하였다. Y2O3 박막의 ALD window는 $250{\sim}350^{\circ}C$ 였으며, Y 전구체의 공급시간이 5초에 다다르자 더 이상 증착 두께가 증가하지 않는 자기 제한적 반응을 확인할 수 있었다. 그리고 증착된 Y2O3 박막의 특성 분석을 위해 Atomic force microscopy (AFM)과 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) 를 진행하였다. 박막의 Surface morphology 는 매끄럽고 uniform 하였으며, 특히 고체 금속 전구체를 사용했을 때와 비교하여 수산화물이 거의 없는 박막을 얻을 수 있었다. 그리고 조성 분석을 통해 증착된 Y2O3 박막이 stoichiometric하다는 것을 알수 있었다. 또한 metal-insulator-metal (MIM) 구조 (Ru/Y2O3/Ru) 의 resistor 소자를 형성하여 저항 스위칭 특성을 확인하였다.

  • PDF

Properties of CNT field effect transistors using top gate electrodes (탑 게이트 탄소나노튜브 트랜지스터 특성 연구)

  • Park, Yong-Wook;Yoon, Seok-Jin
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.313-318
    • /
    • 2007
  • Single-wall carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (SWCNT FETs) of top gate structure were fabricated in a conventional metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) with gate electrodes above the conduction channel separated from the channel by a thin $SiO_{2}$ layer. The carbon nanotubes (CNTs) directly grown using thin Fe film as catalyst by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD). These top gate devices exhibit good electrical characteristics, including steep subthreshold slope and high conductance at low gate voltages. Our experiments show that CNTFETs may be competitive with Si MOSFET for future nanoelectronic applications.

Growth and Characterization of Vertically Aligned ZnO nanowires with different Surface morphology

  • Das, S.N.;Choi, J.H.;Kar, J.P.;Myoung, J.M.
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.35.1-35.1
    • /
    • 2009
  • Vertically aligned zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods (NRs) with different surface morphology were grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on sapphire substrate. The films thus prepared were characterized by measuring X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies. To study the effect of surface morphology on wettability, the contact angle (CA) of water was measured. It was demonstrated that the CA of the deposited ZnO NRs varied between $104^{\circ}$ and $135^{\circ}$ depending upon the surface morphology. Variable temperature photoluminescence (PL) have employed to probe the exciton recombination in high density and vertically aligned ZnO Nanorod arrays. The low-temperature PL characterizes the dominant near-band-edge excitonic emissions from such nanorod arrays.

  • PDF

Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon Films Using Joule Heating

  • Ro, Jae-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
    • /
    • v.47 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-24
    • /
    • 2014
  • Joule heat is generated by applying an electric filed to a conductive layer located beneath or above the amorphous silicon film, and is used to raise the temperature of the silicon film to crystallization temperature. An electric field was applied to an indium tin oxide (ITO) conductive layer to induce Joule heating in order to carry out the crystallization of amorphous silicon. Polycrystalline silicon was produced within the range of a millisecond. To investigate the kinetics of Joule-heating induced crystallization (JIC) solid phase crystallization was conducted using amorphous silicon films deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition and using tube furnace in nitrogen ambient. Microscopic and macroscopic uniformity of crystallinity of JIC poly-Si was measured to have better uniformity compared to that of poly-Si produced by other methods such as metal induced crystallization and Excimer laser crystallization.

Process Optimization of PECVD SiO2 Thin Film Using SiH4/O2 Gas Mixture

  • Ha, Tae-Min;Son, Seung-Nam;Lee, Jun-Yong;Hong, Sang-Jeen
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.434-435
    • /
    • 2012
  • Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) silicon dioxide thin films have many applications in semiconductor manufacturing such as inter-level dielectric and gate dielectric metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs). Fundamental chemical reaction for the formation of SiO2 includes SiH4 and O2, but mixture of SiH4 and N2O is preferable because of lower hydrogen concentration in the deposited film [1]. It is also known that binding energy of N-N is higher than that of N-O, so the particle generation by molecular reaction can be reduced by reducing reactive nitrogen during the deposition process. However, nitrous oxide (N2O) gives rise to nitric oxide (NO) on reaction with oxygen atoms, which in turn reacts with ozone. NO became a greenhouse gas which is naturally occurred regulating of stratospheric ozone. In fact, it takes global warming effect about 300 times higher than carbon dioxide (CO2). Industries regard that N2O is inevitable for their device fabrication; however, it is worthwhile to develop a marginable nitrous oxide free process for university lab classes considering educational and environmental purpose. In this paper, we developed environmental friendly and material cost efficient SiO2 deposition process by substituting N2O with O2 targeting university hands-on laboratory course. Experiment was performed by two level statistical design of experiment (DOE) with three process parameters including RF power, susceptor temperature, and oxygen gas flow. Responses of interests to optimize the process were deposition rate, film uniformity, surface roughness, and electrical dielectric property. We observed some power like particle formation on wafer in some experiment, and we postulate that the thermal and electrical energy to dissociate gas molecule was relatively lower than other runs. However, we were able to find a marginable process region with less than 3% uniformity requirement in our process optimization goal. Surface roughness measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) presented some evidence of the agglomeration of silane related particles, and the result was still satisfactory for the purpose of this research. This newly developed SiO2 deposition process is currently under verification with repeated experimental run on 4 inches wafer, and it will be adopted to Semiconductor Material and Process course offered in the Department of Electronic Engineering at Myongji University from spring semester in 2012.

  • PDF

Influence of RTA treatments on optical properties of ZnO nanorods synthesized by wet chemical method

  • Shan, Qi;Ko, Y.H.;Lee, H.K.;Yu, J.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.190-190
    • /
    • 2010
  • Zinc oxide is the most attractive material due to the large direct band gap (3.37 eV), excellent chemical and thermal stability, and large exciton binding energy (60 meV). Recently, ZnO nanorods were used as the high efficient antireflection coating layer of solar cells based on silicon (Si). In this reports, we studied the effects of rapid thermal annealing (RTA) treatment on optical properties of ZnO nanorods. For fabrication of ZnO nanorods, there are many methods such as hydrothermal method, sol-gel method, and metal organic chemical vapor deposition method. Among of them, we used the conventional wet chemical method which is simple and low temperature growth. In order to synthesize the ZnO nanorods, the ZnO films were deposited on Si substrate by RF magnetron sputtering at room temperature and the samples were dipped to aqua solution containing the zinc nitrate and hexamethylentetramines (HMT). The synthesis process was achieved in keeping with temperature of $90-95^{\circ}C$ and under constant stirring. The morphology of ZnO nanorods on glass and Si was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. For the analysis of antireflection performance, the reflectance and transmittance were measured by spectrophotometer. And for analyzing the effects of RTA treatment on ZnO nanorods, crystalline properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction measurements and optical properties was estimated by photoluminescence spectra.

  • PDF

Fabrication of Zirconium Titanate Thin film from Layer-by-Layer Structure of Primitive Oxides prepared by PRTMOCVD (PRTMOCVD 법을 통한 단성분계 산화막의 적층형 구조로부터 Zirconium Titanate 박막의 제조)

  • Song, Byung-yun;Kwon, Yong Jung;Lee, Won Gyu
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.45 no.4
    • /
    • pp.378-383
    • /
    • 2007
  • A novel fabrication method for the multi-component metal oxides such as zirconium titanate($Zr_xTi_{1-x}O_2$) has been suggested, which would yield the uniform film characteristics and control the film composition at relatively low process temperature. The method has the basic concept that firstly layer-by-layer structure is constructed with the primitive oxide layers, which are components of the desired multi-component oxides, and secondly the film is annealed at appropriate thermal conditions for the transformation to a single-phase multi-component oxides. In this study, PRTMOCVD(pulsed rapid thermal metalorganic chemical vapor deposition) possessing the superior thickness controllability was introduced to prepare $ZrO_2$ and $TiO_2$ thin film for zirconium titanate. Single-phase zirconium titanate thin films have been prepared successfully by the interdiffusion of oxide multilayers having several alternating layers of $ZrO_2$ and $TiO_2$. The Zr/Ti ratio of zirconium titanate could be controlled easily by altering the thickness of $ZrO_2$ and $TiO_2$ thin film.

Fabrication of branched Ga2O3 nanowires by post annealing with Au seeds

  • Lee, Mi-Seon;Seo, Chang-Su;Gang, Hyeon-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.203-203
    • /
    • 2015
  • Gallium Oxide (Ga2O3) has been widely investigated for the optoelectronic applications due to its wide bandgap and the optical transparency. Recently, with the development of fabrication techniques in nanometer scale semiconductor materials, there have been an increasing number of extensive reports on the synthesis and characterization of Ga2O3 nano-structures such as nano-wires, nano-belts, and nano-dots. In contrast to typical vapor-liquid-solid growth mode with metal catalysts to synthesis 1-dimensional nano-wires, there are several difficulties in fabricating the nano-structures by using sputtering techniques. This is attributed to the fact that relatively low growth temperatures and higher growth rate compared with chemical vapor deposition method. In this study, Ga2O3 nanowires (NWs) were synthesized by using radio-frequency magnetron sputtering method. The NWs were then coated by Au thin films and annealed under Ar or N2 gas enviroment with no supply of Gallium and Oxygen source. Several samples were prepared with varying the post annealing parameters such as gas environment annealing time, annealing temperature. Samples were characterized by using XRD, SEM, and PL measurements. In this presentation, the details of fabrication process and physical properties of branched Ga2O3 NWs will be reported.

  • PDF