• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mode choice

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Application and Evaluation of An Attitudinal Model for Travel Mode Choice Behavior Analysis (교통수단 선택행태 분석을 위한 태도모형의 적용 및 평가)

  • 신동호
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.5-26
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    • 1993
  • In order to analyze travel mode choice behavior, behavioral models including logit model, based on revealed preference theory, have been using easily measurable variables such as individual socioeconomic characteristics and physical attributes of travel modes. But some recent attitudinal models of travel choice behavior have implied that the negligence of individual psychological variables and individual choice constraints in travel mode choice might preclude better prediction of individual travel mode choice behavior. In this context, this study was attempted to reconstruct an attitudinal model(AM), especially focused on the decision rules in travel mode choice decision making process, consistent with the conceptual framework relating individual attitude and choice constraints to choice behavior. And to evaluate the strengths of the AM to other comparative models(logit, linear-additive, conjunctive, lexicographic model) in predicting travel mode choice bebavior, an empirical study of the mode choice in work-trip to CBD in Seoul was performed. According to the results the percent of correct prediction(PCP) derived from the AM was higher than those derived from comparative models by at least 7 to 20% in predicting travel mode choice. But each model produced a different prediction accuracy depending on market segmentation by travel modal users, individual socioeconomic characteristics, transportation system characteristics, and satisfaction levels. The finding that different groups divided by a certain criterion employ different decision rules supports the necessity of developing a choice model such as the AM combining compensatory and noncompensatory decision rules, and suggests that a proposed transportation system management plan or policy may have different effects on each group.

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Modeling of the Route Choice Behavior (노선선택행태의 모형화)

  • 이인원;차재혁
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 1989
  • The multinomial logit model has been applied for various choice problems. Among others, the joint destination mode choice, the mode choice and the route choice are the three major modeling topics for korean transportation planners. This paper examines with real world data (the Olympic road and its competing two major arterials) the usefulness of a Logit route choice model. Quites surpisingly, it is found that the multinomial route choice behavioral model calibrated for this study based on (0,1) individula data base can not provide a good estimate for O-D trips less than 6㎞. 400data points and 3case studies might not be sufficient for a sound conclusion. It is, however, believed from a series of similar studies conducted by the authors that the route choice behavior is more sensitive (more demand elastic with respect to travel time changes) than the mode choice and the shorter trip, the more sensitive. The travel time parameters for destination choice models are usually smalle than the travel time parameters for mode choice models and these parameters (for mode choice models) turn our smaller than the travel time parameters for route choice models from this study. Table 2 in this paper shows parameter changes for three different markets and Table 3 shows the modeling errors when the estimated individual probabilities are aggregated into a route level.

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A Performance Comparison of the Partial Linearization Algorithm for the Multi-Mode Variable Demand Traffic Assignment Problem (다수단 가변수요 통행배정문제를 위한 부분선형화 알고리즘의 성능비교)

  • Park, Taehyung;Lee, Sangkeon
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2013
  • Investment scenarios in the transportation network design problem usually contain installation or expansion of multi-mode transportation links. When one applies the mode choice analysis and traffic assignment sequentially for each investment scenario, it is possible that the travel impedance used in the mode choice analysis is different from the user equilibrium cost of the traffic assignment step. Therefore, to estimate the travel impedance and mode choice accurately, one needs to develop a combined model for the mode choice and traffic assignment. In this paper, we derive the inverse demand and the excess demand functions for the multi-mode multinomial logit mode choice function and develop a combined model for the multi-mode variable demand traffic assignment problem. Using data from the regional O/D and network data provided by the KTDB, we compared the performance of the partial linearization algorithm with the Frank-Wolfe algorithm applied to the excess demand model and with the sequential heuristic procedures.

The Characteristics of Mode Choice Model by Stated Preference Data (선호의식데이타에 의한 교통수단선택 모델의 특성)

  • 이진우
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.31-45
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    • 1995
  • In recent year, especially in the mode choice analysis, it has been perceived that the importance of individual performance data using stated preference(SP) experiments as well as revealed preference data . Since SP experiments present respondent with various hypothetical alternatives, which are produced by a combination of a number of different attribute levels, and ask them to indicate a preference, it is possible to analyze travel behavior under a situation of potential environment change such as proposed alternative mode of transportation. The basic problems, however, remains that SP are not consistent with the actual travel behaviors and the research reports for stability of mode choice model using SP data has not been sufficient. Under this background, this study is to examine the characteristics of mode choice model using the SP data by the following items. $\circled1$ Analysis of factors affecting the mode choice behavior by the variance analysis of orthogonal-arrays-table $\circled2$ The reliability of SP data by transfer intention data $\circled3$ The stability of SP responses obtained from repetitive question by the comparison of model coefficient specified by each repetitive data. $\circled4$ The stability of ranking data in mode choice model For the analysis, we assumed subway operations in the Gwang-Ju , and set up a choice-set of hypothetical options based on Experimental Design Method.

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Latent Class Analysis for Mode Choice Behavior (잠재계층분석에 따른 수단선택모형비교분석)

  • Bae, Yun-Gyeong;Jeong, Jin-Hyeok;Kim, Hyeong-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2010
  • Analyzing mode choice among transportation demand estimate procedures is complicated and understanding characteristics of travelers is also difficult. Generally, it is well known that traveler choose mode considering psychometric factors and characteristic besides socio-demographic indicators. Accordingly, many researches has investigated on methodology that can be applied in mode choice to reflect psychometric factor or specific preference. Latent Class Analysis among various studies is recognized as the theoretically potential approach. This study focuses on class segmented using latent class cluster to analyze impact that included psychometric factors and characteristics on mode choice. It also provides evidence that mode choice model for each class and mode choice model not considering latent class are different. This study based on citizen's stated preference and revealed preference on a new transit on the Han river shows that latent class cluster analysis is the potential approach considering latent preference.

Combined RP/SP Model with Latent Variables (잠재변수를 이용한 RP/SP 결합모형에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Hui;Jeong, Jin-Hyeok;Son, Gi-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2010
  • Mode choice behavior is associated with travelers' latent behavior that is an unobservable preference to travel behavior or mode characteristics. This paper specifically addresses the problem of unobservable factors, that is latent behavior, in mode choice models. Consideration of latent behavior in mode choice models reduces the errors that come from unobservable factors. In this study, the authors defined the latent variables that mean a quantitative latent behavior factors, and developed the combined RP/SP model with latent variables using the mode choice behavior survey data. The data has traveler's revealed preference of existent modes along the Han River and stated preference of new water transit on the Han River. Also, The data has travelers' latent behavior. Latent variables were defined by factor analysis using the latent behaviour data. In conclusion, it is significant that the relationship between traveler's latent behavior and mode choice behavior. In addition, the goodness-of-fit of the mode choice models with latent variables are better than the model without latent variables.

Design and Implementation of Travel Mode Choice Model Using the Bayesian Networks of Data Mining (데이터마이닝의 베이지안 망 기법을 이용한 교통수단선택 모형의 설계 및 구축)

  • Kim, Hyun-Gi;Kim, Kang-Soo;Lee, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we applied the Bayesian Network for the case of the mode choice models using the Seoul metropolitan area's house trip survey Data. Sex and age were used lot the independent variables for the explanation or the mode choice, and the relationships between the mode choice and the travellers' social characteristics were identified by the Bayesian Network. Furthermore, trip and mode's characteristics such as time and fare were also used for independent variables and the mode choice models were developed. It was found that the Bayesian Network were useful tool to overcome the problems which were in the traditional mode choice models. In particular, the various transport policies could be evaluated in the very short time by the established relation-ships. It is expected that the Bayesian Network will be utilized as the important tools for the transport analysis.

Choice Factors of Freight Transport Mode in Korea: Literature Review and Directions for Future Research (국내 화물운송수단 선택요인의 문헌 연구와 향후 연구 방향)

  • Choi, Chang-Ho
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2018
  • The present study was conducted to analyze transport mode choice factors of shippers in Korea and to suggest policy implications and directions for future research. The findings showed that the research on freight mode choice factors in Korea is somewhat insufficient compared to that of other countries. In order to enhance the research, it is necessary to expand the number of studies and to strengthen the research to reflect characteristics of each transport mode. In particular, it is necessary to focus on identifying the characteristics of multimodal transport, including railway and shipping linked to truck. On the other hand, it was confirmed that the major factors influencing the choice of transport mode of shippers in Korea overlapped with foreign research cases. In addition, the implications for policy were derived when the analysis was separately conducted for Korea and other countries regarding individual transport mode and transport range. These results could be applied to various fields such as policy making to improve the efficiency of shippers' selection of transport mode and the estimation of transport mode choice model.

Differential Changes in Commuter's Mode Choice after the Intergrated Public Transit System in Seoul Metropolitan City (서울시 대중교통체계 개편 이후 통근 교통수단 선택의 차별적 변화)

  • Lee, Hye-Seung;Lee, Hee-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.323-338
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    • 2009
  • This study analyzes the changes in commuter's mode choice between 2002 and 2006 according to the implement of the integrated public transit system in Seoul metropolitan city. Especially this study focuses on differential changes in a transit modal choice among socioeconomic status, trip purpose and spatial characteristics of origin and destination. The probability of public transit use against automobile is modeled as a function of socioeconomic variables, spatial characteristics of origin and destination and the utility of the commuter's mode. The results from conditional logit model analyses suggest that people with lower income show the larger changes in the ratio of public transit choice between 2002-06. Also both higher density, more accessible to public transit and more diverse land uses in residence zone and in work place generally increase the ratio of public transit choice between 2002-06. Car and subway have the most strong alternative relation in commuter's mode choice. The findings give an important implication that the integrated public transit system has differential impacts on commuter's mode choice in Seoul.

Factors that Influence the Entry Mode Choice of Foreign Apparel Brands in Korea (해외의류브랜드 국내시장 진입방식 결정요인 분석)

  • Seo, Yu-Jin;Lee, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.1719-1732
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    • 2009
  • A firm seeking to enter a foreign market must make an important strategic decision of which market entry mode to use. Because entry modes involve resource commitments, the initial choice by a firm on a particular entry mode is difficult to change without a considerable loss of time and money. Substantial prior research has been undertaken to explain why firms select a particular entry mode into global markets. However, there exists limited research on this area in the field of foreign apparel brands in Korea, although some research has analyzed influential entry mode factors when Korean textile and clothing companies went overseas. This study reviews prior research on the entry mode choice and analyzes the factors that influence the entry mode choice for 510 foreign clothing brands in Korea. Price range, clothing types, distribution strategy, and cultural distance were considered as influential determinants for different entry mode choices. Crosstabs with a chi-square test and logistic regression are used for analysis. This study shows that high-priced brands and luxury brands are associated with the export orientated entry mode in the Korean market. Brands that pursued the strategy of multiple distribution channels showed a preference for a licensing mode or direct investment over other entry modes, and brands from higher-cultural-distance countries entered the Korean clothing market by licensing mode. The findings of this study are appropriate for the strategic planning of foreign apparel intent on entering the Korean market or for Korean apparel firms planning to enter the global market.