• Title, Summary, Keyword: Microsatellite Markers

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Characterization of microsatellite markers covering chromosome 1 in the Korean and Japanese populations (한국인과 일본인에서 1번 염색체에 부착되는 microsatellite marker의 특징)

  • Lee, You-Jin;Park, Soo-Byung
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.537-543
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    • 2004
  • Microsatellit markers are considered to be very promising genetic markers for genetic linkage analysis. The majority of the markers are as informative as in Caucasians but there are significant ethnic differences in the genetic variations. In order to investigate the genetic variations in the Korean and Japanese populations and their ethnic differences, 51 microsatellite marker loci spanning the whole human chromosome 1 were arranged from a commercially available set (ABI PRISM Linkage Mapping Set-HD5, Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA), and then determined the allelic frequencies and heterozygosities for these marker loci in the 90 unrelated Korean subjects and 90 unrelated Japanese subjects. Of all 51 markers tested, significant differences were observed when microsatellite allele frequency pattern of Korean was compared with those of Caucasian, while this pattern was highly similar between Korean and Japanese populations. Our data indicate that an extensive verification of public microsatellite markers in a particular population study should be undertaken prior to their linkage studies. Moreover, this information should facilitate genetic linkage studies of various hereditary diseases, especially in the Koreans and Japanese.

Current trends in forest science research using microsatellite markers in Korean national journals

  • Lee, Byeong-Ju;Eo, Soo Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.221-231
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    • 2016
  • Microsatellites, which are sequences of repetitive short nucleotides, are abundant in the genome and have relatively many alleles at a locus. Hence, microsatellite markers are used in various research areas such as medicine, agriculture, and biology. Thanks to recent advanced techniques and databases associated with microsatellite marker development, foreign research relying on microsatellite markers is increasing in various study areas. In this study, by analyzing microsatellites-related articles published during 2000-2014 from eight Korean national journals representing zoology, botany, genetics, ecology and environmental science, breeding science, and forest science ('Animal Cells and Systems', 'Journal of Plant Biology', 'Genes and Genomics', 'Korean Society of Environment and Ecology', 'Korean Journal of Breeding Science', 'Journal of Agricultural Science, Chungnam National University', 'Journal of Korean Forest Society' and 'Forest Science and Technology'), we found that the number of articles and diversity of study subjects and objects have increased considerably. However, there are fewer applications of microsatellites in the national forest science area. During 2000-2014 in 'Journal of Korean Forest Society', the percentage of articles dealing with microsatellite markers was found to be the lowest with 4.2% among articles focusing on PCR-based markers including RAPD, AFLP, and ISSR. However, in 'Canadian Journal of Forest Research' and 'Forest Ecology and Management', microsatellite marker articles were represented at their highest with 69.2% and 76.2%, respectively. Given the advantages of microsatellite markers, the publication of research papers using microsatellites should be increased in Korean forest science journals to the level of studies published in prominent international journals.

Development of Novel Microsatellite Markers for Strain-Specific Identification of Chlorella vulgaris

  • Jo, Beom-Ho;Lee, Chang Soo;Song, Hae-Ryong;Lee, Hyung-Gwan;Oh, Hee-Mock
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.1189-1195
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    • 2014
  • A strain-specific identification method is required to secure Chlorella strains with useful genetic traits, such as a fast growth rate or high lipid productivity, for application in biofuels, functional foods, and pharmaceuticals. Microsatellite markers based on simple sequence repeats can be a useful tool for this purpose. Therefore, this study developed five novel microsatellite markers (mChl-001, mChl-002, mChl-005, mChl-011, and mChl-012) using specific loci along the chloroplast genome of Chlorella vulgaris. The microsatellite markers were characterized based on their allelic diversities among nine strains of C. vulgaris with the same 18S rRNA sequence similarity. Each microsatellite marker exhibited 2~5 polymorphic allele types, and their combinations allowed discrimination between seven of the C. vulgaris strains. The two remaining strains were distinguished using one specific interspace region between the mChl-001 and mChl-005 loci, which was composed of about 27 single nucleotide polymorphisms, 13~15 specific sequence sites, and (T)n repeat sites. Thus, the polymorphic combination of the five microsatellite markers and one specific locus facilitated a clear distinction of C. vulgaris at the strain level, suggesting that the proposed microsatellite marker system can be useful for the accurate identification and classification of C. vulgaris.

Genetic Diversity of Korean Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Varieties Using Microsatellite Markers (Microsatellite 마커를 이용한 한국 보리 품종의 유전적 다양성)

  • Kwon, Yong-Sham;Hong, Jee-Hwa;Choi, Keun-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.322-329
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    • 2011
  • Microsatellite markers were utilized to investigate genetic diversity among 70 Korean barley varieties (Hordeum vulgare). Ninety nine microsatellite primer pairs were screened for 9 varieties. Twenty primer pairs showed highly polymorphic. The relationship between markers genotypes and 70 varieties was analyzed. A total of 124 polymorphic amplified fragments were obtained by using 20 microsatellite markers. Two to nine SSR alleles were detected for each locus with an average of 6.2 alleles per locus. Average polymorphism information content (PIC) was 0.734, ranging from 0.498 to 0.882. A total of 124 marker loci were used to calculate Jaccard's distance coefficients for cluster analysis using UPGMA. Clustering group was divided 2 groups corresponding to 2-rowed and 6-rowed barley varieties. The phenogram was discriminated all varieties by markers genotypes. These markers may be used wide range of practical application in variety identification and genetic purity assessment of barley.

Genetic Diversity of 14 Indigenous Grey Goose Breeds in China Based on Microsatellite Markers

  • Tu, Yunjie;Chen, K.W.;Zhang, S.J.;Tang, Q.P.;Gao, Y.S.;Yang, N.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2006
  • This experiment first cloned some microsatellite sequences for goose species by magnetic beads enriched method and studied the genetic structure research of 14 indigenous grey goose breeds using 19 developed and 12 searched microsatellite markers with middle polymorphism. According to the allele frequencies of 31 microsatellite sites, mean heterozygosity (H), polymorphism information content (PIC) and $D_A$ genetic distances were calculated for 31-microsatellite sites. The results showed that 25 of 31microsatellite sites were middle polymorphic, so the 25 microsatellite markers were effective markers for analysis of genetic relationship among goose breeds. The mean heterozygosity was between 0.4985 and 0.6916. The highest was in the Xupu (0.6916), and in the Yan was the lowest (0.4985) which was consistent with that of PIC. The phylogenetic tree was completed through analysis of UPGMA. Fencheng Grey, Shoutou, Yangjiang and Magang were grouped firstly, then Xongguo Grey, Wugang Tong, Changle and Youjiang were the second group; Gang, Yan Xupu and Yili were the third group; Yongkang Grey and Wuzeng were the fourth group. The results could provide basic molecular data for the research on the characteristics of local breeds in the eastern China, and a scientific basis for the conservation and utilization of those breeds.

Standardization and Usefulness of ISAG Microsatellite Markers for Individual Identification and Parentage Verification in Horse Breeds (말에서 개체식별 및 친자확인을 위한 ISAG Microsatellite Marker의 유용성 및 표준화)

  • Kwon, Do-Yeon;Cho, Gil-Jae
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 2009
  • The present study demonstrates a new approach that enables effective horse parentage testing using 22 ISAG microsatellite markers involving 6 heads of Thoroughbred horse(TB) and non-TB. In the comparison allele distribution between these horses, the alleles found in the TB were numerously detected in the non-TB. As results, we confirmed that these ISAG microsatellite markers might apply the pedigree registration of Korean native horse(Jeju horse).

Genetic diversity assessment of Aconitum coreanum (H. Lév.) Rapaics (Ranunculaceae), an endangered plant species in Korea, using microsatellite markers

  • Won, Hyosig;Yun, Young-Eun;Kwak, Myounghai;Han, Jeong Eun
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.224-231
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    • 2012
  • To assess the genetic diversity of Aconitum coreanum (Ranunculaceae) populations in Korea, we have amplified and sequenced eight organellar marker regions, and developed and analyzed microsatellite markers. No sequence variation was detected from the eight organellar markers. Ten microsatellites were developed using Next Generation Sequencing and two microsatellite markers, AK_CA03 and AK_CT07, were identified polymorphic and applied for 143 individuals of twelve A. coreanum populations. Four and five alleles were detected for the two microsatellite loci, respectively, and number of migrants ($N_m$) was estimated as 1.12586. Two microsatellite marker loci showed $F_{ST}$ of 0.205 and 0.275, respectively. The heterozygosity deficit, low level of among-population differentiation, small size of gene flow, and lack of sequence variation of the organellar markers suggest that A. coreanum is reproductively isolated from other Aconitum species and there has been continuous gene flow among the populations of A. coreanum or it has dispersed relatively recently after speciation. Though population pairwise $F_{ST}$'s presented significant geographic structure, further sampling and study will be necessary to confirm this.

Development of Polymorphic Microsatellite Markers Suitable for Genetic Linkage Mapping of Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Kim, Woo-Jin;Shin, Eun-Ha;Kong, Hee Jeong;Nam, Bo-Hye;Kim, Young-Ok;Jung, Hyungtaek;An, Cheul Min
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2013
  • Microsatellite markers are important for gene mapping and for marker-assisted selection. Sixty-five polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed with an enriched partial genomic library from olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus an important commercial fish species in Korea. The variability of these markers was tested in 30 individuals collected from the East Sea (Korea). The number of alleles for each locus ranged from 2 to 33 (mean, 17.1). Observed and expected heterozygosity as well as polymorphism information content varied from 0.313 to 1.000 (mean, 0.788), from 0.323 to 0.977 (mean, 0.820), and from 0.277 to 0.960 (mean, 0.787), respectively. Nine loci showed significant deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium after sequential Bonferroni correction. Analysis with MICROCHECKER suggested the presence of null alleles at five of these loci with estimated null allele frequencies of 0.126-0.285. These new microsatellite markers from genomic libraries will be useful for constructing a P. olivaceus linkage map.

DNA fingerprinting analysis of maize varieties and parental lines using microsatellite markers (Microsatellite 마커를 이용한 옥수수 품종 및 자식 계통에 대한 DNA Fingerprinting 분석)

  • Kwon, Yong-Sham
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.367-375
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    • 2016
  • In the present study, we conducted genetic characterization of 90 commercial maize varieties and parental lines using microsatellite markers. Thirteen microsatellite markers were selected from 100 primer pairs in the maize genome data on the basis of polymorphism information contents (PIC) value and distinct amplification products. These markers detected 5 to 24 alleles, with an average of 13.69. The mean PIC value was 0.865 and ranged from 0.716 to 0.942. The unweighted pair-group method with arithmetical average (UPGMA) analysis was conducted for constructing the dendrogram using Jaccard's genetic similarity coefficient. The genetic similarity varied from 0.07 to 0.824. Thirteen microsatellite markers identified all 90 maize varieties and parental lines. The maize varieties were clustered into 5 major groups consistent with type and pedigree information. The microsatellite profile database of maize varieties could be used to select comparative varieties through genetic relationship analysis between existing varieties and candidate varieties in distinctness tests.

A Comparison of Two Kinds of Markers Applied in Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Sheep and Goat Populations

  • Yang, Z.P.;Chang, H.;Sun, W.;Gen, R.Q.;Mao, Y.J.;Tsunoda, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.892-896
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    • 2004
  • A genetic examination using 14 structural loci and 7 microsatellite markers was carried out among random samples of Hu sheep (Hu), Tong sheep (Tong) and Yantse River Delta White goat (YRD); The mean heterozygosity (H), mean polymorphism information contents (PIC) and mean effective numbers of alleles (Ne) calculated based on the data from the above two types of genetic markers were compared. The standard genetic distances among the three populations based on two types of gene frequencies were calculated and compared. The results show that the mean heterozygosity (H), mean polymorphism information contents (PIC) and mean effective numbers of alleles (Ne) based on 7 microsatellite markers are greater than those based on the structural loci. The standard genetic distances based on structural loci among the three populations are: 0.0268-0.2487, the standard genetic distances based on microsatellite markers are: 0.2321-1.2313. The study indicates that structural and microsatellite markers reflect the genetic variation of the three populations consistently: Tong>Hu>YRD. The differentiation between related species or interpopulations can be expressed more effectively by microsatellite markers than structural markers. Oar FCB11, MAF33, Oar AE101, Oar FCB128 and OarFCB304 can be used as representative loci for research on genetic differentiation between sheep and goat.