• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mindfulness

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Mediating Effect of Mindfulness between Stressful Life Events and Depression in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 생활스트레스와 우울의 관계에서 마음챙김의 매개효과)

  • Song, Yeoungsuk
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.518-527
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study examined the relationship among stressful life events, mindfulness and depression, and explored the mediating role of mindfulness between stressful life events and depression in nursing students. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken. A sample of 120 nursing students participated in the study. The self-reported measures of stressful life events (revised life stress scale), depression (DASS-D) and mindfulness (MAAS) were adopted in April, 2017. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Mediation analysis was performed using the Baron & Kenny method and Sobel test. Results: The mean scores of stressful life events, mindfulness and depression were 39.50, 77.03, and 8.18, respectively. Higher levels of stressful life events were associated with lower mindfulness (r = -46, p < .001) and higher depression (r = -44, p < .001), and mindfulness was negatively associated with depression (r = -72, p < .001). Mindfulness showed full mediation in the relationship between stressful life events and depression. Conclusion: Stressful life events influenced the nursing students' depression via the full mediating effect of mindfulness. Promoting mindfulness plays an important role in reducing depression in nursing students. Therefore, it is important to develop a mindfulness program or use a mindfulness-based stress reduction program (MBSR) for nursing students.

Dynamic Analysis of Mindfulness and Therapeutic Relationship using System Dynamics (시스템다이내믹스를 활용한 마음챙김과 치료관계 간의 동태적 분석)

  • Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.121-143
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study to analyze the effect of Mindfulness on the Therapeutic Relationship using System Dynamics. The biggest factor in psychotherapy's treatment outcome is the Therapeutic Relationship including the quality of the therapist (empathy, therapeutic presence) and therapy alliance. Mindfulness practice can facilitate the therapeutic relationship. In order to analyze the therapeutic relationship, I measure FFMQ(Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire), Empathy, Therapeutic presence and Therapy alliance. Participants consist of 55 mental health professionals (doctor, psychologist, psychiatrist, counselor, social worker). The result of the study will be explained. First, with the causal loop diagram research, I analyze how mindfulness can influence the quality of therapist and therapy alliance. The result of literature research indicate that mindfulness increase therapist's empathy, congruence, therapeutic presence, flow, therapy alliance. And then mindfulness reinforces the ability of therapeutic relationship. Secondly, through the real data research and simulation analysis, mindfulness practicing period (year and hour a day) of therapist is studied. The result of the therapist experiencing mindfulness practice period is over 5 years and the daily hours of practice is 2 - 2.5 hours in order to enhance the therapeutic relationship. After reviewing the result of the research it is important to understand the practicing period and daily practice of mindfulness. With daily practice and time, the level of mindfulness will increase and influence positively the therapeutic relationship between therapist and client.

The Impact of Mindfulness on IT Continuance Usage : Focused on Smartwatch Continuance Usage (마음챙김이 정보기술의 지속이용에 미치는 영향 : 스마트워치의 지속이용 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun Mo;Pang, Ying Ying
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.133-153
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    • 2019
  • The application of mindfulness is increasing in corporation for business innovation. However, the influence of mindfulness has not been confirmed for employee in detail. Mindfulness is the awareness that arises from paying attention in the present. We often experience uncertainty abounds about what the information technology is, how well it works in the process of using information technology. According to the definition of mindfulness, mindfulness can deepen employee's thoughts and understanding of information technology and will provide a clue to the solution of the issue. This study focusses on impact of mindfulness on IT usage behavior, particularly on IT continuance usage. Research question of this study is whether mindfulness impact perceived factors related to IT continuance usage. The study of relationship between IT and mindfulness will have meaningful results because both IT and Mindfulness are aimed at corporate innovation. Based on most recent theory in IT continuance usage, called by Decomposed Expectation-Disconfirmation Model, we established hypotheses and examined the impact of mindfulness on perceived factors in process of IT continuance usage. For empirical analysis, we collected 303 employee samples and conducted Structural Equation Modeling for path analysis. We showed that mindfulness has a positive impact on perceived usefulness, usability and usefulness confirmation, usability confirmation. We also confirmed that antecedent of satisfaction is perceived usefulness, perceived usability and usefulness confirmation, usability confirmation, and satisfaction is the cause of IT continuance usage. We suggested academic and practical implication based on empirical analysis results. In academic perspective, we found the role of mindfulness in process of IT continuance usage. From practical point of view, we suggest to use of mindfulness program for IT continuance usage in corporation.

The Effects of Child Care Teachers' Mindfulness on Teacher Sensitivity: The Mediating Effect of Burnout (보육교사의 마음챙김이 교사민감성에 미치는 영향: 소진의 매개효과)

  • Park, Nayeon;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.69-88
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between child care teachers' mindfulness, burnout, and sensitivity. Also, the effects of child care teachers' mindfulness on teacher sensitivity, including the mediating effects of burnout, were investigated. Methods: A total of 263 child care teachers who work in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Incheon participated in this study. Data were analyzed by correlations and regressions using SPSS 21.0. Results: First, there were significant correlations between child care teachers' mindfulness, burnout and teacher sensitivity. Second, the relationship between mindfulness and teacher sensitivity was partially mediated by burnout. To be specific, mindfulness not only had a direct effect on teacher sensitivity, but also had an indirect effect on teacher sensitivity through burnout. Among the three dimensions of burnout, the decrease of personal accomplishments had the biggest significant mediation effect on the relationship between mindfulness and teacher sensitivity. Conclusion/Implications: In conclusion, this study highlights the importance of mindfulness in reducing burnout and enhancing teacher sensitivity toward children. Also, this research has implications for future research regarding the mindfulness of child care teachers and offers a foundation for the development of mindfulness training programs for child care teachers.

Consumers' Mindfulness and Compulsive Buying (소비자의 유념성과 강박구매)

  • Han, Woong-Hee
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2014
  • Purpose - This study investigated the effect of the negative affect on compulsive buying and the interaction effect of the negative affect depending on the level of mindfulness. Compulsive buying is defined as chronic, repetitive purchasing that becomes an overlearned and automatic way to cope with negative feelings, and compulsive buyers may be particularly susceptible to cognitive narrowing when shopping. Mindfulness may be defined as a coordinative regulatory process to increase the level of attention by recognizing the present experiences non-judgmentally. Hence, mindfulness can be related with negative psychological results such as general mental distress, especially compulsive buying. The purpose of the current study is to examine the relationship between compulsive buying and mindfulness. In another words, this study investigated the effect of the internal regulatory mechanism (that is, mindfulness) on the mental disorder resulting from negative affect in the area of consumption (that is, compulsive buying). Research design, data, and methodology - One hundred and twenty-five college students were recruited for this study. The subjects were classified into two groups according to the degree of the negative affect (High Negative Affect Group vs. Low Negative Affect Group) by the mean value of negative affect (=2.47). The subjects were classified into two other groups according to the degree of mindfulness (High Mindfulness Group vs. Low Mindfulness Group) by the mean value of mindfulness (= 3.47). To analyze the effect of negative affect on compulsive buying, the degree of compulsive buying of the High and Low Negative Affect Groups were compared. To examine the moderating effect of mindfulness by using factorial design, the interaction effect of the negative affect (High vs. Low) and the mindfulness (High vs. Low) were analyzed. Results - The degree of the compulsive buying was higher when the degree of the negative affect was higher than lower (3.06High Negative Affect Group vs. 2.87Low Negative Affect Group, p=.014). The difference in the degree of the compulsive buying was larger when the degree of the mindfulness was lower than higher. In other words, the interaction effect of the negative affect and the mindfulness on the compulsive buying could be found (F(1,124)=10.098, p<.01). Conclusions - The results of the current study showed that the compulsive buying is influenced by the negative affect and that the effect of the negative affect on the compulsive buying varies depending on the level of the mindfulness. These results can be interpreted to imply that consumers who are in a state of high mindfulness pay attention to every minute of experience and activate the coordinatory function and that, eventually, habitual and reflective responses such as compulsive buying are restricted. It is concluded that consumers' mindfulness can facilitate the self-regulatory responses and alleviate the influence of negative affect on compulsive buying. Based on these results, the theoretical and practical implications of this research were discussed and the limitations and future research areas were suggested.

Depression, Stress, Anxiety and Mindfulness in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 우울, 스트레스, 불안, 마음 챙김에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Yeoung-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.397-402
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was designed to explore the relationship of depression with stress, anxiety and mindfulness in nursing students in 2010. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used and data was collected through structured questionnaires. Depression, stress, anxiety, and mindfulness were measured by using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). The data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: A total of 131 nursing students participated in this study. Depression was positively associated with stress (r=.81, p<.001) and anxiety (r=.76, p<.001), and negatively associated with mindfulness (r=-.73, p<.001). Multiple regression analyses showed that in different type of residence, anxiety and mindfulness were statistically significant predictors of depression with explanatory power of 67%. Conclusion: When nurse instructors manage depression among nursing students, the strategies need to address stress, anxiety, and mindfulness. This study may help nursing students to better manage their depression.

Study on Validity and Reliability of Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) for Measuring Mindfulness Meditation Program Before and After (마음챙김명상 프로그램 전후 측정도구로써 5요인마음챙김척도(FFMQ)의 신뢰성과 타당성 연구)

  • Choi, Sung-Youl
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the Validity and Reliability of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), using mindfulness meditation performed before and after. Methods: The study was conducted with 87 students at the university of Korean medicine who provided informed consent. The demographic characteristics and FFMQ were analyzed with regard to their validity and reliability on the effect of mindfulness using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, IBM, United States of America) 21.0 Version. Results: 1. The reliability and factor analysis of FFMQ : The five sub-factors of mindfulness showed strong internal consistency (Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ >.70). 2. Correlation analysis of the sub-factors in pre-FFMQ showed a positive correlation between Nonreactivity and Awareness, Nonreactivity and Scribing, Nonreactivity and Nonjudging, Nonreactivity and Total score, Observing and Scribing, Observing and Total score, Awareness and Nonjudging, Awareness and Total score. 3. Correlation analysis of the sub-factor in post-FFMQ showed a positive correlation between Scribing and Nonreactivity, Scribing and Observing, Scribing and Awareness, Awareness and Nonjudging. In contrast, Observing had a negative correlation with Nonjudging. Conclusions: The results of the study reconfirmed that FFMQ was useful as a reliable and valid tool for measuring mindfulness meditation.

The Relationship between Depressive Symptoms and the Five Facets of Mindfulness in Patients with Mood Disorders through Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (기분장애 환자에서 마음챙김에 기초한 인지치료에 따른 우울 증상과 다섯 가지 마음챙김 요소와의 관계)

  • Kim, Namwoo;Kim, Hyeyoung;Cho, Sung Joon;Ahn, Yong Min
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.212-218
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    • 2017
  • Objectives We aimed to examine whether mindfulness skills are mediating the improvements of depressive symptoms in patients with mood disorders who practiced Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Methods A total of 19 patients with mood disorder were included in this study. The participants were divided into two subgroups: a normal to mild depression group and a moderate depression group. The participants completed questionnaires to assess depressive symptoms, anxiety, quality of life, suicidal idea, and mindfulness skills which were measured by the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) before and after MBCT course. Results The moderate depression group showed improvements through MBCT in depressive symptoms and suicidal idea, but not in anxiety and quality of life. The normal to mild depression group showed no significant change through MBCT. The improvement of depressive symptoms in the moderate depression group was predictable by improvements of the five facets of mindfulness, especially by 'observe' and 'non-react' components. Conclusions This study showed that currently depressive patients with moderate severity but not with normal to mild severity benefit from MBCT in reducing depressive symptoms and suicidal idea. The improvement of depressive symptoms was mediated by improved mindfulness skills through MBCT.

The Effect of Teacher Mindfulness on Job Stress and Burnout (교사의 직무스트레스와 소진 간 관계에서 교사 마음챙김의 효과)

  • Kim, Eunjin
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.208-214
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    • 2018
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of teacher mindfulness in teaching settings on job stress and burnout. Methods: Based on the previous studies, this study established a research model in which the teachers' job stress affects their burnout by the mediation of mindfulness, and verified the relationship between them using the teacher mindfulness scale in teaching situations. Results: First, female teachers perceived more job stress and experienced higher burnout than male teachers. Second, teacher's job stress and burnout showed high positive correlation, and mindfulness showed high negative correlation with job stress and burnout. Third, it was verified that teacher mindfulness significantly mediated the effect of job stress on burnout. Conclusions: This study suggests that teachers' mindfulness is effective in managing their job stress and preventing burnout.

The Validation of Korean Version of Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Short Form (한국판 5요인 마음챙김 단축형 척도 타당화 연구)

  • Cheong, Moon Joo;Chae, Eun Young;Lyu, Yeoung Su;Kang, Hyung Won
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: To simplify the mindfulness scale and to ensure reliability and validity of the scale. Methods: To develop scale items using the original scale and to identify factor structure of the scale, exploratory factor analysis was conducted based on results of factor analysis, the short-form 5-factor mindfulness scale item was selected. Internal consistency coefficient was calculated and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to verify reliability of the short-form scale. Finally, to verify validity of the abbreviated scale, we conducted correlation analysis with the abbreviated scale and the mindfulness scale (FFMQ). Results: As with the original scales, scaled scales were composed of 5 factors and consisted of 15 items in total. Factor analysis revealed factor loadings were adequate and reliability and validity were secured. Conclusions: It provided that mindfulness shortening scale validation can be used more simply to measure mindfulness in the clinical scene.