• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mode Mixity

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Interfacial Crack Propagation Under Various Mode-Mixes

  • Park, Byung-Sun;Chai, Young-Suck
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2002
  • Initiation and propagation of interfacial crack along bimaterial interface are considered in this study. A biaxial loading device for a single specimen is used for obtaining a wide range of mode-mixities. The specimen is an edge-cracked bimaterial strip of glass and epoxy; the biaxial loading device, being capable of controlling displacements in two perpendicular directions, is developed. A series of interfacial crack initiation and Propagation experiments are conducted using the biaxial loading device for various mixed modes. Normal crack opening displacement (NCOD) is measured near crack front by a crack opening interferometry and used for extracting fracture parameters. From mixed mode interfacial crack initiation experiments, large increase in toughness with shear components is observed. The behavior of interfacial crack propagation analyzed as a function of mode-mix shows that initial crack propagation is delayed with increase of mode-mixity, and its velocity is increased with positive mode-mixity but decreased with negative case. However, it is found that crack propagation is less accelerated with positive mode-mixity than the negative mode-mixity, which may be caused by contact and/or effects of friction between far field and near-tip Held along the interfacial crack.

Ductile Fracture Behavior of AS4P Under Mixed Mode (I/II) Loading

  • Oh, Dong-Joon
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.476-484
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    • 2002
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the ductile fracture behavior under mixed mode (I/II) loading using SA533B pressure vessel steel. Anti-symmetric 4-point (AS4P) bending tests were performed to obtain the J-R curves under two different mixed mode (I/II) loadings. In addition, finite element analysis using Rousselier Ductile Damage Theory was carried out to predict the J-R curves under mixed mode (I/II) loadings. In conclusions, the J-R curves under. Mixed Mode (I/II) loading were located between those of Mode I and Mode II loading. When the mixity of mixed mode (I/II) loading was high, the J-R curve of mixed mode (I/II) loading approached that of pure mode I loading after some amount of crack propagation. In contrast with the above fact, if the mixity was low, the J-R curve took after that of pure mode II loading. Finally, it was found that the predicted J-R curves made a good agreement with the test data through the tuning procedures of $\beta$ values at the different mixed mode (I/II) loading.

The Experimental Evaluation of the Mixed Mode Delamination in Woven CFRP/GFRP Laminates under MMB Test (MMB시험에 의한 평직 CFRP/GFRP 적층판 혼합모드 층간분리의 실험적 평가)

  • Kwak, Jung-Hoon;Kang, Ji-Woong;Kwon, Oh-Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2013
  • Blades of horizontal axis are nowadays made of composite materials. Generally, composite materials satisfy design provides lower weight and good stiffness, while laminate composites have often damages as like the delamination and cracks at the interface of laminates. The box spar and tail parts of a blade are composed of the CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composites. However, delamination and the interfacial crack often occur in the interface of CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composites under the mixed mode fracture condition, especially mode I and mode II. Therefore, there is a need for the evaluation of the mixed mode fracture behavior during the delamination of CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminates. This study shows the experimental results for the delamination fracture toughness in CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composites. Fracture toughness experiments and estimation are performed by using DMMB(Dissimilar mixed mode bending) specimen. The materials used in the test are a commercial woven type CFRP(Carbon fiber reinforced plastic) prepreg(CF3327) and UD type GFRP(Glass fiber reinforced plastic) prepreg(HD224A). A CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composite is composed by the 10 plies CFRP and GFRP prepreg for DMMB. A thickness of CFRP and GFRP layer is 2.5mm and 3.0mm, respectively. Also the fulcrum location which is a loading parameter is changed from 80 to 100mm on the specimen of length 120mm because it defines the ratio of mode I to mode II. In this study, the effects of the fulcrum location are evaluated in the viewpoint of energy release rate in mode I and mode II contribution. The results show that the delamination crack initiates at higher displacement and lower load according to the increase of the fulcrum location ratio. And the variation of the energy release rate for mode I and II contributions for the mode mixity are shown.

A Study on the Interfacial Crack Propagation Criterion for Two Dissimilar Isotropic Bimaterial by the Static Photoelastic Experimental Hybrid Method (정적 광탄성 실험 하이브리드 법에 의한 두 상이한 등방성 이종재료의 계면균열전파 기준에 관한 연구)

  • Tche, Konstantin;Hawong, Jai-Sug;Shin, Dong-Chul;Nam, Sung-Su;Nam, Jeong-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1216-1221
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    • 2003
  • The specimen materials used in this research is bimaterial. The static photoelastic experiment was applied to them. And then the specimens used in photoelastic experiment were fractured under static load. The static photoelastic hybrid method was introduced and it's validity had been assured. The static photoelastic hybrid method was applied to the Minimum Strain Energy Density Criterion, the Maximum Tangential Stress Criterion and Mode Mixity. Crack propagation criterion by the static photoelastic hybrid method was introduced and it was applied to the above various failure theories. Comparing the experimental initial angle of crack propagation with the theoretical initial angle of crack propagation from the various failure criterions. And then the optimal crack propagation criterion was suggested and it's validity was assured.

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Application of the Static Photoelastic Experimental Hybrid Method to the Crack Propagation Criterion for Isotropic Materials (등방성체의 균열전파 기준에 정적 광탄성 실험 하이브리드 법 적용)

  • Shin Dong-Chul;Hawong Jai-Sug;Nam Sung-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.1229-1236
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    • 2004
  • The specimen materials used in this research are isotropic epoxy resins. The static photoelastic experiment was applied to them. And then the specimens used in photoelastic experiment were fractured under static load. The static photoelastic experimental hybrid method was introduced and its validity had been assured. Crack propagation criterion used the stress components, which are considered the higher order terms, obtained from the static photoelastic experimental hybrid method was introduced and it was applied to the minimum strain energy density criterion, the maximum tangential stress criterion and mode mixity. Comparing the actual initial angle of crack propagation with the theoretical initial angle of crack propagation obtained from the above failure criterions, the validities of the above two criterions are assured and the optimal distance (r) from the crack-tip is 0.01mm in order to get the initial angle of crack propagation of isotropic epoxy resin.

A Study on the Crack Propagation Criterion of Orthotropic Material by the Static Photoelastic Experimental Hybrid Method (정적 광탄성 실험 하이브리드법에 의한 직교이방성체의 균열전파 기준에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Chul;Hawong, Jai-Sug;Nam, Sung-Su;Kwon, O-Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1799-1806
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    • 2004
  • The static photoelastic experiment was applied to orthotropic materials. And then the specimens used in photoelastic experiment were fractured under static load. The static photoelastic experimental hybrid method for orthotropic material was introduced and its validity had been assured. Crack propagation criterion used the stress components, which are considered the higher order terms, obtained from the static photoelastic experimental hybrid method was introduced and it was applied to the minimum strain energy density criterion, the maximum tangential stress criterion and mode mixity. Comparing the actual initial angle of crack propagation with the theoretical initial angle of crack propagation obtained from the above failure criterions, the validities of the above two criterions are assured and the optimal distance (${\gamma}$) from the crack-tip is 0.01mm in order to get the initial angle of crack propagation of orthotropic material(C.F.E.C.).

The Correlation between Fatigue Fracture Crack Surface Friction and Crack Closure Effect in Crack Growth under Mixed-mode loading (혼합모드 하중 하에서의 균열성장 중 피로파단면 마찰과 균열닫힘효과의 상호관계)

  • Seo, Ki-Jeong;Song, Sam-Hong;Lee, Jeong-Moo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.214-219
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    • 2004
  • Crack tip behavior of single mode loading condition(mode I)depend on tensile loading component but one of mixed mode loading condition(mode I+II) have influenced on shear loading component like the practical structure. Because crack closure is caused by shear loading component under mixed-mode loading a research on the behavior in the stage of crack initiation and propagation require to be evaluate about crack closure effect by fatigue crack surface friction. For that reasion we examined the behavior at the crack tip by direct measuring method. Measured behavior at the crack tip was analyzed through vector crack tip displacement. As a result, crack propafation equation was corrected by considering with crack closure effect. In addition we compared fatigue fracture crack surface and crack closure level.

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Mixed-Mode Fracture Analysis of Quasi-Brittle Material Considering Fracture Energy (파괴에너지를 고려한 유사취성재료의 혼합모드 균열해석)

  • Lim, Yun-Mook;Kim, Moon-Kyum;Cho, Seok-Ho;Shin, Seung-Kyo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2002
  • In this study, mixed-mode fracture behavior is simulated effectively through the numerical method using the axial defomation link elements which can predict the behavior of quasi-brittle material. The behavior of quasi-brittle material is modeled numerically using the exponential tension softening constitutive equation and verified by comparing with the result of published experimental result. In order to verify the mixed-mode fracture behavior through the developed numerical method, analysis of mode I is formulated and the result is compared with those of FEM first, and then mixed-mode analysis is analyzed and compared with existing theories and experimental data. Also the characteristics of fracture behavior is examined through the analysis of crack generation with respect to various mode mixity.

Mixed mode fracture assessment of U-notched graphite Brazilian disk specimens by means of the local energy

  • Torabi, A.R.;Berto, F.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.723-740
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    • 2014
  • A fracture criterion based on the strain energy density (SED) over a control volume, which embraces the notch edge, is employed in the present paper to assess the fracture loads of some U-notched Brazilian disk (UNBD) specimens. The specimens are made of commercial graphite and have been tested under pure mode I, pure mode II and mixed mode I/II loading. The results show that the SED criterion allows to successfully assess the fracture loads of graphite specimens for different notch tip radii and various mode mixity conditions with discrepancies that fall inside the scatter band of ${\pm}20%$.

A Study on the Initial Crack Curving Angle of Isotropic/Orthotropic Bimaterial

  • Hawong, Jai-Sug;Shin, Dong-Chul;Lee, Ouk-Sub
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.1594-1603
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, when the initial propagation angle of a branched crack is calculated from the maximum tangential stress criterion (MTSC) and the minimum strain energy density criterion (MSEDC), it is essential that you use stress components in which higher order terms are considered and stress components at the position in a distance 0.005㎜ from the crack tip (=r). When an interfacial crack propagates along the interface at a constant velocity, the initial propagation angles of the branched crack are similar. to the mode mixities (phase angle) and the theoretical values obtained from MTSC and MSEDC. The initial propagation angle of the branched crack depends considerably on the stress intensity factor K$_2$.