• Title, Summary, Keyword: Milk Composition

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Comparative Study on Antioxidant Capacities and Polyphenolic Contents of Commercially Available Cocoa-containing Products (유통되는 코코아함유 가공품의 항산화능과 폴리페놀 함량에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Soon;Kum, Jin-Young;Hwang, Young-Ok;Tu, Ock-Ju;Jo, Han-Bin;Kim, Jung-Hun;Chae, Young-Zoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.10
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    • pp.1356-1362
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    • 2012
  • UV-VIS spectrophotometric and high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC-DAD) methods were applied in order to identify and quantify the composition of polyphenols in commercial cocoa-containing products. Total polyphenolic contents of cocoa mix, choco-syrup, milk chocolate, and dark chocolate were evaluated using Folin-Ciocalteu's phenol reagent according to a UV-VIS spectrometric method. Antioxidant capacities of cocoa extracts by methanol were evaluated by 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethyl benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) assay and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. The obtained results show that the polyphenolic contents and antioxidant capacities of cocoa products and chocolates depend on solid cocoa content. Among the tested cocoa products and chocolates, the most abundant phenolic compound was epicatechin.

Development of Convenient Menu School Breakfast Program for High School Students (고등학생을 위한 아침급식용 간편식단 개발)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Ji, Myoung-Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.343-351
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    • 2013
  • To help reduce the 'breakfast-skip' rate of the high school students and improve such 'breakfast-skipping' practice this study devised a new covenience menu for school breakfast Program. Dictated by a dietitian the form of cooking was rendered within directly-cookable convenient food; The price of menu ranged from 1,500-2,000won taking into account the parents' survey ; the menu formation drew largely from the student food preference survey and their favorites. The composition of menu - the Korean dish and the western dish put together-were of two folds and was based on the two: main menu, subsidiary menu. While main menu used rice, the subsidiary one used fruits, salads, milk, and juices. Energy intake sufficiency standard was set at a level of between 1/4 and 1/3 of the relevent group(mid&high students, 15-18 yrs old)'s approximated energy need, drawn from the Dietary Reference Intakes For Koreans(2010). 10 disparate, divised menus were tested deliberately- cooked at a site, thereafter qualifed and supplemented to meet the targeted energy amount. The nuturitional facts of each menu set were measured through the usage of CAN-PRO 3.0, Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program, for professionals. Completed menu set were then given in photograph. The results of this study were as follows : The results of this study were as follows : the newly developed menu's calories and nuturitional content were as follows in the ratio of Dietary Reference Intakes For Koreans(2010) : Calories 95.7%(4.3% below the targeted intake standard), Protein(131.1%), Calcium(130.2%) the both of which marked higher than the recommended daily intake, iron(71.0%), Potassium(93.1%) both of which figure lower than the recommended daily intake. The cost of ingredients per each person was 1,335won, which was lower than the targeted cost(1500won). When calculated, hypothetically provided breakfast's labor hour needed per 1 meal is shown to be average 1.2 minute. In conslusion : Convenience style school breakfast program would bring an increse in the intake of high school students' breakfast, which may contribute not only to the sound physical growth but to academic performance. Various developments of the school breakfast program is much needed continually.

Characterization of the Bovine FASN Gene Variation for Carcass and Beef Quality Traits in Hanwoo (소 FASN 유전자 변이의 연관불균형과 한우 도체형질에 미치는 영향)

  • Li, Song-Lan;Kim, Sang-Wook;Lee, Jung-Jae;Lee, Jun-Heon;Yoon, Du-Hak;Kim, Jong-Joo;Jeong, Young-Chul;Jeon, Soon-Hong;Choi, Jae-Won;Kim, Nae-Su;Kim, Kwan-Suk
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2009
  • Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is a multi-functional enzyme with a central role in the synthesis of long-chain fatty acid and has been considered as a positional candidate gene for BTA 19 quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting milk-fat content and fatty acid composition. In this study, we sequenced the FASN gene in several cattle breeds including Hanwoo and imported beef cattle, and identified novel DNA polymorphisms and their linkage relationship in Hanwoo. We found a significant frequency difference of the FASN (AF285607) g.17924 A$\rightarrow$G polymorphism between Hanwoo (70%) and other breeds and this polymorphism has been known for an association with fatty acid composition in Angus. Furthermore, by direct DNA sequencing in 18 unrelated Hanwoo, we identified 27 SNPs including nine novel variations in the FASN gene. Among 27 SNPs identified in the FASN gene, four SNPs were further genotyped in 100 Hanwoo and 96 imported beef cattle, and analyzed for haplotype construction and association with beef quality traits. We performed haplotype block and linkage disequilibrium studies using four selected SNPs. Two different haplotype blocks (block A: g.10568 C$\rightarrow$T and g.11280 G$\rightarrow$ A; block B: g.13125 C$\rightarrow$T and g.17924 G$\rightarrow$A) were constructed and the block A in particular had a very high r2 (0.936), which indicated a nearly complete linkage disequilibrium existed between the g.10568 C$\rightarrow$T and g.11280 G$\rightarrow$A polymorphisms. A total of four major haplotypes (frequency > 0.05) were identified with the four polymorphisms including TATG (0.36), CGCG (0.31), CGTA (0.19) and TACG (0.06). Statistical association analysis revealed that the g.10568 C$\rightarrow$T and g.11280 G$\rightarrow$A polymorphisms in the FASN were significantly associated with meat color (P=0.004) and texture (P=0.0114). The g.13125 C$\rightarrow$T and g.17924 G$\rightarrow$A polymorphisms in the FASN were also significantly associated with back-fat thickness and quantity index (P=0.0179 and 0.0495, respectively). Our findings suggested that the FASN gene polymorphisms may be used for determining the (unsaturated) fatty acid contents and carcass trait in the Hanwoo beef.

Physicochemical Properties of Soybean Leaf by Cultivar and Development of Soybean Curd Prepared with Soybean Leaf Powder (콩잎 품종에 따른 이화학적 특성 비교 및 콩잎 분말을 첨가한 두부 개발)

  • Kim, Min-Kyoung;Lee, Seul;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.557-565
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    • 2011
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of soybean leaves in different cultivars and to develop a soybean curd prepared with soybean leave powder as a functional food. Four cultivars (Daewonkong leaf, Daepungkong leaf, Hwangguemkong leaf, and Seoritae leaf) were selected for this experiment. A significant difference was observed in the proximate composition of soybeans leaves (p<0.05). Soybean leaves had the highest content of carbohydrates. The mineral composition and isoflavone content in soybean leaves were significantly different among the cultivars (p<0.05). In particular, Daepongkong leaf had the highest content of genistein, daidzein, and total isoflavones. This study was also conducted to determine the quality characteristics of a soybean curd developed from daepongkong leaf with various concentrations (0, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3%) of soybean leaf powder (SLP). The soybean curd yield rate increased according to the level of SLP added, whereas the L and a color values decreased. In the sensory evaluation, intensity scores for color, after taste, leafy taste, and chewiness were highest for the 0.3% soybean curd. The soybean curd with 0.2% SLP soybean milk attained the highest overall acceptability score. These results showed that soybean leaf was preferred over soybean curd containing 0.2% soybean leaf powder.

Association of Health-related Behaviors with Socio-demographic Characteristics (건강증진과 관련된 행태에 영향을 미치는 인구사회학적 특성)

  • Roh, Won-Hwan;Kim, Seok-Beom Gib;Kang, Pock-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 1998
  • A survey was conducted to study the influence of socia-demographic factors on health-related behaviors. from June 1 to July 31, 1996. The study population was 1,903 adults in Kyongju City. A questionnaire method was used to collect data. Health-related behaviors included 24 items for men and 26 items for women. The followings are summaries of findings : The compliance of health promotion activities was higher when the age was older in men, when married, when having no religion and when the education level was higher than the other groups. And it was significantly higher when the income was lower in men and higher in women, in the residents living in apartment, in white collar workers, in the chronic ill people and when the body weight was lower than the other groups. Notable differences were found in the composition of health behavior factors for socio-demographic characteristics. Men used more tobacco, coffee and tea, salt and alcohol than women. However, the practice rates of regular exercise and physical examination were higher in men than women. On the other hand, the practice rates of fruit/vegetable intake, milk drinking and regular tooth brushing were higher in women than men. When the age was old, the amount of fruit/vegetable intake, the frequency of physician visit and health check-up, and regularity of meal were increased. When the income was high, the use rate of seat-belts, the amount of coffee, milk, fruit/vegetable and red meat intake were increased. The frequency of regular exercise. tooth brushing, health check-up, pap test and breast self examination were higher in the rich than the poor. When the education level was high, the frequency of regular exercise and tooth brushing, and the use rate of seat belts were increased, and the amount of alcohol consumption and salt intake were decreased. These findings suggest that socio-demographic factors are significantly associated with the patterns of health behaviors. In conclusion public health programs and individual counseling efforts should be multifaceted and behavior-specific to encourage to practice healthy life-style.

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Determination of Carazolol and Azaperone in Livestock and Fishery Products Using Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry (축수산물에서 LC-MS/MS를 이용한 카라졸롤 및 아자페론 분석)

  • Choi, Soo Yeon;Kang, Hui-Seung;Kim, Joohye;Cheon, So-Young;Jeong, Jiyoon;Cho, Byung-Hoon;Lee, Kang-Bong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.176-184
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    • 2018
  • The aim of the present work was to develop simultaneous methods of quantification of carazolol, azaperone, and azaperol residues in livestock and fishery products using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Samples were extracted from beef, pork, chicken, egg, milk and shrimp using acetonitrile (ACN); while flat fish and eel were extracted using 80% ACN. For purification, ACN saturated n-hexane was used to remove fat composition. The standard calibration curves showed good linearity as correlation coefficients; $r^2$ was > 0.99. Average recoveries expressed were within the range of 67.9-105% for samples fortified at three different levels ($0.5{\times}MRL$, $1{\times}MRL$ and $2{\times}MRL$). The correlation coefficient expressed as precision was within the range of 0.55-7.93%. The limit of quantification (LOQ) was 0.0002-0.002 mg/kg. The proposed analytical method showed high accuracy and acceptable sensitivity based on Codex guideline requirements (CAC/GL71-2009). This method can be used to analyze the residue of carazolol, azaperone, and azaperol in livestock and fishery products.

Quality Stability of Powdered Soup Using Powder from Oyster Wash Water (굴 세척액 유래 분말수프의 품질안정성)

  • Heu, Min-Soo;Lee, Jung-Suck;Kim, Poong-Ho;Cho, Moon-Lae;Ahn, Hwa-Jin;Shim, Hyo-Do;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, In-Soo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.224-229
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to examine the quality stability of powdered soup using powder from oyster wash water (PSW). To compare the quality stability, powdered soup from oyster hot-water extracts (PSE) was also prepared by mixing hot-water extract powder (15 g), table salt (5 g), cream powder (19 g), milk replacer (12 g), wheat flour (20 g), corn flour (15 g), starch (5 g), glucose (7.5 g), and onion powder (1.5 g). In preparing PSW, powder from oyster wash water, instead of powder from oyster hot-water extracts, was added and other additives were the same proportion as PSE. The PSW and PSE were packed with laminated film bag (OPP,$20\;{\mu}m$; PE, $20{\mu}m$; paper, $45\;g/m^3$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$; Al, $7\;{\mu}m$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$), and then stored at ambient temperature for 12 months. The moisture content, water activity, peroxide value, and fatty acid composition showed little changes during storage of the PSW, The pH, volatile basic nitrogen content, and brown pigment formation increased slightly, while white index decreased slightly during storage of PSW. No significant difference was observed in the changes of food components between PSW and PSE during storage. According to a sensory evaluation, the change in quality of PSW was negligible during 12 months of storage. From the results of the chemical experiment and sensory evaluation, PSW packed with laminated film bag (OPP, $20\;{\mu}m$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$; paper, $45\;g/{\mu}m$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$) was revealed to be preserved in good quality during 12 months of storage.

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Association between antioxidant vitamin intake and obesity among Korean women: using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 ~ 2016 (우리나라 성인 여성의 항산화비타민 섭취량과 비만의 연관성 : 2007 ~ 2016년 국민 건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Ham, Dongwoo;Kim, Seong-Ah;Jun, Shinyoung;Kang, Min-Sook;Joung, Hyojee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.400-413
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the association between the antioxidant vitamin intake and obesity in Korean women. Methods: Adult women aged ${\geq}19years$ who completed a health examination and nutrition survey from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2007 ~ 2016 were selected for the study (n = 30,425). A BMI ${\geq}25kg/m^2$ and waist circumference ${\geq}85cm$ were defined as obesity and abdominal obesity, respectively. The individual antioxidant vitamin intake was estimated by linking the antioxidant vitamin composition database of commonly consumed foods and the subjects' 24-hour recall food consumption data. Carotenoids, retinol, vitamin A (retinol activity equivalent), vitamin C, tocopherols, and vitamin E (${\alpha}$-tocopherol equivalent) were included in the analysis. Each vitamin intake was converted to the nutrient density per 1,000 kcal. Odds ratio (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for obesity according to each tertile of the nutrient density was obtained from multiple logistic regression adjusted for age, household income, education level, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity. Results: The mean intake of ${\alpha}$-carotene, retinol, vitamin E, ${\alpha}$-tocopherol, and ${\gamma}$-tocopherol per 1,000 kcal was significantly lower in the obese group than in the normal group. A higher intake of lycopene was inversely associated with obesity (highest vs. lowest; OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.83-0.96) and abdominal obesity (highest vs. lowest; OR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.81-0.95). Higher intakes of ${\alpha}$-carotene, total carotenoids, vitamin A, and ${\gamma}$-tocopherol also had a negative relationship with abdominal obesity. The antioxidant vitamin intakes from eggs, milk and dairy products, seasoning, and grains were significantly lower in the obese group than in the normal group. Conclusion: This study showed that the dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins was inversely associated with obesity and abdominal obesity among Korean women. Further study will be needed to examine the causal relationship between the antioxidant vitamin and obesity.

Quality Stability of Instant Powdered Soup using Canned Oyster Processing Waste Water (굴통조림 부산물 유래 인스턴트 분말 수프의 품질안정성)

  • KIM Jin-Soo;Heu Min-Soo;HEU Min-Soo;CHO Moon-Lae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.389-393
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    • 2001
  • For an effective utilization, quality stability of instant powdered oyster soup made of canned oyster processing waste water (IPSW) was determined. Instant powdered soup from oyster hot-water extracts (IPSE) was also prepared by mixing hot-water extract powder (15 g) with table salt (5 g), cream powder (19 g), milk replacer (12 g), wheat flour (20 g), corn flour (15 g), starch (5 g), glucose (7.5 g) and onion powder (1.5 g). In preparing IPSW, mixed powder from wash water and boiling liquid waste, instead of powder from hot-water extracts and table salt, was added (powder from boiling liquid waste: powder from wash water= 12: 8) and other additives were added in proportion to those in the IPSE. The moisture content, water activity, peroxide value and fatty acid composition showed little changes during storage of the IPSW. The pH, volatile basic nitrogen content and brown pigment formation increased slightly, while white index decreased slightly during storage of IPSW. No significant difference was observed in the changes of food component during storage between IPSW and IPSE. According to a sensory evaluation, the change in quality of IPSW was negligible during 12 months of storage. from the results of the chemical experiment and sensory evaluation, IPSW packed with laminated film bag (OPP, $20{\mu}m/PE,\;20{\mu}m/paper,\;45g/m^3/PE,\;20{\mu}\;m/Al,\;7{\mu}\;m/PE,\;20{\mu}m$) was revealed to be preserved in good quality during 12 months of storage.

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Effects of Dietary Fatty Acids on fatty Acid Pattern in Development Rat Brain Phospholipids - Effects on P/M/S and $\omega$3/$\omega$6 Fatty Acid Ratios -

  • Um, Young-Sook;Chung, Eun-Jung;Lee-Kim, Yang-Cha
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.897-905
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    • 1998
  • Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA), a $\omega$3 series fatty acid and arachidonic acid(AA). a $\omega$6 series fatty acid were found in relatively high concentrations in the phospholipids(PLs) of cell membranes of nerve tissues, and they can be affected by various factors. The present study examined the effects of dietary $\omega$6 and $\omega$3 fatty acid composition on P/M/S and on $\omega$3/$\omega$6 fatty acid ratios in brain PLs of 2nd generation rats. The expeimental diets consisted of 10% fat(by wt), which were computer- searched mixed oil('M') with P/M/S ratio, 1 : 1.4 : 1 and $\omega$6/$\omega$3 ratio, 6 : 1 and safflower oil('S') poor in $\omega$3 fatty acids. The experimental diets were started 3-4 wks prior to conception. During the lactation period, the feeding mothers were switched 1 wk after birth and provided the pups for 2 wks with milk which had compositions different from that of their natural mother. The same diet as their mothers was provided from weaning to 9 wks of age. The 'M'and 'S' rats were again subdivided into MM, MS, SS, SM rats according to diet which their lactating mothers were fed from the begining of the experiment. The relative percentage of P/M/S fatty acids in brain PLs in all experimental groups converged to a very similar value at 9 wks of age, indicating the existence of a control mechanism for the degree of fatty acids, unsaturation. The $\omega$3/$\omega$6 fatty acid ratios of brain PLs converged to about 1.0 in MM & SM groups and to 0.7 in SS & MS groups, suggesting also the existence of some balance between $\omega$3 and $\omega$6 fatty acids in developing rat brain. The concentrations of $\omega$3 fatty acids, especially DHA, in the SM group were increased and became similar to those in MM group at 9 wks of age. The increase in DHA of brain PLs was counterbalanced b)r a decrease in 22 5$\omega$6. Therefore, the ratios of 22 : 6$\omega$6/22 : 5$\omega$6 were higher in both MM & SM groups than those of SS & MS groups at 9 wak of age. Although dietary $\omega$3 and $\omega$6 fatty acids affected 22 : 6$\omega$S and 22 : 5$\omega$6 contained in rat brain PLs reciprocally, the relative percentage of AA did not appear to be significantly influenced by the diet in all groups at 9 wks of age, suggesting that a mechanism for the maintenance of a certain level of AA in brain PLs exists. In conclusion, the $\omega$3/$\omega$6 fatty acid and 22 : 6$\omega$3/22 : 5$\omega$6 ratios, but not P/M/S ratio, of rat brain PLs were affected by the postnatal dietary changes. Futher studies are required to clarify the mechanism(S) of ensuring a certain level of DHA and of maintaining a similar level of AA in rat brain PLs after. weaning(9 wk) regardless of prenatal and postnatal dietary changes. (Korean J Nutrition 31(5) : 897-905, 1998)

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