• Title, Summary, Keyword: Microcontroller

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PMSM Sensorless Control using a General-Purpose Microcontroller (범용 마이크로콘트롤러를 이용한 PMSM 센서리스 제어)

  • Kang, Bong-Woo;La, Jae-Du;Kim, Young-Seok
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.227-235
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    • 2011
  • This paper describes a PMSM control algorithm for realizing a low-cost motor drive system using a general purpose microcontroller. The proposed sensorless algorithm consists of the current observer and the sensorless scheme based on instantaneous reactive power. Also the control board system is not the high-cost DSP(digital signal processor) system but the general purpose microcontroller and it allows to reduce the unit cost of the motor system. However the clock frequency of the proposed microcontroller is one-fifths for the clock frequency of the DSP. In addition, the switching frequency must be selected as the lower frequency because of complex mathematic modeling of the sensorless algorithm. the low switching frequency augments the noise of the motor and might make accurate speed control impossible. Thus this paper proposes the optimization method to supplement the drawback of the general purpose microcontroller and the usefulness of the proposed method is verified through the experiment.

A Prototyping Tool of Free-Coding-Type Microcontroller Board for Design Education

  • Nam, Wonsuk
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2018
  • As the scope of social expectations and roles in the design field has expanded, the demand for education to cope with changes in the technology environment is increasing in design education. In response to this trend, microcontroller board-type design-prototyping tools have also been introduced into design education, and much educational content is being developed. However, there is the perception that students who are majoring in design without engineering knowledge are still barred from entry. A variety of educational content and tools have been developed to solve these difficulties, although there are several limitations to their practical application. Especially, in the design education courses in universities, the functional expectation level for prototyping is high, but most of the content developed for solving the difficulties has been developed for the lower education levels, and it could be said that a great deal of learning is necessary to solve the problem. In this study, students were asked about microcontroller board utilization and their satisfaction with their design through questionnaires and with the developed microcontroller board development direction via Focus Group Interviews. Based on this, we tested microcontroller boards that eliminate the coding process and which students can use to create and prototype their work as a suggestion to fulfil demand. After using the board, both the usability and improvement of the product were checked. Confirmation of the usefulness of the free- coding-type microcontroller was obtained through this study along with the possibility of responding to various educational demands by applying the application design related to this product.

Modeling and Simulation for Level & Flow Control System Using Microcontroller

  • Unhavanich, Sumalee;Dumawipata, Teerasilapa;Tangsrirat, Worapong
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.86.5-86
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    • 2001
  • This work describes a design and implementation of the level & flow rate control system by using a single-chip microcontroller. The proposed model system is designed based on the use of the single-chip microcontroller 8031 with the EPROM emulator for programming the computer software. The microcontroller reaches the input level and flow signals from the level sensor and the turbine flowmeter, respectively, via the signal conditioning circuits and A/D converters in order to calculate the control signal. Moreover, the status of the process variable can easily be set up and controlled by program monitoring through the emulator, and can be graphically displayed on the computer screen. Experiment results were carried out which can be ...

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Study on Design Education Plan Using Microcontroller Board Prototyping Tool

  • Nam, Wonsuk
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2018
  • Unlike in the past, where the expression of the form was given a priority, with the widening of the scopes of the designs, the proportion of design education institution curricula targeting user experience and the application of technology is continually and gradually increasing. Open source microcontroller boards such as Arduino have initiated attracting attention as a countermeasure against these changes. These prototyping tools have many advantages for the diversification of expression and design verification in the design field and therefore have a high likelihood of being introduced into many design education institutes; however, the tools act as high entry barriers for design students who lack engineering knowledge. Although various educational content and tools have been developed to address the issue of barrier, existing solutions remain insufficient as alternatives for the purpose of activation. In this study, we investigated the present state of related education content and conducted a pilot workshop using a prototype microcontroller board with simplified coding. We intend to use the results of this investigation to develop study material for design education. We started by conducting a survey regarding the pre-university education situation. It was observed that engineering education opportunities are insufficient and the problem of mutual application between educations due to course-based education was not realized. We also analyzed the characteristics of simplified training tools using the microcontroller to establish a direction for educational design and conducted a pilot workshop using the microcontroller toolkit with a simplified coding process based on this content. Students who lack a basic knowledge of engineering technology received instruction, and after completing minimum preliminary training, they proceeded to practical exercises that involved utilizing the toolkit. Through this process, we identified the need for a simple-type microcontroller board with low-complexity for use in educating students majoring in design. We also identified some obstacles that serve as barriers to entry of utilizing microcontroller board. Based on these results, we propose several functional requirements and teaching guidelines for prototyping toolkits for design education.

Optimal Design of Thin Type Ultrasonic Motor and Development of Driver (박형 초음파 모터의 최적설계 및 구동 드라이버 개발)

  • Jeong, Seong-Su;Jun, Ho-Ik;Park, Tae-Gone
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.58 no.5
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    • pp.976-981
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    • 2009
  • This paper proposed optimal design and microcontroller driver for driving the thin-type ultrasonic motor. To find the optimal size of the stator, motions of the motor were simulated using ATILA by changing length, width and thickness of the ceramics. Two sinusoidal waves which have 90 degree phase difference were needed for driving the thin-type motor. The thin-type ultrasonic motor driver was composed of microcontroller(Atmega128), push-pull inverter, encoder and AD-converter. Microcontroller generates four square waves which have variable frequency and 25[%] duty ratio in $20{\sim}150$[kHz]. The output signals of microcontroller were converted to sine wave and cosine wave by push-pull inverter and were applied to the thin-type ultrasonic motor. The encoder and AD-converter were used for maintaining speed of the thin-type ultrasonic motor. The AD-converter controlled DC voltage of inverter in accordance with output signal of encoder. Using the driver, characteristics of the motor as speed and torque were measured.

The Damage of Microcontroller Devices due to Coupling Effects by High Power Electromagnetic Wave (고출력 전자기파의 커플링 효과에 의한 마이크로컨트롤러 소자의 피해)

  • Hong, Joo-Il;Hwang, Sun-Mook;Huh, Chang-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.148-155
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    • 2008
  • We investigated the damage effects of microcontroller devices under high power electromagnetic(HPEM) wave. HPEM wave was radiated from the open-ended standard rectangular waveguide(WR-340) to free space. The influence of different reset-, clock-, data-, and power supply-line lengths has been tested. The susceptibility of the tested microcontroller devices was in general much influenced by clock-, reset-, and power supply-line length, little influenced by data-line length. Further the line length was increased, the malfunction threshold was decreased as expected, because more energy couples to the devices. The surfaces of the destroyed microcontroller devices were removed and the chip conditions were investigated with microscope. The microscopic analysis of the damaged devices showed component and bondwire destructions such as breakthroughs and melting due to thermal effects.

A Microcontroller-Based Lock-In Amplifier for Capacitive Sensors (용량형 센서를 위한 마이크로컨트롤러에 기반을 둔 록인 증폭기)

  • Kim, Cheong-Worl
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 2014
  • A lock-in amplifier was proposed for capacitive sensor applications. This amplifier was based on a general-purpose microcontroller and had only a charge amplifier as analog circuits. All the other functions of lock-in amplifier except for the charge amplifier were implemented with firmware and the internal resources of the microcontroller. A rectangular signal, generated by the microcontroller, was used in a sensor-driving signal instead of a conventional sinusoidal signal. This makes it possible that the phase comparison circuit in the lockin amplifier is made with analog-to-digital converter, a timer and an interrupt controller. Using the oversampling method and the rectangular driving signal, we can make it easy to implement the peak detection function with software and sample the peak-to-peak signal at charge amplifier output. A charge amplifier was proposed to cancel out the base capacitance existing in capacitive sensors structurally. The experimental results show that the lock-in amplifier operating in the supply voltage of 3.0 V cancels out the base capacitance and has good linearity.

The Damage of Microcontroller Devices due to Coupling Effects under High Power Electromagnetic Wave by Magnetron (고출력 전자기파의 커플링 효과에 의한 마이크로 컨트롤러의 손상)

  • Hong, Joo-Il;Hwang, Sun-Mook;Huh, Chang-Su
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.57 no.12
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    • pp.2263-2268
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    • 2008
  • We investigated the malfunction and destruction characteristics of microcontroller devices under high power electromagnetic(HPEM) wave by magnetron. HPEM was rated at a microwave output of 0 to 1,000 W, at a frequency of 2,450${\pm}$50 MHz and was radiated from the open-ended standard rectangular waveguide(WR-340) to free space. The influence of different reset-, clock-, data-, and power supply-line lengths has been tested. The variation of the line length was done with flat cables. The susceptibility of the tested microcontroller devices was in general much influenced by clock-, reset-, and power supply-line length, little influenced by data-line length. Further the line length was increased, the malfunction threshold was decreased as expected, because more energy couples to the devices. The surfaces of the destroyed microcontroller devices were removed and the chip conditions were investigated with microscope. The microscopic analysis of the damaged devices showed component and bondwire destructions such as breakthroughs and melting due to thermal effects. The obtained results are expected to provide fundamental data for interpreting the combined mechanism of microcontroller devices in an intentional microwave environment.

A Preliminary Study of the Application of Prototyping Tools for Design Education Plans; Focusing on Open Source Microcontroller Boards

  • Nam, Wonsuk
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2018
  • In the past, design has been recognized as a means to determine colors, shapes, and functions Recently, however, it has been accepted in a wider sense, namely designing the entire service, including product and user experience design. In this way, in addition to creativity and expressive power that designers have as their main competence, according to the expansion of this design object, designers are required to have comprehensive abilities in related fields and accompanying technical professional abilities. If designing as a technology application as a direction toward this situation, design education can be carried out by approaching technology as a method of expression or design subject. It can also be an effective alternative towards improving the understanding of technology. Meanwhile, many small microcontroller board products with advanced functions and multi-functional specialized programming integrated development environments (IDEs) are becoming widespread due to their open source, low cost, and scalable features. However, students in the design department who lack the basic knowledge of science and engineering have difficulties learning, which requires considerable time and is required for practical use. From this point of view, we have made advancements in the technical understanding of design education by conducting fundamental research to the effectiveness of microcontroller-based prototyping tools as means of expression. We also conducted basic education of microcontroller boards for a certain period of time on students who majored in design in conjunction with the basic survey and investigated the obstacle factors using a questionnaire. Through these surveys, we have confirmed the necessity of designing microcontroller boards of low difficulty, which simplify the coding process that can act as a barrier in difficulty for design students to apply smoothly in design education. In addition, we intend to carry out a basic study on the guideline of microcontroller design for design education and composition of education programs.

Microcontroller based Chaotic Lorenz System for Secure Communication Applications (암호통신 응용을 위한 마이크로 컨트롤러 기반 로렌츠 카오스 시스템)

  • Jayawickrama, Chamindra;Song, Hanjung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.22 no.12
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    • pp.1698-1704
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a implementation of a chaotic Lorenz system for data secure communication applications. Here we have used PIC18F family-based microcontroller to generate the chaotic signal, and simulated waveform patterns confirm that the chaotic behavior of the microcontroller based discrete time chaotic Lorenz system. There are three R-2R ladder type A/D converters have been implemented for conversion of direct microcontroller digital output into analog waveform, utilizing this specific microcontroller relevant to this experiment work, microcontroller ports B, C and D have been utilized for its time waveform outputs X, Y and Z respectively. XC8 compiler used for the compilation of the program. MATLAB and PROTEUS software platforms are used for simulation. Finally, chaotic time wave forms, 2D chaotic attractors were obtained and secure communication analog waveforms were also verified by experimental measurement.