• Title/Summary/Keyword: Modal Split

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A New Approach of Modal Split Model Based on The Trip length (Gyeongbu High-Speed Railway) (통행거리에 따른 합리적인 통행수단선택 모형 구축방안 연구 (경부고속철도 대상))

  • Cho, Hang-Ung;Lee, Seung-Yeung;Kim, Kang-Seob
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.773-790
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    • 2009
  • The Korea high speed train was launched from Seoul to Busan of 1st construction phase at 1st April, 2004. This huge project will be lead to a great change in korean society such as existing mode choice behavior change and the concentrating on KTX station zone lifestyle pattern's change. With the result to opening high speed train railway was diminished train journey time between Seoul to Busan from 4 hours 10 minute to 2 hours 40 minutes, and has been change population movement, favorite location of corporation headquarters, existing metropolitan transportation pattern and so on. In the middle of this study, I choose to analyse Seoul-Cheonan/Asan stations, Seoul-Deajeon stations, Seoul-Deagu stations, Seoul-Pusan stations. This study have a information to analyse among as like movement of population, status of employee structure, usage of land, movement inland transportation mode. I sure that this study will lead to helpful prediction both 2nd phase of Kyoung-bu high-speed railway and Ho-nam high-speed railway in advance.

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A Multi-modal Continuous Network Design Model by Using Cooperative Game Approach (협력적 게임을 이용한 다수단 연속형 교통망 설계 모형)

  • Kim, Byeong-Gwan;Lee, Yeong-In;Im, Yong-Taek;Im, Gang-Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 2011
  • This research deals with the multi-modal continuous network design problem to resolve the transportation policy problems for constructing and operating transportation facilities with considering the mutual decision-making process between transportation operator and user in the multi-modal network. Particularly, in the consideration of changes in travel pattern between transport modes due to the changes in transportation policy, road network for passenger car and transit network for public transportation are considered together. In the development of network design model, more rational Stackelberg equilibrium(cooperative game) rather than more general Nash equilibrium(non-cooperative game) approach is used and sensitivity analysis considering transport mode is used. A multi-modal continuous network design model in this study is developed for the arbitrary continuous network design parameters(${\epsilon},\hat{\epsilon},p$) of transportation policy decisions. As examples of application and evaluation for these design parameters, the developed model is applied to calculate 1)the optimal capacity of road link in the road transport policy, 2)the optimal frequency of transit line in public transport policy and 3)the optimal modal split in transport modal share policy.

An Analysis of Access Travel Behavior to Shopping Facilities and Policy Implications Related to the Types of Shopping Facilities: Case Study in Suwon, Korea (쇼핑시설 유형별 이용자의 통행행태 차이 분석과 정책적 제언: 수원시를 대상으로)

  • Lee, Kyu Jin;Lee, Moon Young;Choi, Keechoo;Park, Sungjin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.187-197
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study is to analyze the travel behaviors of customers accessing to three different types of shopping facilities - traditional markets(TM), hyper markets(HM), and super supermarkets(SSM) - and also to find out the most desirable location for each type of shopping facilities that encourage sustainable transportation and smart urban growth. It also demonstrates what mode has the highest percentage of modal split and what is the access distance for public transport mode by each shopping facilities (SSM: 84.5% walking and 667m, TM: 20.1% bus and 1.6km, HM : 46.2% private car and 4.2km). Among TM, HM, and SSM, statistically significant differences are found in terms of mode choices and other associated travel behaviors. The research findings are expected to contribute to finding future urban planning and transportation solutions that promote walking and public transit uses for shopping trips and thus help support green transportation and sustainable urban growth.

Developing a Latent Class Model Considering Heterogeneity in Mode Choice Behavior : A Case of Commuters in Seoul (수단선택의 이질성을 고려한 잠재계층모형(Latent Class Model) 구축: 서울시 통근자를 사례로)

  • Kim, Sung Hoo;Choo, Sangho
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.44-57
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    • 2019
  • It is crucial to understand how people make decisions on mode choice and to accurately predict their behaviors in transportation planning. One of avenues for advancing modeling is, in particular, taking into account for taste heterogeneity in modeling that can incorporate different decision-making processes across group. In this study, we hypothesize that how people make decisions on mode choice would differ by destination in that land use characteristics are heterogeneous by zone even if zones are all in the same area. To this end, we apply Latent Class Modeling (LCM) to commute trips in Seoul by using 2010 household travel diary survey, investigate types of latent classes with the aid of characteristics of destination, and analyze how those classes differently response to factors. The LCM identifies two classes: in the first one, modal split of auto and public transit (bus and metro) is almost half-and-half and the trip destinations are characterized by relatively more residence facilities and less business/commercial facilities; in the second one, public transit has a notably high share and trip destinations are characterized by relatively more business/commercial facilities. In addition, it turns out that demographic and socio-economic variables affect mode choice differently by class.

The Study on Determination of Benefit Factor as Constructing Traffic Facilities Using ANP (ANP기법을 이용한 교통시설 건설사업의 편익항목 선정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Man Kyeong;Jung, Hun Young;Lee, Sang Yong
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.26 no.1D
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2006
  • The construction of traffic facilities has generated a variety of problems in the equality and efficiency when it would be planed and evaluated. One of the reasons for these phenomena isn't the definition of an objective standard about benefit items. Thus, results of evaluation couldn't give a demonstration of confidence. But, the traffic facility construction and its operation costs are securely appeared. Therefor, it will be demonstrated to decide the benefit items in this study. Before deciding the items, user's satisfaction evaluation and economic analysis would be carried. We find out subway user's satisfaction higher than load traffic mode user in satisfaction evaluation, while subway's economic feasibility is lower than load facility, as a result of B/C analysis. In this inconsistent results, we found out that the benefit value is a little lower because of indefinite standard of it's items as comparing Busan Metropolitan City's population with subway's modal split ratio. Accordingly, we enumerate some benefit items in the case of feasibility evaluation as constructing traffic facility. And each of evaluation items' weight is estimated by using ANP. We found out that the weight value of accessibility has the highest one, that of punctuality has second, that of travel time has third, and benefit items according to improvement of user's traffic condition have much more important than those which were considered in the existence economic analysis.

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Estimation of Trip Matrices from Traffic Counts : An Equilibrium Approach (교통망 평형 조건하에서 링크 교통량 자료를 이용한 기종점 통행표 추정방법에 관한 연구)

  • 오재학
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 1992
  • 교통수요는 교통정책 및 교통시설 계획의 수립 및 평가에 중요한 영향을 미치게 되므로 교통수요의 예측은 교통연구에서 중요한 부문을 차지하고 있다. 도로밑에 설치된 전자차량감지기(Electronic Vehicle Detector)로부터 자동 수집된 링크 교통량 자료(Traffic Counts)를 주요 입력자료로 이용하여 계획지역의 기종점 통행표(Origin Destination Trip Matrix)를 작성할 수 있는 기법 들이 최근 수년동안 많이 발달하게 되었다. 이러한 새로운 기법들은 가구조사(Home Inteview), 노변면접조사(Road-Side Interview)등을 토하여 조사된 자료를 기초로하는 전통적은 4단계 교통수요추정방법(Conventional 4-Stage Estimation Method)-통행발생(Generation), 통행분포(Distribution), 수단선택(Modal Split), 교통배분(Assignment)-과 비교하여 첫째로 정확도가 높은 링크 교통량 자료를 별도의 조사를 거치지 않고서도 수집이 가능하기 때문에 조사비용이 거의 들지 않아도 되어 경제적이고, 둘째로 전통적인 수요예측방법들에서 요구되어지는 복잡한 모형수립 및 계수조정(Parameter Calibration)이 필요하지 않아 간편하고 셋째로 오래전에 작성된 기종점 통행표를 단순히 링크 교통량 자료만을 이용하여 쉽게 보완할 수 있어 지속적인 자료의 축적(Data Age-ing)이 가능하며 더 나아 가서 소위 연속적인 교통 계획 및 교통시설관리(Continuous Transport Planning and Management)를 가능케 하는 등의 여러 장점 때문에 많은 주목을 받아 오고 최근 몇 년이 꾸준히 실무에 유용하게 적용이 되고 있는 실정이다. 본 연구는 링크 교통량자료를 이용하여 기종점 통행표를 작성하기 위하여 개발된 기존의 여러 기법들 가운데 특히 용량제약조건(Capacity-Restrained Condition)하에서 기존의 방법들을 상호 검토한 후 Wardrop의 교통망 평형원칙(Wardrop's First Network Equilibrium Principle)을 만족하는 새로운 추정기법을 제의하고 이의 시험결과를 논의하는 것을 주요내용으로 한다. 링크 교통량 자료를 이용하여 기종점 통행표를 작성하는 기법들의 근본 목표는 조사된 링크 교통량(Ob-served Traffic Counts)에 가장 근접한 교통망 통행 배정 링크 교통량(Assigned Link Volumes)을 재현(Re-producing)할 수 있는 기종점 통행표들 중에서 최적의 기종점 통행표를 발견하는 것이다. 따라서 교통망에서 통행자의 여행 경로 배정을 가장 잘 반영할 수 있는 현실적인(Realistic) 교통망 통행 배정 모형(Net-work Traffic Assignment Model)의 선택은 중요한 요소가 되며 특히 교통망에 교통체증(Traffic Conges-tion)이 심할 경우 교통망 통행자 평형조건(Network Traffic Equilibrium Condition)을 고려하기 위한 특별한 처리가 요구되어진다. 본 연구는 Whllumsen(Hall, Van Vliet and Willumsen, 1980)에 의하여 개발된 ME2(Maximum Entropy Matrix Estimation)기법에서 반복식 추정방법(Sequential Estimation Method)을 사용할 경우 Wardrop의 평형조건을 만족하는 기종점 통행표를 구할 수 없다는 단점을 극복하기 위한 방안으로서 엔트로피 극대화문제와 교통망 평형 조건(Entropy Maximisation and Network Equilibrium Condition)의 두 문제를 동시에 해결할 수 있는 새로운 수식모형과 이를 풀기 위한 알고리즘(Simultaneous Solution Algorithm)을 제의하였다. 제의된 수식모형과 알고리즘을 예제 교통망(Example Network)을 이용한 시험하고 그 결과를 ME2 의 반복식 추정 방법으로부터 구한 기종점 통행표와 비교 검토하였다.

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