• Title, Summary, Keyword: Micro-discharge gap

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The study of the characteristics of micro-gap discharge (미소 전극 간격을 갖는 방전장치에서의 방전특성 연구)

  • Seo, Jeong-Hyun;Shin, Buhm-Jae;Jeong, Heui-Seob;Whang, Ki-Woong
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.267-269
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    • 1994
  • Various types of plasma display panels(PDPs) have been developed to realize the flat panel display device. But, many of its characteristics must be improved before it can be commercialized. In order to investigate tile characteristics of micro discharge in a PDP ceil, we have constructed a micro-gap discharge system whose electrode gap can be adjustable between $100-1000{\mu}m$ within $0.1{\mu}m$ accuracy. We measured the minimum sustain voltage, current, delay time of discharge while changing parameters(electrode gap distance, electrode surface area, pressure) which influence discharge characteristics.

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Dependence of Ozone Generation in a Micro Dielectric Barrier Discharge on Dielectric Material and Micro Gap Length

  • Sakoda, Tatsuya;Sung, Youl-Moon
    • KIEE International Transactions on Electrophysics and Applications
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    • v.4C no.5
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2004
  • In order to investigate the optimum conditions for the effective ozone formation in a dielectric barrier discharge, measurements of ozone concentration were carried out for various conditions such as the gap length, the dielectric material and the operating gas. It was found that the optimum discharge conditions differed exceedingly in the types of operating gases and dielectric materials. In dry air, dielectric material with low dielectric constant and thermal conductivity, which might contribute to the restriction of the gas temperature rise in the discharge region, proved effective in obtaining both high ozone yield and concentration. The optimum gap length was considered to be in the range of 600-800 mm. In oxygen, using a quartz glass disk as a dielectric material, the required condition to obtain the high ozone yield and concentration was expanded.

Effects of Nanopowder Additives in Micro-electrical Discharge Machining

  • Tan, Peng-Cheong;Yeo, Swee-Hock;Tan, Yie-Voon
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 2008
  • The use of electrical discharge machining (EDM) for micro-machining applications requires particular attention to the machined surface roughness and discharge gap distance, as these factors affect the geometrical accuracy of micro-parts. Previous studies of conventional EDM have shown that selected types of semi-conductive and non-conductive powder suspended in the dielectric reduced the surface roughness while ensuring a limited increase in the gap distance. Based on this, an extension of the technique to micro-EDM was studied Such work is necessary since the introduction of nanopowders suspended in the dielectric is not well understood. The experimental results showed that a statistically significant reduction in the surface roughness value was achieved at particular concentrations of the powder additives, depending on the powder material and the machining input energy setting. The average reduction in surface roughness using a powder suspended dielectric was between 14-24% of the average surface roughness generated using a pure dielectric. Furthermore, when these additive concentrations were used for machining, no adverse increase in the gap distance was observed.

Development of Micro-EDM Machine for Microshaft and Microhole Machining (미세 축ㆍ구멍 가공을 위한 미세방전가공기의 개발)

  • 김규만;최덕기;주종남
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1998
  • Recently, the needs of machining technologies of very small parts have been increasing with advent of micro-revolution. These technologies have mostly used the method applied to semi-conductor production process such as LIGA, etc. But they have serious difficulties to settle down in terms of workpiece materials, machining thickness, 3-dimensional structure. Therefore. mciro-machining technology using EDM(Electrical Discharge Machining) was proposed. It is very difficult to machine the micro-parts (microshaft, microhole) using conventional machining. Micro-machining using BDM can machine the micro-parts easily because it requires little machining force. This MEDM(Micro-EDM) need the capabilities to move a electrode and control a discharge energy precisely, and the gap control strategy to maintain the optimal discharge condition is necessary. Therefore, in this study, the new EDM machine with high precision motion stage and high-performance EDM device was developed. Using this MEDM machine, we have machined microshaft and microhole with various shapes and sizes.

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Design and Development of Micro Combustor (II) - Design and Test of Micro Electric Spark discharge Device for Power MEMS - (미세 연소기 개발 (II) - 미세동력 장치용 미세 전극의 제작과 성능평가 -)

  • Gwon, Se-Jin;Lee, Dae-Hun;Park, Dae-Eun;Yun, Jun-Bo;Han, Cheol-Hui
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.524-530
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    • 2002
  • Micro electric spark discharge device was fabricated on a FOTURAN glass wafer using MEMS processing technique and its performance of electron discharge and subsequent formation of ignition kernel were tested. Micro electric spark device is an essential subsystem of a power MEMS that has been under development in this laboratories. In a combustion chamber of sub millimeter scale depth, spark electrodes are formed by electroplating Ni on a base plate of FOTURAN glass wafer. Optimization of spark voltage and spark gap is crucial for stable ignition and endurance of the electrodes. Namely, wider spark gaps insures stable ignition but requires higher ignition voltage to overcome the spark barrier. Also, electron discharge across larger voltage tends to erode the electrodes limiting the endurance of the overall system. In the present study, the discharge characteristics of the proptotype ignition device was measured in terms of electric quantities such as voltage and currant with spark gap and end shape as parameters. Discharge voltage shows a little decrease in width of less than 50㎛ and increases with electrode gap size. Reliability test shows no severe damage over 10$\^$6/ times of discharge test resulting in satisfactory performance for application to proposed power MEMS devices.

Simulation of Low Temperature Plasmas for an Ultra Violet Light Source using Coplanar Micro Dielectric Barrier Discharges

  • Bae, Hyowon;Lee, Ho-Jun;Lee, Hae June
    • Applied Science and Convergence Technology
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.138-144
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    • 2016
  • The discharge characteristics of pulse-driven coplanar micro barrier discharges for an ultraviolet (UV) light source using Ne-Xe mixture have been investigated using a two-dimensional fluid simulation at near-atmospheric pressure. The densities of electrons, the radiative excited states, the metastable excited states, and the power loss are investigated with the variations of gas pressure and the gap distance. With a fixed gap distance, the number of the radiative states $Xe^*(^3P_1)$ increases with the increasing driving voltage, but this number shows weak dependency on the gas when that pressure is over 400 Torr. However, the number of the radiative states increases with the increase of the gap distance at a fixed voltage, while the power loss decreases. Therefore, a long gap discharge has higher efficiency for UV generation than does a short gap discharge. A slight change in the electrode tilt angle enhances the number of radiative species 2 or 3 times with the same operation conditions. Therefore, the intensity and efficiency of the UV light source can be controlled independently by changing the gap distance and the electrode structure.

The study on micro discharge characteristics for DC Plasma Display (직류 플라즈마 디스플레이를 위한 미소방전특성연구)

  • Cho, Jung-Soo;Park, Chung-Hoo;Kim, Gyu-Sub;Kawk, Byung-Goo;Ha, Hong-Ju
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1413-1416
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    • 1995
  • Plasma Display(PDP) was successfully demonstrated on 30-60inch display panel. Research for mass production is also been accelerating. The basic study of PDP are mainly focused on understanding of micro discharge in each cell In this paper, DC PDP with Ag electrode is made and the discharge charcateristics in micro gap is studied with the variation of the distance of electrode gap and the pressure in discharge cell.

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Micro Electrical Discharge Milling Using Deionized Water (탈이온수를 이용한 미세 방전 밀링)

  • Chung Do-Kwan;Chu Chong-Nam;Kim Bo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, micro electrical discharge milling using deionized water as dielectric fluid was investigated. In EDM, dielectric fluid is an important factor which affects machining characteristics. When deionized water was used as dielectric fluid, machining characteristics were investigated according to voltage, capacitance, and resistivity of deionized water. Machining gap increased with increasing voltage and capacitance. As the resistivity of deionized water decreased, the machining gap increased. The wear of a tool electrode and machining time can be reduced by using deionized water instead of EDM oil. Surface roughness was also improved when deionized water was used.

Fabrication of Micro Structure Using Electro Discharge Deposition (Electro Discharge Deposition (EDD)을 이용한 미세 구조물 제작)

  • 오석훈;민병권;박성준;이상조
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1865-1868
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    • 2003
  • This paper provides a new method for hybrid machining, particularly suited to micro fabrication applications such as micro point, micro line, micro structure, micro partition and so on. Developed micro fabrication process by electrical discharge machining (EDM) and electrical discharge deposition (EDD) with metal powder (Ti, Fe) has been studied to build TiC or FeC structure. Titanium powder or iron powder is supplied from working fluid (kerosene or de-ionized water with powder) and adheres on a workpiece by the heat and electric power caused by the electrical discharge. The use of a tool electrode is expected to keep powder concentration high in the gap between a workpiece and a tool electrode and to accrete powder material on the workpiece. The deposition is tried under various electrical conditions (workpiece. tool electrode, working fluid, discharge current, voltage and powder etc.). On the other hand. using electrical discharge machining (EDM) with the same tool electrode, it can be used as a removal process (cutting) by electro erosion at the same time. Therefore. this new method can do a hybrid machining to build up and down a structure with the workpiece.

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The Partial Discharge Resistances of Epoxy-Nano-and-Micro Composites

  • Lee, Chang-Hoon;Park, Jae-Jun
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.89-91
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    • 2010
  • Partial discharge (PD) resistances were investigated for three types of samples: original epoxy resins, epoxy micro composites with and without the silane processing, and mixture composites with micro and nano particles. The PD was applied to these materials using rod, gap, and plane electrodes. The partial discharge resistance found in the micro composites was better than that found in the original epoxy resin. Moreover, the mixture composites of $SiO_2$ nano and micro particles had much larger resistances than the original epoxy resin or microcomposites. It can be regarded that this excellent property was due to the fact that the nano particles have a dense structure between the micro particles.