• Title, Summary, Keyword: Micro-CT

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Development of a Micro-CT System for Small Animal Imaging (소 동물 촬영을 위한 Micro-CT의 개발)

  • Sang Chul Lee;Ho Kyung Kim;In Kon Chun;Myung Hye Cho;Min Hyoung Cho;Soo Yeol Lee
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2004
  • We developed an x-ray cone-beam micro computed tomography (micro-CT) system for small-animal imaging. The micro-CT system consists of a 2-D flat-panel x-ray detector with a field-of-view (FOV) of 120${\times}$120 mm2, a micro-focus x-ray source, a scan controller and a parallel image reconstruction system. Imaging performances of the micro-CT system have been evaluated in terms of contrast and spatial resolution. The minimum resolvable contrast has been found to be less than 36 CT numbers at the dose of 95 mGy and the spatial resolution about 14 lp/mm. As small animal imaging results, we present high resolution 3-D images of rat organs including a femur, a heart and vessels. We expected that the developed micro-CT system can be greatly used in biomedical studies using small animals.

Measurement of Space Dose Distribution during Exposure Micro Computed Tomography (μ-CT) for Scattering Rays (Micro-CT 촬영 시 발생되는 산란선에 관한 공간선량률 측정)

  • Jung, Hongmoon;Won, Doyeon;Kwon, Taegeon;Jung, Jaeeun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2013
  • Non-invasive technique CT, called automated computed tomography, is used to detect lesion of a patient when diagnosing human body. Information obtained from CT plays an important role in assembling 3 dimensional images. Recently, new equipment, operated by CT, is required which can be appliable to physical and biological research. In accordance to this quest, micro-CT is invented that produce more detail and concrete information. Images supplied by CT are even more detailed and concrete, so it contributes much to the development of biology and polymer material engineering field. However, there has been little reliable reports regarding measuring information of space dose distribution about exposure dose limit of users operating micro-CT. In addition, little reports regarding space dose distribution of exposure has been known about unwanted diffraction light produced by usage of micro-CT. The exterior of micro-CT is covered by lead, which is for removing exposure of diffraction light. Thus, even if it is good enough to prevent exposure of diffraction light, consistent management of equipment will be required as time goes by and equipment are getting old as well. We measured space dose distribution regarding exposure of diffraction light of users operating micro-CT directly. Therefore, we suggest that proper management should be necessary for users operating micro-CT not to be exposed by unwanted diffraction light.

Image Calibration Techniques for Removing Cupping and Ring Artifacts in X-ray Micro-CT Images (X-ray micro-CT 이미지 내 패임 및 동심원상 화상결함 제거를 위한 이미지 보정 기법)

  • Jung, Yeon-Jong;Yun, Tae-Sup;Kim, Kwang-Yeom;Choo, Jin-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2011
  • High quality X-ray computed microtomography (micro-CT) imaging of internal microstructures and pore space in geomaterials is often hampered by some inherent noises embedded in the images. In this paper, we introduce image calibration techniques for removing the most common noises in X-ray micro-CT, cupping (brightness difference between the periphery and central regions) and ring artifacts (consecutive concentric circles emanating from the origin). The artifacts removal sequentially applies coordinate transformation, normalization, and low-pass filtering in 2D Fourier spectrum to raw CT-images. The applicability and performance of the techniques are showcased by describing extraction of 3D pore structures from micro-CT images of porous basalt using artifacts reductions, binarization, and volume stacking. Comparisions between calibrated and raw images indicate that the artifacts removal allows us to avoid the overestimation of porosity of imaged materials, and proper calibration of the artifacts plays a crucial role in using X-ray CT for geomaterials.

A bench-top micro-CT capable of simulating head motions

  • Hegazy, Mohamed A.A.;Eldib, Mohamed Elsayed;Mun, Yang Ji;Cho, Myung Hye;Cho, Min Hyoung;Lee, Soo Yeol
    • Biomedical Engineering Letters
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 2017
  • Computational three-dimensional (3D) models of a dental structure generated from 3D dental computed tomography (CT) images are now widely used in digital dentistry. To generate precise 3D models, high-resolution imaging of the dental structure with a dental CT is required. However, a small head motion of the patient during the dental CT scan could degrade the spatial resolution of CT images to the extent that digital dentistry is no longer possible. A bench-top micro-CT has been built to evaluate the head motion effects on the dental CT images. A micro-CT has been built on an optic table with a microfocus x-ray source and a flat-panel detector. A rotation stage, placed in between the x-ray source and the detector, is mounted on two-directional goniometers that can rotate the rotation stage in two orthogonal directions while the rotation stage is performing the CT scan. The goniometers can make object motions of an arbitrary waveform to simulate head tilting or head nodding. CT images of a phantom have been taken with and without introducing the motions, and the motion effects on the CT images have been evaluated. Object motions parallel to the detector plane have greater effects on the CT images than those against the detector plane. With the bench-top micro-CT, the motion effects have been visually seen at a tiny rotational motion as small as $0.3^{\circ}$. The bench-top micro-CT can be used to evaluate head motion effects on the dental CT images. The projection data, taken with the motion effects, would be used to develop motion artifact correction methods for a high-resolution dental-CT.

Study of bony trabecular characteristics using bone morphometry and micro-CT (골형태분석법과 micro-CT를 이용한 골소주 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Song, Young-Han;Lee, Wan;Lee, Chang-Jin;Ji, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Byung-Do
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : The research was done to investigate the effectiveness of 2D bony morphometry and microstructure of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) on the osteoporotic bony change. We performed the bone morphometric analysis of proximal femur in ovariectomized rabbits with BMD and micro-CT examination. Materials and Methods : Twenty-one female (Newzealand, about 16 weeks old, 2.9-3.4kg) rabbits were used. Three rabbits were sacrificed on the day when experiment began (Baseline). The remaining 18 rabbits were divided into two groups. One group was ovariectomized bilaterally (OVX) and the other animals were subjected to sham operation (Sham). Bone specimens were obtained from the right and left femur of sacrificed rabbits. At intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 months respectively, BMD tests were performed on the proximal femur by using PIXlmus 2 (GE Lunar Co. USA), 2-dimensional bone morphometric analysis by custome computer program and 2D/3D bone structure analysis by micro-CT (Skyscan 1072, Antwerpen, Belgium). Statistical analysis was carried out for the correlation between bone morphometry, micro-CT and BMD Result : BV/TV, Tb.Th, Tb.N of micro-CT parameters showed higher values in sham group than OVX group. N.Nd/Ar.RI, N.NdNd, N.NdTm, N. TmTm, PmB/Ar.RI, 3-D BoxSlope of 2D morphometric parameters showed higher values in Sham group than OVX group. The micro-CT parameters of Tb.Sp, Tb.N were statistically significant correlated with BMD respectively. Several 2D morphometric parameters were statistically significant correlated with BMD respectively. Conclusion : Several parameters of 2D bony morphometry and micro-CT showed effective aspects on the osteoporotic bony change.

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Development of High Resolution Micro-CT System for In Vivo Small Animal Imaging (소형 동물의 생체 촬영을 위한 고해상도 Micro-CT 시스템의 개발)

  • Park, Jeong-Jin;Lee, Soo-Yeol;Cho, Min-Hyoung
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2007
  • Recently, small-animal imaging technology has been rapidly developed for longitudinal screening of laboratory animals such as mice and rats. One of newly developed imaging modalities for small animals is an x-ray micro-CT (computed tomography). We have developed two types of x-ray micro-CT systems for small animal imaging. Both systems use flat-panel x-ray detectors and micro-focus x-ray sources to obtain high spatial resolution of $10{\mu}m$. In spite of the relatively large field-of-view (FOV) of flat-panel detectors, the spatial resolution in the whole-body imaging of rats should be sacrificed down to the order of $100{\mu}m$ due to the limited number of x-ray detector pixels. Though the spatial resolution of cone-beam CTs can be improved by moving an object toward an x-ray source, the FOV should be reduced and the object size is also limited. To overcome the limitation of the object size and resolution, we introduce zoom-in micro-tomography for high-resolution imaging of a local region-of-interest (ROI) inside a large object. For zoom-in imaging, we use two kinds of projection data in combination, one from a full FOV scan of the whole object and the other from a limited FOV scan of the ROI. Both of our micro-CT systems have zoom-in micro-tomography capability. One of both is a micro-CT system with a fixed gantry mounted with an x-ray source and a detector. An imaged object is laid on a rotating table between a source and a detector. The other micro-CT system has a rotating gantry with a fixed object table, which makes whole scans without rotating an object. In this paper, we report the results of in vivo small animal study using the developed micro-CTs.

Analysis on correlation between bone strength by FEA, micro-CT parameters and bone mineral density (유한요소법에 의한 골강도와 micro-CT 지표 및 골밀도간의 상관관계)

  • Yoon, Young-Nam;Lee, Wan;Lee, Byung-Do
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone microarchitecture are important determinants for bone strength. Recently micro-CT have provided possibilities for measuring a variety of structural indices to characterize bone microarchitecture. The objective of this study was to compare the BMD and micro-CT parameters with Young's modulus calculated by finite element analysis (FEA) for the evaluation of bone strength. Materials and Methods Bone specimens were obtained from the 18 female rabbits aged 16 weeks. Of those, 36 samples (right and left femur) were selected for 3D micro-CT analysis $(ANT^{TM},\;SKYSCAN,\;Belgium)$ and BMD by PIXlmus 2 (GE Lunar Co. USA). Five microstructural parameters of micro-CT, such as trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), bone specific surface (BS/BV), percent bone volume (BV/TV), structure model index (SMI) and degree of anisotropy (DOA) were studied. Young's modulus was obtained by software program (ANSYS 9.0, ANSYS Inc, Canonsburg, PA) based on micro-CT three dimensional images. Results : Young's modulus assessed by FEA correlated significantly with Tb.Th, BV/TV, BS/BV and SMI respectively. Young's modulus showed higher correlation with these rnicrostructural parameters of micro-CT than BMD. Microstructural parameters except DOA showed significant correlations within the examined group. Conclusion The microarchitectural parameters o( micro-CT and BMD represented some informations in the evaluation of bone strength assessed by FEA.

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Developments of Small Animal Imaging Systems in Korea (소동물 영상시스템의 국내 개발 현황)

  • Lee, Soo-Yeol
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2009
  • Many types of small animal imaging modalities, like micro-CT, micro-PET, and micro-SPECT, have been recently developed worldwide. Small animal imaging systems are now recognized as indispensable tools to validate efficacy and safety of new drugs or new therapeutic methods using the animal disease models. With increasing demands for small animal imaging in biomedical research, multimodal small animal imaging systems, like micro-PET/CT or micro PET/MRI, are now also being developed. Small animal imaging with spatial resolution and sensitivity comparable to human imaging is quite challenging since laboratory small animals are much smaller than human beings. Research activities in Korea on small animal imaging systems are reviewed in this paper. In the field of micro-CT and micro-PET, many world-class technologies have been developed successfully in Korea. It is expected that the developed animal imaging system technologies can be used in the development of clinical imaging systems in Korea in the near future.

Utility of Micro CT in a Murine Model of Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis (Bleomycin 유도 폐 섬유화 쥐 모델에서 미세 전산화단층촬영의 유용성)

  • Lee, Jae A;Jin, Gong Yong;Bok, Se Mi;Han, Young Min;Park, Seoung Ju;Lee, Yong Chul;Chung, Myung Ja;Youn, Gun Ha
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.67 no.5
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    • pp.436-444
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    • 2009
  • Background: Micro computed tomography (CT) is rapidly developing as an imaging tool, especially for mice, which have become the experimental animal of choice for many pulmonary disease studies. We evaluated the usefulness of micro CT for evaluating lung fibrosis in the murine model of bleomycin-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis. Methods: The control mice (n=10) were treated with saline. The murine model of lung fibrosis (n=60) was established by administering bleomycin intra-tracheally. Among the 70 mice, only 20 mice had successful imaging analyses. We analyzed the micro CT and pathological findings and examined the correlation between imaging scoring in micro CT and histological scoring of pulmonary inflammation or fibrosis. Results: The control group showed normal findings on micro CT. The abnormal findings on micro CT performed at 3 weeks after the administration of bleomycin were ground-glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation. At 6 weeks after bleomycin administration, micro CT showed various patterns such as GGO, consolidation, bronchiectasis, small nodules, and reticular opacity. GGO (r=0.84) and consolidation (r=0.69) on micro CT were significantly correlated with histological scoring that reflected pulmonary inflammation (p<0.05). In addition, bronchiectasis (r=0.63) and reticular opacity (r=0.83) on micro CT shown at 6 weeks after bleomycin administration correlated with histological scoring that reflected lung fibrosis (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that micro CT findings from a murine model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis reflect pathologic findings, and micro CT may be useful for predicting bleomycin-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis in mice.

MICRO-CT를 이용한 쥐 대퇴골의 유한요소 해석

  • 변창환;오택열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.296-296
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    • 2004
  • 실험상의 어려움으로 인하여 생체역학 분야에서 유한요소법은 최선의 대안으로 여겨지고 있다. 또한, CT를 비롯한 여러 디지털 장비로부터 얻은 영상데이터를 이용하여 유한요소모델을 생성하는 방법으로 모델 생성 속도의 향상을 가져와 더욱 효율을 높이고 있다. 그러나, 일반 CT의 해상도를 가지고는 골(bone) 변화의 주를 이루고 있는 해면골(trabecular bone)의 변화를 파악하기에는 큰 어려움이 따른다. 이에 본 논문에서는 10~20$\mu\textrm{m}$ 정도까지의 해상도를 가지는 Micro-CT의 영상데이터를 이용하여 유한요소 모델을 생성하고 해석하여 보았다.(중략)

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