• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mid Point

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Development of User-dependent Mid-point Navigation System (사용자 중심의 중간지점 탐색 시스템의 설계 및 구현)

  • Ahn, Jonghee;Kang, Inhyeok;Seo, Seyeong;Kim, Taewoo;Heo, Yusung;Ahn, Yonghak
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose a user-dependent mid-point navigation system using a time weighted mid-point navigation algorithm and a user preference based mid-point neighborhood recommendation system. The proposed system consists of a mid-point navigation module for calculating an mid-point by applying a time weight of each user based on a departure point between users, and a search module for providing a search for a route to the calculated mid-point. In addition, based on the mid-point search result, it is possible to increase the utilization rate of users by including a place recommending function based on user's preference. Experimental results show that the proposed system can increase the efficiency of using by the user-dependent mid-point navigation and place recommendation function.

On the iteration of holomorphic mappings in $ $

  • Kwon, Oh-Nam
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.681-694
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    • 1996
  • Let F be a germ of analytic transformation from $(C^2, O)$ to $C^2, O)$. Let a, b denote the eigenvalues of DF(O). O is called a semi-attrative fixed point if $$\mid$a$\mid$ = 1, 0 < $\mid$b$\mid$ < 1 = 1, 0 < $\mid$a$\mid$ < 1)$. O is called a super-attractive fixed point if a = 0, b = 0. We discuss such a mapping from the point of view of dynamical systems.

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NONLINEAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF SECOND ORDER IN A HILBERT SPACE

  • Kim, RakJoong
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 2008
  • Let H be a Hilbert space. Assume that $0{\leq}{\alpha}$, ${\beta}{\leq}1$ and r(t) > 0 in I = [0, T]. By means of the fixed point theorem of Leray-Schauder type the existence principles of solutions for two point boundary value problems of the form $\array{(r(t)x^{\prime}(t))^{\prime}+f(t,x(t),r(t)x^{\prime}(t))=0,\;t{\in}I\\x(0)=x(T)=0}$ are established where f satisfies for positive constants a, b and c ${\mid}{f(t,x,y){\mid}{\leq}a{\mid}x{\mid}^{\alpha}+b{\mid}y{\mid}^{\beta}+c\;\;for\;all(t,x,y){\in}I{\times}H{\times}H$.

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ON THE SEMI-HYPONORMAL OPERATORS ON A HILBERT SPACE

  • Cha, Hyung-Koo
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.597-602
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    • 1997
  • Let H be a separable complex Hilbert space and L(H) be the *-algebra of all bounded linear operators on H. For $T \in L(H)$, we construct a pair of semi-positive definite operators $$ $\mid$T$\mid$_r = (T^*T)^{\frac{1}{2}} and $\mid$T$\mid$_l = (TT^*)^{\frac{1}{2}}. $$ An operator T is called a semi-hyponormal operator if $$ Q_T = $\mid$T$\mid$_r - $\mid$T$\mid$_l \geq 0. $$ In this paper, by using a technique introduced by Berberian [1], we show that the approximate point spectrum $\sigma_{ap}(T)$ of a semi-hyponomal operator T is empty.

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Fixed points of a certain class of mappings in uniformly convex banach spaces

  • Thakur, Balwant-Singh;Dep
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.385-394
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, we prove in p-uniforlmy convex space a fixed point theorem for a class of mappings T satsfying: for each x, y in the domain and for n = 1, 2, 3, $\cdots$, $$ \left\$\mid$ T^n x - T^n y \right\$\mid$ \leq a \cdot \left\$\mid$ x - y \right\$\mid$ + b(\left\$\mid$ x - T^n x \right\$\mid$ + \left\$\mid$ y - T^n y \right\$\mid$) + c(\left\$\mid$ c - T^n y \right\$\mid$ + \left\$\mid$ y - T^n x \right\$\mid$, $$ where a, b, c are nonnegative constants satisfying certain conditions. Further we establish some fixed point theorems for these mappings in a Hilbert space, in $L^p$ spaces, in Hardy spaces $H^p$ and in Sobolev spaces $H^{p,k}$ for 1 < p < $\infty$ and k $\leq$ 0. As a consequence of our main result, we also the results of Goebel and Kirk [7], Lim [8], Lifshitz [12], Xu [20] and others.

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The Influence of Likert Scale Format on Response Result, Validity, and Reliability of Scale -Using Scales Measuring Economic Shopping Orientation-

  • Kim, Sae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.913-927
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    • 2010
  • This study investigates the influence of Likert scale formats such as the number of response categories and the inclusion of a mid-point from a methodological point of view using instruments that measure a fashionmarketing-related subject. Using a self-administered questionnaire, 201 respondents rated their economic clothing shopping orientation on three formats of scales that differed only in the number of response categories (ranging from 5 to 7) from February 8 to February 12, 2010. Descriptive statistics, Spearman's rank order correlation, t-test, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson's correlation, and Cronbach's alpha were used in the analysis. The results are as follows. First, three scale formats were generally suitable for use due to validity and reliability. Second, the response results varied with the number of categories and the inclusion of a mid-point, although the differences were statistically insignificant (with only a few cases that differed). Third, construct validity was more secure in scales with fewer categories, whereas convergent and discriminant validity was generally good in all scale formats. Fourth, reliability coefficients were higher in scales with more categories. Fifth, the number of categories was of greater importance to instrument design than the inclusion of a mid-point. Implications for appropriate scale designs are suggested in this study.

Convergence of approximate sequences for compositions of nonexpansive mappings in banach spaces

  • Jung, Jong-Soo;Kim, Tae-Hwa
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 1997
  • Let C be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Banach space E and let $T_1, \cdots, T_N$ be nonexpansive mappings from C into itself (recall that a mapping $T : C \longrightarrow C$ is nonexpansive if $\left\$\mid$ Tx - Ty \right\$\mid$ \leq \left\$\mid$ x - y \right\$\mid$$ for all $x, y \in C$). We consider the fixed point problem for nonexpansive mappings : find a common fixed point, i.e., find a point in $\cap_{i=1}^N Fix(T_i)$, where $Fix(T_i) := {x \in C : x = T_i x}$ denotes the set of fixed points of $T_i$.

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Computation of Ionic Conductivity at NASICON Solid Electrolytes (II) Effects of mid-Na Sites on Na1-Na2 Conduction Paths (NASICON 고체 전해질의 이온 전도도 계산 (II) Na1-Na2 전도 경로에 미치는 mid-Na의 영향)

  • 최진삼;서양곤;강은태
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.32 no.11
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    • pp.1292-1300
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    • 1995
  • The ionic conductivity of NASICON solid electrolytes was simulated by using Monte Carlo Method (MCM). There were included two conduction paths: (1) Na1-Na2 and (2) Na1-Na2 including Na2-Na2. We assumed that mid-Na ions provde an additional driving force for Na mobile ions due to the interionic repulsion between Na1 and Na2 ions. The inflection point of vacancy availability factor, V has been shown at nearby x=2, the maximum mid-Na ions. The inflection point of vacancy availability factor, V has been shown at nearby x=2, the maximum mid-Na sites are occupied. The effective jump frequency factor, V has been shown at nearby x=2, the maximum mid-Na sites are occupied. The effective jump frequency factor, W increased rapidly with the composition at low temperature, but decreased at high temperature region. On Na1-Na2 conduction path, the minimum of charge correlation factor, fc and the maximum of $\sigma$T were appeared at x=2.0. this indicated that mid-Na ions affect on the high ionic conductivity behavior. At the whole range of NASICON composition, 1n $\sigma$T vs. 1/T* plots have been shown Arrhenius behavior but 1n (VWFc) vs. 1/T* have been shown the Arrhenius type tendency at x=2, which mid-Na is being the maximum. The results of MCM agreed with the experimental one when the chosen saddle point value was 6$\varepsilon$ : 3$\varepsilon$. Here the calculated characteristic parameter of materials, K and the phase transition temperature were -4.001$\times$103 and 178$^{\circ}C$ (1/T*=1.92, 1000/T=2.22), respectively.

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ENUMERATION OF NSEW-PATHS IN RESTRICTED PLANES

  • Park, Seul-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.413-421
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    • 1996
  • A path g in the plane $R^2$ is the sequence of the points $(t_0, t_1, \ldots, t_n)$, with coordinates in $Z^2$. The point $t_0$ is the starting point and the point $t_n$ is the arriving point. An elementary step of g is a couple $(t_i, t_{i+1}), 0 \leq i \leq n - 1$. We denote the length of the path g by $\mid$g$\mid$ = n.

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