• Title/Summary/Keyword: Model change

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Suggestion of Model Change Work Improvement by REBA and Therblig

  • Lee, Sung-Koon;Park, Peom
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.757-764
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    • 2011
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a method to improve the compliance and reduce the time by reducing the workload during the model change work. Background: The enterprises are constructing the small quantity batch production system by increasing the number of model change and reducing model-changing. However, the compliance is low because the work is strenuous and high skills are needed, so the system management is facing with many difficulties. Method: After classifying the model change work according to the purposes(preparation, change and adjustment) with the target of mascara filling machine, element tasks time were measured and the motion analysis(therblig symbol) and REBA analysis were performed. The study incorporated 3 independent variables as the number of motion, REBA score and the element time. The dependent variable is the type of element work as preparation, change and adjustment. The statistical test was performed by one-way ANOVA(${\alpha}$ < 0.05). Results: For the preparation, the number of motions appeared in the order of Use(U), Transport Loaded(TL), and Position(P). The order appeared in change is Use(U), Release Load(RL), and Grasp (G). The adjustment appeared in the order of Position(P) and Use(U). The results of average motion time as the element work times divided by the number of motion appeared in the order of adjustment(1.85sec/motion), preparation(1.11sec/motion), and change(0.62sec/motion). The results of REBA showed that the average risk level of change and adjustment were medium, but 53.1% of change and 42.9% of adjustment were evaluated as high. Conclusion: Reducing the avoidance and improving the compliance of work could be expected if the job autonomy were improved by improving the working postures with high risk level. Application: It is expected to solve the problem of reducing the time of model change work in the small quantity batch production system. The future work is to carry out the improvement directions found in the results and compare the results after improvement.

Analytic consideration on real-time assembly line control for multi-PCB models

  • Um, Doo-Gan;Park, Jong-Oh;Cho, Sung-Jong
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 1992.10b
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    • pp.318-323
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    • 1992
  • The improvement of the production capability of multi PCB assembly line can not be simply done by improving the capacities of each assembly robot cells but must be done by controlling the production line effectively with the line host computer which controls over the whole assembly line. A real time production control, a real time model change and a real time trouble shooting compose the specific concepts of this technique. In this paper, we present and analyze the definition and application method of real time assembly concept. The meaning of real time model change, troubles and error sooting and its algorithm will be introduced. Also, the function of the host computer which is in charge of all of many different tasks mentioned above and the method are presented. The improvement of the productivity is mainly focused on the efficiency of multi-PCB production control. The importance of this aspect is gradually increasing, which we have presented the analysis and the solution.

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The Design of an Intelligent Assembly Robot System for Lens Modules of Phone Camera.

  • Song, Jun-Yeob;Lee, Chang-Woo;Kim, Yeong-Gyoo
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2005.06a
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    • pp.649-652
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    • 2005
  • The camera cellular phone has a large portion of cellular phone market in recent year. The variety of a customer demand makes a fast model change and the spatial resolution is changed from VGA to multi-mega pixel. The 1.3 mega pixel (MP) camera cellular phone was first released into the Korean market in October 2003. The major cellular phone companies released a 2MP camera cellular phone that supports zoom function and a 2MP camera cellular phone is settled down with the Korea cellular phone market. It makes a keen competition in price and demands automation for phone camera module. There is an increasing requirement for the automatic assembly to correspond to a fast model change. The hard automation techniques that rely on dedicated manufacturing system are too inflexible to meet this requirement. Therefore in this study, this system is designed with the flexibility concept in order to cope with phone camera module change. The system has a same platform that has X-Y-Z motion or X-Z motion with ${\mu}m$order accuracy. It has a special gripper according to the type of a component to be put together. If the camera model changes, the gripper may be updated to fit for the camera module. The controller of this system acquires the data sets that have the information about the assembly part by the tray. This information is obtained ahead of an inspection step. The controller excludes an inferior part to be assembled by using this information to diminish the inferior goods. The assembly jig used in this system has a function of self adjustment that reduces the tact time and also diminish the inferior goods. Finally, the intelligent assembly system for phone camera module will be designed to get a flexibility to meet model change and a high productivity with a high reliability.

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인터넷 비즈니스 모델 변경의 성공과 실패요인에 관한 사례 연구: 유료화를 중심으로

  • Kim, Byeong-Gi;Oh, Jae-Seop;Lee, Gyeong-Jeon
    • 한국경영정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2008.06a
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2008
  • 본 논문에서는 인터넷 비즈니스 모델의 성공과 실패 요인에 대하여 분석하고자 한다. 이를 위해서 유료화 관련 사례들을 분석하여 인터넷 비즈니스 모델의 유료화에 영향을 미치는 변수를 도출하고 이를 귀납 학습을 통하여 인터넷 비즈니스 모델의 변화(특히 유료화)에 관한 가설을 생성하였으며, 사업 전략 측면에서 그 의미를 해석하였다.

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The Effects of the IERS Conventions (2010) on High Precision Orbit Propagation

  • Roh, Kyoung-Min;Choi, Byung-Kyu
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2014
  • The Earth is not perfectly spherical and its rotational axis is not fixed in space, and these geophysical and kinematic irregularities work as dominant perturbations in satellite orbit propagation. The International Earth Rotation Service (IERS) provides the Conventions as guidelines for using the Earth's model and the reference time and coordinate systems defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). These guidelines are directly applied to model orbital dynamics of Earth satellites. In the present work, the effects of the latest conventions released in 2010 on orbit propagation are investigated by comparison with cases of applying the previous guidelines, IERS Conventions (2003). All seven major updates are tested, i.e., for the models of the precession/nutation, the geopotential, the ocean tides, the ocean pole tides, the free core nutation, the polar motion, and the solar system ephemeris. The resultant position differences for one week of orbit propagation range from tens of meters for the geopotential model change from EGM96 to EGM2008 to a few mm for the precession/nutation model change from IAU2000 to IAU2006. The along-track differences vary secularly while the cross-track components show periodic variation. However, the radial-track position differences are very small compared with the other components in all cases. These phenomena reflect the variation of the ascending node and the argument of latitude. The reason is that the changed models tested in the current study can be regarded as small fluctuations of the geopotential model from the point of view of orbital dynamics. The ascending node and the argument of latitude are more sensitive to the geopotential than the other elements. This study contributes to understanding of the relation between the Earth's geophysical properties and orbital motion of satellites as well as satellite-based observations.

Tracking Control of Robotic Manipulators based on the All-Coefficient Adaptive Control Method

  • Lei Yong-Jun;Wu Hong-Xin
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2006
  • A multi-variable Golden-Section adaptive controller is proposed for the tracking control of robotic manipulators with unknown dynamics. With a small sample time, the unknown dynamics of the robotic manipulator are denoted equivalently by a characteristic model of a 2-order multivariable time-varying difference equation. The coefficients of the characteristic model change slowly with time and some of their valuable characteristic relationships emerge. Based on the characteristic model, an adaptive algorithm with a simple form for the control of robotic manipulators is presented, which combines the multi-variable Golden-Section adaptive control law with the weighted least squares estimation method. Moreover, a compensation neural network law is incorporated into the designed controller to reduce the influence of the coefficients estimation error on the control performance. The results of the simulations indicate that the developed control scheme is effective in robotic manipulator control.

A Strength Analysis of the AGV Structure using the Finite Element Method (유한요소법을 이용한 AGV 구조물의 강도해석)

  • 양영수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • 1997.10a
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 1997
  • The important parts of the developing AGV model are fabrication of each part and design technology of the body frame. In present day, design of the body frame is depend on the experience of the industry place and the systematic data and the optimal design technology of the frame for the case of model change is insufficient. In this study, the strengths of the AGV(Automatic guided vehicle)are examined with the 3-dimensional Finite Element method. In order to verify the FE results, the computed results are compared with the experimental results are compared with the experimental data from the strain-gage output data. New model designed by removing some parts of the initial model and choosing the thickness change of the rectangular-pipes.

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Design Process Systematization of Transmission-Lever Using the DSM (DSM(Design Structure Matrix)을 이용한 Transmission-Lever 설계과정의 체계화)

  • 천준원;박지형;김태수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • 2002.10a
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    • pp.763-767
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    • 2002
  • This paper explores a structuring method for solid modeling processes of an automobile automatic transmission-lever design. The aim of this work is to establish standard procedures to minimize iterations and trial and errors during the product development process to increase development time and costs. The design of the transmission-lever is periodically required to be changed with the model change of an automobile. The transmission-lever design process has mainly depended on the designer's experience. It causes to make difficulties to handle the dependency of components. The design process can be improved by resolving the dependency problem using the DSM. The process of applying the DSM provides a systematic way for the solid modeling of transmission-lever by the consideration of geometry dependency.

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A Strength Analysis of the AGV Structure using the Finite Element Method (유한요소법을 이용한 AGV 구조물의 강도해석)

  • 양영수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 1998
  • The important parts of the developing AGV model are the fabrication of each part and the design technology of body frame. In the present day, design of the body frame depends on the experience of the industrial place. the systematic data need for the optimal design of the frame for the case of model change. In this study, the strength of the early stage AGV(Automatic guided vehicle) is examined with the 3-dimensional finite elemnt method. In order to verify the finite element results, the computed results are compared with the experimental data from the strain-gage output. A New model was designed by rmoving some parts of the early staged(roughyly designed) model and choosing the thickness change of the rectangular-pipes.

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