• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Mid infrared spectroscopy

검색결과 43건 처리시간 0.026초

중적외선 영역의 DLC 코팅된 ZnS 기판의 광학 특성 (Optical Properties of DLC-coated ZnS Substrates in the Mid-infrared Region)

  • 권태형;여서영;김창일;남산;권민철;추병욱;백종후
    • 센서학회지
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.101-105
    • /
    • 2019
  • ZnS substrates with excellent transmittance in the mid-infrared region ($3-5{\mu}m$) were prepared using hot pressing instead of conventional chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Diamond-like carbon(DLC) was coated on either one or both sides of the ZnS substrates to improve their mechanical properties and transmittance. More specifically DLC was coated using CVD with an Ar and $C_2H_2$ mixed gas, and Ge was used as the bonding layer. During CVD, the bias voltage was fixed to 500 V and analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nanoindenter, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive spectrometry. Results of hardness analysis using the nanoindenter, showed that DLC coating increased from 5.9 to 17.7 GPa after deposition. The FT-IR spectroscopy results showed that, in the mid-infrared region ($3-5{\mu}m$), the average transmittance of the samples with DLC coating on one and both sides increased by approximately 6% and approximately 11.2% respectively. In conclusion, the DLC coating improved the durability and transmittance of the ZnS substrates.

THE 3.3 MICRON PAH EMISSION OF THE MID-INFRARED EXCESS GALAXIES DISCOVERED BY THE AKARI MID-INFRARED ALL-SKY SURVEY

  • Yamada, R.;Oyabu, S.;Kaneda, H.;Yamagishi, M.;Ishihara, D.;Kim, J.H.;Im, M.;Toba, Y.;Matsuhara, H.
    • 천문학논총
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.299-300
    • /
    • 2012
  • We investigate the relation between star formation activity and PAH $3.3{\mu}m$ emission. Our targets are mid-infrared-excess galaxies selected from the AKARI all-sky survey point source catalog. We performed AKARI near-infrared spectroscopy for them. As a result, we obtained $2.5-5{\mu}m$spectra of 79 galaxies, and selected 35 star-forming galaxies out of them. Comparing the PAH $3.3{\mu}m$ luminosities with the infrared luminosities, we find a linear correlation between them. However, by adding the results from literatures for luminous infrared galaxies and ultra-luminous infrared galaxies that are more luminous than our sample, the ratio of the PAH to the infrared luminosity is found to decrease towards the luminous end.

Thermal denaturation analysis of protein

  • Miyazawa, Mitsuhiro
    • 한국근적외분광분석학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1628-1628
    • /
    • 2001
  • Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is a powerful technique for non-destructive analysis that can be obtained in a wide range of environments. Recently, NIR measurements have been utilized as probe for quantitative analysis in agricultural, industrial, and medical sciences. In addition, it is also possible to make practical application on NIR for molecular structural analysis. In this work, Fourier transform near infrared (FT-NIR) measurements were carried out to utilize extensively in the relative amounts of different secondary structures were employed, such as Iysozyme, concanavalin A, silk fibroin and so on. Several broad NIR bands due to the protein absorption were observed between 4000 and $5000\;^{-1}$. In order to obtain more structural information from these featureless bands, second derivative and Fourier-self-deconvolution procedures were performed. Significant band separation was observed near the feature at $4610\;^{-1}$ ,. Particularly the peak intensity at $4525\;^{-1}$ shows a characteristic change with thermal denaturation of fibroin. The structural information can be also obtained by mid-IR and CD spectral. Correlation of NIR spectra with protein structure is discussed.

  • PDF

Reagentless Determination of Human Serum Components Using Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy

  • Hahn, Sang-Joon;Yoon, Gil-Won;Kim Gun-Shik;Park Seung-Han
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.240-244
    • /
    • 2003
  • Simultaneous determination of concentrations for four major components in human blood serum was investigated using a Fourier-transform mid-infrared spectroscopy. Infrared spectra of human blood serum were measured in 8.404 ∼ 10.25 ${\mu}m$ range where the highest absorption peaks of glucose are located. A partial least square (PLS) algorithm was utilized to establish a calibration model for determining total protein, albumin, globulin and glucose levels which are commonly measured metabolites. The standard error of cross validation obtained from our multivariate calibration model was 0.24 g/dL for total protein, 0.15 g/dL for albumin, 0.17 g/dL for globulin, and 6.68 mg/dL for glucose, which are comparable with or meet the criteria for clinical use. The results indicate that the infrared absorption spectroscopy can be used to predict the concentrations of clinically important metabolites without going through a chemical process with a reagent.

PROPERTIES OF DUST IN VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTS OF NEARBY GALAXIES

  • Kaneda, Hidehiro;Kokusho, Takuma;Yamada, Rika;Ishihara, Daisuke;Oyabu, Shinki;Kondo, Toru;Yamagishi, Mitsuyoshi;Yasuda, Akiko;Onaka, Takashi;Suzuki, Toyoaki
    • 천문학논총
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.135-139
    • /
    • 2017
  • We have performed systematic studies of the properties of dust in various environments of nearby galaxies with AKARI. The unique capabilities of AKARI, such as near-infrared (near-IR) spectroscopy combined with all-sky coverage in the mid- and far-IR, enable us to study processing of dust, particularly carbonaceous grains includings polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), for unbiased samples of nearby galaxies. In this paper, we first review our recent results on individual galaxies, highlighting the uniqueness of AKARI data for studies of nearby galaxies. Then we present results of our systematic studies on nearby starburst and early-type galaxies. From the former study based on the near-IR spectroscopy and mid-IR all-sky survey data, we find that the properties of PAHs change systematically from IR galaxies to ultraluminous IR galaxies, depending on the IR luminosity of a galaxy or galaxy population. From the latter study based on the mid- and far-IR all-sky survey data, we find that there is a global correlation between the amounts of dust and old stars in early-type galaxies, giving an observational constraint on the origin of the dust.

AKARI OBSERVATIONS OF THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM

  • Onaka, Takashi
    • 천문학논총
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.187-193
    • /
    • 2012
  • AKARI has 4 imaging bands in the far-infrared (FIR) and 9 imaging bands that cover the near-infrared (NIR) to mid-infrared (MIR) contiguously. The FIR bands probe the thermal emission from sub-micron dust grains, while the MIR bands observe emission from stochastically-heated very small grains and the unidentified infrared (UIR) band emissions from carbonaceous materials that contain aromatic and aliphatic bonds. The multi-band characteristics of the AKARI instruments are quite efficient to study the spectral energy distribution of the interstellar medium, which always shows multi-component nature, as well as its variations in the various environments. AKARI also has spectroscopic capabilities. In particular, one of the onboard instruments, Infrared Camera (IRC), can obtain a continuous spectrum from 2.5 to $13{\mu}m$ with the same slit. This allows us to make a comparative study of the UIR bands in the diffuse emission from the 3.3 to $11.3{\mu}m$ for the first time. The IRC explores high-sensitivity spectroscopy in the NIR, which enables the study of interstellar ices and the UIR band emission at $3.3-3.5{\mu}m$ in various objects. Particularly, the UIR bands in this spectral range contain unique information on the aromatic and aliphatic bonds in the band carriers. This presentation reviews the results of AKARI observations of the interstellar medium with an emphasis on the observations of the NIR spectroscopy.

USE OF NEAR INFRARED FOR THE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSES OF BAUXITE

  • Walker, Graham S.;Cirulis, Robyn;Fletcher, Benjimin;Chandrashekar, S.
    • 한국근적외분광분석학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1171-1171
    • /
    • 2001
  • Quantitative analysis is an important requirement in exploration, mining and processing of minerals. There is an increasing need for the use of quantitative mineralogical data to assist with bore hole logging, deposit delineation, grade control, feed to processing plants and monitoring of solid process residues. Quantitative analysis using X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) requires fine grinding and the addition of a reference material, or the application of Rietveld analysis to XRD patterns to provide accurate analysis of the suite of minerals present. Whilst accurate quantitative data can be obtained in this manner, the method is time consuming and limited to the laboratory. Mid infrared when combined with multivariant analysis has also been used for quantitative analysis. However, factors such as the absorption coefficients and refractive index of the minerals requires special sample preparation and dilution in a dispersive medium, such as KBr to minimize distortion of spectral features. In contrast, the lower intensity of the overtones and combinations of the fundamental vibrations in the near infrared allow direct measurement of virtually any solid without special sample preparation or dilution. Thus Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) has found application for quantitative on-line/in line analysis and control in a range of processing applications which include, moisture control in clay and textile processing, fermentation processes, wheat analysis, gasoline analysis and chemicals and polymers. It is developing rapidly in the mineral exploration industry and has been underpinned by the development of portable NIR spectrometers and spectral libraries of a wide range of minerals. For example, iron ores have been identified and characterized in terms of the individual mineral components using field spectrometers. Data acquisition time of NIR field instruments is of the order of seconds and sample preparation is minimal. Consequently these types of spectrometers have great potential for in-line or on-line application in the minerals industry. To demonstrate the applicability of NIR field spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of minerals, a specific example on the quantification of lateritic bauxites will be presented. It has been shown that the application of Partial Least Squares regression analysis (PLS) to the NIR spectra can be used to quantify chemistry and mineralogy in a range of lateritic bauxites. Important, issues such as sampling, precision, repeatability, and replication which influence the results will be discussed.

  • PDF

중적외선 분광학을 이용한 토양 내의 질산태 질소 정량분석 (Direct Determination of Soil Nitrate Using Diffuse Reflectance Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS))

  • 최은영;김경웅;홍석영;김주용
    • 한국토양비료학회지
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.267-272
    • /
    • 2008
  • 현장에서의 토양 측정을 위해서는 전처리 과정이 짧을수록 유리하므로 최대한 처리를 하지 않은 토양 시료에 대해 질산태 질소의 측정과 그에 맞는 정량화 방법을 제안하였다. 건조 토양을 분광분석에 그대로 사용하는 경우 산란, 분산되는 빛의 양이 많고 노이즈도 증가하므로 Diffuse reflectance 모드 (Diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy: DRIFTS)로 측정하였다. 토양 자체가 나타내는 분광 피크에 의해 질산염의 피크가 가려지는 간섭효과를 보완하기 위해 DRIFTS 스펙트럼에 1차 도함수를 적용하였으며, $1500-1200cm^{-1}$ 영역에서 질산염에 의한 신호의 향상이 확인되었고, 이를 이용해 다변량 회귀분석 모델 (PLSR)을 적용하여 정량화를 수행하였다. 1차 도함수를 이용한 분석모델에서도 각기 다른 종류의 토양을 적용하였을 때 결과치의 신뢰도가 감소하는 결과가 나타났다. 대표적인 토양으로 사질 (sand), 미사질 (sandy loam), 토탄질 (peat), 점토질 (clay) 토양에 대해 각각의 스펙트럼을 특성화하여 해당되는 정량모델을 적용하였다. 그 결과 다양한 종류의 토양에 대한 정량분석의 신뢰도가 향상되었다 ($R^2$>0.95, RPD>6.0). 스펙트럼의 신호처리와 토양 특성별 정량모델의 적용을 통해 현장 시료에 가까운 상태의 토양 질산염을 보다 빠르고 간단하게 평가할 수 있을 것으로 기대되며, 향후에 보다 다양한 조건의 토양에 대해 분광학적 분석을 수행하여 라이브러리가 구축된다면 이러한 기술의 확대 적용이 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

파장가변 다이오드 레이저 흡수 분광학을 사용한 대기환경분석 (Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy for Environmental Monitoring)

  • Ju Sang-U;Kim Seong-Geun
    • 한국대기환경학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.247-248
    • /
    • 2003
  • Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) has been widely used in environmental monitoring of gaseous species in the past decade. TDLAS is a direct measurement technique for pollutants such as NOx without any interference from other species. Because of its superior spectral purity (~0.001 ­$cm^{-1}$), absorption linewidths with resolvable rotational structure can be studied in the mid infrared region where strong fundamental vibrational transitions of molecules appear. (omitted)

  • PDF

Glucose Prediction in the Interstitial Fluid Based on Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy Using Multi-component Analysis

  • Kim, Hye-Jeong;Noh, In-Sup;Yoon, Gil-Won
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.279-285
    • /
    • 2009
  • Prediction of glucose concentration in the interstitial fluid (ISF) based on mid-infrared absorption spectroscopy was examined at the glucose fundamental absorption band of 1000 - 1500/cm (10 - 6.67 um) using multi-component analysis. Simulated ISF samples were prepared by including four major ISF components. Sodium lactate had absorption spectra that interfere with those of glucose. The rest NaCl, KCl and $CaCl_2$ did not have any signatures. A preliminary experiment based on Design of Experiment, an optimization method, proved that sodium lactate influenced the prediction accuracy of glucose. For the main experiment, 54 samples were prepared whose glucose and sodium lactate concentration varied independently. A partial least squares regression (PLSR) analysis was used to build calibration models. The prediction accuracy was dependent on spectrum preprocessing methods, and Mean Centering produced the best results. Depending on calibration sample sets whose sodium lactate had different concentration levels, the standard error prediction (SEP) of glucose ranged $17.19{\sim}21.02\;mg/dl$.