• Title, Summary, Keyword: Micro-perforated Panel

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Design of a Micro-perforated Panel Absorber at High Incident Sound Pressure (높은 입사 음압에서의 미세 천공판을 이용한 흡음 기구의 설계)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun;Jang, Young-Soon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.983-990
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    • 2010
  • Reduction of acoustic loads of space launch vehicles can be achieved by acoustic absorbers satisfying strict cleanness requirements. This limited the use of general porous materials and requires non-porous sound absorbers. Micro-perforated panel absorbers(MPPA) is one of promising sound absorbers satisfying the cleanness requirement for launch vehicles. However, its applicability was limited to low sound pressure levels according to the acoustic impedance model of micro-perforated panels. In this paper the applicability of micro-perforated panel absorbers at high incident sound pressure was investigated in experimental ways. The absorption characteristics of a micro-perforated panel absorber was simulated according to its design variables, e.g., minute hole diameters and aperture ratios. It was shown that optimal design can be readily done by using proposed design charts. Experiments were conducted to measure acoustic properties of the designed micro-perforated panel absorbers. The results showed that acoustic resistance increases rapidly as incident sound pressure level does but change of acoustic reactance can be neglected in a practical point of view. This caused the decrease of peak value of absorption coefficient at high incident sound pressure level, but the amount of reduction can be accepted in practice. The major advantage of the micro-perforated panel absorber(wide absorption bandwidth) was still kept at high sound pressure level.

Noise Reduction of a Range Hood using Micro-Perforated Panel (미세 다공판을 이용한 레인지 후드의 소음저감)

  • Kim, Deok-Han;Song, Hwa-Young;Lee, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Chang-Kun;Kim, Dong-Yun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1205-1208
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    • 2006
  • This paper introduces a study for the noise reduction of a range hood for household. Generally, range hoods have a built-in sirocco fan from which rumbling noise is generated. Though the rumbling noise has low noise level. this noise makes most of the users nervous due to the its low frequency characteristics. For the purpose of noise reduction, in this study, a micro-perforated panel system is installed in the fan housing of range hood. From the experimental results, it is confirmed that the noise level emitted from the range hood is decreased over 2dB(A) in all frequency regions due to the effect of noise reduction by micro-perforated panel system.

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Absorption Characteristics of Micro-perforated Panel Absorber According to Incident Pressure Magnitude and Its Geometric Parameters (가진 음압 및 설계 인자에 따른 미세 천공판 흡음 기구의 흡음 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.178-185
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    • 2011
  • The micro-perforated panel absorber (MPPA) is one of promising noise control elements because of its applicability to extreme environments where general porous materials cannot be used. Since the MPPA is inherently non-porous sound absorber, it can be a good candidate of acoustic protection system of a space launcher. The overall sound pressure level inside payload fairings of commercial launch vehicles is so high (around 140 dB OASPL) that the conventional linear impedance model cannot be directly applied to the design of the acoustic protection systems. In this paper an acoustic impedance models of a micro-perforated panel absorber at high sound pressure environment were reviewed and the use of the impedance on the practical design of MPPAs was addressed. The variation of absorption characteristics of MPPA was discussed according to the design parameters, e.g., perforation ratio, the minute hole diameter, the thickness of MPP and the incident sound pressure level.

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Absorption Characteristics of Micro-perforated Panel Absorber According to High Incident Pressure Magnitude and Variation of Geometric Parameters (높은 입사 음압 및 설계 인자의 변화에 따른 미세 천공판 흡음 기구의 흡음 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.21 no.11
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    • pp.1059-1066
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    • 2011
  • The micro-perforated panel absorber(MPPA) is one of promising noise control elements because of its applicability to extreme environments where general porous materials cannot be used. Since the MPPA is inherently non-porous sound absorber, it can be a good candidate of acoustic protection system of a space launcher. The overall sound pressure level inside payload fairings of commercial launch vehicles is so high(around 140 dB OASPL) that the conventional linear impedance model cannot be directly applied to the design of the acoustic protection systems. In this paper an acoustic impedance models of a micro-perforated panel absorber at high sound pressure environment were reviewed and the use of the impedance on the practical design of MPPAs was addressed. The variation of absorption characteristics of MPPA was discussed according to the design parameters, e.g., perforation ratio, the minute hole diameter, the thickness of MPP and the incident sound pressure level.

Noise Reduction of a Ventilating Fan System using Micro-Perforated Panel (미세 다공판을 이용한 환기팬 시스템의 소음저감)

  • Lee, Jong-Seuk;Song, Hwa-Young;Lee, Dong-Hoon;Kwon, Hyuk-Jung;Kim, Dong-Yun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1209-1211
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    • 2006
  • This paper introduces an experimental study for the noise reduction of a ventilating fan system. For the purpose of noise reduction, conventionally an absorptive duct silencer filled with a glass fiber has been utilized. However, a glass fiber has some disadvantages like hygiene and secondary pollution problems. In order to overcome these problems, in this paper, a perforated duct silencer has been applied to the ventilating fan system. For the designing of a perforated duct silencer, the transmission losses for various perforated panel systems are measured and compared with its noise reduction performance.

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Development of eco-friendly and lightweight insulation panels for offshore plant

  • Jung, Jae-Deok;Hong, Suk-Yoon;Song, Jee-Hun;Kwon, Hyun-Wung;Joo, Won-Ho;Kim, Sung-Hoon
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.554-562
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    • 2016
  • Recently, regulations pertaining to the noise and vibration environment of offshore plants have been strengthened. For example, the NORSOK standards have been applied, which are very strict regulations that are comparable to those applied to passenger ships. Furthermore, the use of porous materials, such as those used in most of the current insulating panels, has been forbidden. Therefore, honeycomb-backed Micro-Perforated Plates (MPPs) are now regarded as next-generation absorber materials. This paper reports the results of parametric studies that were performed using numerical methods to determine the effect of the thickness on the performance of a honeycomb panel and the effect of the perforation ratio on the MPP performance. The numerical results were verified through experiments. Finally, we propose a combined honeycomb/MPP panel where the MPP is placed between upper and lower honeycomb panels and one end surface is also replaced with an MPP.

Acoustical Characteristics of Air Filter in the Engine Intake System (엔진 흡기계 공기 여과기의 음향 특성)

  • Kang, J.H.;Ih, J.G
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.190-193
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    • 2005
  • The air filter in engine intake system filters the dirt in the breathing air but also it attenuates the noise although the phenomenon has been regarded negligible. For the analysis of the acoustical performance of air filter, an acoustical model is suggested in this paper. The air filter consists of a porous filter element, which catches the particulate dirt, and a plastic filter box, which supports the filter element. Fibrous structure of the filter element is modeled as a micro-perforated panel using the flow resistivity and porosity. The pleated geometry of the filter element is modeled as two coupled ducts and a mathematical model is developed for the analysis of sound propagation. The filter box Is modeled as a rigid rectangular box. By combining two models, a 4-pole transfer matrix for the air filter is derived. The transmission loss calculated using the transfer matrix of the suggested model is compared with the measured data. Reasonably good agreement is observed. The result can be improved by considering the visco-thermal effect in modeling, in particular at a frequency range near the troughs of TL curve.

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